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Conduct of the Dutch in their E. India Affairs.



"the massacre of the English **Amboyna, as the Republic of En"gland is pleafed to term that fact, "provided any of them he living." In confequence of which, there was a commiffin granted on both fides for the difcuffion of this and feveral other difputable points, which fat at Gold. A fmith's Hall, in order to hear and determine finally the complaints that should be brought before them. The English company exhibited a charge confisting of 15 articles, in which they fet forth, that befides the lofs of their fettlements, they had fuffered by the violations of the Dutch to the amount of 2,695,950. The Dutch company, on the other hand, brought in their demands, but without certifying particulars, amounting to the grofs fum of 850,000. the refult of which was, that by the artful application of a million to the fupport of Cromwell's C. government, by the restoration of the inland of Poloroan, with the payment of 85,000 L in money to the East India company, and the allowance of 36151. to the reprefentatives of the unhappy fufferers at Amboyna, an end was put to all former complaints, fo as never to be revived again by any perfon whatfoever. This award was ftrictly put in execution as foon as it was made, and ought, therefore, as my author ob"ferves, to be confidered as decifive. "against the Dutch, who by these "fmall and inconfiderable fatisfacti



This produced a second Dutch war, in which the enemy were no lefs fe verely handled than in the firft; and being fufficiently chaftifed for their infolence and breach of faith, they again fued for peace, under the mediation of the Moft Chriftian King. Application was no fooner made to his Britannic majesty, and terms of accommodation propofed, than he thought every thing concluded, and the war at an end; but the enemy, though in the midst of a negociation, in which the preliminaries were settled, not to lofe fo favourable an opportu nity, when the English navy lay half unrigg'd in their harbours, and unprepared, either for attack or defence, with a fleet half manned, and scarce victualled for a convoy, privately entered the river Thames and failed up the Medway, which their admiral entered with a broom at his top-malt head, prefumptuously threatening to fweep off the English from the ocean as a man would fweep dirt from his door, and fet fire to fome fhips in Chatbam dock. The alarm was greater than the mifchief; for, though the furprize was complete, and fome of the king's officers fhewed more concern for the prefervation of their own families and effects, than zeal for his majefty's fervice, or the honour of their country, yet the pannic was fo great with which the Dutch admiral. was seized on the approach of fome regulars, that he haitily hoifted fail, and, after burning a few fhips of fmat value, made a precipitate retreat. This infult occafioned a ftrict parliamen tary enquiry into the management of

It were, perhaps, invidious to reproach the Dutch with their ingratitude to Charles the IId, when in exile in their territories, as the policy of Alates may authorize perfonal affronts to unfortunate princes, when the public peace may be fuppofed to require fuch treatment; but furely nothing could excufe the defign of delivering him into the hands of his enemies, but the moft pitiful of all pretences, that of fearing the refentment of the Ufurper. His majesty, however,on his restoration in 1660, made it his first care to renew with the States General, that ancient alliance which it had been the policy of former times to cultivate between the two nations, and which had ever been obferved on the part of the Englifb with the most cordial fincerity, But no fooner was the treaty that was made on this occafion, for the mutual






content of both nations, concluded, than it was most notoriously violated on the part of the Dutch; the new charter that was granted by his ma jefty to the Eaf India company, for the revival of their long neglected commerce, was beheld with jealousy, not by the members of the Dutch company only, but by the States themselves; who, at the fame time that they had publickly acknowledged the rights of fovereignty to feveral fettlements in the East Indies to be in the English, yet fent private inftructions to the government of Batavia, in direct contradiction to their public agreement. Such has been the conftant practice of this fordid common-wealth, with whom it is a maxim, that king's and merchants fhould always keep their word, but free States no longer than is fubfervient to their interest.

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ons to the reprefentatives of the E "gentlemen murdered at Amboyna, "clearly admitted, and took upon "themselves, the guilt of that unpa"rallelled barbarity."

Conduct of the Dutch in their E. India Affairs.


certain great officers, who undoubtedly were guilty of great negligence, to say no worse of it, but who, notwithtanding, had intereft enough in the hole to justify their conduct, and to preferve their places. The treaty, however, went on, and peace was a. gain restored.


his fubjects to a much greater height than the English had yet done, to the glory of his reign, and to the enrichment of his treasures. Aurengzebe, who heard him with great attention, gravely anfwered, That if his fovereigns were, in truth, fo powerful, and the English fo weak, they might, with eafe, expel the English from India, and then the trade with his dominions would be their own; he added, I com2 mand you to tell your mafters this, and that I expect it of them. Baroon excufed himself, by faying, they were in friendship with his matters, and under the protection of the High and Mighty States. On which Aurangzebe, who could contain himfelf no longer, broke out into a rage, and thewed him wherein he lyed; and that he was not fo ignorant of European affairs as the Dutchman apprehended; for, fays he, it is but lately that the English rescued your country from the great King of France, and but for them your petty State muit fall an eafy conquest to the first invader. The Embalador, confounded by this reply, withdrew hattily, and' foon after left the court.

During the whole reign of Charles II. the States not only tollerated the publication of feditious libels and infa


mous prints, with a view to depreci. ate his majesty's government, and to reprefent him in the most contemptible light through all Europe, but practifed with his fubjects privately, both in Scotland and in England, in order to have revived the dying embers of sedition, that they might, in due time, warm their hands at the flames. In this, however, they happily failed, and the disappointment was no fmall mortification to their High Mightineffes.

The English ambaffadors, who had been fent to appeale the Mogul, after much follicitation, and many prefents to his officers, were at length admitted to his prefence, but admitted after a new mode, with their hands tied" before them by a fash, and were comEmanded to proftrate themselves. With


On the abdication of King James, and the revolution that followed, the Dutch company were not remifs in their endeavours to avail themselves of that event. About this period, the famous Jofiah Child, now more known by his writings upon trade than as an India governor, had the direction of the English affairs at Bombay, and by his arbitrary and irregular proceedings had given offence to the great Mogul, the famous Aurengzebe. Baroon, the Dutch ambaffador at that court, at an audience he had on this occafion, took that favourable opportunity to magnify the power of his masters, and to make light of that of the English, who, he faid, were fo mean as to take from his nation a king H to rule over them; he therefore ex horted Aurengebe to expel the English his dominions, and affured him that the Dutch would carry the traffic with

all this they complied, acknowledged" the irregularities of their people; promifed to punish the guilty; and craved pardon for the innocent. They concluded with requesting, that the tariff of trade might be regulated, and a new phermaund or licenfe iffued. After a fevere reprimand for what had paffed, and an admonition never more to practice the frauds complained of; Aurengzebe difmilied them, and ordered the new phermaund to be made out with more ample privileges than any before granted, to the confufion of the Dutch, who never again renewed G their applications during the life of that great monarch.

(To be concluded in our next.)

On the marriage of the King with the Prince's Catharine of Portugal, those who were employed to manage the contract, had inbuctions to infift on the ceffion of tome convenient colony in the baft Indies, as a part of the marriage portion; and, accordingly B the island of Bombay was agreed to on the part of the Portuguese.

But in 1673, the Dutch East India company, looking upon it with a jealous eye, fecretly fent a fquadron of fhips with a little army, to endeavour to add this fettlement to the other c conquefts they had made in India; but on landing they were repulfed, and driven off the coaft with the lofs of 2 or 300 men.

Account of Political Papers. (Continued from p, 328.)


THE AUDITOR, No. VII. contains a dream, in which the author gives an a count to the King of Brobdignag, of our prefent party dif putes, to the following effect: His, Late majefty King George I. when he'


Account of Periodical Papers.

eame to the crown of Great Britain,
was wholly unacquainted with our
laws, manners, and language and
therefore naturally fell into the hands
of fuch as were able to feize the helm, A
to whofe direction he refigned him felf
implicitly, referving to himfelf little
more than the name.womens


Thus a ministerial fyftem was eftablished by the nature of thing's at the acceffion of his late majefty King George II, who, though he had lived a competent time in Britain, would not prefume to judge for himself, but remained like his father, a royal ward to his ftate guardians, till his prefent majefty afcended the throne, who having fpent his youth in acquiring the knowledge of our laws, cuftoms, and manners, was enabled to fee, hear, and think for himself: It is therefore no wonder that a minifler, who had been used to make a cypher of his C king, fhould determine not to remain a fervant of the crown, when he could make a cypher of him no longer, nor that he fhould be followed in his retreat by a numerous train of adherents, confidering that he had long difpofed of all the good things in the land. This gave rife to one of the factions which is at prefent labouring to excite popular difcontent.


nifters, that is, as proper inftruments in his own hand, to affift in their proper departments in the administration of his government.


The MONITOR, for July 31, fays, That the first event or effect which can properly be attributed to the present minifter alone, without any connection with the meafures and plan of his predeceffors, is the lofs of Newfoundland; which, notwithstanding its known importance, he neglected to cover and protect, though it might have been done merely by fending inftructions to the commander of our fquadron in thofe feas, or to the commander of a fingle fhip, if there had been but one, inftead of fix men of war, which were always there in Mr Pitt's administration, to be at hand in the fishing feason to protect the navigation.

The BRITON, No. IX, contains an apology for the author, as an ad vocate for the prefent minifter, and a panegyrist of Lord B-te, and a parallel between our prefent continental con Dnections, and thofe in Queen Anne's time, taken from the Confiderations on the German War. (See Vol. xxx. p. 497.)

The NORTH BRITON, No. IX, contains an altercation with the Bri ton. The Briton has faid that "the attack of the French in America, was a dopted as a national maxim, felf-evident before Mr Pitt was born. But how comes it then, fays the North Briton, that it was wholly over-looked by the miniftry during the late war, and purfued with a faintnefs almoft equal to total difregard during the prefent, till Mr Pitt gave it vigour? He then afferts, that the whole honour of inventing the plan for the conquest of Martinico, and of proportioning the means to the end is due to Mr Pitt; as the tranfports for embarking troops in America, under Gen. Monckton, failed Garrived at New York the 11th of Octofrom the of Auguft, and ber 1761; and Adm. Rodney, who was to co-operate with the General, failed from St Helen's on the 18th of October, only eight days after Mr Pitt was fucceeded by the prefent minifter. He then reprehends the Briton for mentioning our extraordinary fuccefs, as an eyil confequence of the war; and infinuates, that they who think fuccefs an evil confequence, muft think want of fuccefs a good one, and thence infers,


The people of England being a third order in the ftate, and naturally jealous of the crown, could not but oppofe the miniftry that had ufurped its E power, and without its natural and legal authority, had many more motives than a prince could have, to purfue meafures of which the people were not the object; whoever, therefore, happened to be gifted with any turbulent powers of fpeech, paid court to the mob, and became a kind of tribune of the people. The prefent tribune of the people, having thus made himself their idol by adopting their fentiments, has found means to change the current of their opinions, and incline them to that very fyftem of politics, which but lately they thought ruinous to their country, and thus role another of the factions that is labouring to diftrefs the itate, by oppofing the meafures of his majesty, who is endeavouring to eradicate the deep fyftem of minifterial power which has too long prevailed, and to H fulfil the executive trufts vefted in him by the laws himself; neither referring his government wholly to his minilters, nor fuffering them to be indrely nominal, but using them as mi

Account of Periodical Papers.


fers, that the Briton and his friends must be pleafed with the lofs of Nerofoundland: This author alfo, hopes, that Newfoundland was not confidered among the obitacles to a peace, of which the Briton has told us our conquests is one.



The BRITON, No, X, contains a letter from a correfpondent in defence of the word glorification, as the Britan ufed it, and an of his having tried the fortes virgiliane for his prefent majefty, in which there is nothing either new or interefting. This paB per contains also another letter from a correfpondent, giving an account of a Demagogue, in Florence, called Luca Pitti, who made himfelt confiderable by courting the favour of the populace, and afterwards having rendered himfelf odious by the abuse of his power, lived in folitude, and died in obfcurity. on alesdong kw 5.0


The AUDITOR, No. VIII, obferves, that all the differtations on the lofs of Newfoundland, are libels or the memory of the late Lord Anfon, as it is the immediate province of the first Lord Commiffioner of the Admiralty to appoint cruifers and ftations to annoy the enemy, and cover our trade: If his lordship was alive, fays he, he would probably affign fome reasons why Newfoundland has been left in the fame defenceless fate as the prefent polfeffors found it, during the whole war z for it is falfe, that during Mr Pitt's C administration, fix or feven thips were always ftationed there; and it is notorious,that there are officers now in town, who refided years in that ifland, and have declared, that it was almost the whole time as acceffible as it was lately found. The French have been encour raged to this attempt, by our late evacuation of thofe feas to reduce the enemy's fettlements in the Weft Indies; this was done during Mr Pitt's administration The tranfports failed to embark troops in America the 4th of Auguft, and Rodney failed to join them the 18th of October, only eight days E after the prefent miniftry fucceeded Mr Pitt; and now tell me,faction, fays this writer, were any fhips then ftationed at Newfoundland, if fo, why were they not ordered to remain ? If not,how came he, who was drawing all our naval strength from that quarter of the world, not to provide for the defence of a fishery, of which he is faid fo well to know the importance? The dilemma is reduced to this, either the descent upon Newfoundland is connected with the plan laid down by that minifter, or he had no fhare in the reduction of Martinico.


In this paper we are alfo told, that the troops landed at Newfoundland, must shortly be prifoners of war, if they do not quit the place be fore our fquadron arrives there.

harbour in Old France, where there wiss the least appearance of a iquadron, and, if two or three ships tole out, a fuperior number was immediately dispatched after them.

The NORTH BRITON, No. X, contains a letter figned Pieter, propofing the establishment of prefbytery in England, and the repeal of the toleration act; and fome remarks upon it, which confift principally of common place raillery, and invective against church-men.



The No. EX, a letter to the author, in which no measure, either of the late or prefent minifter is mentioned, nor any thing inferted relative to the characters of either; it is nothing more than an ironical admonition to court popula rity, by abufing the government.der

~ iv **) 193

The MONITOR, Auga 7, admits, that Newfoundland has been no better H provided for defence on the spot during the last forty years, than when lately taken, yet our fleets during the late administration fufficiently fecured it, by blocking up every


The MONITOR, Ang: 14, tells us, that the French are our most dangerous and implacable enemy; that if we love the present opportunity to humble them, we can never hope to fecure out intereft, and that all conceffions to fuch an enemy are daggers fixed in the heart of our country: He fays, there fore, that we ought not to think of a peace" till the family-compact be torn afunder, and the House of "Bourbon difabled from ever giving law to Europe.

The BRITON, No. XI, contains only an altercation with the North Briton, whom he charges with having mistaken and mifieprefented his meaning.

The NORTH BRITON, Nɔ. IX, is nothing more than a perfonal dif pute with the Auditor, in which the public has not the leaft concern,





N the year 1758, Sarah Metyard,
the mother, kept a little haber-
dafher's fhop in Bruton freet, Hanover-
Square, and her daughter, then about
19 years old, lived with her; their
chief bufinefs was making filk nets,
purfes, and mittins, and they took pa-
rish children apprentice: They had
then five, Philadelphia Doruley, about
10 years old; Sarah Hinchman, about
12; Anne Nailor, about 13; Mary, her
fifter, about 8; and Anne Paul, whofe
age does not appear; but as Hinchman
is faid to have been the biggest girl,
fhe was probably not more than ten.


called out to have her stopped, and the milkman, as fhe was running with what strength fhe had left, caught her in his arms: The poor child expoftulated with the man, and preffed him, with a moving earnestnefs, to let her go; Pray milkman, fays fhe, let me go, for I have had no victuals a long time, and if I fay here, I shall be far-ved to death by this time the daughter was come up, and the milkman having no power to detain the child, and it being impoffible for her to escape, fhe fell again into the hands of her mercylefs tyrants; and the daughter having dragged her into the house by the neck, flapped too the door, and then forced her up fairs into the room, where the old woman was ftill in bed, though she had started up,and joined in the cry, upon the first alarm. Here the was thrown upon the bed, and the old woman held her down by the head, while the daughter beat her with the handle of a hearth broom; after this, fhe was forced into a two pair of stairs back room, and a ftring being tied round her waift, fhe was made faft to the door, with her hands bound behind her, fo that the could neither lie nor fit down. In this manner the was kept ftanding without food or drink for three days, being untied only at night that the might go to bed, and the laft night she was fo feeble, that the was obliged to crawl up to bed upon her hands and knees; during this time, the other children were ordered to work in the room by her, that they might be deterred from attempting to efcape, by feeing the punishment that was inflicted upon one who had thus offended already.



Thefe children were kept to work in a fmall flip of a room, fo close that their breath, and the heat of their bodies, made it fuffocating and unwholfome, and they were not only treated with unkindṇefs and feverity, but were not allowed fufficient food: As it was natural to fuppofe they would complain, another punishment became neceffary, and they were fuffered to go out of doors but once a fortnight,and then were never alone. Anne Nailor had a whitloe upon her finger, fo bad, that it was obliged to be cut off, and, being befides a weak fickly child, the became particularly obnoxious to the inhumanity and avarice of the petty tyrant, of whom he was condemned to be the flave.


Account of the Murder of Anne Nailor.



Some Account of Sarah Metyard, widow, and Sarah Morgan Metyard, ber Daughter, who were lately executed for the Murder of Ann Nailor, and a circumfantial and authentic Narrative of the Fact:

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Being almoft worn out by a long feries of ill treatment, the girl, at length, ran away, but was foon brought back after this, he was treated with yet greater feverity, and kept fo fhort of food, that finding her ftrength decay, the watched for an opportunity to run away a fecond time; but this was now become very difficult, for the mother and daughter being apprehenfive of fuch an attempt, and dreading the confequences of a complaint, yet more than the lofs of the girl, were careful to keep the street door faft, and their unhappy victim in the upper part of the house! PLA



F The first day, the faid little, her ftrength failing her apace, the next day, the faid nothing, but the pains of death coming on, the groaned piteoufly; on the third day, foon after the was tied up, her ftrength wholly failed her, and the funk down, hanging double in the ftring which bound her by the waift: The children being then frighted, ran to the top of the stairs, and called out, Mifs Sally! Mifs Sally! Nanny does not move; the daughter came up stairs, and found her without any appearance of fenfe or motion, hanging by the ftring with her head and her feet together; but the was fotar from being touched with pity, that the cried out, If he does not move, I'll warrant I'll make her move, and immediately began to beat her with the heel of her thoe finding, however, notwithstanding

It happened, however, that on the 19th of September, the watched the H dour's being opened for the milkman, freeping down ftairs, took the opLot the daughter's back being out but the daughter fe the was yet in fight, Auguft 1762.)

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