Imágenes de páginas

June 6. A


Letter from Admiral Pocock at the Havannah. off; but Capt. Campbell not having performed had been out on a cruize. I sent the Sut bepa that service agreeable to the orders he received land, Cerberus, and Lurcber, to cruize off the from Capt. Hervey, he has complained of him, Metances, and reconnoitre the Bay ; and the and defired his conduct may be enquired into, Richmond and Alarm to cruize off the Capes St which shall be done as soon as the present af- Antonio and Coriantes. They took a schooner fairs will permit.

on the 22d of last month off the Weft end of As the hips were to move from the East. A Cuba, loaded with coffee from Hifpaniola, ward, where Mr Keppel is ftationed (who in bound to New Orleans. The cruizers are now justice to him, I am glad to say, executes the all returned without any particular intelligence. duty entrusted to him with an activity, judga The Alcide, Sutberland, Cerberus, and Ferret ment, and diligence, no man can surpass) I noop, have joined the feet since we have been directed him to superintend the attack, and here. The Centaur sprung her main maft in to give Capt. Hervey his orders to proceed heaving down; but Sir James Douglas (who when he saw it convenient : Accordingly, the arrived here on the 12th with the Jamaica fhips were ordered to weigh the evening of fleet) informs me she will soon be here also. the zoth of June, and next morning went


The Pencance brings the next convoy from down (Capt. Flervey having the signal out for Jamaica, which will fail the 25th inftant, and the line) the Cambridge, Dragon, and Marlbo- will be reinforced with a fhip of the line zeugb, and were placed as well and as near as hence, to proceed with them to England. their Aations would admit of, against a for- On the 13th of last month, Capt. Walker of tress so high as the Moro, with an inten. the Lurcber cetter, in going up Cborea River tion to dismount the guns, as well as beat out of mere curiosity was killed by the down the wall, They began to cannonade a- eneiny. bout 8 o'clock; and after keeping a conftant C fire until two in the afternoon, the Cambridge Journal of the Siege of Havannah, 1762. was so much damaged in her hull, mafts,

Published by Authority. yards, fails and rigging, with the loss of many men killed and wounded, that it was thought

Fter a very fortunate pafproper to order her offf; and soon after the

lage through the old Dragon, which had likewise suffered in loss of Straits of Babama, the feet arrived men, and damage in her hull; and it being within light of two small forts to the found that the Marlborougb, Capt. Burnett, D Eastward of the Havannah, situated could be of no longer service, she was ordered

upon two rivers about three miles off likewise : The number of the killed and

diftan: from each other. The whole wounded are as follows, viz. killed,

fleet brought to, and Sir George Po

wounded, Dragon 16

cock, with 12 fail of the line, fome fri

37 Cambridge

gates, and all the storeships, bore a24 Marlborougb


way for the mouth of the harbour, to The Dragon, on the water's falling, had E block up the Spanish men of war that touched a-ground, and was forced to stave her were there, and to make a feint on water casks to lighten her, but has received the other side, in order to facilitate no damage as can be perceived from it. The our landing on this. Comm. Keppel, Captains behaved becoming gallant officers, as with several fail of the line, and rethey expressed great satisfaction in the beha

veral small frigates, was ordered to viour of the officers and men under their com, mand : And we have to regret the loss of

semain with the transports, to protect Capt. Goof, ey, who, though foon kiiled after F and conduct the deharkation of the the Cambridge brought up, carried her down, troops, which was deferred till the with the greatest calmnets and spirit. Capt. next day. There was too much wind, Lindjay, of the Trent, supplied his place du- and too great a surf from the shore to ring the remainder or the action, and approved effect it at that time. bimself a brave man. I offered him the com- 7. By break of day this morning, mand of that ship, or of the Temple, or Deven.

the army landed without opposition jhire, the former being vacant by the death of

between the two forts Bacarans and Capt. Legge, and the latter by Capt. Marshall's G Coxemar. The one was filenced, and going in:o the Cambridge. The Earl of Albermarle fignified to me the

taken possession of by the Mercury and fhips had done incomparably well, having

another frigate ; the other was iaken drawn much fire from our batteries, by which

by the Dracon, of 74 guns. They means they had an opportunity of dismounting were defended by a considerable numfome of the Morc's guns which played against ber of peasants and negroes in arms, them.

