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(d) By Knowledge.] Interpreters give many different Senses of this Word. Dr. Scott in all Manner of Afliktions and Distresses ;
471 5 In Stripes, in Impri- may unavoidably feel in them (b):
This fiea- Sect. 10. fonments, in Tumults, in Labours, in Watchings, in dy Patience we endeavour to maintain, in Stripes,
when we are scourged in Synagogues and Cities, 2 Cor. VI.
obliged to submit, for Want of proper Supplies of 6 By Pureness, by Know
Yet still, in the Midst of all these 6
Difficulties, conducting ourselves, in unspotted
cife (b) Afflictions
-Necessities -- Straits.] Dr.Whitby thinks, the first Word, Profis, fignifies Afriction in general the second, avayan, more grievous and unavoidable Troubles-and the third, seroxwpia, such Pressures, as reduce us to the greatest Straits : The compound Sense therefore on the whole is, we are, as it were, hemmed in with inevitable, and humanly speaking, inextricable Calamities, on every Side. Compare Sect. vii. Note (c).
(c) In Tumults : axelascows.] Beza interprets this, (and I think no Man seems better to have understood the peculiar Propriety of Greek Words,) of such Attacks, as a Man cannot stand against, but which bear him hither and thither by Violence : He would render it in Latin, Exagitationibus. says it fignifies Prudence, which is a Christian Virtue, whereas the mere Understanding of Divine Things was a Gift. Mr. Pyle thinks it signifies their improving the Knowledge of Divine Mysteries. Mr. Cradock refers it to an Acquaintance with the true Sense of Scripture ; which brings it to much the fame, with what has been called the Word of Knowledge
. I conclude, it implies not only a Sollicitude to grow in the Knowledge of the Gospel, but to improve that Knowledge to the Edification of others; which accordingly is expressed in the Paraphrase.
By the Power, af GOD, and the Armour of Righteorfheft; Sect. 1o. cife of a constant Command over our Paffions, ledge, by Long füffering, so to grow in Long-suffering and in Gentlenefs, and by Kindness by the Ho 2 Cor. VI.
every other amiable Disposition, which we culti- Ghost, by. Love ynfeigned;
tion, not only to Friends and Benefactors, but
Enemies and Persecutors. Still we are faithful. 7 By the Word of Truth,
Hand, and the Left (e); well knowing that Ar-
sciousness we pass unhurt, and in a great Mea- nour, by evil Report and fure unmoved, through Honour and Dishonour, and yet true;
how important foever it might seem to ourselves,
We are treated 9 As unknown, and yet
[ yet] () Armour of Righteousness, on the right Hand, and the left.] Some naturally think this alludes to the Soldiers, who were taught to wield their Swords with the left Hand, as well as the right ; and others, that it refers to the Chriftians being armed against the Temptations of Prosperity and Adversity. That may well be included ; but the Armour spoken of, feems of the defenfove Kind, on the Arms, or Breaft, or both,
As poor, yet making many rich.
have not only received that bodily Healing, which 2 Cor. VI. 9.
over-rule these Chastisements to the Advance-
rally conclude, that we have Cause for continual
the Proprietors of the whole World (f). (f) Podelling all Things.] This is certainly one of the sublimest
Passages, that was ever writ. Compare Phil. iv. 18. 1 Tim. vi. 17. Eph. i. 3.
Rev. xxi. 7.
I Cor. iii. VOL. IV.
Reflections on the Charakter and Labours of the Apostles.
IMPROV EM E N T.
HOSE Soul can remain untouched, while he reads this eloquent
Period, in which the Apostle's Mouth is, (as he afterwards expresses it,) thus opened, in Consequence of his Heart's being enlarged! In how lively, yet unaffected a Manner, does this facred Writer paint his own Character and Circumstances : And how much profound and important Sense is there in these Paradoxes, which he so naturally introduces on this Occasion! Let the Ministers of the Gospel herein behold, at once, their Model, and their Support. Let them cultivate this inoffensive Behaviour, not only out of Regard to themselves, but that their Office may not be censured ; and still approve themselves the Servants of God, by Patience amidst all their Tribulations, their Necessities, and their Prefsures'; and, so far as their Circumstances require it, by Labours, by Watchings and Fastings ; especially when by an indulgent Providence they are not called to do it in Stripes, in Imprisonments, and in Tumults. Still let them cultivate Purity and Knowledge, Long-suffering and Gentleness, with unfeigned Love in the Holy Ghoft. Aided by him, let them arm themselves with the Word of Truth, and in the Strength of God, gird on the Armour of Righteousness on the right Hand, and on the left. Thus fortified, they may boldly break their Way thro’ Honour and Infamy, thro’ Praise and Rea proach; as we plainly see, that Infamy and Reproach may be the Portion of the best of Men, and the most useful Members of Society. Who are we, that we should refuse a Cup, of which the Apostles, and our Lord, drank so deep? But let us be superior to human Censures. If any call us Deceivers, let us thew that we are invariably true, to the Interests of God, and of Goodness! If they affect to overlook us, as unknown, and beneath their Notice, let us endeavour to render ourselves well known, by the Benefits which, by Divine Grace, we are the Instruments of conferring on Mens Souls. So shall we be always rejoicing in the Midst of those Sorrows, of which Nature cannot be intirely insensible; whilst amidst our Poverty we are inriching many, yea then, tho' we have nothing that we can call our own, we shall possess all Things; shall appear
in the Eyes of GOD, and of the Lord Jesus Christ
, the richest and the happiest of Mankind, even tho' we were in other Respects, of all Men the most miferable.
While we consider this, as the Character of the first Preachers of Christianity, which, with fo noble a Plainness and Simplicity they profess, let us adore the Divine Grace, by which such a Spirit was raised in the World, and by which it hath in fome Measure been maintained, even
St. Paul reminds. the Corinthians of bis peculiar Affection: 475 to this Day. And let it encourage our most earnest and affectionate Pray. Sect. 10. ers, that God would raise up in every Age, (and especially in our own, in which they seem so ready to fail,) 'a Generation of Evangelical Ministers;
who fired with such generous Principles of Action, and emulating fo noble a Character, may commend themselves to every Man's Conscience in the Sight of GOD, and roll away that Reproach, which unworthy Men have brought on the most excellent of all Offices. Thus armed, may they extend their happy Conquests; thus animated, may they fee of the Travail of their Soul, to their abundant, their everlasting Satisfaction and Delight.
The Apostle urges the Corinthians to avoid those Alliances
with Idolaters, which might tend to ensnare them; and pleads the gracious Promises, GOD had made to his People, as an Engagement to them to be upon their Guard in this Respect ; and, in general, to aim at the sublimest Attainments in Religion.
2 Cor. VI. II,
to the End. Chap. VII. 1.
2 CORINTHIANS VI.1t.
2 CORINTHIANS VI. II. o Ye Corinthians, our OU see, Ob ye Corinthians, my dear Bre- Sect. II.
Mouth is open unto you, our Heart is enlarged.
thren, my beloved Children, with how much Freedom of Address our Mouth is opened
2 Cor. VI. to you ; but Words flow freely on an Occasion, on which our Heart is so much enlarged, in a
Tenderness, which neither Words, nor Tears, 12 Ye are not ftraitned can sufficiently express.
Sure I am, that ye 12
are not straitned in us; all that we can do for in your own Bowels.
your Comfort and Happiness, you may securely,
my Tenderness OOO 2