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The Apostle takes this opportunity of urging on the Christians
at Rome, that Holiness, to which they were so strongly obliged by the Gospel. Rom. VI. 15, to the End.
ROMANS VI. 15.
ROMANS VI. 15.
HAVE just been reminding you, Christians, Wwe fin, because we
of Rom. VI. 15
your great Privileges; that you are now are not under the Law, but under a Dispensation of the most glorious Grace under Grace ? God forbid. in the Gospel, and not under the Restraints, nor under the Terrors, of the Mosaick Law. And what then are we to infer? Shall we take Encouragement from thence to offend him, to whose distinguishing Goodness we are so much obliged, and fin securely and presumptuously, because we are not under the Law, but under the Grace of the Gospel ? GOD forbid! The Inference would be so odious, and so dangerous, that tho' I disclaimed it before, (Ver. 1.) I cannot too frequently guard you against it. And fhould you allow yourselves to argue thus, it would lufficiently prove, that you do not belong
to Christ; however you may glory in a pre16 tendect external Relation. Know ye not, that 16 Know ye not, that
to whomsoever ye present yourselves [as] Servants, to whom ye yield yourselves actually to obey his Commands, bis Servants you vants ye are to whom ye
Servants to obey, his Serare? Not his, whose Name you may bear without obey; whether of Sin unto practically acknowledging his Authority, but his, Death, or of Obedience whom you in Fact obey. Least of all can you di- unto Righteousness? vide yourfelves between two contrary Mafters, but must either be intirely the Servants of Sin, which you know hy a certain Consequence leads to eternal Death, or intirely the Servants of God, by a Course of resolute and persevering Obedience; which, notwithstanding your former Failures, will securely lead to Righteousness and
But Thanks be to GOD, that whereas you 17 But God be thanked, were once the Servants of Sin, this is to be spok- that ye were the Servants en of as a Bondage past and
But, being free from Sin, are the Servants of Righteousness : 77
Rom. VI. 17
fashioned into an amiable and glorious Corres-
of Righteousness, and are at once enabled, and
endeavour to fortify you by every Consideration,
Practice of universal Holiness.
Sin, gou were free from Rightecusness, you never
(a) Model of Doctrine, &c. Es oy Teepedw@yle lutov dodaxens.] That lursos may properly be rendered Model, fee Note on Rom. v. 14. and add to the Instances there given Elsner's Note on this Place; and fee Dr. Sykes of Christianity, pag. 178.-Mr. Locke thinks 'tis an elegant Me taphor, to represent the Delivery of a Servant over from one Master to another, and that the Gospel, expresied by the Form of found Words, is the Master succeeding to the Law. But it seems more probable, that it may allude to melted Metal being formed by the Mold, into which it is poured ; and it finely expresses that Pliancy of Temper with Respect to the Gospel, which constitutes so lovely a Part of the true Christian's Cha Eter.
(6) As y: have.] It is in the Original wotrop rap : But yap is here most evidently an Expłctive, as in Greek it often is. It is of some Moinent to observe this; and I think it had been better, if our Translators had more frequently attended to it.
78 For the Wages of. Sin is Death; the Gift of GOD, eternal Life. Sect. 13 title it to his compleat Approbation. Now surely
should be as ready to obey Righteousness, as
you Rom. VI. 20.
you have been to obey. Sin, and Thew as much
21 What Fruit had ye
then those Things consider, what Fruit or Advantage did you then whereof ye are now alhamderive from these Things, of the very Remem- ed? For the End of those brance of which you are now heartily ashamed; Things is Death. which
you would not be, if you had indeed obtained any folid Advantage by them; whereas
this is far from being the Case, for the certain 22 End of those Things [is] Death. But remember, 22 But now being made you have now what is most honourable and most free from Sin, and become
Servants to God, ye have advantageous in your View ;. for being set free your Fruit. unto' Holiness, from Sin, and engaged. to GOD as bis Servants and and the End everlasting Life. Property, you have your Fruit-unto Holiness, in which
you find a prefent, and most solid Advantage; and the End you have in View is nothing less than eternal Life : Such is the infinite Difference, and fo advantageous the Exchange you
have made. For eternal Death [is] the proper 23
23 For the Wages of Sin Wages and Desert of Sin, and is all the Gain, is Death : But the Gift of
God is eternal Life, thro' which its wretched Slave will have to shew from
Jesus Christ our Lord.
of our Services are accepted, and much more that they are recompensed with a Munificence worthy the Lord of all.
(c) Eternal Death—in the great Day of future Account.] I see no imaginable Reason to believe, as some late Writers have intimated, in their Paraphrase on this Verse, that Death here signifies being cast out of. Existence. See Chap. ii. 12. Note (i). If this could be inferred with Relation to wicked Heathens from the Places 'before us, it might also, contrary, to the Opinion of these Authors, be concluded to be the Case of wicked Christians from Chapa viii. 13. The Truth is, that to die, signifies to fall under the Capital Sentence of the Divine Law; and 'tis well known, that being cast into the everburning Lake is in this View called Death. Rev. xxi. 8.
RefteEtiques or the Wages of Sin, and the Fruits of Righteousness.
I M P R O V E M E N T.
EING set at Liberty from the condemning Sentence of God's Sect. 13.
we do not turn his Grace into Wantonness; or deceive ourselves with Ver. 15.
And to animate us to it, let us often reflect, how unfruitful the Ver. 21.
The Law bath Dominion, as long as it livetb.
as he liveth?
The Apostle enters upon bis Design of taking off the believing
Jews from their fond Attachment to the Mosaick Law, now
ROMANS VII. I.':
Regards to the Gospel, and to Christ as there. them that know the Law) Rom. VII. I.
exhibited, in order to your Justification and Sal- how that the Law bath Do-
(a) So long as it liveth : sp coor zpovov &n.] : It would be contrary to the Apostle's Design, to suppose the Sense of this to be, as our Translation renders' it, as long as he, that is, the Man in Question liveth; for he professedly. endeavours to: prove, that they had out-lived their Obligations to the Law. Elsner would connect arbowas with ropos, and render.it
, the Law and Authority of the Husband continues in Force, as long as he, that is,' the 1 Iisand liveth, and produces Authorities to prove that xupieuw is often applied to the obliging Forec of a Larisor that matrimonial Customs are sometimes called Laws. (Obferv. Vol. ii. pag. 31.) But this, if it avoid, as he pleads, one Tautology, certainly occasions another, for the 2d Verse plainly expresses 'this Sense; and it would require a Transposition not to be allowed without more apparent Reason. Our Rendering is more natural, and suits the Connection with the following Verses in which the Law is represented as the firji IIivanid, whose Decease leaves them free to be married to Christ.