who very soon abandoned them, and The Defance and Hampton Court being or- fled into the woods. The Earl of Aldered to cruize between Pore Mariel and the H bermarle, with the light infantry and Bay of Honda, in going down saw two fail at anchor off Por: Mariel harbour, which Capt.

grenadiers of the arniy, passed the ri. Mackenzie of the Defiance brought out after

ver Coxemar, where his lord ship took {ome firing had pailed : All but 20 men had

his quarters that night. The rest of left them: They were the Venganza frigate

the army lay upon their arms along 26 guns, and the Manta cf 1 guns, which the shore, with the picquets advanced

into the woods.

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Fournal of the Siege of tbe Havannå.

409 8th, Lord Albemarle mirched the and it was therefore judged advifeamain body of the army early in the ble to érect a battery against it, as morning to a village called Grannama- near as the cover of the woods would roa, about fix miles from the landing admit of; there was accordingly a place, and fent Col. Carleton through plan fixed upon, at about 150 yards the Cotemar wood, with a small torps A distance, and preparations were ac, of troops, to the same village, to en- cordingly made, and parties ordered deavour to cut off the retreat of a out for fascines, and collecting earth, corps of the enemy, said to be assem- which was a work of great labour, bled there, and which his lord ship de. the soil being exceedingly thin and termined to attack. The enemy were scarce. The landing of the stores was, drawn up to receive us, and very ad.

at the same time, carried on with great vantageouflý pofted upon a rifing. diligence by the fleet. ground between us and the village. B 13th. The battery mentioned yesterTheir cavalry marched down in a day was begun, as also á howitzer large body to the light infantry, who battery, beyond the Spanish redoubt, were upon the right of Col. Carle- to remove the inipping further off up ton's eorps. They were very foon re- the river. They threw a great deal pulsed; and the whole body disperfed of random fire into the woods, and before the army got up. They were annoted us very much. about 6ooo in number; chiefly militia с

Col. Howe, with 300 light infantry, mounted, with the regionents of Edin- and two battalions of grenadiers, was burgh dragoons, two companies of detached to land at Chorëra, about 7 grenadiers, and many Spanish officers.

miles to the Westward of the town, to This morning Col. Howe, with two secure a footing, and engage some part battalions of grenadiers, was sent of the enemy's attention upon that through the woods to the Moro, to re- fide. connoitre, and secure the communica. 19th. There was a mortar battery tion to that fort from the Cotemar. D begun upon the right near the sea, for

gth. Lord Albemarle märched the one 13 inch, two 10 inch, and fourarmy from Guananacor, and encamp- teen royal mortars. ed in the woods between the Coxemår 20th. Parallels cat in the woods to and the Moro, leaving a corps at the right and left of the battery, and Guanamacoa, under the command of a fa cine line beguin, to secure tlie Lieut. Gen. Ellint, to secure the ave- guards from the enemy's fire. nues on that fide, and a large tract of


238. Another battery made upon country, which conld fupply the army the beach, to advance the royals in with water, cattle, and vegetables. the battery on the 19th nearer the

We now difcovered the enemy dis- fort. mantling their ships in the harbour, 241h. A battery for two howitzer's at the entrance of which they laid á begun near the lime kiln ; likewise abooin.

gainst the shipping, to remove them joth. The Moro hill, called the Ca- Farther up the harbour, which had its vannos; where the enemy were faid to F effe&. have a post well fortified, was recon- 2 stb. A battery for a 13 inch mornoitered ; and in the evening Colonel tar begin near the linie kiln against Carleton, with the light infantry and the thipping. grenadiers from Coxemat, went and 26th. A battery begun against the inveited that hilt and the Moró fort. fort for four guns and two mortars,

Tith, Col. Carleton attacked the re- upon the left of the first battery. doubt about one o'clock in the after. 29th. The enemy, at day-break, noon, and carried it with very littlé G landed two detachments of soo men loss, and little resistance on the fide of each, of grenadiers and chosen men, the enemy. Here was a post estab. with a detachment of armed Negroes lithed, and the work called by the and Mulattoes, with each corps, one name of the Sponish redenbt.

upon the right under the Moro, the jitb. The Moró Fort was farther re. other upon the left of the lime kiln. connoitred by his lordMip's order, It The picquets, and advanced posts, was difficult to reconnoitre it with h prevented the success of these detach: much accuracy, it being surrounded ments, by repulfing them, killing, and with thick brully woods, which could taking near 200, besides wounding a not be feen through, and were mostly great number, who moftly got of hy impaffable. It was observed the pa- the favour of the woods. Our lors rapet was thin, and ath of mafunry; was ouly ten men killed and wounded, (Gent. Mag. Sept. 1762.)

301h. This

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Journal of the Siege of the Havanna. goth. This day was chiefly taken up morning it broke out again with great in carrying ammunition and carria. violence. Both water and people were ges to the several batteries to provide jent as fast as pofsible, but unhappily for their opening next morning, too late ; the fire had insinuated itself which was done hy the foldiers, and where water could not reach it, nor

A 500 Blacks purchased by Lord Athe- earth flife it. Thus 17 days labour of marle, at Martinico and Antigua, for 5 or 6oo men, & which must have let us that purpole.

into the fort i: a few days, was now JULY 1. This morning we opened baffled, and to do over again. There two batteries of cannon, which, with vas another embrazure added this sur mortars, made up a fire as fol- night to Williams's battery. lows, viz.

41b and 5th. These two nights our GUNS, MORTARS, endeavours still continued to extin241b. 13 inc. 10 ink. Royals.


guish, and, with much difficulty, there Battery on tbe left,

were two embrazures laved upon the cailed Williams's 4

sight, and the epaulinent for mortars Battery. Grand battery 8

upon the left. The fire of these two Left Parallel

embrazures was continued until the Bart, on the Beach

guns was disabled, and two more 14

derved en barbette, until the enemy's

26 fue obliged the men to give it up.


It was now determined to convert The enemy's fire exceeded ours the mortar battery in, the left parallel, upon the front attacked, in the num- into a battery for cannon, which was ber of guns, which amounted to 36 or accordingly begun, with some im37, from 6 to 19 pounders. They provements to the other works, which played one mortar of 8 inches, and the enemy's fire from the town, Fort that very seldom. Upon the whole, La Punta, thips of war, and floating we reckoned our fire superior to theirs


batteries, bad rendered necesary.. considerably, beldes the difference of 6th. Tuo more embrazures were the security of our works, theirs be- added this night to William's battery, ing only a parapet of thin masonry. and a place fixed upon near the tone

About ten o'clock, the Cambridge of redoubt for another battery of four 80 guns, the Dragon of 74 guns, and guns. the Marlborough of 66, went in and 9th. This morning we had 12 guns Jay against the fort; the Cambridge lay in battery, viz. Williams's battery of within grape shot. They continued seven guns, and the left parallel of five firing for above three hours, which E

guns, besides our mortars. the fort received and returned with The enemy ficed with about 8 or 9. great steadiness : At length the ships 10 tb. At night a battery of four were ordered off. The Cambridge and guns begun in the right parallel. Dragon fuffered much, particularly with. This morning the four gun the former. The attacked front af battery near the ttone redoubt, and the fort did not seem to suffer much two guns upon the saved part of the from their fire, it was so much above grand battery newly repaired, opened, them; but they ftill did us a consider. F and played with succes. We now had able service in taking up the enemy's 18 guns in play to 8 or 9, which the attention for that time, which gained enemy ftill kept up; for, by their unus a superiority in the number of guns. interrupted communication with the

2d. Our batteries continued their town, and the great aslistance of their fire with great success, and heat down sailors, who serve their guns, they al. the front, attacked as fast as could be ways made the loties of the day good wished or expected, particularly the at night. eight gun battery; but unhappily, a


This forenoon two guns in the left bout noon, we were obliged to l'acken, parallel battery failed, one by, June that battery being in danger of catch. ning, the other by cracking; the car. ing fire, fiom the constant fire kept riage of a third was dilabled upon up, and the dryness of the fascines, Williams's battery. baving had no sain for 14 days; how- In the afternoon the merlons of the ever, before the evening, the enemy's grand battery again caught fire, and fire was reduced to two guns, which extended from right to left, and the fired bur feldom.


whole was irreparably consumed. gd. We fattered ourselves the fire Tath. The disabled guns in the left was quite out, but about two in the parallci, aod in Williams's battery were


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account of Periodical Papers.

年11 #eplaced last night, fo that we still had

Air Account of Political Papers, continued 16 guns 'in play: Towards 'noon the

from page. 379. carriages of the three guns in the itone Tedoubt battery were disabled

AUDITOR, No. X. contains 13th. This morning there

specimen of a potery of 4 thirty-two pounders opened litical dictionary for the year 1762. on the right parallel against the left Liberty of the Press.] A free power, bastion, and made confiderable ha- A to deal about scandal and defamation vock.

on all ranks of men. There was another battery of four Germany.] About fix years ago, we guns ordered to be made upon the were taught by the grand pensioner to fight of it as soon as materials can be

understand by this word, the grave of collected.

Englishmen, 'the ruin of the British treaThe ruins of the burnt battery was fury, a millftone about the neck of England, ordered to be converted into a line for


&c. but that great philologer has now musquetry at the same tiine.

changed his mind, and it means at * There were two guns remounted in present the place where America was the night upon the battery near the conquered. stone redoubt, but there were two

Hanover.) Froin the year 1740 to more dismounted immediately after- 17.56, it was a place not to be found in the wards.

map, a pitiful elefiorate, &c. but the 141h. Tlie four guns in the stone re. great demagogue taking the seals, it bedoubt battery were last night mounted c came bis majesty's respectable patrimonial on sea carriages : We now had 20 territory, the king's electoral dominions, guns against five or fix, which the e- &c. neiny began with in the morning : Ally.) Some power in Germany, that They were reduced to two before takes 700,000 l. for fighting his own dark.

battles. Vid. grand pensioner's treaty The whole front attacked appeared with the King of Prussia, in a moft ruinous condition, yet the D for life or lives to the British di magogue,

Penfion.) If a fum of money is given enemy, tho' kept in a constant hurty and confufion, behaved with spirit. it is an annuity, and he is an annuitants

Preparations for carrying on ap- if granted to any body else, it is a zenproaches had now been in hand some hon, and the perfon taking it is a pendays. The 40th regiment was em.

foner. Pension also has other properployed in making gabions, and several ties : If, when the Demagogue does not men of war in making junk, blinds, guide, it is granted to a man, whole taor mantelets, and some bales of cot. E lents, whole morais, and whose literary ton purchased to serve as woolpacks. labours do honour to liimself, his As our approaches must be entirely country, and the age he lives in ; it raised above ground on account of is a juit cause of grumbling and difthe rocks, thele precautions were ne- content, even though that very min celary.

has written in the parliamentary de, 15th. We played with the same bates his veral speeches for our British number of güns' as yesterday. The


orator, which for closeness of reasonenemy fired in the morning with fix ing, correctness, and true splendor of or feven guns, but were totally silenced' language, the said orator's boasted fabefore night.

culties could never equal. If the faid 16th. Our fire as yesterday: The Demagogue is in place, a foreign courtezax enemy fired in the morning with two may dance herself into a penfion, and it guns, and only twice with each. They may be given to a pimp, a ruined gamefired the rest of the day with musque fer, or any body of equal merit withtry and wall pieces, but not much with Gout complaint.-N.B.-A pension was either.

a vile thing in our orator's lifter, and This evening the materials for the did dishonour to the name of Pitt, approaches began to be advanced. vid. his letter verhify'd.

The guns and ammunition are car. Faction.) When the grand penfoner is rying up for the new battery, which in place it means all who dare advert is to open to'morrow-morning. The to the true interest of Britain, it ha enemy seemed to be employed in ma- happens to miltake it; when he is out, king up freth merlons upon the face of H it means the king, the queen, the printhe right bastión.

cess dowager, the privy council, c. Fat: Mackellar, Chief Engineer. Poverty.) No bad thing if it falls


412 Specimen of a Political Dictionary. upon a member for Aylsbury*, or any was fo ridiculous as to be born on the other English borough; in a Seotcbman other side of the Tweed, who is neither it is ridiculous

a fellow subject, nor a fellow creature, Hiflory.] Forinerly à record of paft and ought to be exterminated aut of transactions, now a modern libel : civil society: vid. tbe Monitor and bis alsociates,

