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History of Public CREDIT: draught be drawn on the back of the inhabitants will sometimes adore you receipt you are to give him, and then as a goddess, and at other times use you will not part with the receipt till you as a llave ; but never abandon this you have received your money, and faithful maid, I have appointed to atyou will be sure to part with it then, as tend you; you have the power of conyou cannot receive your money with- verting, paper into money. By this out it.

art of thine Great Britain (hall extend Be careful what letters of attorney A her commerce and her conquefts to the you give, let them be for some limited remotest parts of the world ; from and particular act; for a general let. this time her interest and thine shall be ter of attorney, gives a most absolute connected together. Use thy art with and unlimited power; and, by this, discretion, for if ever thou deviate people have sometimes put their pro- from the instructions of thy faithful perty into the hands of jobbers, who attendant, thou wilt come into dif. have lost it in the alley and, in the grace, and thy favourite island will be mean time, have amused the proprie- B undone." tor by a punctual payment of the half These words made a strong impreso yearly dividend.

fion upon me, and are still fresh in my Take the numbers and principal memory. The people of England can contents of all publick securities for never forget what great things I have money in a pocket memorandum done for them. Whenever they have book, to be kept always about you, wanted money, it was only sending to to that if you escape from a fire with c many sheets of paper, and by affixing only your cloaths, you may be able to my leal and name, they became so ma. swear to your property and recover it. ny thousand pounds. From my first

When you receive a draught on a arrival into this island, I have created, banker, get it paid as soon as conve. at least, 1.20 millions, and they think Í nient, any time before five in the at- am able to make as many more. But ternoon of the same day, for a man tell them, Mr Urban, that of late I may have cash at his banker's in the d have been obliged to have recourse to morning, and draw it all out before several dilhonourable contrivances to night ; and, if you present your make my paper current. Hence I, draught the next day, and the banker cannot walk the streets but I hear myhall have stopt payment, with cash of self abused by the opprobrious names of your principal in his hands fufficient whore, cheat, pick-pocket. Not a to pay your draught, you have no re- tradesman's wife but reckons herself imedy but to come in as a creditor of E better than me; not a bankrupt, but the banker's

tells me he can pay more in the pound

than I, were I to compound my affairs. Mr URBAN,

I am conscious that I have itretched

my art to its utmost extent to serve your Magazine, to lay before the this isand, the people of England mult public a few Anecdotes of my life: I not therefore expect more from me : it have sometimes lived in great splendor, will only turn out to their own disad.

F and have often met with misfortunes, vantage. They have resources enough but was never under so much disgrace left for carrying on the war, there is as at present. My complaints may, plate enough in the kingdom; there is perhaps, meet with redress, or, at leait, money enough too to be got without it will be some comfort for me to com- my assistance, and the people of En. plain. My naine is PUBLIC CREDIT, gland will be ready to comply with I was born in Holland, and came over Tuch measures as are best for the com. into England with the ever memorable

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mon-wealth; and may, by proper maKing William. My father was a very nagement be brought to see the expehonest, industrious merchant, of a good diency and neceffity of raising the fup. fortune ; when I set out for England he plies within a year; a thing not so dif. chose for my companion a very virtu- ficult as many imagine. Be it thereous young lady, of a good family, her fore known, that I disavow all paper name is Honour. When he took his that fall have my name and seal af. leave of me, he embraced me with H fixed to it after the day of tears, as if conscious of the various and that I will not convert any more scenes of life I was to enter upon. paper into money from this present " Remember, my dear child, said he, year 1762, till the end of the war. vou are going to take up your habita

PUBLIC CREDIT, om in a capricious island, where the

Mr.

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Tax proposed on Dogs, and Places of Diverfion. 21 Mr URBAN,

in keeping mistreffes, sometimes with Ta time when the state wants a prétence to save charges. But perA eis haps their infamy and guilt, with tre duty of every private man (excusable misery of the poor creatures they deat least) to propose any expedient he bauch and ruin, might, in some inftanthinks may be of service to his coun- A ces be prevented, were they, by such a try.

tax made sensible of (which they often The propriety and utillity of a tax feel when too late) the much greater upon dogs, conlidered chiefly as a pu- expence, I might add, perhaps, greater blic nurance, and that upon many ac- tyranny too, of a lewd mistress than a counts, was, I think, plainly deinon- virtuous wife ; without taking into strated a little more than a year ago, the account the guilt, the infamy, and (fee Vol.XXX, p. 362.) when his majesty's the neglect of your offspring who, lubjects in general were terrified, & ma- B too commonly, tho' undeservedly, forny of them bit by mad dogs; and some feit the natural affection of their cruel of them came to a most dreadful end. parents, to whom they are generally an Such a tax would undoubtedly lessen eye-fore ; and so they are very glad, the number of dogs, and thereby the by any means, to get rid of them. various mischiefs arising from them And now I am upon this subject, would be lefsened likewise.

