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314 England's. Sufferings by bad Minifters, highest pitch (see p. 269.). If the time when, if an insolent merr had Monitor should not be inclined to allow dared to have denied that venerable that the Dutchess of Marlborough was body the privilege of seeing how their worthy of the unliinitted conndence own supplies were laid out, they would the Queen placed in her, he must ad- have raised a spirit that would have mit that the state does not neceffarily made that me with he had been suffer even from an unwortliy favou- A thrown into the sea with a mill-fone rite, at least that it will not nec:ssarily about his neck, before he had prelusuffer from a favourite of equal pre- med to attempt ro barefaced a violation tensions with the Dutchess of Marlbe- of that very basis of liberty, the rights rough,

and privileges of the C-s of Great

Britain. * The PATRIOT, No. III. is in- You may add, to crown his charac, tended to prove the Monitor's position, B ter, a firm

and real attachment, to our that bad favourites will make a bad present virtuous, and amiable fove. use of power. This writer, who in a reign, an attachment not founded on former paper had reproved élie Auditor the mean principle of self-interest, for rushing on through thick and thin to which would first deservedly draw on light up a name at mangled ashes, now himself the shafts of public censure and advises the Briton to learn the Gram. then barely endeavour to shelter himmar and idiom of the Englishlarguage;

self from the impending form, by exand having before called the writers he C posing the facred name of his prince, opposes wretcbes and Scoundrels, he de- and friend; but rising from a thorough clares he will not return low abuje ; knowledge of thole merits, which and therefore concludes his paper only claim the love and affection of a truly by saying, he deems them a set of mer- grateful people, cenary bravoes, who receive wages to fab with their baleful pens the lacred The NORTH BRITON, No. v. reputation of disinterested patriotism. D contains an account of the peculiar fe

licity of a prince and people, rescued The PATRIOT, No. IV. contains from the tyrannous favery of a court an ironical encomium on the art of minion, exemplified in the deliverance lying, in a letter figned M Sarcasm; of England by the noble and manly an art, which the writer says, muit conduct of Edward the third, who, give the Briton and the Auditor great having some time endured the insoadvantages over their antagonists, lence and mal-administration of Morwho truit only in plain truth. What,


timer, who was countenanced by the says he, can your arguments be in fa widow of his father and predecessor vour of Mr Pitt if they are only dic- Edward the IId, at length seized him tated by that old fashioned quality called in the presence of the Queen-mothes, truth? You can say,to be sure that your

and fent him to the Tower; upon beloved m-r was vigilant in the dis- which he called a parliament, and charge of his duty, that he always told them, “ That though not yet ar. preferred the real welfare of his coun- rived at the age prescribed by law, try to his own private views; and that yet with the consent of his subjects, he rather chose to fix upon men to ma- he designed, for the future, holding nage under him, that he thonght had the reins of government in his own capacity and honefty enough to be fit hand :" The Commons consented, and for the offices which he committed to Mortimer was executed at Tyburn. It their care, than those who would ever is not necessary farther to reprint from be ready to facrifice their own con. this paper extracts from the History sciences, if they had any, at the thrine G of England. of that person who has it in his power to bribe them with lucrative employ

The NORTH BŘITON in No. VI, ments.

removes the fears of his countrymen You may likewise mention, with that they will be left to stand alone in fome appearance of justice, his great the present political fray, by obleryopenness in laying every proceeding jing, that all the Englis ministers, pei, before the Hof Cans not chu: Hther have left, nor intend to leave as, fing,like the prefent merk adminiftration,

Is not the virtuous Mr F fays he, to tell that honourable affembly, that the darling of the people, ftill very if certain papers were laid betore them, high in office, and in one of the molt they could not understand them : and, lucrative employments the govern Mr Patriot, I myfelf can remember the ment has to beltow Does he not


Characters of two eminent Statesmen.

315 privately affift our Chief with the most tleman for taking the seals, becaule falutary counsels? Has he not propo- he is not the child of ambition, nor is fed the most healing measures? We his great soul tainted with sou did ava: know that he is ready, publickly to rice. That is only the

vice of reptile stand forth our champion, and that and groveling minds. Though he has he has most explicitly offered us, some left the naval department, he has not, time ago, to speak, or not to speak, in A I trust, left behind him all attention the senate. Can this part of that to that most important business. I great man's conduct be deemed equi. hope he will think of some other re vocal? It has indeed hitherto been gulations to prevent the late almost thought adviseable for him to remain incredible defertion of seamen from filent, and for some few years his lips the royal navy, which his new reguhave been locked in adamantine li- lations (lo applauded by Boscawen and lence, from a full conviction of the B our other great sea-officers and so rectitude of the public measures. His grateful to all our commanders) were regard to us, however, we have the intended to prevent. Brongest reason to believe, and we are These are the two illustrious perso, fecure (unless indeed a new change nages on the part of England, who fup. happens) of his effectual support of us, port our Scottis chief. How nobly against all his own countrymen, with conspicuous in both is the amiable all his powers of eloquence. What frankness and openness of heart of the then may we not expect from the vi- c Englife nation! I only name these olence ance impetuofity of such a tor- two, for the fidelity of others to us is rent, which, like a stream from our dubious and suspected. Some have Highlands, or from the Alps, after already begun to calumniate our pahaving stopt for some years, on a sud- tron, and even talk of retaliating our den burfs forth again--but I hope not own arts upon us. to ruin the country. I am sure this Gentleman will never concurin, much

The BRITON, No. VÍ. contains a dels advise, any measures but what D letter to Lord Bute, in which, the wri: Thall appear to be foothing and concilia- ter obferves, that the writers against ting.' His tenderness for the constitu. him having found his character proof tion, and his affection for the House against all their malice, have directed of Commons in particular, have been their batteries against his country, by fully experienced ; nor will he ever which it is impossible he should be defire to have the whip in bis bants to hurt. The writer, then proceeds to lash into obedience the refractory members. e remark, that the calamities essential to The people of England too will be war have been aggravated during that made happy, with the idea of power in which we are now engaged, by the being lodged in his hands; and we, injudicious manner in which it has North Britons shall see with joy und gra- been carried on. In the prosecution of titude his 'un wearied endeavours to the German war, says he, so foreign to perfect the noble plan of liberty de- our interest, that all the world looks livered down to us from our Scottish upon it as an astonishing instance of ancestors.

F infatuation, Great Britain now ex"There is likewise another Gentle- pends annually,more than the amount man, whom by the most amiable arts, of the whole yearly supply, which was which would do us honour, were they granted in the reign of Queen Anne, known to the world, we have entire- when we sublidised almost all the prinly secured. This Gentleman has al ces of Germany, brought above co0,000 seady 1purned at all obligations, and men into the field, and maintained a has broke through whatever would G mighty war against Lewis XIV. in the

zenith of his power. The inismanage: every focial and friendly tie, to ment will appear in itill more glaring cement the union with us. His zeal colours, when we consider that near has been demonıtrated on many late double of the annual supply then occasions and in a great aflenibly if granted, is now added yearly to the he has failed to persuade, he has ne, national debt; and that the national vet fiiled to weary out the adversary,

debt is accumulated to the enormous and to fink him into a deadly lassitude, burden of one Aundred and thirty lix perhaps a lethargy. How most fer- H millions. Add to this, the depopulavendly Have all parties concurred in tion of the country, the want of hands withinz hin in a certain chair? We for agriculture and manufacture, the kave the more obligations to this Gen- price of labour so much enhanced by




IN Confequences of the German War. the continual addition of fresh duties juftly urge the principles of humanity and taxes, that it will be found impor- against the commencement of any war, fible to maintain our interest at foreign as againit continuing a war till the markets, whenever there is the least ends of war are answered. He lêeris, competition. Our very existence as a


however, to think the peace which the powerful nation, seems to be at stake. late minister would have made, not Whatever may be urged by a set of in- eligible ; and yet, by a Itrange inconfamous usurers, who prey upon the ne- fistency, seems to blame him for not ceffities of their country, I inlift upon concluding it, without even the conit, the public credit is drawn so fine as cessions he required. The laté minifter, to threaten cracking at the very next says he, left our American colonies unrea stretch. We all remember the diffi- curel; admitted the enemy to a share culties of last year, when the high pre:

of the Newfoundland fithery; relignedour

B miums granted by the get, tempted conquests in Africa and the Wes Indies, every individual who could command in consideration of their evacuating a sum of ready money, to leave his just the dominions of our German allies ; debts undischarged, that he might and, rather than repay about two or embrace the proferred advantage. three hundred thousand pounds for Thus all the cash in the kingdom cen. prizes taken before the declaration of tered in the capital, and the extreme war, from private merchants trading parts were left almost entirely without under the faith of treaties ;' a sum, circulation. This disaster would have C which was deposited on purpose to bé been lighter, had it been immediately

restored at the pran chose to protract diftributed again from the Exchequer, the annual expenreuthenty millions, through the canals that would have and to expose his couni y'o the udiffused it over the extremities of the certain vicillitudes, and the certain nation; but, great part of it was con- calamities of a dreadfi:} war, whexainveyed to Germany, from whence it ne- pled in the history of former ages. ver can return ; and confiderable fams were remitted to America, from D The BRITOY, No. VII. contains whence is mut one day return, tho a severe censure on come fiife inpu. perhaps too late to save the credit of dent, and infamous infirmations in the nation.

the North Brilon concerning the fate Among other evil consequences of the of Mortimer, and a kinchison of war, this writer has thought fit to men. himself against a writer in the Gazet. tion our successes; but for this it is not teer, with which the Publikas no likely he will receive the thanks or concern In the subsequent part of approbation of any party either in or E the paper an attempt is nuude to ribe 0:18. If our minilters during the viate wo popular objections to perde course of the war had, with this wri- if, That we are bound by treaty with ter, been afraid of the ill conjequences of

, the K-g of Pato continue the war fuccess, I am afraid we should have in- til he ma'l agree to a peacezdig, curred evils of a very different kind,

That the French will, in another camand it is to be hoped, for the lake of paign, he reduced solo*, as to accept our happiness as well as honour, that


peace on our own terms, the present administration have no As to the firit, he gives it as his ofuch fears, but that the national wealth pinion, that no nation is bound to will be faithfully and vigorously ap. keep a treaty longer than it applied, to make new arquifitions by new pears to be its interest to keep it : If fuccefses, the purpose for which alone fo, he would do well to inform us in it is given ; for if we are to be preserved some other payer, what is meant iny by a want of success, we may be preserved the words public faith, and how any without the effufion of blood and trea. G nation can be juftly reproached with fare, which is now flowing to pro- the want of it. He proceeds, howe. cure it.

ver, upon his principle, and says, bat He regrets, however, that the late the only question with regard to the minilter did not take New Orleans a Kæg of Pra, is, whether we have tew years ago, when it could have more to apprehend from his referit. made no resistance, and he hopes we ment than we shall suffer from his Hali; et attempt it, though it is be- friendship. Should he, lays this wri. come a work of more difficulty. He #tes, eize H-, as he has already urges an immediate fop to the war up- taken pofleffion of S

by, it is the on principles of humanity, but he duty, the interest of the Germanic bo. Arould remember, that he might as dy to see justice done to any of its con





Treaties only in Force for mulual Conveniency. Rituent members that thall be oppref.. in Germany, without levying new taxo sed; but should they neglect their du- es, borrowing on remote funds, or adty and intereft on such an occasion, I ding to her national incumbrances ; hope the elector of H-r will never a- while Great Britain will be running in gain have influence enough with the debt every year more than the whole

of GMB-n, to engage him in amount of the French revenue, till all a war for retrieving it, that shall cost A her resources are drained, and her his kingdom annually, for a series of credit diminished; but if this also be years, more than double the value of admitted, it can only prove, that we the country in difpute. Should he, should not carry on the war in Ger. on the other hand, disarm the B- many, not that we should not carry on troops in Westphalia, or, as he dealt the war, nor that we shall not exhaust with the suns, dissolve the Englifh re- the French if we do carry it on where giments, and incorporate the men hy B our ftrength can most effectually be compulson in his own army, we may, exerted, and their power of relitance for this disgrace, thank that m-r

is leait. who fent the flower of the Fnglish foldiery to ferve as an auxilliary corps to The AUDITOR, No. IV. contains their own mercenaries,

the following letter, and remark upAs to the French being reduced by'a

on it : nother campaign to fign a charte blanc, č SIR, this writer obferves, that though the “ At a time when national prejumarine and navigation of France have dice seems to rage with a violence un- ., been for some time ruined, and con

known to any other age or country, sequently their naval commerce great- it is a matter of great consolation to ly impaired : yet even in this particu. me, that I have it in my power to ad. lar, the war has not been so fatal to dress myself to Mr Auditor. You must her as is generally supposed. She has know that my grandfather was ordered continued to manage a considerable D for transportation by an unrelenting traffic in neutral bottoms ; and it judge at the Old Bailey soon after the is a melancholy truth, that many of revolution; the sentence was enforced her sea ports have been enriched, and with rigour, and the island of Jamaica thrive exceedingly by the success of was the place of his exile. In about their privateers, against which we can eight or ten years my grandfather bad have no effectual remedy ; that the the good fortune to kill half a dozen has a very considerable internal trade, wives, and then he found himself one

E by virtue of her wines, her manufac. of the richest planters in Jamaica,and tures, hats, laces, filks, Ituffs, toys, and I now inherit his honours and eltate. a great number of articles of luxury Now,Mr Auditor, imagine what must and convenience, which are purcha- be the joy and triumph of my heart, sed in large quantities all over the

when I consider, that though we are all continent; & that, by these means, he abused and villifyed in this country, lays all her neighbours, and even Eng. though we are called Negree-drivers, land itself under contribution ; for F Creoles, &c. &c. in contempt and deri the British money expended in Weft- fion, yet our friend and countryman is pbalia and Brandenburgh, circulates Mortly to be at the head of 'the first through all Germany, and great part corporation in England, and to have the of it centers at Hamburgh, and other government of the greatest city in cities where French modes prevail, and the world. A Creole Lord Mayor of, French commodities are vendible. London, Mr Auditor, is, I know, a thing, The rest of the paper is intended to that galls the little narrow hearts of

G prove, that Great Britain cannot con- the citizens ; but surely a parcel of tinue the war against France without mechanics will not presume to oppose manifeft and insuperable disadvanta- the election of a great planter, the lord ges; but if this was true, he can ne- of many fellow-creatures enslaved, a. ver be a friend to his country that tells distiller' of rum, and a boiler of moit to her enemies, and if it is true, Tofles ? that we cannot continue the war with I am not now to learn that all my advantage after such a series of success H dear countrymen are represented in on our part, and loss on theirs, it is true this northern island as men of crazy also that we cannot commence a war imaginations, over-heated brains, against France, without facrificing the loole morals, immoderate luxury, and public interest: He says, indeed, that uncontroulable pride; I know we have France will be able to protract the war been called the offspring of violated



Ironical Account of she Writer's Family. widows and rarithed negroe.girls ; appointinents, and prerogatives of a that it has been objected to us that we, king, who has had in his own country in general, come over to this kingdom black princes for his menial fervants, to brag of our large ettates, our num- and princesses for his concubines! ber of slaves, and our hogsheads of su: In the mayoralty of my dear coungur, in order to raise a credit, whith A tryman I expect that rum will be the we scandalously abuse, and then run only liquor uted in the city of London back to our dear plantations, while we have seen him already, with the afa the disappointed Englifo tradesmen are fittance of the grand penfoner,' 'over: left to the unavailing relief of venting powering all the distillers, and carry their curses against us.

ing questions by mere dint of face, I need not mention the regard the lungs, and certain flowers of speech, grand penfionary of this country has e- which he culled at Billingsgate ; and I

B ver entertained for my countryman : make no doubt but he will, next win. it delighted my heart to hear the tom- ter bring the name of CREOLE into pliments that passed between them in the higheft repute. the Senate-house; when the whole al- I know that the Engli will murmur feinbly burit into a fit of laughter at and complain of this ; but the English my dear countryman, the penfioner a- are fond of pudding give them enough rose in a paffion, and “ I defy, says he, of that, and they will cease to grumble; " the loudeft laugher of ye all to answer c fided, who knows what we may arrive

then, fir, when animosities liave subs “ him ; I am glad I was born in an age urbat produced fuch'a man, so able a R

at ? Our mutual attachment to each nator, fo good an orator, fo rich a plant- other is not to be excelled in story: er, and so excellent a physician." I our election purse, or fuhfcription to must own 'I am sorry the grand penfin. bribe English boroughs, and make fo nary is now out of employment, be- niany Creoles the guardians of British cause I am persuaded, that through liberty, and the reprefentatives of En the interest of our dear countryman, glijhmen in parliament, is a mark of our every thing we could defire, would be D'ambition ; and pray, Mt Arditor, the done for us. Martinico and Guadaloupe, next time you go to St Stephen's ebapa with our other acquisitions in the Wej pel, do but count' tlie flat noses and Indies, would be ceded to the enemy, in thick lips that you may observe there. order to raise the price of Jamaica In the mayoralty of our dear countryrum and sugar; objections to be sore man, I hope to see King Pon in Jamaica; would be made to this, and it would Spanish Town, &c. enfranchised, and be urged that experience has now sending members to the British parlia taught the people of England that there e ment; and then all the fugar cane are better ifands in those feas, than triumph over the hop-pole, and a barthose for which they have exhausted becued hog over the roast beef of the an infinite treasure. But all argument English. These, Mr Auditor, are the would be vain; for the penfoner is im

sentiments of plicitly governed by our worthy coun.

Toteur most obedient fervant, tryman. Well !' Mr Auditor, who Lloyd's Coffee House,

A CREOLE, knows but by clamour and faction he June 28, 1762.

F Diay be restored to his former office? I fall only observe, that the foregos

You may assure yourself, Mr Audi. ing letter is written in the very stiie & tor, that my dear countryman' will be fpirit of the late libels on government, every way qualified to support the dig- both language and sentiments but it nity of a Lord Mayor : our education' thould be remembered that the Gentle prepares us properly for the insolence man here meant, like the rest of his of office; for when one of our great countrymen, is by law a fubject of families has a fon and heir, wonderful Great Britain, to the fame intents and

G pains are taken to instill into his mind purposes as if he was a native of this proper ideas and principles; a parcel sand; that he has a confiderable proof negroes attend liis will and pleasure,' perry in Englund, and is a captain of the and he haltinadoes, lacks, hews, Willibire militia that he may make a and murders the poor wretches, to good governor of freemen, though he thew that he has none of the weakneries is a loid of naves ; and therefore it is of humanity.

hoped rhe citizens of London will not Befides, Mr Auditor, a Lord Mayor Tuffer themselves to be infidenced by of London onglit to be of a republican party-views, and national prejudices, spirit ; if fo), what regard is that per- but generously admit their liighet hos con like to have for the ordinantes;.nous and chiet magiftracy te be given


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