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though he that does not, does better.
:291 let him seek out a proper Partner in Life for her, Sect. 14. 39 Nevertheless, he that and let them marry.
But be that hath hitherto, landeth stedfaft in his
37. hath Power over his own no Apprehension of any Neceffity, in Consequence Will, and hath so decreed of what he discerns of her Dispositions, and keep his Virgin, doeth well
. no Engagement fubfisting, which might give ano
ther a juft Claim to her, but båtb.Power over his
from being blameable, that in present Circum-
find Opportunities in that Relation both to adorn and to serve Christianity; but as Things are circumstanced, I must needs declare, that where a Man is under no Necessity of doing it, he that gives [her] not in Marriage, doth better, and more ef
fectually consults both his Comfort and Safety.
to whom she will; only let her take Care, that the
does not choose a Partner for a Life of a different 40 But she is happier, if Religion from herself. She
may, I say, lawment : And I think also that advise it; for she is happier according to my SentiThe fo abide, after my Judg- fully act thus; but I would not be understood to I have the Spirit of God.
ment, if he continue as she is : And I
e; Ambiguity of this
Reflections on our. Indifference to fecular. Concerns. Sect. 14. Degree of Experience, arising from the many
Observations which for a Course of Years I have 1 Cor. VII. made on human Affairs. I may therefore reason
ably suppose, my Judgment will have its pecu-
1 M P R O V E M E N T.
Ver. 30 Ver. 31.
ET us observe the Humility of the excellent Apostle with Plealure.
When he speaks of his Fidelity in the Ministry, he tells us, be obtained Mercy of the Lord to be faithful. Edified by such an Example, let'us ascribe to Christ the Praise, not only of our -Endowments, but our Virtues ; even to him, who worketb in us, both. to will, and to do, of his own good Pleasure.
Let us seriously contemplate the affecting Leffon, which the Apostle here gives, of the Shortness of Time; and infer, how much it is our Wisdom, to loosen our Affections from the Things of this vain World, which are ready to engross fo disproportionate a Share in them. Let us look
upon the World as a transient Pageant, and not set our Eyes, and our Hearts, on that which is not. We expect, instead of these transitory Vanities and empty Shews, a Kingdom tbat cannot be moved; in the Expectation of which, let us be solicitous to please the Lord; making the best of our Opportunities, and guarding against all that may unnecessarily divert our Minds, and divide our Cares, from what will at Length appear tibe Thing needful.
Let us attentively reflect upon the Advantages, and Snares, of our refpective Conditions in Life; that we may improve the one, and escape as far as possible, all. Injury from the other. "Let those who are single, employ their Leisure for God; and endeavour to collect a Stock of Calorif tion Experience, which may support them, when the Duties and Diffi
culties, the Cares and Sorrows of Life, may be multiplied. Let those, Ver. 33, 34. who are married, with mutual tender Regard endeavour to please each
other, and make the Relation into which providence hath conducted 'them, as comfortable and agreeable as they can. And whatever Cares press upon their Minds, or demand their Attention, let them order their Affairs with such Direction, that they may still secure a due proportion
of their Time for the Things of the Lord. Ver. 355-38. If any in their Consciences are persuaded, that by continuing single
thcy:shall best answer the Purposes of Religion, and promote the Good of their Fellow-creatures, in Conjunction with their own; lét them do it.
St. Paul.treats of their eating Things offered to Idols: As for those that marry, whether a first, or a second Time, let them do Sect. 14. it in the Lord : Acting in the Chcice of their most intimate Friend and Companion, as the Servants of Chrift; who are desirous that their Con- Ver. 39. duct may be approved by him, and that any Avocations and Interruptions in his Service, which may be occasioned, even in those peaceful Times, by Marriage, may be, in some Measure, balanced, by the united Prayers, prudent Counsels, and edifying Converse of those, with whom they unite in this tender and indissoluble Bond.
The Apostle proceeds to confider the Case of eating Things fa
crificed to Idols ; and reminds them, that tho all Chriftians might well be supposed to know the Vanity of those imaginary Deities, to which they were offered, yet it might prove än Occasion of Grief and Scandal, that the Profesors of Christianity faould partake of these Sacrifices in their Temple; which therefore Charity would require them by all Means to avoid. I Cor. VIII, throughout.
CORINTHIANS VIII. I.
i CORINTHIANS VIII. I, OW: as touching
Noie proceed to consider the other Cases, Sect. 15. Things offered unto Idols, we know that we all about which you consulted me; particularly have Knowledge. Know- that concerning Things sacrificed to idols: And 1 Cor. VIII, ledge puffeth up, but Cha- here it may be observed, that we know, we all rity edifieth.
have, as Christians, that general Knowledge of
::.:(). Knowledge i puffith up.] Eyner, (Obsery. Vol.ii. pag. 96.) acknowledges that, as Bos, and Erasmus Schmidius, contend, there is a Parenthesis here'; but he thinks it begins in the
294 He: obferves, that tho’-they knew an Idol was nothing, Sect. 15. Conceit and Arrogance : Whereas it is considerate
Love, and gentle Tenderness, that edifies, and has 1 Cor . VIII. such a happy Effect in building up the Church of Christ.
2 And if any Man think And indeed, if any one think that
that he knoweth any Thing, he knoweth any Thing, if he be conceited of his: he knoweth nothing jets Knowledge, so as to neglect and despise his Bre- he ought to know. thren, and upon Account of his supposed Superiority in that Respect, set a very high Value
upon himself, it appears, that be as yet knows nothing as be ought to know it, and needs to be taught the very first and most effential Principles of that
Knowledge which is truly ornamental and useful.
steady Regard for the Divine Glory, and the God, the same is known of
ledge of God, and will be sure of his Approba-
Question in Debate, concerning the eating of the fore the eating of those
We well know that an Sacrifice unto Idols, we
cendent Being, to which the Gospel hath taught 5 us to appropriate our Worship. For thotbere 5 For though there Be
are many which are called Gods, whether residing that are called Gods, whein Heaven, or on Earth, or even under the Earth;
Middle of the first Verse, and ends after the first Clause of the 4th, we have all Knowledge, -we know that an Idol is nothing, &c.
(6) He is known of him.] Moft understand it, he is approved by GOD; as to know, fometimes undoubtedly signifies. Mr. Locke would render it, he is instructed by him. But I acquiesce in Mr. Pierce's Reasoning, in his 6th Dissertation, to prove the Construction followed in the Paraphrasc, by a Construction like that of the Original of iets x. 36. where zlos plainly refers to the immediate Antecedent.
We know that an Idol is nothing in the World.) Dr. Wbitby shews this was a common Aphorisin among the Jewish Doctors; to which the Word Dogs, the Name given them, did probably allude. Mons. Saurin thinks it so hard to reconcile this with what the Apostle says elsewhere, that he judges it necessary to understand this, as an Objection made by one of the Corinthians, with whom he is disputing. Saur. Disc. Vol. ii. pag. 476,-481. But I cannot, from an impartial View of the Context, give into his Interpretation. See Elfner's learned Note here on eidwdor, and Simulachrum.
get the Consciences of weak Brethren might be defiled by eating. 295 fas there be Gods many, for the Heathens have not only their celestial, and Sect. 15. and Lords many) terrestrial, but likewise their infernal Deities : As
1 Cor. VIII.
absurd Wor6 But to us there is biet thip paid to them : Nevertheless, to us, [there one God, the Father, of is but] one GOD, the Father (d) of Angels and. we in him, and one Lord Men, from whom [are) all Things in created NaJesus Chrift, by whom are ture; and we derived our Being from him, were sr Things, and we by him. made for him, and for his Glory : And there is
also but one Lord, even Jesus Christ, the only
dily and consistently in View. 7 Howbeit, there is not
You are possessed of these Apprehensions of 7
some invisible Spirit present in the Idol, and act-
rifying Load of Guilt.
(d) One GOD the Father.] In Answer to the Argument drawn from hence against the Detig of Chrift, see Dr. Guyse on this place, and Ďr. Edm. Calamy's Sermon on the Trinity, pag. 25, and 244. The Person to whom the Son as Lord or Médiator, introduces us, is undoubtedly the Father ;, nor is the son to be considered as another Gov. But it is not the Design of these Notes, largely to discuss Theological Controversies.