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Fingal, an Epic Poem, translated from the Erse. Froduce between the original and the battle to the enemy. Connal, the petty translation. This confideration long king of Togorma,and an intimate triend deterred the present translator from of Cuchullin, was for retreating till Finthe attempt, but his own scruples were gal should arrive ; but Calmar, the fon at length over-ruled by the favourable of Matha, lord of Lara, a country in
A opinion of others.
Connaught, was for engaging the enemy There were many other poems of immediately.Luchullin, of himself this kind which are now irretrievably willing to fight, went into the opinion loft, though the stories of them are of Calmar. Marching towards the ewell remembered, and some are still nemy, he missed three of his bravett living who have heard them repeated. heroes, Fergus, Duchomar, and Caithbat.
Those which are now offered to the Fergus arriving, tells Cúchullin of the publick, would in a short time have B death of the two other chiefs; which îhared the fate of the rest. The geni- introduces the affecting episcode of us of the Highlonders has suffered a Morna, the daughter of CormacThe great change within a few years, their army of Cuchullin is descried at a dir. communication with the rest of the tance by Swaran, who sent the son of island is open, and the introduction of Arno to observe the motions of the ene. trade and manufactures has destroyed my, while he himself ranged his forces that leisure, which was formerly dedi. in order of battle. The son of Arno cated to the hearing and repeating of returning to Swaran, describes to him poems of antient times.
Cuchullen's chariot, and the terrible apThe story of the poem is this :
pearance of that hero. The armies
engage, but night coming on leaves Artho, supreme king of Ireland, dy- the victory undecided. Cuchullin, acing at Temora, the royal palace of the cording to the hospitality of the times, Irish kings, was succeeded by Cormat, sends to Swaran a formal invitation to his son, a minor, Cuchullen, the son of a feast, by his bard Carril, the son of Semo, lord of the Ise of Mij, one of the Kinfena. Swaran refuses to come. Hebrides, being at that time in Uldier D Garudar and Brasolis. A party, by Con
Carril relates to Cuchullin the story of and very famous for his great exploits, was, in a convention of the petty kings nal's advice, is Tent to observe the eneand heads of tribes assembled for that my; which closes the action of the first purpose at Temora, unanimously cho. day. sen guardian to the young king:-He B. II. The ghott of Crugal, one of had not managed the affairs of Cormac the Iris heroes who was killed in long, when news was brought, that battle, appearing to Connal, foretels Swaran, the son of Starno, king of E the defeat of Cuchullin in the next batLocblin, or Scandinavia, intended to in- tle; and earnestly advises him to make vade Ireland. Cucbullin immediately peace with Swaran. Connal commuHispatched Munan, the son of Stirmal, nicates the vision ; but Cuchullin is inan Irish chief, to Fingal, king of those flexible from a principle of honour Caledonians who inhabited the western that he would not be the first to sue for coast of Scotland, to implore his aid. peace, and resolved to continue the Fingal, as well from a principle of ge- war. Morning comes ; Swaran pronerosity, as from his connection with F poses dishonourable terms to Cuchullen, the royal family of Ireland, resolved which are rejected. The battle begins, on an expedition into that country ; and is obftinately fought for some but before his arrival, the enemy had time, until, upon the flight of Grumal, landed in Ulfer.-Cuchullin in the mean the whole Triss army gave way. Cutime had gathered the flower of the 1. chullin and Connal cover their retreat. rifh tribes to Tura, a castle of Ulser, Carril leads them to a neighbouring and dispatched scouts along the coast, hill, whither they are soon followed by to give the most early intelligence of G Cuchullin himself, who describes the the enemy. Such is the fituation of fleet of Fingal making towards the affairs, when the poem opens.
coast; but, night coming on, he loft B. I. Cuchillin, sitting alone beneath a fight of it again. Cucbullin, dejected tree, at the gate of Tura, for the other after his defeat, attributes bis ill suc chiefs had gone on a hnnting party to cess to the death of Ferda his friend, Cromla, a neighbouring hill, is inform- whoin he had killed some time before. ed of Swaran's landing by Moran, the Carril, to thew that ill success did not ion of Fithill, one of his scouts. He H always attend those who innocently sonvenes the chiefs ; a council is held, killed. their friends, introduces the eund disputes run high about giving pifcode of Comal and Calvina.
