Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

372

Account of the Murder of Anne Nailor,

is oubito voked, would say, You are the Chick. into the gully-holein Chuck-laner THO Jane gboft i remembera the gully-hole in conftable

proved that

all the corps, ek Chick-lane. W

cept the hand was fourid there, and These obscure hints made Rooker Rooker alfo depofed, that the children uneasy, and one day, after the mother

who lived with her when he lodged in

А was gone, he urged the girl so prer. her house were ill treated! singly to tell what they meant, that, The mother, in her defence,"al. with many tears, and great reluctance, ledged, that the deceased was fickly, the gave him an account of the mur. and was therefore kept apart from der, begging, at the same time, that the reft ; that the had a fit from So might be a secret.

which she was recovered by hartshorn appear to be any otherways culpables B percumftantial

account of the whole As by this account the girl did not drops, and that soon after the ran a

way. The daughter gave a long and than by concealing the mother's crime, and as MrRooker supposed also that the transaction, but imputed all the guilt fact could not be proved without her to the mother; the said, that the night evidence, he immediately wrote an before the child died, the entreated account of what he had learnt, to the her mother to send her some victuals, officers of the parish of Tottenham- wliich the refufed with many baths and High-Crafs, by whom the deceased had

execrations ; that se, the daughter, been put out apprentice, that a prose- did not tye her, nor know the was tycution against the mother might be Ced the last morning that" flie fre.commenced.

quently gave the children vi&tuals by In consequence of this letter, the pa- Itealth, for which her mother, when rith-officers applied to Sir John Fielding, the discovered it, used to upbraid and at whole house they were met by Rooker to beat her ; that after Nanngle died, and the daughter, and proper persons the urged the mother to have the body were sent to bring the mother and her buried, which the mother refulee, apprentices betore, the Justice. The D calling her fool, and saying, Tbaliha mother was soon brought, with Dow- body, upon view, woull phew

child bad been farved ; that Memand

the ley and Hinchman, two of the girls who lived with her when the murder was lier to aslift in cutting it to s

pieces, committed : The daughter's exami; which the refused ; and uled to threanation was taken, which contained ten if ever the spoke of it, that the a very full, direct, and clear charge would swear first and become an evj. agaiust the mother, who was there. dence against her ; she also denied fore committed to New Prison; the e that the ever beat the children, and gids were sent for farther examina. declared that the bad suffered much tion to the workhouse of St George, from the mother's cruelty, because Nie Hanover Square, and the daughter was would not be the instrument of it as disinised : But the piother and the gainīt them. apprentices being examined a second If this, however, had been true, the and third time, fome evidence came girls, on whole testimony The was conout which affected the Jaughter, who victw, would have had no motive to was therefore committed to the Gate. I would have loved her in proportion as

depole against her; they necessarily house on the sth of July.

Bills of indictment were soon after they hated the old woman į and as found against both inother and daugh- they could have no interest in accu. ter, and the evidence of the girls was fing her, neither could they have had thought suficient to convict them any inclination,

164, borbi.

They were, after a long tryal, both On the 16th of July they were bro't convicíed and received fentence of to their tryal at the sessions bonle in G death, buit, even after this there consi. the Old Bailey, when the two girls de. nued to bitter an animofry betreen poled, that the decealed was tied up then, that it was necellary to contine and cruelly beaten by the daughter,

Telia and kept without victuals, t:ll the died Both denied the charge conftantly by the joint consent of both daughter and invariably, but with this differand mother. Mr Rooker d'epofed, that ence; the mother declared the child the da:ighter related the circumstances was not starved, and the daughter de. of the murder to him as the had 'rela- A clared the mother starved her; fo that red them in her examination, and told though the daughter accused the mohim, that the mutilared hand was ther, the mother did not accute the burnt, and the relt of the boʻly thrown dagliter. The daughter allò pleaded

them apart..

pregnancy,

[ocr errors]