why thould not the government reap But because so useful, fo favourite a

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some advantage from all our favourite creature could not be given up without diversions ; diversions,which every day reluctance, it was proposed that a per- cvince that private persons have mofon, keeping only one dog, should pay ney enough. annually but a trifle, is. or 25. as allo Why should not every purse of so that the money should be applied (in guineas that is won at the numberless time of peace however) to the allevi. horse-races in his majesty's dominions, ating what lies very heavy on most be taxed at four shillings in the pound, parishes, the poor's rate; and be col- D to be paid by the clerk of the course to lected by the overseers of the poor : the collector of the excise, or of the And a great alleviation this would be, land-tax ? And why should not eve. for if we suppose there are eight or ry cock, whole comb is cut off for ten millions of fouls in our illand, there fighting, pay one thilling to the public may be near two millions of houses ; as well

as a dog? and if one million of them keep a dog, And I here I cannot overlook the though the tax be but I s. for cach & great profits of the play-houses, opehoule, it will, if I calculate right, pro- ras, Kanelagh, Vauxhall, &c. For in duce 50,000 l. which sums will proba- the present exigency methinks the state bly be more than doubled,by the mul. should avail itself of the present pretitude of people that will keep more vailing humour of the people, and raise dogs than one. For, though a single contributions even out of every nudog, for the conveniency of farmers, merous assembly of persons, meeting. Thepherds, or even cottagers, pay but together inerely for diversion, as dance is. yet making any addition to the p ing, cards, óc. now-a-days every number of them may, I think, very where fo fashionable. For an easy tax well be put upon the foot of luxury; would not balk the reigning taste of the proper subject of a tax even in the people, any more than the tax uptimes of profound peace ; and there. on wheels induces them to walk or ride fore if 35. or us, were laid upon eve- much more than they used to do. ry second, third dog, &c. and those And suppose the play-house managers that kept great numbers should pay is. should not amass so many thousands for every dog, the sum must be confi. G as some of them do; or should the acderable; the public would be extreme- tors retrench their luxury a little, as ly benefitted ; and nobody would have well as other folks, I think there would reason to complain.

not be room for much complaint. Luxury, I lay, and vices are with. Should not we part with a little, in orout doubt the proper subjects for a tax, der to secure the rett ? The players and which all wife governments have do not seem to want public fpirit on ever availed themselves of.

many charitable occasions. It might surely, at such a time as H I would mention perukes, as being, this, be reasonable and adviseable to generally, a piece of luxury, and lay also a tax upon old batchelors, pro- proper subject for a tax (except fuch portioned to their eftates ; and efpe- as are for exportation, but tbat a cially as they often indulge themselves

greater piece of luxury, or rather ef

femi

22

... Tax on Swords. ---Receipt for. Four Wine. feminacy, is in some measure fubftitu. an hogshead according to the fourner's ted in their room, which it may not be of the wine, mix it well, and prove it so ealy to tax, I mean the unusual time by tasting, whether it is enough, then and pains bestowed of late on dressing

let it stand till the next day, and put, gentlemens hair, a fahion imported the wine into another hogshead ; so it

A from our good friends the French, as

is done. well as many of the dressers, who, in

This secret hath been lately propocase of an invasion by their country- sed for sale, and some hundred pounds men, might probably let us see that aske for it, but it hath long been they can handle other implements be- well known, that alcaline falt takes asides their curling irons.

way the fourness of all liquors. The And then, suppose there were a tax folium indicum seems to be a new thing, upon swords (except likewife what are B but it never will be proved that it is exported) worn often by persons that necessary, or of any virtue ; on the have not the least pretension to wear contrary, it renders this medicine them ; would not many mitchiefs, and useless to white wines, where it must even murders be prevented, in care be left out: This proves that it is not they were in a good measure 'disused ? at all necessary, but added only to But probably a tax on them would blind. Coniac, sugar, and water, were make them the more fashionable (in. known to all wine brewers a long timur in vetitum) and then the publick C time ago. But all this will ever remain would have an advantage from it, unable to restore again what the wine whatever other inconveniencies it pro- loit by turning four. For no wine duced.

will change four so long as it retains To what I have said about kept mil- the spirit, but so soon as the spirit treffes, let me add, that encouraging goes off, so soon it begins to turn four : of matrimony is a piece of good po

and all fourness of wine is a certain Licy, inasmuch as the number of useful Dign of the loft spirit, which cannot Inbjects is the riches and strength of a be restored by any alcalinc (alt, coniac, nation. The Romans, we know, with and sugar, but the wine will always this view, granted privileges to persons remain spiritle's, & resemble the taite that had three children ; and why of a lye ; but if the wine ia but a little Thould not Englismen, in such circum- sour, and the fourness in its beginning, ítances, be exempted from ferving in

then this medicine may be of lome ule, the militia, and on the highways; and

Yet the wine must be drank as soon their deficiency be made up by single as posible, elle .it will be in a short men doing double duty? And why,