Fingal, an Epic Poem, translated from the Erse.
II B. III. Cucbullin, pleased with Car- ging his fons to behave gallantly and ril's story, infifts with him for more of defend his people, retires to a hill, his songs. The bard relates the acti- from whence he could have a full ons of Fingal in Lochlin, and death of view of the battle. The battle joins ; Agandecca, the beautiful fister of Swa- the poet relates Oscar's great actions. ran. He had scarce finished when But when Oscar, in conjunction with Calmar the son of Matba, who had ad. his father, conquered in one wing, vised the first battle, came wounded A Gaul, who was attacked by Swaran in from the field, and told them of Swa. person, was on the point of retreating ran's design to surprise the remains of in the other. Fingal sends Ullin his the Irish army. He himself proposes
bard to encourage him with a war song, to withstand singly the whole force of
but notwithstanding Swaran prevails ; the enemy, in a narrow pass, till the
and Gaul and his army are obliged to Irish Thould make good their retreat.
give way. Fingal, descending from Cacbullin, touched with the gallant pro- B the hill, rallies them again : Swaran posal of Calmar, resolves to accompany
defifts from the pursuit, possesses himhim, and orders Carril to carry off the self of a rising ground, restores the few that remained of the Iris. Morn
ranks, and waits the approach of Fining comes, Calmar dies of his wounds: gal. The king, having encouraged and, the ships of the Caledonians ap- his men, gives the necessary orders, and pearing, Swaran gives over the pur
renews the battle. Cuchullin, who, suit of the Irisb, and returns to oppose c with his friend Counal, and Carril his Fingal's landing. Cucbullin alhamed, bard, had retired to the grave of Tura, after his defeat, to appear before Fingal,
bearing the noise, came to the brow retires to the cave of Tura. Fingal
of the hill, which overlooked the field engages the enemy, puts them to flight;
of battle, where he saw Fingal engaged but the coming on of night makes the with the enemy. He being hindered victory not decisive. The king, who
by Connal from joining Fingal, who was
himself upon the point of obtaining a
B. V. In the mean time Fingal and
bed : Swaran is overcome, bound and which introduces the episode concern
delivered over as a prisoner to the care ing Fainajollis, the daughter of the king of Ofian and Gaul the son of Morni; of Craca, whom Fingal had taken un E Fingal, his younger sons, and Oscar, der his protection, in his youth. Fillan ftill pursue the enemy. The episode and Oscar are dispatched to observe of Orla a chief of Lochlin, who was the motions of the enemy by night ; mortally wounded in the battle, is inGaul, the son of Morni, desires the troduced. Fingal, touched with the command of the army, in the next
death of Orla, orders the pursuit to be battle ; which Fingal promises to give discontinued ; and calling his sons tohim. The song of the bards closes the g gether, he is informed that Ryno, the,
youngest of them, was killed. He la-
Swaran is present. The king com-
end of a war.
Ullin relates the accalls his army together, and, as he had tions of Trenmor, great grandfather to promised the preceding night, de
Fingal, in Scandinavia, and his marriage volves the command on Gaul the son with Inibaca, the daughter of apking of of Marni, while he bimself, after char. Lochlin who was ancestor to Swaran i
cludes the poem,
12 Fingal, an Epic Poem, translated from the Erse.
on the grave of Cathbat.—These hands
have laid in earth Ducbamar, that cloud Fingal was in love in his youth, induced in war. Cathbat, thou son of Torman, the king to release him, and permit thou wert a fun-beam on the hill.e to return with the remains of A And thou, o valiant Duchomar, like his army, into Lochlin, upon his promile of never returning to Ireland in
the mist of marshy Lano, when it fails bottile manner. The night is spent
over the plains of autumn, and brings in feeling Swaran's departure in songs
death to the people. Morna! thou
fairest of maids ! Calm is thy sleep in o bards, and in a conversation in which the ftory of Grumal is introdu
the cave of the rock. Thou has fallen
in darkness like a ftar that shoots aced by Fingal. Morning comes. Swa- thwart the desart, when the traveller ran departs; Fingal goes on a hunting B is alone, and mourns the transient party, and finding Cucbullin in the cave beam. Say, said Semo's blue-eyed son, of Tura, comforts him, and sets fail,
say, how fell the chiefs of Erin ? Fell the next day, for Scotland ; which con- they by the fons of Locblin, striving in
the battle of heroes ? Or what confines It is remarkable, that in this poem the chiefs of Cromla to the dark and there are no traces of religion, espe- narrow house ? cially as the poetical compofitions of Cathbat, replied the hero, fell by the other nations are inseparably connect- C sword of 'Duchomar at the oak of the ed with their Mythology. But this noily streams. Ducbomar came to Tufingularity probably arose from the ra's cave, and spoke to the lovely known enmity between Fingal and his Morna, fon Ofhan and the Druids, who had op- Morna*, fairest among women, loveposed the succession of this family to daughter of Cormac-cairbar. Why in the supreme magistracy; it might also the circle of stones; in the cave of the in some degree be owing to the myste- rock alone? The stream murmurs ry in which the Druidical religion was D hoarsely. The old tree's groan is in wrapped up, a circumstance which ren- the wind. The lake is troubled before dered it unfit for poetical machinery, i. thee, and dark are the clouds of the besides, the antient Scots carried their
sky. But thou art like snow on the notions of martial honour to so extra- heath ; and thy hair like the mist of vagant an height, that they thought Cromla when it curls on the rocks, the merit of their heroes degraded by and it shines to the beam of the west. the introduction of supernatural afsift- Thy breasts are like two smooth rocks ance.
E seen from Branno of the streams. Thy The following episode from the
arms like two white pillars in the halls book may serve as a specimen of the of the mighty Fingal, poem of Fingal, as it appears in Mr
From whence, the white-armed maid Macpherson's translation :
replied, from whence Duchomar the Where, said Cuchullin, are my friends
most gloomy of men? Dark are thy in battle? Where the companions of brows and terrible. Red are thy rolmy arm in danger? Where art thou,
ling eyes. Does Swaron appear on the white-bosomed Cathbat? Where is that F sea? What of the foe, Duchomar? cloud in war, Duchomar* ; And halt
From the hill I return, O Morna, thou left me, o Fergust, in the day from the hill of the dark-brown hinds. of the storm ? Fergus, first in our joy Three' have I Nain with my bended at the fealt; son of Rosa! arm of death!
yew. Three with my long bounding comelt thou like a roe I from Mal
dogs of the chace. -Lovely daughter mor ; like a hart from the ecchoing
of Cormac, I love thee as my soul.-I hills ?-Hail thou son of Roja! what
have sain one stately deer for thec.Shades the soul of war.
G Four ttoness), replied the chief, rise
of the deceased, and, if a warrior, his sword, Dubbebomar, a black wallpaped man. and the heads of 12 arrows by his fide. Above + Fear-gutb, -ske man of the word; or a they laid another itratom of clay, in which commander of an army.
