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Disputes between the English and Dutch E. India Companies 5 fore the Dutch, having remonstrated in pany has, from time immemorial, by vain, had a right to oppose such stop- virtue of Grants from the Mogul, ping and visiting, by force, and to " the right of free navigation and pafmake reprisals; the Englijb, in this “ sage, and of carrying up and down case, being aggressors by the firft un- men and goods, to and fromtheir juftifiable and hostile act.


factories in Bengal.” A right which Neither had the English any right to they have always exercised, and by oppose the landing the Dutch troops ; virtue of which they have conveyed the measures which they took, there- to and maintained in their settlementsfore, to effect such oppofition, parti- as many men as they thought proper. cularly Colonel Ford's lining the ways Nor has the Nabob any power of sufalong which the Dutch troops were to pending this right, he being governor pass, was an aggression, and justified only of a province, as it would be abthe Dutch in repelling force with force; B surd to suppose the governor of a proyet the first attack was made upon the vince to have a power of depriving Dutch by the Englifb, in consequence the Company of privileges which hart of their perfisting, as they had a right been granted by his matter. Besides, indo, in marching troops as a rein- the English themselves, when they deforcement to their lettlements.

clared war against the late Nabob, afBut it is absurd to suppose the figned, as the cause of that DeclaraDutch had any design against the Eng- c tion, his having infringed privileges lifb, in marching these troops; be which bad bien granted to them by the cause it is well known that tha late Mogul, whicb ke bad no authority to do. Nabob required them to afhit him a- As to any right which we may !pregainst the English, which they refused tend, of stopping and visiting their to do, tho' they incurred very great vesels, in consequence of a treaty with - loffes by such refusal, the Nabob ex- the present Nabob, by which we have torting from them a large sum of mo- engaged to asitt him in obilructing by zey, which they have never yet been D force the coming up of Dutch troops, able to recover; but if they had had the Dutd infiit, that one European naany design to subvert the English, they tion cannot be jultified in falling upon could never have neglected an oppor- another, in an hostile manner, by any tunity fo favourable, when they would alliance offensive and defensive with a appear to act under the compulsion of native prince; because this may tersuperior and irresitible force.

minate in the total ruin of all foreign If, by this defence, the Dutch are E settlements; and, with respect to Eng. jaftified, it tollows that they received land and Holland, is totally incontient great injury from us; for if, what

with treaties sublisting between the Tey were about to do was law.

two states, which expressly and partigal, whatever we did to prevent their cularly ftipulate, that neither Compadoing it, was unlawful : They have, ny fhall do violence or wrong to the therefore, drawn up a Counter-Charge other; nor aid, counsel, or suffer any against us, consisting of all that we such violence, under any thow or predid, forcibly, to prevent their ships F text whatsoever. And it was in comgoing up the river, and their troops pliance with those treaties, that the from coming on fhore; and they re. Dutch, to their great loss, refuled to quire satisfaction and recompence aslift the late Nabob against the Engfrom us.

lish ; and the English then declared, The whole, indeed depends upon that if they granted the Nabob fuch the determination of the question, whe- affistance, it would be an infringement ther we have, as principals, or auxi. G of those very treaties, and would be liaries of the Mogul a right to stop construed an open declaration of war. and visit the Dutch vessels that pafs up. If it is true, therefore, that the Dutch the river Ganges ?

Company could not grant the Nabob The Dutch, who deny such right, assistance against the Englijh, it is also argue, that the Ganges is a neutral ri- true, that the English cogid not give ver, running through a country where the Nabob assistance against the Dutch. no European has any right but what is

The Dutch also complain, that we derived from the Great Mogul, the H have taken advantage of the dependlord of the country; and they intift, ance of the present Nabob upon us, to that the English never obtained from engross the whole falt-petre trade; him a right to treat the ships of other which they inhilt we bave no right to nations at their own discretion : On do, because they, at great expenc, the contrary, the Dutch East India com- procured from the Great Mogul a rigin