E time worse than before : Therefore ule now that parties, at least to disaffecti.. it to wine in bottles, rather than in an, are pretty well subsided, and the hogsheads, and be advised not to let {pirit of Liberty univerfyly prevails a- yourself be imposed upon to pay with mong us. fhould we not think in good money what is here discovered for nocarnet of (what has been often recoin. thing, by a cruelly mifuted and ruined mended by persons as eminent for their

stranger,

C. L. C. wisdom as patriotism,) a general na F. turalization of all foreigners, Proter

SIR, tants at least, in order to supply hands

Have had the mortification to fee to our husbandry and manufactures, in the room of what the militia and consequent satisfaction also to hear the war takes off; an excellent chari- they are to be recoined ; and amin hopes ty to many diftrefled families in Ger. they will not only be committed to a many, as well as benefit to ourselves.

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better hand, hut dictated too by an PUBLICOLA.

abyler head. For the pars antica, os

face of this dye is truly antick; and A RECIPE for fwectening four Wines.

the pars poftica, or reverie, tenacioutly O an hogshead of foar wine take retains all the inaccuracies and errors

of the last coin. The abbreviatures of falt of tartar or pearl ashes one pound, whole legend on the reverle were faul. and common water three pounds, mix ty ; M. E. (for example) scarcely more altogether in a glass viol, set it in a H properly leading to Magnæ Britannia, warm place, and let it itand some than to the Marquijate of Brandendays: Afterwards strain it, and to the bourg ; nor would A. T. in any other ftrained liquor add one pound of coni. polition be divined to stand for Arcbi. ac, and half a pound of fine sugar : Of this medicine add more or leis in

thefaurarius. His late majesty too, inIttand of being itiled Duke of Brunswico

Lunenburgb,

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New Dye for Guineas proposed.

23 Louenburg, was there erroneously called respect to the time and other circumDuke of Brunswic and Lunenburg ; and stances of his life; not to say what I foreign titles and arins were incorpora

believe must be owned by all, that his ted with the British, by an improprie

natural abilities and talents were much ty that ought doubtless to be removed, greater.--He was made master of the at the opportune æra of the first coin, Temple very young, upon the relig, age of a truly English King, I hazard A nation of his father, and was obliged a private opinion too against the reten

to apply himfelf closely to bulineli, tion of ærial titles by potent monarchs, and take infinite pains to quality himand by Protestant sovereigns of those

self for that honourable employment: primarily, conferred by Popes; and which he effectually did in the course could well with to fee an accurate coin- of a few years, and became one of the age, somewhat in this manner. The most celebrated preachers of that time. face should have a resembling bust of B

In this station he continued many bis majesty, executed in taste, with his years, preaching constantly, rightly diname (GEORGIUS III.) only; for dei viding the word of God, and promoting gratia being always understood, is re- the lålvation of souls. For his preacha dundant, and might be safely omitted : ing was with power ; not only in the on the reverse thould be, the enhgns weight of his words and argument, armorial of Great Britain and Ireland, but in the force and energy with which with supporters and crest, having for с

it was delivered. For though his voice its legend Magnæ Britannie et Hihermia was not melodious, but accompanied Rex at length; and the date being dis

rather with a thickness of speech, yet tinctly placed in the exergue.

were his words uttered with so much Your's &c. EPHORINUS. propriety, and with such strength and

vehemence, that he never failed to Some Account of the late Right Rev. Dr

take posesion of his whole audience,

and secure their attention. This pow. Thomas Sherlock, who died July 18, 1761, aged 84. Extrafied from his fu? Derful delivery of words so weighty and neral Sermon, preached by Dr Nicolis,

important, as his always were, made Mafler of the Temple.

a strong impression upon the minds of

his hearers, and was not soon forgot. TE was the son of a snost eminent And I doubt not but many of Her hele hoofas more feminin:

you

remeniber the excellent instruction you guished in the last age, than the fon has have heard from him to your great been in this. And what is very re- comfort.

E markable, this place has enjoyed the About this time also it was, that he benefit of their initruction for more publilhed his much-admired dfcourses than 70 years.--Here give me leave to

upon the Use and Intent of Prophegy,wliich observe 'a limilitude of circumstances did so much service to the cause of between his fon and him. It pleased Christianity, then openly attacked by God to prolong the fon’s days, even fome daring unbelievers. beyond those of his fa:ler, to preserve Upon the accession of his late maj-fto him his great understanding, and F.ty to the throne, he was soon diftin. to give him leisure to review hisincom- guished; and, with another truly emiparable discourses, and to make them fit nent divine, (Bihop Hare) advanced to for the reception which the world has the Bench, where he fat with great given them. He too has had his contro- lustre for many years ; in matters of Ferlies, & those carried on with warmth difficulty and nice discernment serving and spirit; but without any injury to his king and country, and the church his temper, or any interruption to his over which he presided, with uncom

G thoughts and mind. His father lived mon zeal and prudence. Indeed such. in more difficult times, had much to was his discretion and great judgment, Struggle with, and perhaps had more that all ranks of persons were desirous of labour in his composition. The of knowing his opinion in every fon was more bright and brilliant, and case, and by his quick and solid judgcarried a greater compass of thought ment of things he was able to do great and genius along with him. The one good to many individuals, and very wrote with great care and circumspec. H signal services to his country. tion, as having many adversaries to All this time, while he was thus ta. contend with ; 'the other with greater ken up in the business of the station to ease and freedom, as rising superior which be was advanced, be yet consi to all opposition.-Indeed, the son had nued to preach to his congregation much the advantage of his father, in during term; and in the vaction

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24 Some Account of the late Ri Rev. Dr Sherlock. constantly went down to visit &toreside the fun from the cloud, and was visible in his dio ese; where he spent his time to every eye. There was a dignity in in the most exeinplary manner; in ade

his aspect and countenance to the very cent hospitality ; in repairing his ait

. His reason fat enthroned with churches and houses, wherever he A him, and no one could approach hina went; in converfing with his clergy; without having his mind filled with and in giving them and their people that respect and veneration that was proper directions as the circumstances due to so great a character. of things required.

His learning was very extensive : And thus did this great man lay God had given him a great and an inhimself out for the public good ; al.

derstanding mind, a quick comprehen: ways busy, always employed, so long fion, and a solid judginent. These adas 'God gave him health and strength B vantages of nature he improved by to go through those various and im- much industry and application; and portant offices of life, which were com- in the early part of his life had read mitted to his care.

and digested well the antient authors But now, though his mind and un

both Greek and Latin, the philosophers, derstanding remained in full vigour, poets,and orators; from whence he acinfirmities of body began to creep ve

quired that correct and elegant stile, ry fast upon him. And then it was which appears in all his compositions. that he declined, when offered him, c His knowledge in divinity was obtainthe highest honours of this church, ed from the itudy of the moft rational because he was sensible, through the

writers of the church, both antient and infirmities he felt, he thould never be modern; and he was particularly able to give that personal attendance, fond of comparing Scripture with which that great office requires. And Scripture, and especially of illustrating this also induced him afterwards to ac- the epistles and writings of the apotcept the charge of this diocese wherein tles, which he thought wanted to he we live, because his business would be o more studied, and of which we have at home and about him, and would some specimens in his own discourses, require no long, journies, for which

His skill in the civil and canon law he found himself very unfit. And was very confiderable; to which he certain it is, that for the first three or

added such a knowledge of the com• four years he applied himself closely to mon law of England, as few clergymen business, and made one general vilita.

attain to. This it was that gave him tion of his diocese in person : nay, he

that influence in all cases where the extended his care to parts abroad, and E church was concerned, as knowing hegan his correspondence there, which precisely what it had to claim from its would have been very useful to the

constitutions and canons, and what church, if his health had permitted

from the common law of the land. him to carry it on : but about that His piety was conftant and exem. time it pleased God to visit him with plary, and breathed the true spirit of a very dangerous illness, from which the Gospel. His zeal was warm and indeed he recovered, but with almost fervent in explaining the great, doc, the total loss of the use of his limbs; F trines and duties of Christianity, and and soon after his speech failing him,

in inaintaining and establishing it he was constrained to give over the

on the most solid and lure foundations. exercise of his function and office, and

His munificence and charity was was even deprived of the advantages large and diffusive; not confined to of a free conversation.

particulars, but extended in general to But though he was thus obliged to all that could make out any just claim provide for the minifterial office, yet to it. he still took care himfelf for the dir- G. The instances of his public charities patch of business. For the mind waz

both in his life time and at his death, yet vigorous and strong in this weak are great, and like himself. He hath hody, and partook of none of its infis. given large sums of money to the cormities. He never parted with the ad- poration of clergymen's fons, to seve. ministration of things out of his own ral of the hospitals, and to the society bands, but required an exact account for propagating the Gospel in foreign of every thing that was tranficted, parts. And at the instance of the faid And where the business was of impr. h fociety, he consented to print at his tance and confequence enough, lie oxn charge an impression of 2000 sets would dictate letters, and give direc- of his valuable dijiourses at a very confi. tions alout it himrelf. Under ail his desible expence. And they have been infirmities, his soul broke through like

actually

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