they placed the horn of a deer, the fymbol of ce a roc or 3 youpe hart on hunting. The whole was covered with a fine tber,
mold, and four ftones placed on end to mark SOLOMAN'S ling the extent of the grave. These are the four
Paper delivered by the Spanish Ambassador to ibe E. of E. 13 High was his branchy head; and fleet courier from his court, by whom he his feet of wind,
is informed, that my Lord Bristol, his Ducbomar! calm the maid replied, I Britannic majesty's ambassador at the love thee not, thou gloomy man. court of Madrid, has said to his ExcelHard is thy heart of rock, and dark
Jency Mr Wall, minister of state, that thy terrible brow. But Cathbat, thou he had orders to demand a positive fon of Tormant, thou are the love of A and categorical answer to this questiMorna. Thou art like a fun-beam on
on, viz. ' It Spain thinks of allying the hill in the day of the gloomy form.. herself with France against England Sawest thou the son of Torman, lovely -And to declare, at the same time, on the hill of his hinds? Here the that he should take a refusal to his dedaughter of Cormac waits the coming mand, for an aggression and declaraof Catbbat,
tion of war, and that he should, in And long shall Morna wait, Ducho
B consequence, de obliged to retire from mar faid, his blood is on my sword.
the court of Spain. The above minif Long shall Morna wait for him. He ter of state answered him, that such a fell at Branno's stream. High on Crom. step could only be suggested by the spila I will raise his tomb, daughter of rit of haughtiness, and of discord, Cormac-caithbar ; but fix thy love on which, for the misfortune of manDuchomar, his arm is strong as a storm. kind, still reigns but too much in the
And is the son of Torman fallen? said the maid of the tearful eye. Is he Cthat very moment that the war was
British government ; that it was in fallen on his ecchoing hill; the youth declared, and the king's dignity viowith the breast of snow ? he that was
lently attacked, that he mighe retire firft in the chace of the hill; the foe of how, or when he should think proper. the strangers of the ocean.-Duchomar The Count de Fuentes is, in consethou art darkt indeed, and cruel is
quence, ordered to leave the court and thy arm to Morna. But give me that the dominions of England, and to defword, niy foc ; I love the blood of
D clare to the British king, to the Englis Caitbbat.
nation, and to the whole universe, He gave the sword to her tears ; but
that the horrors into which the Spanish the pierced his manty breast. He fell,
and English nations are going to plunge like the bank of a inountain-stream ;
themselves, must be attributed only to ftretched out his arm and said;
the pride, and to the unmeasurable Daughter of Cormac-caithbar, thou
ambition of him who has held the haft llain Ducbomar. The sword is cold
reigns of the government, and who, in my breaft: Morna, I feel it cold. E appears still to hold them, although by Give me to Moinall the maid ; Ducho
another hand : That, if his Catholic mar was the dream of her night. She
majesty excused himself from anfwerwill raise my tomb ; and the hunter
ing on the treaty in question between Thall see it and praise me. But draw
his Catholic Majesty and his most the sword from my breast ; Morna, the
Christian Majelty, which is believed steel is cold.
to have been figned the 15th of August, She came, in all her tears, she came, and drew it from his breast. He pierced
and wherein, it is pretended, there F
are conditions relative to England, he her white fide with steel ; and spread had very good reasons; first, the king's her fair locks on the ground. Her
dignity required hiin to inanifeft hie bursting blood sounds from her side :
just resentment of the little manage and her white arm is stained with red.
ment, or, to speak more properly, of Rolling in death the lay, and Tura's
the insulting manner with which all the cave answered to her fighs.
affairs of Spain have been treated due
Gring Mr. Pitt's adminftration, who, From the London Gazette.
finding himself convinced of the jufTranslation of a Note delivered to the E. tice which supported the king in his
of Egremont, by the Count de Fuen- pretensions, his ordinary and last ana tes, December 25, 1761.
swer' was, That he would not relax in "HE Count de Fuentes, the Catho.
any thing till the Tower of London was
taken sword in hand, lick King's ambassador to his Britannick majelty, has just received a H Besides, his majelty was much shock
ed to hear the haughty and imperious + Torman, bunder. This is the true origin tone with which the contents of the of the Jupiter Taramis of the ancients.
treaty were demanded of him : If the t She alludes to his name the dark man, Meina, loft in iemper and perfan.
respect due to Royal Majesty had been
Answer by the Earl of Egremont. regarded, explanations might have passage of the sea, which separates been had' without any difficulty : The them from the continent. minifters of Spain might have said frankly to those of England, what the
Translation of the Answer delivered to Count de Fuentes, by the king's express,
the Count de Fuentes, by the Earl of order, declares públickly, viz. That Egremont, Dec. 31, 1761. the said treaty is only a convention be- A THE Earl of Egremont, his Britantween the family of Bourbon, wherein nick majesty's secretary of state, there is nothing that has the least re- having received from his Excellency lation to the present war : That there the Count de Feueutes, ambassador of is in it an article for the mutual gua- the Catholic King at the court of Lonranty of the dominions of the don, a paper, in which, besides the notwo sovereigns; but it is specified tification of his re-call, and the detherein, that that guaranty is not to be B mand of the necessary passports to go understood but of the dominions which out of the king's dominions, he has shall remain to France after the present thought proper to enter into what has war shall be ended: That, altho' his just passed between the two courts, Catholick Majesty might have had rea- with a view to make that of London fon to think himself offended by the appear as the source of all the misforirregular manner in which the memo- tunes which may ensue from the ruprial was returned to M. Busy, minis, c ture which has happened: in order ter of France, which he had presented that nobody may be mifled by the defor terminating the differences of Spain claration which his Excellency has and England, at the same time with been pleased to make to the king, to the war between this last and France ; the English nation, and to the whole uhe has, however, dissembled, and, from niverse ; notwithstanding the insinua. an effect of his love of peace, caused a tion, as void of foundation as of de. memorial to be delivered to my Lord cency, of the spirit of haughtiness Brisol, wherein it is evidently demon- D and of discord, which, his Excellency ftrated, that the step of France, which pretends, reigns in the British governput the minister Pitt into fo had hu- ment, to the misfortune of mankind ; mour, did not at all offend either the and notwithstanding the irregularity laws of neutrality, or the fincerity of and indecency of appealing to the the two sovereigns : That further, English nation, as if it could be sepafrom a fresh proof of his pacific fpi- rated from its king, for whom the rit, the king of Spain wrote to the e most determined sentiinents of love, of king of France his cousin, that, if the duty, and of confidence, are engraved union of interest in any manner re
in the hearts of all his subjects; the tarded the peace with England, he con- said Earl of Egremont, by his majesty's sented to separate himself from it, not order, laying aside, in this answer, all to put any obstacle to so great a happi- spirit of 'declamation and of harshness, ness : But it was soon leen that this avoiding every offenfive word, which was only a pretence on the part of the might hurt the dignity of fovereigns, Englisb minifter, for that of France F without stooping to invectives against continuing his negociation without private persons, will confine himself to making any mention of Spain, and pro- facts with the most scrupulous exactposing conditions very advantageous ness: And it is from this representati. and honourable for England, the mi- on of facts that he appeals to all Eunister Pitt, to the great astonishment rope, and to the whole universe, for of the universe, rejected them with the purity of the king's intentions, disdain, and thewed at the same time G and for the fincerity of the wishes his his ill-will against Spain, to the scandal majesty has not ceased to make, as of the same British council ; and un- well as for the moderation he has alfortunately he has succeeded but too ways Mewed, though in vain, for the far in his pernicious design.
maintenance of friendship and good This declaration made, the Count understanding between the Britis and de Fuentes desires his Excellency, my Spanish nations. Lord Egremont, to present his most The king having received undoubt. humble respects to his Britannic ma. H ed informations, that the court of Maa jefty, and to obtain for him passports, drid had fecretly contracted engageand all other facilities, for him, his fa. ments with that of Versailles, which mily, and all his retinue to go out of the minister's of France laboured to re.' the dominions of Great Britain with- present, in all the courts of Europe, as out any trouble, and to go by the short offenfive to Great Britain, and combi.