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506 Reflections on the Meekness which becomes Ministers. Sect. 16. in himself, but in the Power and Affistance of

the Lord alone. Let every Minister remember 1 Cor. X. it is to Christ, that he owes all his Ability for his 17.

Work, and all his Success in it. For not be 18 For not he that conthat commendeth himself with the greatest Confi- mendeth himself is approved,

but whom the Lord com dence, and in the most florid Manner, is truly mendeth. and justly approved; but he, whom the Lord commendeth by the Gifts of his Spirit, and by a Blefa sing on his Ministry. Let those therefore, who are so ready to applaud themselves and each other, think of this, and learn to be more folicitous than they are, about approving their Fidelity to their great Master, whether they be more or less regarded by their Fellow-fervants.


Ver. 1.


Ver, 3.

Ver. 4.

Ver. 5.

AY the Meeknefs and Gentleness of Christ ever he remembered by

all his Servants; and especially by his Ministers, to whom, both under their publick and private Characters, it will be of so great Importance to imitate it. Their Calling is indeed high and holy: Let their Behaviour in it be so much the more humble. And let it be their great Care, that while they walk in the Flesh, they do not war after it. Still, tho' difarmed of that miraculous Power, with which the Apostles were endowed, are the Weapons of their Warfare mighty. They have the Scripture-magazine ever at Hand, from whence they may be furnished with them; and may humbly hope, that the Spirit of God will render them effectual to the pulling down strong Holds, and abafing every proud Imagination, which exaltetb itself against the Obedience of GOD. May every Thought of tbeir own Hearts be in the first Place thus fubdued, and brought into a sweet and willing Captivity! So shall these their Captives, thus conquered, prove as so many faithful Soldiers to fight for bim, against whom they once were foolishly rebelling. And may they succeed in this holy War, till the Empire of our divine Master become universal, and the Happiness of Mankind universal with it!

To promote this, let us pray, that Ministers may always remember;

that whatever Authority they have given them, is for Edification, and Ver. 7-11. not for Destruction ; and may learn from that Moderation, with which

the Apostle ufed his miraculous Powers, in how gentle and candid a Manner they should behave themselves in their far inferior Stations : never making their Pre-eminence in the Church the Instrument of their own Resentment, or of any other finful or selfish Passion; but ever solicitous


The Apostle declares, be was jealous over the Corinthians ; 507 to observe the Interest of our great Lord in all, and desirous to keep up Sect. 16. their own Character and Influence, chiefly for his Sake.

May they in no Instance boast beyond their proper Measure; and while Ver.12,-16. they are ready, like St. Paul, to meet all the inost laborious Scenes of Service, let them glory not in themselves, but in the Lord. This is a Les- Ver. 17. son we are all to learn. And whatever our Stations in Life are, let us resolutely and constantly guard against that Self-flattery, by which we may be ready to commend ourselves, in Instances, in which we may be Ver. 18. least approved by him, whole Favour alone is worthy of our Ambition, and by whose judgment, in the Day of final Account, we must fand or fall.

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The Apostle farther vindicates bimself, from the perverse In

finuations of them that opposed bim at Corinth; paaticu: larly on the Head of his having declined to receive a Contritribution from this Church, for his Maintenance.

2 Cor:

XI. 1,---15.





WOULD advise every Man, as I have Sect. 17. could bear with me a little in my Folly; and in

hinted, to be sparing in his own Commen-
deed bear with me. dation, and to study above all to approve himself 2 Cor

. XI.
to Christ; and yet in present Circumstances, I
wish you would bear with a little of (my) Foly, that
you would permit a little of that Boasting, which
I know generally to be foolish : And indeed I
must entreat you to bear with , in what may .
look this Way, considering the Manner in which

I am urged to it, and brought under an unwilling
2 For I am jealous over Necessity. For I am jealous over you with,
you with godly Jealousy: what I trust I may call, a godly Fealousy, and
For I have espoused you to
one Husband, that you

feel the warmest and most zealous Desires, that

may present you as a chaste Vir- I may present (you as] a chafte Virgin to Christ (a); gin to Chrift.

for (a) That I may present you, &c.] This is much illustrated by recollecting, that there was an Officer among the Greeks, whose Business it was to educate and form young Women; SrI 2


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508 Left they should be corrupted from their Simplicity: Sect. 17: for ļ bave; by successfully preaching the Gospel

to you, and bringing you into the Engagements 2 Cor. XI. of the Christian Covenant, in Effect espoused you :

one Husband (6), even to him ; under the Cha-
racter of his Servant and Embassador, I have led
you into a holy Contract with him, which hath
been mutually sealed. I am therefore exceed-
ingly concerned, that you may maintain a pure
and loyal Heart to him, who has condescended
to take you into fo dear and intimate a Rela-
And I am the more solicitous about this, as I

3 But I fear lest by any know what insinuating Enemies are endeavouring guiled Eve through his Sub

Means, as the Serpent be-
to corrupt you; For. I fear left by any Means, tilty, so your Minds should
as in the first Reduction and Ruin of Mankind, be corrupted from the Sim-
the Serpent deceived Eve (c), our common Mo- plicity that is in Chrift.
ther, by his Subtilty, so your Minds should be cor- ·
rupted from that Simplicity, which should always
be in us towards Christ (d), and which the adul-
terous Mixtures, which some are endeavouring

to introduce among you, would greatly injure.
4. For if be, that cometh among you with such

3 For if he that cometh, extraordinary Pretences, preach another Jesus, as

preacheth - another. Jesus


a Sa


you, & c..

especially those of Rank and Figure, designed for Marriage ; and then to present them to those, who were to be their Husbands; and if this Officer `permitted them, thro' Negligence, to be corrupted, between the Espousals and Consummation of the Marriage, great Blame would naturally fall upon him.

(6) For I have cfpoufed you.] This Clause applocauny yeep ruces en arog, may be confidered as a Parenthesis ; and therefore in the Paraphrase, I have transposed it, that the

may appear; Snow ypas tapasnou's I am jealous, &c.---- that I may present (c) Left as the Serpent deceived Eve, &c.] From the Instance to which this applied, viz. that of the false Apostles, whose Subtilty did not consist fa much in crafty Arguments, as in falfe Appearances, by which they put on the outward Forms of the Apostles of Chrift; Mr. Rymer infers, (especially comparing Verse 14.) that the Subtilty of Satan, when he deceived Eve, consisted in putting on the Appearance of an Angel of Light, or pretending to be one of the Seraphim that attended on the Shechinah. (Rymer on Rev. pag. 79.) But I think, that if it had ever been so expressy faid by Moses, that the Deception lay, as it very probably might, in pretending to have received the Faculty of Reason and Speech, though a Brute, by eating the Fruit he propoled to her, it might be said in the general, that the false Apostles deceived their Followers as Satan deceived Eve, that is, by false Pretences and Infinuations. . (d) Simplicity towards Chrift: awonlod Ing aus lov Xpesor.] This implies an intire undivided Devotedness to Christ, as the great Husband Christians should desire to please, and from whom they are to receive Law; and is with peculiar Propriety opposed to that Mixture of Judaism, which some were endeavouring to bring in among the Corinthians.

re) Un

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And then be expoftulates with them, as to himself: 509 whom we have not preached, a Saviour, whom we have not preached; if he can Sect. 17. or if ye receive another Spi: point out another Christ who shall equally deserve ceived; or another Gospel

, your Attention and Regard; or (if ] je receive 2 Cur. XI. which ye have not accepted, by his Preaching another Spirit, which ye

bare ye might well bear with him. not yet received, which can bestow upon you Gifts

superior to those which we have imparted; or
another Gospel, which ye have not accepted, the
Tidings of which shall be equally happy, evident
and important, pe might well bear with [him,) and
there would be fome Excuse for


Conduct; but how far this is from being, or so much as

seeming to be the Case, I need not say at large. 15 For I suppose I was Nor will you I am sure maintain any such Thing; 5 not a Whit behind the very for I reckon upon most certain Knowledge, that

. chiefest Apostles.

I was so far from being inferior in my Discourses,
or Miracles, to these your Favourite Teachers, but
I did not in any Respeet, fall sort of the greatest
of the Apostles; but gave you as evident and con-

vincing Proofs of a Divine Mission, as any Church 6 But though I be rude has ever received from any one of them.

For if 6
in Speech, yet not in Know-
ledge; but we have been [I am) unskilful in Speech, using plain and unpo-
thoroughly made manifest lished Language, like that of a Man of the most
among you in all Things..

ordinary Education (e); nevertheless [I am] not so
in Knowledge of the Gospel of Christ, and the
Divine Dispensations which were introductory to
it. But every where we have been manifest to you.
in all Things: Every one of you has had a Proof
of this, as you received the Gospel from me, and
therefore ought not to question my Abilities, nor

to prefer another in Opposition to me.
7 Have I committed an Nothing can be more ungenerous and unrea-

7 OE- fonable, than to inlinuate, that I have renounced


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(ej Unskilful in Speech.] Idealing properly signifiès a private Man, one that can speak no better than the Generality of his Neighbours, being unformed by the Rules of Eloquence. And this is consistent with that great natural Pathos, which we find in the Apostle's Writings; so that there is no Need of recurring, as Dr. Whitby hereby does, to the supposed: Impediment in his Speech, which allowing it ever so certain a Fáct, could not properly be expressed by this Phrase. The good Archbishop of Cambray hath a very pertinent Observation on this Expression, in his excellent Dialogues of Eloquence, (pag. 136.) viz. that this might well be the case, tho' St. Prul shared fo largely in the Gife of. Tongues ; as when he was at Tarsus, he probably learnt a corrupt Kind of Greek, spoken by the Inhabitants of this Places for we have Reason to believe, that as for any of the Languages which the Apoftles had learnt in a natural Way, the Spirit left them to speak as before.

(f) Charge

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you Service.

510 And reminds them, that be bad been chargeable to Kotze gf tbemi; Sec. 17. my Claim to being an Apostle, by decliming that offence in shafing myself

Maintenance, which my Brethren generally because I have preached to 2 Cor. Xl. think it reasonable to take from the People among you the Gospel of Gop

whom they labour, and which while employed freely.?
for them, they may indeed reasonably expect.
Have I then committed an Offence, in bumbling
myself to the daily Cares and Toils of a Tent-
maker, that you may more effectually be exalted
to the Dignity of those, who know and believe
in Christ? Is this after all, the Crime, that I
have preached the Gospel of GOD to you at free

I may almost, in this Sense, be said to have 8 I robbed other

robbed other Churches; so freely have I received taking Wages of them, to
from them, at least taking Wages, as it were, [of
them,] for waiting upon jou; for indeed I re-

ceived a Kind of Stipend from them, while I
abode at Corinth ; (Phil. iv. 15.) And when

. And when I was present · I was in Want, while present with you, I was

with you, and wanted, I

was chargeable to no Man: chargeable to no one Man (f) of your Society, For that which was lacking when incapable of maintaining myself as before: to me, the Brethren which For what was deficient to me in this Respect, the came from Macedonia, fup; Christian Brethren, who came from Macedonia have kept myself from being supplied; (Phil. iv. 10.) and in all Things I have burdensome unto you, and

kept, and so long as God shall enable ine, I will so will I keep myself.
io keep myself from being burtbenfome to you. And 10 As the Truth of Chrift

this in some Measure I value mysélf upon; fo is in me, no Man fhall stop
that as the Truth of Cbrift is in me, this Boast Regions of Achaia.
Mall not be violated, nor this Rule broķe in upon
with Respeat to me, at Corinth, or in all the Re-
gions of Achaia.
And why is it that I infist upon this ? Is it be-

11 Wherefore? because
cause I love you not, and therefore am unwilling I love you not? God know-
to be under any, Obligation to you? GOD knows
the contrary, that


have a large Share in my tendereft Affections and Cares; yea, that it was my Desire of serving you more effectually, that subjected me to these Mortifications and self-de

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(f) Chargeable to no Man: .ov relivapenoa eudiva.) Beza would render it, I was not ide at any Man's Expence. The Word vepno implies a benumbed inactive State, a Kind of Torper, to which no Man seems to be less obnoxious than St. Paul.

(8) They

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