6 Disputes between the English and Dutch E. India Companies. to purchase this commodity, which The loss of a small ship called the therefore cannot be taken from them Anne is alfo laid to our account, beby a Nabob; and because the treaties cause our people prevented pilots from between England and Holland Aipulate, going off to her when in distress, and that each mall promote the other's mutual The being obliged, by stress of weather, advantage.

to run up the Ganges without affittance, To this we answer, That the Dutch A struck on the second bar, and was loft Company have admitted the Nabob's

with many of her hands. right of granting this trade exclu- The defence and countercharge of fively, by a petition which they pre- the Dutch concludes with this remarksented to the late Nabob, for a grant able paragraph, which we have inserted of the falt-pesre trade, exclusively, to without abridgment or alteration. themselves ; and that the granting To our defence, High and Mighty such privilege is no new thing, as the


Lords, we are also indispensably oblilate Nabob actually granted it in 1956 ged to add our humble suit for the to a native, one Choja Wazid.

particular protection of your High The Dutch reply, that their Petition Mightinesses with the greater importu. was intended only to represent to the nity and ardour ; as on the redress of Nabob the prejudice which his Grant our above-mentioned grievances de to Cboja Wazid would be to them, and pends the fate of the settlements and to procure only the liberty, according commerce of the Dutch company at to the standing custom of making the C many places in the Indies : For, if the neceffary purchases immediately of English East India company, supported the salt-petre boilers, without the in.

by the king's thips and troops, contitervention of others : Nor was there nue to have in their hands the power, one single word in that Petition from which for some time past they have which it could be inferred, that the had there: while, on the one hand, Dutch had a design to ingro's the this power in Bengal, and who can tells, trade, and exclude the Englijb.And as to where else besides, is employed, in del the Grant to Choja Wazed, it was given D fiance, and in the avowed violation of in violation of the Mogul's Grants ; the most folemn treaties and engageand therefore, as it was without au- ments, violently hindering the Dutch thority,it cannot be made a precedent. company from protecting their fettle

They complain too, that we have ments, and securing their commerce obstructed them in the callico trade, there : And on the other hand, the fer.' by seizing all that is in the weaver's vants of the said company, under fahands, and cutting the cloth out of E vour or that firariority, are enabled, the loom as soon as it is finished, threa- to the entire exclufion of the Dutch tening the weavers, that if they made

company, wholly to engross this abi cloth for any other, especially for the other capital branches of trade ; an! Dutch, they should be feverely punih- with a view to farther branches of comed; which threats, in some instances, merce, to traverse and obstruct the have been executed ; and tho', upon trade of the Dutch company, by every complaints, they have been promised f unwarrantable and oppressive means; redress, the promise has never been then will, then must, to our bitter refulfilled.

gret, the settlements of the Dutch comSeveral other subjects of complaint pany and their commerce very soon are added upon this occasion, of which have a final period, not only in Bengal, no notice was before taken ; particu- but in other places befides. Jarly the, seizing a grab, called the There is an Appendix, containing vouchCharlotte, by Admiral Pocock, in 1757, Gers to prove the principal Facts alleged by which, with its lading, lwas condemn- the Dutch, as a defence against our charges ed, upon pretence that the commander

and in fupport of their own. was a subject of France, tho' the ship was hired by fome of the Company's Mr URBAN, Jan. 28, 1762. servants at Surat, who loaded her with THE season of the year is now apcotton on their own private account, proaching, when the lower forts and was the property of one Benjaans, of people throw at cocks, a custom a merchant; the commander also, tho' H which cannot be reflected upon by any a native of France, had been admitted humane person without horror. For as as a freeman by the director and coun. the treating all the animals that are cil of the Dutch Company at Surai, in our power with kindnefs and good, and had taken the oaths of fidelity to neis, is a sign of an excellent and a mi. the States and Company.

able disposition ; lo cruelty and bar.




The Plot of the Lyar, a Comedy of Three Arts, 7 barity to them, shows a wicked and naming a lady, as the object of his adiabolical temper. Do not these crea- doration, whom he had not even ever tures, when they are bruised and feen, alarms the jealousy of his friend wounded, shew an equal sense of pain Sir James Elliot, her real lover. On with ourselves ? Are not their shrieks meeting Miss Grantham in the street, and mournful cries, as so many calls however, (the very lady above mentiupon their

tormentors for pity: and do oned) he at random addresses her not their dying pangs, and the painful with an assurance of having been her convulsions of their tortured bodies, A continual admirer and puriuer for a cause uneasmess in every humane spec- twelvemonth, tho? in reality he had taror? And to give ease and happiness been but one day in town, On sendto them, and to relieve their miseries, ing kis servant to dog ber, and find would give pleasure to ourselves, pro- out her name, the intelligence bro't vided we are such men as we ought to him back is, that she is called Miss be. But if we take any delight in Godfrey ; on which he writes an ex

B tormenting, or in seeing animals tor- travagant letter to her by that name, mented, whom do we resemble, but which being delivered to the real Miss that evil being, who takes pleasure in Godfrey, a young lady related to the the misery of men ? And how easily former, and to whose houfe Miss Gran. may that boy !go on to delight in tbam had been dogged, produces a ridelight in wounding and murdering valship between the two ladies, who his fellow creatures, who has been each of them claim him as their sole trained up in his infancy and youth, to c admirer

. In order to dctermine this exercise cruelty upon the poor inno- disputed point, they agree to give him cent animals?

an audience from a window, in which These thoughts were suggested to the lover displays so much of his romé, by the author of two sermons, mantic dispolition, as fully convinces preached on Shrove Sunday, entitled, both ladies of his character. On this, Clemency to Brutes, (See Vol. xxx. p. for-the detection and confusion of his 201.) which are well worthy the pe- D falfhood, they appoint him to meet rusal of every one.

And I hope that them both at Miss Grantham's house, our king and houses of parliament, which he promises to do. !In the mean will not think it below them, to put an time, Wilding's father having an intenintire ftop to this cruel and barbarous tion of mairying his son to Miss Grancultom.

tham, throws him into the necessity of Yours, &c. A. telling a fresh lie to avoid this match,

which lie is the confession of a previous An Account of tbe LYAR, a Comedy of marriage, into which he had been Three Afts; written by Mr Foote, and forced with a girl, whom he had adperformed at Covent- Garden Theatre. dressed at Abingdon in Berkshire. This DRAMATIS PERSONÆ.

imposes on old Wilding for a time, who

readily acquiesces to the supposed marMEN.

riage, and resents to the utmoft a furOld Wilding,

Mr Sparks.

picion thrown on his son's varacity Young Wilding, his?

3 Mr Foote. F by Sir James Elliot ; but being confon, the LYAR,

firmed in the falshood of the whole Papillon, his confident, Mr Shuter. tale, by the testimony of the young laSir James Elliot, Mr Mattocks,

dies, his resentment turns itself on his W O ME N.

fon, who at length confesses the whole Miss Grantham. Mrs Bellamy: à downright lie, but declares the inMiss Godfrey,

· Mrs Burden. tent of it to have been the escaping Miss Grantham's maid, Mrs Abegg. G the proposed match with Miss GranTHE plot is as follows.-Wilding, a tham, in consequence of a violent par

fion he had conceived for Miss God. his return from the university, deter- frey.---This, the father is not much mines to set up for a man of spirit and displeased at, and immediately appoints gallantry ; to carry on which deagn, him to meet him at Miss Godfrey's, and he resolves to indulge to its utmost at the same time enters into a scheme height his favourite foible, of telling with Miss Grantham, to coufound the most extravagant untruths. In Hyoung Wilding, by introducing Miss consequence of which, he boasts of Grantham, as the invented Abingdon having given an entermainent on the girl.-This being put in execution, he water, which had been in reality, gi- meets the real Mils Godfrey, whom he ven by an unknown ftranger, and by finds he has never seen before, is forced


8 Attempt to Fire The Enz'i h Navy in Basque Road.Hemp. into the signing a contract with her, least on our guard : Add to this, that after which he his claimed by his A- they attacked us from a quarter were bingizon wife, which throws him into a we mould least have expected it ; viz. confufion, in which he quits the stage, from the N. W. end of the isle of Ole. and with some observations on the ron, for we lie within four or five miles perniciousness of a liar, the piece con- A of the isle of Aix, and from thence I *cludes.

thould have thought they would have The tubta“ ce of this comedy, the formed the attempt. They had three author declare: to be founded on some veilels chained head and stern to each Spanist piece. The whole plan is the other, at the diltance of one third of a fame with that of the Menteur of P. cable the one from the other. This Corneille, which has been allo once be would occation, you know, a large fore borrowed and cloathed in an En- compass in their sweep; and indeed if grib häbit by Sir Sichard Steele, in whose B they had approached our squadron as comedy of the Lying Lover, or the La-' near as possibly they might have done d;'s Frievijrit, may be seen almost all (confidering the darkneis of the night) the principal lies of this piece.

tie consequence inight have been fatal

to some of us. As it happened, the tide Basque Road, Dec. 17.

drove them to the S. w. of the feet.) lent order, health, and fpirits,

The alarm, which was occasioned by and wanting for nothing but action. c the first explohon (and that was very Theenemy made the following attempt

audible) was very soon over, for we to burn us, but without effect.

foon perceived that there was no danThree fire boats of 50 tons each,were

ger. The next morning we towed the

harmless remains of these vessels, havset on float, under the command of the captain of the port's fon, assisted by .4

ing extinguished the flames, into the men of war's boats, but thro' preci

Aeet, and cut them up for our use. The pitation, mistake, or accident, two of D longing to the French men of war,which

Trident's barge picked up a boat be them blew up, and every soul perithed.

had attended the enterprize : This The explofion was terrible ; they continued burning with great fury from

boat (when double banked) could row one till day light. As the wind blew

with ten oars ; the was quite clean for when they took fire, they were in the

the purpose of rowing, but had only

four oars when the was taken, L'Ori. ítream of the Princess Amelia, Captain

ent is graved on her stern; she had one Montagu, an 80 gun fhip, but providentially the vind thifted from w. to E match in, unlighted, and the remains

of one that had been lately extinguishN. W, and drove them clear off the

ed by lying in the run of the boat. We whole squadron. They were chained

suppose that the men, who designed to together, and if they had been mana

escape in this boat, were blown up ; ged with that coolness and intrepidity,

and we have since been informed, that which such an enterprize requires,

three of their men were killed on the they might have done fatal execution.

spot, and three others much scorched. The Brejt fquadron, which has 3 bat. F talions on board, are ready to fail,and

I am, Tours, &c. four large transports are gone


South Caroline, Nov. 4. Bourdeaux full of troops, but this small

O country in the world appears capable force will raise no apprehension of danger at Plymouth.

province, the much famed Ancona not exBasque Road, Dec, 27.

cepted. I bought, a few days ago, about lixo QU will doubtless have heard of G planter, who, tho' unskilled in the culture,

teen hundred pounds weight of hemp from a a late attempt the French made,

had raised a ton weight, from two acres and to fet some of our squadron on fire:

an half of land in one crop, by the labour of Their plan was very well laid, but most

one man only; and he declared, any number miserably executed: Whether the fai- of men might raise it in the like proportion. iure vas owing to their fear, or whe- I myself have known as much raised from ther the effect of an accident, I know two acres only. Any single fibre of the hemp not; but the vessels took fire when they now mentioned, will lift a weight from thirwere above two miles a head of our H ty, forty, to fity pounds, I mean the fibres of heet. The night was very dark ; the

a proper consistence, because they may be

Split so as to equal the fineft filk. tides at their neiglit, being two days af.

The attention, therefore, of the British les fer the change of the moon; the wind

gislature, added to the attention already given was very favourable; and the bour was

by this province, would certainly be a homeat half pait one in the morning ; when Atroke to a certain northern power, no friend (it is to be supposed) if ever, we are to Britain 0s her allie.

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Fingal, an Epic Poem, translated from the Erfe. Some Account of Fingal, an Epic Poem in

the friendship of some gentlemen of fix Books, and feveral other Poems, com

the country, compleated the Epic posed by Offian the son of Fingal, tran

Poem. Ofian is supposed to have lived Nated from the Gallic or Erse Lan

in the beginning of the fourth century, guage, by James M.Pherson.

about the time when Christianity was A

first introduced into Britain, a religion TT might reasonably be expected, that I

of which he is supposed to have been to put the authenticity of these totally ignorant when he wrote his poems out of question, they should poem, though in his extreme old age, have been printed in the original lan- he is said to have disputed on that subguage with the translation, at least, ject with one of the miffionaries who that some part of them Thould have succeeded to the deserted cells of the been so printed, as a specimen and Druids, and who weer therefore called pledge of the relt: But we are told in B culdees, or sequeftered persons. an advertisement prefixed by the tran- It seenis at first incredible that poems dator to his work, that having pub- should be handed down through so lished proposals for printing the origi- many barbarous ages by tradition, nals by subscription, no subscriber ap- without such mutilation and corruppeared ; and, it was therefore, very tion as would render them not only improbable that a number would be inelegant, but unintelligible. It muft, fold if published without a subscrip- however, be considered, that the der tion sufficient to defray the expence of cendants of the heroes, celebrated by setting the press : the originals, there. C Ossian and other antient bards, or those fore, cannot be printed till some other who pretended to be his descendants, expedient fhall be found : this we are have always heard with pleasure their told is in prospect, and that if it does eulogiums as a kind of hereditary not take place, copies of the MS Thall praile inherited by themselves ; infebe depolted in some of the public li- rior bards, therefore, have been kept braries. The Scots, in general, affirm in the retinue of the great till very these poems to be genuine remains of lately, whose whole business was to reantiquity, & there are many gentlemen Dpeat these poems, and commemorate of that kingdom now in England, some the connection of their patrons with known to the author of this account, the renowned chiefs of antiquity : who can repeat great part of the poems, from the frequent repetition of these and some parts which Mr MPberfon poems by the bards, especially on pubhas not included in this collection. lick occasions, they were learnt by ma. The following history of these poems, e ny persons in every clan, and were reand their publication, is extracted tained with great facility as they were from the translator's preface and dis- adapted to music, and each verse so fertation.

connected with those that preceded and About two years ago, he translated followed it, that if one line of a stanza a few short imperfect pieces of the was remembered, it was almost imporpoems now collected, which were fible not to recollect the rest. The handed about in MS and by being crdences also followed in so natural a often transcribed, were become so corrupt, that he thought himself under

gradation, and the words fo adapted F

to the common turn of the voice after the neceflity of printing the genuine it is raised to a certain key, that it was copies, and some other pieces were ad- almost impossible from a fimiliarity of ded to swell the publication into a found to substitute one word for anopamphlet, which was entitled, Frag.. ther, an excellence peculiar to the Celments of antient Poetry. These frag

tic tongue, ments were so well received, that feve. It may also, perhaps, seem strange, ral persons, of whose judgment and G that poems which have been admired tafte he had a high opinion, prevailed so many ages in one part of the kingupon him to make a journey into the dom, should have been hitherto totalHighlands and Western Ies, to re- ly unknown in the other ; but those cover what remained of the works of who have underitood both languages, the old bards, particularly thofe of have been comparitively few; of those Olhan the son of Fingal, a king of Scot u few a small proportion only were fufland, celebrated for his prowels, which ficiently acquainted with literary la.. according to tradition, were superior bour to attempt a tranllation, and to all others both for antiquity and ge- even these were discouraged by the nios.

great disparity which the peculiar adThis journey he undertook, and by vantages of the Celtic language must



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