2016. Account of a Koyage to India.coon pregnancyl but a juny.of

matrons These reflections engaged the learnclared she was pot pregnant, Idahon

ed Dr Hyde, about the end of the latt bn They were both overwhelmed with century, to attempt as deeper investia sense of their condition, and about gation of a subject, which till then, fix odock in the evening before their had been but lightly touched. He execution, the mother, who had nei- A therefore applied himself with great ther eaten nor drank for some times A biar and Persian writers, from which,

diligence to read the works of Arafell into convulsions, and continued {peechlefs and insensible till her death. and from the relations of travellers,and The daughter, though the was pre- a great number of letters,which he refent when this happened, took no no. ceived from persons who were fettled tice of it, but continued her conver- in India, he compiled his celebrated sation with a friend who was come to work on the religion of the Perfest fake leave of her.

This work, which abounds with z The daughter persisked to the last in B Oriental learning, may be confidered declaring herself innocent of all but as the only one that contains any concealing the murder, which she ex- thing curious and particular concerntenuated by saying, She thought it was ing the Perses, though the principal her duty. What could I do, says she, it sources which Hyde exhausted are not

was my mother. She also folemnly of the first antiquity; He cites in pardeclared that the had no criminal con- ticular the Pharbangb Djebangnir, a nection with any man, particularly with c celebrated dictionary, which, he says, Mr Rooker, whom yet the always men- had been digelted about 200 years tioned rather as a friend than a mal- before his time by Ebn Fabbruddin ter and that tho' the pleaded preg- Angjou, a Mahometan; he also cites bancy, it was only done as an expe- many passages from Virafnama and dient to gain a short refpite, not know- Sadder, works posterior to Zoroaster, ing that a jury would determine the of which he had seen only translations fact immediately. This declaration p in modern Perfic. He w?s, however,

has been confirmed by the testimony poflefled of two works in Zond", the Lof some persons who were present at Ízeschne and the Neaesebs, and it was the dissection of her body; and it is reasonable to expect that he would faid, that, though a little woman, the have tranflated thele rather than Sad. was remarkably pretty, and had a der, or at least if he understood Zend, form extremely delicate, and well pro- he ought to have fupported what he bportioned.

has advanced contrary to opinions gebesThe mother was executed in the E nerally received by the authority of 144th, and the daughter in the 24th these original pieces. It does not, year of her age.

however, appear, that he has done it, A brief Account of a Voyage to India,

and M. the Abbay Foucher, in a differ

tation which is published among the undertaken by M. Anquetil du Perodt

memoirs of the Academy, makes ne fon,

fcruple to doubt Hyde's ability, notattributed to

Yo Zoroaster. This Account
as drawn up by M. Perron himself, F

withstanding his offer to give a correct viru

edition of the Zendavesia, with a de from wbofe Original, which was read

translation, if the publick would debefore tbe Royal Academy of Sciences, at

fray the expence of the undertaking. Paris, in Máy last, the following Tran

But however this be, the Perses have Nation is

been little known, except by the enHE religion and history of the quiries of Dr Hyde; but, as he has consitch Perses are very interesting ob. tented himself with the mere mention

G djects of themselves, but they merit the of the Zendavejta, a general name for - attention of the learned still more by the works attributed to Zoroafler, with: in the connection which this people have out translating it, his work must be schad with the Hebrews, the Greeks, the considered as nothing more than an

Indians, and perhaps even with the ellay, The best way would certainly y Chinejo but if we content ourselves Irave been to have consulted the Perfes

with what the ancients have told us themselves, concerning their own reblof them, our knowledge will be very Hligion, which was by no means im. - 9 fuperficial; for a few passages scatOnderel here and there in their writings, Zend is generally used to signify the lan. omalli of them manifestly dictated by guage in which the works attributed to Z

prejudisegan convey but a very in- ruajter are written ; thuugh ftrictly it means perfect idea of their history and man- only the characters of thar language. Pers,

practicable;

[graphic]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

and Romanwas unknown to the Greeks

374 Expedition to find and translate the Works of Zoroafter. practicable; a very numerous body of folved upon a voyage to India myself. them has been established more than In 1754, I happened to fee a frase 900 years in Guzarate, to which

place ment of the Vendidad sade, which had they caine fugitives from Kirman for been sent from Englandto M, Fourment, after the death of Jefdedjerd, the laft and I immediately Telolved to enricha king of the Dynafly of Safanydes, the A my country with that fingular work, Perles, upon a rumour of a new perse. I formed a design of tranfläting it, and cution raised against them by the Ma of going with that view to learn the kometans, who had subverted their em- ancient Perfic in Guazarate or Kirman pire, retired into the mountains,where an undertaking which would neceffa they continued a hundred years; From rily enlarge the ideas I had already the mountains they went down to Bens conceived, concerning the origin of derabalfi

, from whence, some years after, B languages, and the several changes to they took shipping for India, carrying which they are subject, and probably with them the works of Zoroafter, and throw a light upon Oriental antiquis landed at Diu, in the year of our Lord 767, of the Hegyra 180, and of Jezdedjerd 136. From Diu they spread all o- I determined also, to obtain a knowver Guzarate, where the genius for ledge of the religion of the Parljes, from commerce and industry, which is their the Parfses them

lelves, & knowing that known characterfític, has procured C the four Vedes, facred books of the Indithem very considerable settlements. ans, were wiiten in the ancient SamskreThey are called in India, Parfis or tam, a dead language, fuppofed to be Parfses, and by the name Parses, I the common itock of which all the inthall henceforward distinguish the re- , dian languages are branches; and that mains of Zoroaster's disciples.

there were books in the king's library In the year 1718, Mi George Bouchier, which nobody understood, I was led to an English gentleman, received from prefer India to Kirman, as I might there

D certain Parsjes, established at Surat, the learn the ancient Persian, and the an. Vendidad Side, a volume in Zend, con cient Samskretam together.

bre taining three works of Zoroaster, which When I got to Port l'Orient, I beard was brought into England in the year that the king had granted me a per9723. This book had never appeared fion, and I embarked for the East Inin Europe before, and nobody under dies, on the 24th of February 1755, with stood the character in which it was a resolution of bringing back the laws written, though the Zend alphabet is E of Zoroafter and the Bramins. to be found among Hyde's manuscripts. I arrived at Pondicherry on the roth

Along time after this, Mr Frafer, a of Augufi in the same year, and began Scots gentleman, who was one of the to get a smattering of the Malabarian council in the English factory at Bombay, language, when I was feized with a and author of a life of Thamas Kouli disorder that obliged me to quit the Khan, went to Surat to see what he coalt, and go to Bengal. As soon as I could recover of the works attributed f was perfeclly recovered, I prepared to to Zoroafter, and he found means to proceed to Benares, where I intended purchale the fzésebne, and the Feschts, to study Samskretamfor, though I with many other Persian and Indian knew that city to be rained and de manuscripts ; but he could not prevail populated by continual wars, yet I upon the priests to give him the key of hoped to find some of those Bramins thie Zendavefla; so that receiving but whose schools have rendered that place little satisfaction from his journey, he so famous : At the same time, I sent returned to London, where sometime af- G two lines, which I thought to be Zend, terwards he died.

and a translation, which I had made of Such are the attempts which have them, to M, le Verrier, chief of the been made by the English to acquire and French company at Surat ; the doctors understand the works attributed to of the Parsjes, to whom these lines Zoroafter the rest of Europe have been were thewn, told M. le Verrier, that content to rest implicitly in what has they were modern Perfian, written in been done by Dr Hyde, without once, Zend characters they afterwards conceiving a design to learn languages, H bewed himn the Vendidad Zend, and the of which the learned themselves scarce Peblevi, and promiled to explain them know the names. This general neg 3to me; this encouraging intelligence ligence, with respect to fo interesting I received after several months, at a fubject, I always considered with won. time when Bengal was all in contufion der and segret;48.2 length, re and after I had gone through all the

[graphic]

Account of the Christians of St Thomas. 375 dileales of the country, I found my- of the Chriftians of St Thomas, and i felf obliged to quit it.

learnt that they received their miffion The inodern Perfan, however, was, from the Patriarch of Antioch, but it by this time, familiar to me and appeared to me that their motives for with this language a man may travel quitting Syria were rather poverty, from Conftantinople to China. I set out A and views of intereft, than a zeal for from Maxadabad, the capital of Ben- the salvation of souls : I could get no gal, for Surat, on the isth of May, satisfactory account of the apostolic 2757, taking care to mark in my jour expedition of St Thomas to the Indies, naf, as I proceeded, the distances of and as to the Gospel of this Saint, the towns from each other, the boun- which they suppose to have been comdaries of different states, and the posed by the Patriarch Abdias, it is abnames and course of the rivers and B folutely unknown among them. The mountains.

Cazenares are fill more grolly ignoThe 6th of Fune I passed at Jagre- rant. After the death of the Bishop

Thomas de Campo, another Thomas, who rendered famous by an

refided at Naranam, in the kingdom concourse of people from all parts of of Travancour, finding nobody that Mia, but at this place I found no an- would confecrate him, repaired to the cient infcriptions.

late Bishop Thomas's dead body, and After having traversed Bengal, o c putting the mitre and episcopal harixa, the provinces of Chikakol, and bits into the hands of the corps, he Rajiendra, the dependances of Ma- gravely took them out of its hands a. Kulipatam, and the States of the Na gain,

and put them on ; great part of bob of Nellour, I arrived a fecond the Christians took this for a regular time at Pondicherry, on the oth of ordination, gave him the name of Augus, 1757, where I staid no longer Eishop, and he performed the Epifcothan was necessary to prepare for a se

D pal functions, cond journey ; but the war which From the Christians of St Thomas I broke out in India involved me in went to Cochin to examine a monumany difficulties. I set out, however, ment, which was said to be very anfrom Pondicherry on the 17th of Oxfo- cient. This monument is an infcrip. ber following, and arrived at Mabe, tion in the anciert Samskretam, engrathie 27th of November.

ven on two plates of copper, which The coast of Malabar is a mufæum are deposited with the Moudeliar, or of natural curiosities. The Gattes, a E chief of the Jews. The infcription chain of mountains which divides the is a confirmation of several privileges Peninsula of India into two pirts from which had been granted to the Jews North to South, are on this coast but a of Corbin about twelve hundred years little way from the fea, and afford a ago, by Charan Perumal, Emperor of Ene field for botanical enguiries. The the Malabar coast. The Moudeliar Indian cuftoms continue here in their very readily lent me the plates, and original fimplicity, the country have I copied the infcription with great exing always been subject to princes at- F actness; and Ezekiel, another Jew of tached to the ancient religion ; the Cochin, obligingly gave me a tranllaTamoula, or Malabarian language, ap

tion of it in Rabbinical Hebrew proaches nearer to the Samskretam found alfo in the colle&tion of this than that on the coast of Coromandel. Gentleman, a map of the environs of

I spent fome days in little journeys Cochin, in which the names of the plaabout our settlements to the North, ces were written in characters peculias and some time afterwards I wert to to the Rabbins; of this also I made Cochin to visit the Christians of St Tho. G an exact copy. mas, my curiosity having been excited While I continued at Matenchery, by what le Crole has said of them in near Cochin, I learnt that the same his Christianity of the Indies. I had Charan Perumal bad also granted very many conversations with some Syro- great privileges to the christians of si malabarian priests, called the Cacana. Thomas; I therefore paid a visit to M. res, with the jacobine Archbithop Florentius, a Jesuit, Bishop of Areopolis, Chorokoulla, who relides at Candanate,

H

and apoftotíc vicar of the Malabar near Odiamper, and with the Coreve- coaits. This prelate, in whom i que, George Nametoula, who is alto a thought I saw the fimplicity of an A Facobine. I asked these Syrian prelates, pofle, received me with great kindwhom I found very ignorant, many

hers, but he had not the original grant questions concerning the prefent itaté of the privileges in his poflèffion; and

[graphic]
[graphic][subsumed][subsumed][ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »