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On Rousseau's Syftem of Education. enced both, I conceive myself pecu- But then I cannot think that you are liarly authorised to determine this peculiarly authorised to determine point."

this point. It may, I presume, be as It is to me inconceivable how you, well determined by many of your pete Sir,who have survived, as their patient, pils. for thirty years, can truly say you

ne. a " I have no design, fay you, to ens ver call in Physicians for yourself; I large here on the futility of Phyficz can as soon believe the Doctors will my present purpofe being only to visit you for thirty years without a consider it in a moral light. I cannot, fee, as that they will visit you so long however, forbear observing, that manwithout being called in. Will you kind use the same fophiftry, in regard say that your parents called them in; to the use of medicines, as they do and that you only defired them to with respect to their search after truth. continue their visits ? Ah! M. