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362 Declaration of ber Imperial Majesty.. the nieces of Chancellor Woronzoff, Woronzoff ; which conditions were rewhom, it is Taich he loved as well as fused. be could, gave umbrage to the Empreis After these proceedings the oath whom he had never loved to much of allegiance was administred to Pe. purpose; and it was even suppoled that he had formed the design of mut. A George of Holfein, who, at firft, refuz

fed to take it. The Emperor was cor: her majesty in a cloifter, and fined in a secret place, and departed of raiting the Countess of Woronzoff to this life on the i6th of June. This the dignity of Enpress. Nay, au- occasioned the following moft curious thentič letters from Petersburgh de- and fingular declaration on the part clare, that the Empress was actually of her Imperial Majesty, which is confined to her chamber at Petershof, here translated literally, that it may when, by the means of some officers B appear in its genuine colours. that received notice of the plots that

Her Imperial Majesty's Declaration, &c. were forming against her, the made her escape. This account of her con. “WE CATHARINE II. by the grace finement, however, merits confirma. of God, Empress and Autocratres tion, as it comes from a partial hand : of all the Rusias.-Greeting, &c. Be that as it may; the Empress came • The 7th day after our accession to early in the morning to Petersburg, in • the throne of all the Rufias, we rea careless undress, with all the marks ceived information, that the late

с of hurry and precipitation about her ; Emperor Peter III. by the means of assembled the troops, and caused her- . a bloody accident in his hinder parts, self to be proclaimed Empress of Ruf: commonly called Piles, to which he fia. She found the clergy, assembled • had been formerly subject, obtained in the cathedral, addressed herself to ' a moft violent, griping, cholick. them, obtained their approbation of That therefore, we might not be the step she had taken, and administred • wanting in christian duty, nor disoto them and the Rufian grandees, the bedient to the holy commandment oath of allegiance. After this the ha. D. by which

we are obliged to preserve rangued the guards and the garrison, • the life of our neighbour, we imme. whom the found disposed to second • diately ordered that the faid Peter her designs; and, cloathing herself in • Thould be furnished with every thing the uniform of that regiment, the put that might be judged necellary to herself at its head, and marched to- prevent the dangerous consequences ward the Emperor ; after having se- of that accident, and to restore his cured the Prince of Holfein, the sea health by the succours of medicine. nator Woronzoff, the Counters, his E. But to our great regret and affic. daughter, whom the Emperor loved, • tion we learned yesterday evening, the Adjutant Gudowitz, who was Pe- that by the permission of the Al. ter's principal favourite, and the ca. • mighty, the late Emperor departed binet secretary Wolkow, with several ' this life. We have therefore orothers. When the came thus armed • dered his body to be transported to to Peterhof, she fent a Atrong guard to the Monastery of Newsky, in order Oraniebaum, where the Emperor was; F same time with our imperial and

to its being buried there. At the after he had attempted in vain to fly to Cronstad. The officer that com- . motherly voice, we exhort our faithmanded this detachment was commis. • ful fubjects to forget and forgive fioned to ask the Emperor, Whether or ' what is paft, to pay the laft duties no he would abdicate the empire by a fo- to his body, and to pray to God kemn deed signed by his own hand? At ' fincerely for the peace of his soul; first he hesitated, -but seeing himself • beseeching them, however, at the abandoned on all hands

, and even by Gi tea and sudden death as a special

* same time to consider this unexpec. bis Holfein guards, he submitted to what the Empress required, went into • effect of the divine providence, his coach, drove to Petershof, where he • whose decrees prepare for us, for drew his sword and gave it up with our throne, and for our country, all his dominions into the Empress's • things only known to bis holy will. hands. Some letters say that he de. Done at St Petersburg, July 7, 0.9. 18, N. S. fired the three following conditions : First, security for his life ; fecondly, The following is the French Account of

the enjoyment of his poffeffionis in H their Expedition against Newfoundland Holfein ; and thirdly, liberty of

de Ternay, repairing thither with Countels

the fquadror

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French Account of the taking of Newfoundland. 363 Newfoundland, and the Count de Hauf- themselves masters of Poloroon, the sonville, who commands the land for- forts and buildings of which they deces, have sent an English veffel express

molished or defaced, the nutmeg. with the account of their operations trees they plucked up by the roots, in that illand.

and traniplanted into their own coloTheir letters import, that three nies ; they drove out or massacred the days after they left Bref, they met an A inhabitants; and, in short, made a Englib convoy, escorted by several mere delert of the island, that when fhips of war, which the Chevalier de it came to be restored accerding 10 Ternay did not think proper to en- the tenor of the treaty, it might be gage, as it might have defeated his of no use to the English company. expedition to Newfoundland.

Here the torturing spirit with which On the 20th of June the squadron the Dutch were inspired first discovered came in fight of that ifland : on the

itself. The son of an Orankey, or,gen,

B 24th the Chevalier landed at the Bay of Btleman of Poloroon, having committed Bulls, diftant 7 leagues from St John's, a crime, for which by the laws of his the regular troops on board, with the country, he was to die, fled to Poloway, Count d'Haussonville, at their head, who a settlement of the Dutch, and turned marched ftrait to the town, and pre- Christian; but finding that this act fented himself before the fort. The would not secure his life, he made inGovernor was three times suinmoned formation, that the Orankeys of Polato surrender: he would hearken to croon, had conspired with the people of no proposals, and fired on the king's Peloway to massacre the Dutch ; on troops : but the Count d' Haufsonville which the fishing boats of the Polopátting himself at the head of the roons were at first seized, and the men grenadiers, and disposing his troops

made prisoners ; a body of 200 war. for an assault, the governor desired to

riors was then sent over to Poloroon to capitulate. The rest of the island, apprehend the Orankers, and an order particularly Placentia, the capital of it; D with his people, to appear at Poloway

illued to the Holy-man of the island was afterwards reduced without a blow. It is thought that this con- by a certain day, to purge themselves quest will cause a loss to England of a

of a treason alledged against them by million sterling yearly.

a young man of their own community. After the furrender of the fort, The prieit, with 70 of his people, the magazines, and the garrison (who prepared to obey the summons, but are to be prisoners of war till the were told, while they were at sea, and peace) the king's fhips entered the E Patch, that they were

all dead men if

yet out of the jurisdiction of the harbour, having broken the chain that defended the entrance. They they did not take refuge in some of found in it the Counters de Grammont the adjacent inlands; yet the Holy: frígate, formerly a privateer of Bay- man, in confidence of his own and onne, (which the crew had run alhore, his

people's innocency, determined to but which was got off) with a great

suffer the worst that might happen, number of other vessels, which the rather than discover the appearance of Chevalier de Ternay made use of to guilt by a precipitate Alight: but no burn, in the North and South har. Tooner were they landed, than they bours, all the vessels, scaffolds, &c.

with the rest of their countrymen, employed in the fishery. The Count were brought to the torture of water de Haussonville has fortified himself at and fire, in the fame manner as our St John's, in order to guard against a people were afterwards at Amboyna, furprise, while the Chevalier de Ternay with this difference only, that two of continues his operations.

G the Poloroons were suffered to die uns

der their tortures, while the rest, to An Hiftorical Accouut of the Conduct of tbe the number of 162 gentlemen, were Dutch East India Company, towards the Englil, from their first cffablisoment

all; upon their own forced confessions,

condemned and executed. The poor in the East Indies, to the present time.

priest for beginning to clear himself Continued from p. 312.

by a speech to the multitude at the T the time the treaty already men. H place of execution, was cut afunder

tioned was concluded, Poloroon, in the iniddle; the wives and children one of the islands of Banda, was in por- of the miserable sufferers were forced feffion of the English company; but after from their habitations, and made spec the articles of the treaty were known tators of the horrid butchery of their to the Dutch in the Indies, they forbore nearelt and dearest relations, and afto publish them till they had made

terwarde

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264 Conduet of tbe Dutch in their E. India Affairs. terwards distributed into other islands, the king's colours dragging after them where they were made slaves to the in token of ignominy, and contrary Dutch, lelt the English. Thould avail to the laws of nations, and of common themselves of their service when they respect. thould take poffeffion of their native A In Aru and Manuca.ln in Sumatras island, and endeavour to reap advan- the English had leveral factories by the tage of the natural produce of it. consent of the king and natives, but

By these and other acts of violence by the practices of the Dutch, they equally ruinous to the English interest, were dispcffessed, and obliged to abanthough not equally grievous to the per- don their forts und settlements. fons of their servants, the company In Pachane, one of the kingdoms of was at length so far reduced, that the Siom, the Eng/1,2 had likewise an ad.. trade was for some time suspended and B vantageous trade, but was forced out the Dutch reaped the whole advantage of it by the power and prevalence of to themselves, insomuch that their di- the faine people, to their inexpressible vidends amounted in some years to

lcfs ; Pachane abounding with gold, more than 70 per cent.

filver, pearls, and precious stones. Having made themselves masters of With the same intent, they made the town and castle of Malacca from war on the King of Bantam, one of the Portuguese, they set up a new kind c the princes of Java Major, and obliof jurisdi&tion in those feas, prohibit- ged him to prohibit all commerce ing the ships of every other nation with the English for pepper and other from passing the Straits of that name,

spices. on pain of seizure and confiscation. Most of these acts of murder and On this pretence, wben a company of opprefion were committed by the merchant adventurers from London, Dutch, when the distractions occafihad, upon the decline of the compa- oned by the civil wars in England, ny's affairs, obtained his majesty's li. D rendered it impossible for the governcence to fit out a fleet for private ment to attend to the interests of the trade to China, and other free king

nation in those remote parts of the doms, the Dragon and Catberine, two world. The immense wealth and of their richest ships, were way-laid on great naval power thus acquired du, their return home by seven Dutcb men ring these unhappy times, encouraged of war, and by them were taken the States to attempt at once the ruin men they tied back to back and threw of the English commerce, and the tooverboard, the cargo of immense va- E tal fupprellion of her maritime power, lue* they seized to the use of the not only in India, but in Eurape. The States, and the thips they burnt, that parliament of England, on the demise it might never be known who com- of the king, began to remonstrate amitted this violence. This was in gainst the violent proceedings of the

Jubjects of the States, wherever an opo In 1642, the Henry Bonaventure ran portunity offered to afford them a prealhore upon Maurice island, then in F tence, but were answered with a poffeflion of the Dutch, the governor hauglitiness unknown to civilized na. of which, Adrien Vanderstel, under pre

tions. This brought on a war, in tence of friendfip, possesed him. which, the maritime force of the two self of the thip and cargo, and dir. powers was exerted to the utmost ; missed the master and mariners almost, but the Dutcb, unable to support their destitute of every kind of necessary, ambition by their opulence, and the and tho application was afterwards native bravery of the English prevailing made for redrels, no restitution was Gover the lavage brutality of the Holm obtained,

landers, the war soon became unequal, In 1643, the Bona Esperanza making and their High Mightinesses became a trading voyage from Goa to Maccao, once more humble fapplicants or was aflaulted and taken by two Dutch peace ; à treaty was set on foot in men of war, the captain, Roger Tuck- 1653, and concluded in 1654, by which erman killed, his goods, merchandize, the States were obliged to do that books of accounts

, writings, and

ma: H fused

to King James and King Charles.

justice to Cromwell, which they had res. pers seized, and the mariners afterwards led about the ftreets of Batavia By the 27th article, it was agreed, in derision to the English nation, with " that the Lords, the States General of

" the United Provinces shall take care, One hundred and fifty thousand pounds, " that justice be done to those who according to Compbell; 300,000 la according ** were partakers of accomplices.ie Lo uthors

į the

1635

Condue of the Dutch in their E. India Affairs, 363 the massacre of the English at content of both nations, concluded, " Amboyna, as the Republic of Ex- than it was most notoriouliy violated glazd is pleased to term that fact, on the part of the Dulcb ; the new “ provided any of them he living." charter that was granted by his maIn conlequence of which, there was a jelty to the Eafi India

company,

for the commifi n granted on both sides for revival of their long neglected com. the discullion of this and several other merce, was beheld with jealousy, not disputable points, which (at at Gold. A by the members of the Dutch company Smith's Hall, in order to hear and deter- only, but by the States themselves; mine finally the complaints that hould whu, at the same time that they had be brought before them. The En- publickly acknowledged the rights of glip company exhibited a charge con- sovereignty to several settlements in Hiting of 15 articles, in which they set the East Indies to be in the English, yet forth, that befides the loss of tbeit set- sent private instructions to the governa tlemenis, they had suffered by the vio B

ment of Batavia, in direct contralations of the Dutch to the amount of diction to their public agreement. 2,695,950). The Dutch company, on Such has been the constant practice of the other hand, brought in their de- this fordid common-wealth, with whom mands, but without certifying parti- it is a maxim, that king's and merculars, amounting to the grofs sum of chants thould always keep their word, 850,000 h. the relult of which was, but free States no longer than is fubthat by the artful application of a servient to their interelt. million to the support of Cromwell's, C This produced a second Dutch

war, government, by the restoration of the in which the enemy were no lefs le. island of Polaroon, with the payment of verely handled than in the furft ; and 85,000 h. in money to the East India being sufficiently challised for their incompany, and the allowance of 36131. folence and breach of faith, they a. to the representatives of the unhappy gain sued for peace, under the medisufferers at Amboyna, an end was put to

ation of the Most Christian King. all former complaints, so as never to D Application was no sooner made to be revived again by any person what- his Britannic majesty, and terms of soever. This award was iu ictly put in accommodation proposed, than he execution as soon as it was made, and thought every thing concluded, and. ought, therefore, as my author ob- the war at an end; but the enemy, " ferves, to be considered as decisive though in the midit of a negociation, " against the Dutch, who by these in which the preliminaries were settled, " small and inconsiderable satisfacti. not to lose lo favourable an opportu

ons to the representatives of the E nity, when the English navy lay half “ gentlemen murdered at Amboyna, unrigg'd in their har laours, and un“ clearly admitted, and took upon prepared, either for attack or defence, “ themselves, the guilt of that unpa- with a feet half manned, and scarce s ralleiled barbarity.”

victualled for a convoy, privately enIt were, perhaps, invidious to re- tered the river Thames and failed up proach the Dutch with their ingrati- the Medway, which their admiral en. tude to Charles the Ild, when in exile tered with a broom at his top-malt in their territories, as the policy of

head, presumptuously threatening to flates may authorize personal affronts sweep off the English from the ocean to unfortunate princes,when the public as a man would sweep dirt from his peace may be supposed to require such door, and set fire to some ships in Chat-treatment; but surely nothing could ham dock. The alarm was greater excase the design of delivering him than the mischief; for, though the into the hands of his enemies, but the surprize was complete, and fome of molt pitiful of all pretences, that of G the king's officers thewed more confearing the resentment of the Ulurper. cern for the preservation of their own His majesty, however, on his restoration families and effects, than zeal for his in 1660, made it his first care to renew majesty's service, or the honour of with the States General, that ancient their country, yet the pannic was fo alliance which it had been the policy great with which the Dutch admiral, of former times, to cultivate between was seized on the approach of fome the two nations, and which had ever regulars, that he haitily hoisted fail, been observed on the part of the En- H and, after burning a few frips of sma'i glife with the most cordial sincerity.. value, made a precipitate retreat. This But no sooner was the treaty that was insult occafioned a Itrict parliament made on this occalion, for de mutual tary enquiry into the management of

1

F

cer.

366

gain rcitored.

Condu Et of the Dutch in tbeir E. India Affairs. certain great officers, who undoubtedly his subjects to a much greater height were guilty of great negligence; to say than the English had yet done, to the no worse of it, but who, notwith- glory of his reign, and to the enrichstanding, had intereft enough in the

ment of his trealures. Aurengzebe, hovle to juitify their conduct, and to who heard him with great attention, preferve their places.

The treaty,

gravely answered, That if his fove however, went on, and peace was á. A reigns were, in truth, so powerful, and

the English fo weak, they might, with On the marriage of the King with ease, expel the English from India, and the Princess Caibarine of Portugal,

then the trade with this dominions those who were employed to manage

would be their own; he added, I come the contract, diniti uctions to inlist mand you to tell your masters sbis

, and on the cession of iome.convenient co. that I expect it of them. Barooni exculony in the East Indies, as a part of the sed himself, by laying, they were in marriage portion ; and, accordingly B friendship with his matters, and under the inand of Bombay was agreed to on

the proteation of the High and Mighty the part of the Portuguese.

States. On which surengzebe, who But in 1673, the Dutch East India could contain him felf no longer, broke company, looking upon it with a jea- out into a rage, and thewed him lpus eye, secretly lent a fquadron of wherein he lyed; and that he was not thips with a little army, to endeavour 10 ignorant of European atfairs as the to add this settlenient to the other c Dutchman apprehended; for, says he, it conquests they had made in India; but is but lately

that the English rescued your on landing they were repulsed, and country from the great King of France," driven off the coast with the loss of 2 and but for them your petty State mult or 300 men.

fall an easy conquest to the firft invaDuring the whole reign of Charles II. der. The Embassador, confounded the States not only tollerated the pnb. by this reply, withdrew hattily, and lication of feditious libels ani infa soon after left the court. mous prints, with a view to depreci. D The English ambassadors; who had ate his majesty's government, and to 'been sent to appeale the Mogul, after represent him in the most contempti- much sollicitation, and many presents ble light through all Europe, but prac- to his officers, were at length admit. tised with his lubjects privately, both ted to his presence, but admitted after jp Scotland and in England, in order to a new mode, with their hands tied have revived the dying embers of se- before them by a Insh, and were com-' dition, that they might, in due time, e manded to proitrate themselves. With warm their hands at the flames. In all this they complied, acknowledged this, however, they happily failed, and the irregularities of their people, the disappointment was no small mor- promised to punish the guilty ; and tification to their High Mightineffes. craved pardon for the innocent.

On the abdication of King James, They concluded with requesting, that and the revolution that followed, the the tariff of trade might be regulated, Dutch company were not remiís in and a new phermaund or license ifsued. their endeavours to avail themselves F After a feverereprimand for what had of that event. About this period, passed, and an admonition never more the famous Jofab Child, now more

to practice the frauds complained of; known by his writings upon trade Aurengzebe dismilied them, and orthan as an India governor, had the dered the new phermaund to be made direction of the English affairs at Bom. out with more ample privileges than bay, and by his arbitrary and irregu- any before granted, to the confusion lar proceedings had given offence to of the Dutch, who never again renewed the great Mogul, the famous Aureng- G their applications during the life of zebe. Baroon, the Dutch ambassador at that great monarch. that court, at an audience he had on (To be concluded in our nexs.) this occasion, took that favourable opportunity to magnify the power of Account of Political Papers, (Continued his masters, and to make light of that

from p, 328.) of the English, who, he said, were fo TH

'HE AUDITOR, NO. VII. conmean as to take from his nation a king H tains a dream, in which the au. to rule over then; he therefore exi thor gives an a count to the King of horted Aurengzebe to expel the English Brobdignag, of our present party diso his dominions, and allured him that putes, to the following effect His che Dutcb would carry the traffic with lace majesty King George I. when he

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