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He bad therefore fed them with Milk. Sect.

which, if they might have suited 5.

your

Inclinations better, would have suited your Circumstani Cor. III. 2. ces less. I was forced to preach to you, as

2 I have fed you with to Persons, weak as Infants ; and so feed you For hitherto ye were not

Milk, and not withi Meat": with Milk (6), which I did as it were pour into able to bear it, neither yet your Mouths with a Tenderness, like that of a now are ye able. Mother, or a Nurse, when feeding her sucking Child; and could not conveniently feed you

with
strong Meat. I waved discoursing on some of
those Doctrines, which left Room for the Curio-
fities of sublimer Speculation, and admitted of
the greatest Ornaments of Discourse (c), because
ye were not then able [to bear it]; nor indeed are

ye yet able ; as I perceive by the Account which
3 our Brethren give, of your present State. For it For

ye are yet carnal : evidently appears, by what I hinted above, that For whereas there is among gje are jet carnal, ítill under the Influence of and Divisions

, are ye not

you Envying, and Strife, weak, and indeed sinful, Prejudices. I appeal to carnal, and walk as Men ? your own Consciences on this Occasion for the Proof of this : While [there is] Emulation, and Contention, and Factions among you, are you not indeed carnal ? and do ye not walk, and conduct yourselves, as unregenerate Men do? So that by this Behaviour, a Stranger would not know that you were Christians, or see any Thing in you above uninstructed and unsanctified Nature. For when you eagerly contend about the Honours of this or that Teacher, and set him up as the

Head of a distinguishing Party; so that one says 4 I am for Paul, and another, I am for Apollos (d),

4 For while one faith,

I
I admire the sublime Sentiments of the one, and

am of Paul, and another,

I am of Apollos, are ye not I the fine Language and Address of the other ; carnal ? are ye not carnal? and do yę not talk in the Spi

rit

(6) Fed you with Milk ] The Word enolson, exactly signifes, I gave you to drink ; but as that Rendering would not suit the other Word, with which it is connected, strong Meat, I thought it best to retain our Verfion. Parallel Instances to this Manner of Expression are produced by Mr. Blackwall, in his Sacred Clasicks, Vol

. i. pag. 72. (c) Ornaments of Discourse.) If any think, that the Use of them might have been a proper Condescenfion to their Weakness, it is to be remembered, that the Emulation of Eloquence so ready to prevail among them, might have rendered such an Indulgence dangerous,

(d) I for Apollos.] Mr. Locke fancies, (comparing Chap. iv. 6.) that by Apollos, Paul means that Jewish Teacher, who was set up in Opposition to him, and came among them after he had preached the Gospel to them ; but it seems much more probable to me, espe.

every Man ?

But to his and Apollos's Labours GOD gave the Increase. 237

rit of your Heathen Neighbours, who have their Sect. 5. 5 Who then is Paul, and favourite Philosophers and Orators too? And who is Apollos, but Mini- is this the Language for Christians? Who then is 1 Cor. III. 5. even as the Lord gave to Paul? and, who [is] Apollós? For what Reason

do you regard, either the one, or the other? Is it
for no Consideration, but that of Talents, which
they have in common with many who are Stran-
gers to the Gospel ? Or ought it not rather to be
in a different View ? even because they are the
Ministers of Christ, by whose Means

you

have been instructed in his Religion, and under whose Teachings ye have believed and embraced it, and because they have humbly attempted to do their

Part for this great Purpose, even as the Lord gave 6 I have planted, Apol- to every Man both Furniture and Success.

I 6
los watered: but God gave bave planted a Christian Church among you;
the Increase.

Apollos has since watered it by his affecting and
useful Addresses ; (Acts xviii. 27.) but it was
GOD who gave the Increase, and caused the Plan-
tation, thus watered, to grow : No Labourer

can make his Seed spring up without the Influ-
7 So then neither is he ence of Heaven, Sunshine, and Rain.
that planteth any Thing,
neither he that watereth": you come therefore to compare our Part with that
But God that giveth the of God, it appeareth even as nothing, in the
Increase.

Comparison. We freely own, that how highly
soever you may think of us, be that planteth is
nothing at all, and he that watereth; but GOD,
who, by his efficacious Spirit and Grace, giveth

the Increase, is all in all.
8 Now he that planteth,
and he that watereth, are between us, and this Zeal, with which you con-

But as for this opposition, which
tend for one against another, it is altogether un-
reasonable and absurd: For be that planteth, and be
that watereth, are one (e); we are united in Inte-

rest,

When 7

you make 8

one :

cially from the Text just referred to, that he chose this Name, that he might give no Offence, and to Thew, that he should lament and condemn any Division among them, tho' it were in Favour of himself, or the dearest Friend he had in the World. I cannot think St. Paul would have described the false Apostle, if there were any one Person who might be so called, as watering his Flantation, which he rather wasted; or have spoken of himself, and that Messenger of Satan, as one ; as he does Verse 8.

(e) Åre one.) This is, (as Mr. Cradock well observes, in his Apoft. Hift. pag. 156.) another cogent Argument against Divisions ; that, tho their Labours were different, and their Rewards proportionable, yet they had all in the general one Office, and were employed as Workers together by GOD,' to plant the Seeds of Grace and Holinefs in the Souls' of

Men,

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238

Reflections on our Attachment to human Names and Par ties: Sect. 5. rest, and united in Design and Affection ; fo that one: And every Man shall

, instead of being pleased, we are rather displeased receive his own. Reward, Cor. III. 8. and grieved, with these invidious Comparisons in bour.

Favour of either. Oär great Concern is, to please
our great Lord, to whom we are shortly to give
up our Account, and from whom we shall receive,
every one, bis own proper Reward according to his
own Labour, and not according to the Prejudices

of our Fellow-servants either for, or against us.
9 For we are not Lords and Proprietors of the 9 For .we are Labourers

Church ; nor Persons that have independent together with God : Ye are
Schemes of our own to carry on : but we are God's Building.

God's Husbandry, ge are
the Fellow-labourers of GOD (f), the great Ma-
ster of the Family. re are the Husbandry of
GOD, which we are to cultivate, that ye may
bring forth Fruit for him. [re are] the Building
of GOD, which we are to endeavour to advance;
that he may dwell in you, as in his Holy Tem-
ple, and glorify his Name among you.

IM PRO V E M E N T.

Ver. I.

Ver. 3.

HO that wishes the Welfare of the Church of Christ, muft not

lament those fad Remainders. of Carnality, which are often to be found among them, who have the greatest Advantage for becoming Spiritual; while the same contentious Principles, fermented, no Doubt, by the same malignant Enemy of the whole Body, breath in so many of its Members, and diffufe a Kind of Poison, which at once swells and torments it? What Envyings, and Strife; and Factions among those, who ought to join, as Brethren, and to know but one Interest! What a Desire, in many Instances, to encrease the Burthens of each other, instead of bearing them with friendly Sympathy.

May Christians be cured, of this dishonourable and fatal Attachment to distinguished Parties, and human Names! May Ministers feel more of that generous and noble Spirit, which this great Apostle expresses ! His Reasoning hath the same Force still. Ministers are still intended to

be

Ver. 4

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Men, and to bring them on to Perfection. He here introduces an excellent Discourse, of the happy Consequences of Faithfulness in the Ministerial Work, and the awful Account of it to be given up to God. A Subject familiar to his own Mind; and so proper for their Teach ers, that if it render the Epistle something less regular, it balances the Account by rendering it much more useful.

(f) The Fellow-labourers of GOD.] This is the exa&t Import of ourspyos Ots which our Version renders, Labourers together with GOD ; an improper Rendering on every Account.

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The Apostle Paul had laid the Foundation;

239 be only the Instruments of producing and establishing Faith in their

Hear- Sect.

5. ers, and still depend, as entirely as ever, upon the Blessing of God to give the Increase to their Labours. To that may they daily look; and Ver. 5,6,7. be sensible that they are nothing without it; and that with it, their Part is so small, that they hardly deserve to be mentioned. May their Hands and Hearts be more united ; and retaining a due Sense of the Honour which God doth them, in employing them in his Vineyard, and in his Ver. 9; Building, may they faithfully labour, not as for themselves, but for the great Proprietor, and till the Day come, when he will remember them in full Proportion to their Fidelity and Diligence.

Ver. 8.

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As a useful Leson both to Teachers and private Christians, in

the present state of the Corinthian Church, the Apostle reminds them of that great Trial which every Man's Work was to undergo, the great Guilt of defiling GOD's Temple, the Vanity of human Wisdom in the Sight of GOD, and the great Happiness of the true Believer in that universal Grant, which GOD had made him, of every Thing necefsary to his Welfare. I Cor. III. 10, to the End.

I

I

IO.

1 CORINTHIANS III. 10.

1 CORINTHIANS III. 10. A Coording to the Grace

HAVE spoken of you as God's Building; Sect. 6. en unto me, as a wise Ma and in that View, have the Pleasure to say,

Cor. III.
ster-builder, I have laid that in my first Preaching amongst you, when
the Foundation, and ano-
ther buildeth thereon. But you were entire Strangers to the first Principles of

let the Gospel, according to the Measure of the Grace
of GOD given to me;

to which I desire to refer
the Honour of all that I am, and of all that I
do, in this excellent Work; I have been enabled
to act in the Character of a skilful Architect, or
Master-huilder : For with all due Care and Ap-
plication, have I laid the

great Foundation, which hath Strength sufficient to bear all the Stress even of our eternal Hopes. And one, and another, whom Gud calls to labour among you, buildeth

thereon,

upon.

IO.

240

And it became others to take Heed how they built thereon; Sect. 6. thereon, for the further Edification of your Church, But let_every Man take.

and of the Souls of its particular Members : But Heed how he buildeth thero1 Cor. III. let every one carefully see to it, how he buildeth

thereon, and what Superstructure he raises. II This is all indeed that remains to be done : For I For other Foundatiun other folid Foundation no one is able to lay, bende is laid, which is Jesus

can no Man lay, than that what is already laid, which is Jesus Christ, (a), the Chrift, great Foundation-Stone, which God hath laid in Zion, elect and precious; and I take it for

granted, no one who calls himself a Christian, 12 will attempt to lay any other. If any Man

12 Now if any Man build, I say, upon this Foundation, let him look build upon this Foundatiop,

Gold, Silver,precious Stones, to the Materials, and Nature of his Work; whe- Wood, Hay, Stubble: ther he raise a stately and magnificent Temple upon it, adorned as it were, like the House of God at Jerusalem, with Gold and Silver, [and] large beautiful and costly Stones ; [or] a mean Hovel

, consisting of nothing better than Planks of Wood, roughly put together, and thatched with Hay [and] Stubble; that is, let him look to it, whether he teach the substantial vital Truths which do indeed belong to Christianity, and which it was intended to support and illustrate; or set himself to propagate'vain Subtleties, and Conceits on the one Hand, or legal Rights and Jewish Traditions on the other; which, tho' they do not absolutely destroy the Foundation, disgrace it, as a mean Edifice would do a grand and expensive

Foundation, laid with great Pomp and Solemnity. 13 But to prevent this, let me seriously admoniíh

13. Every Man's Work you, that whatever any Man's Work may be, and thall be made manifeft. For however it may be covered, and as it were hid the Day Shall declare it

, be

cause it shall be revealed by behind the Scaffolding, every's one's Work shall ere Fire; and the Fire Ihall try long be made manifeft, For the great Day, which every Man's Work of what is approaching fhall lay it open, because it all Sort it is. then be as it were discovered by Fire; yea, the Fire of that great Day of general Conflagration, when the Heavens shall pass away with a great Noise, and the Elements shall melt with fervent Heat, fall prove every Man's Work, of what

Kind

(a) Which is Jesus Cbrif.] L'Enfant would render it, even this, that Jesus is the Chrift; but I think the Sense given in our Text much nobler.

(6) The

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