Favourité.] There were formerly two Scotch adminiftration. A ministry, in A acceptations of this word; in one senfe which there are two Scoichnen, toge it was applied to him, who knew how to ther with the Ld High Chancellor, the gain upon the vices and paflions of a Rt Hon. the Earls of Egremont, Halifax, weak and wicked master : in another Talbot, Loa Barrington, Sir Francis fente, to him, whose morals recomDalbwood, Sir John Turner, George Gren- mend him to a good and virtuous ville, Elgi Charles Townshend, Elgi prince. Lord Clarendon has the fol&c. &c. &c. The Kine.] One who ought to enjoy person of a noble nature, and generous dif

B ! wing words : " This great mun was a the painful pre-eminence of being a position, of such endowments as made bim mere cypher in this kingdom, without very capable of being a great favourite to prerogative, without an opinion, with: a great king." At present, a great faout an affection, &c. at least during vourite to a great king is not allowed. the Demagogue's live.

German Princes. ] Men ready to let out The Royal Family.] Subjects of abuse: their consciences to the best bidder. Vid, Vid. tbe Monitor and North Briton paffim. C the NORTH BRITON, wbo tells us in

The Mob.] The supreme executive the same breath, that the King of power, who ought to govern their su- Pruffia, ftill our ally (vid ally) does not periors, and rule this nation, at least approve our measures. during the pensioner's life.

Contract.] An agreement with merEconomy] A vice of a very danger-chanrs for remittances of public moous nature, which pould never be prac- ney; formerly engrofied by foreigners, ticed in a court, becaufe if cooks,con


and now shared with the English. fectioners, wine merchants, pages, &c. Facobite.] Thofę who had nog, or are not permitted to waste at least woulf not accept places under the 200,000l. of the civil lift, the king TWO BROTHERS; when the GRAND may gain such a kind of independancy, PENSIONARY courted their favour, as will place him above all ministerial and thewed them the way to Leicesterjobs and applications to parliament, house, they were honest worthy counfor further burthers on the lubject to try-gentlemen, who had a few excepmake good deficiencies.

tions to continent ad meatures; now

E People of England,] The grand pensi- the said PENSIONER is out of place, ener, Lord Gawkeet, Alderman Sugar- they are relaped into jacabites, traitors, canet, Colonel Squintumg, an illiterate ånd enemies to their country booksellers, a city attorney*, a drunk- A Lover of his country. 1 The grand en parfont, and a broken poett. pensioner and two or three more. Vid.

A Place.] T be cause of all our party People of Eng and, divifions.

the Union.] A very falutary and useA Scor] Since the union in 1707, by ful act from the year 1707, to the 18th this term was underltood a subject of of September, 1761 i once that day, Great Britain in common with a sutex the vilet act ever known in this mon, a Buckinghamshire-man, &c. but country, since the written realons of the 18th of Ta ride a good Horse.). Proper at all September, *gned by the Penfoner and

times, except at a coronation, then it Lord Gawkee, it means a follow who dunein honour of the day, highly abWhy Ariefpury is particularly mentioned

G furd, the GRAND PANSIONER having rather than any orher Engli borongh, we

mewn us that it is then fitter to have muft infoim our readers is because a certain

the gout, than pay any respect to his gentleman, Tupposed to be concerned in one of majelty. The very horse should be a the political papers, is connected with that subject of raillery, and deemed a ja. place.

cobite. + Lord Gawke, Lord T

To guide,] Intollerable in a king : Alderman Suger-cave, Alderman R

very proper in a penhoned subject. Cel: Squixtu, a colonel in the militia ; fuppo.ed to be connected wiih Aylfbury.

A blue ribbon, ] If the grand penfio. An illiterate bookseller, Sir J-H.

nary can, by bullying, hy threaten A city attorney, Mr A B-me. ing to resign, &c. obtain it for LORD + A drunken parfby, The Rev. Mr E-k,

GAWKEE, it is an ornament and an suupoled author of the Monitor.

bonour; but if granted by the freeA broken poet, Mr C-s Ch-11,


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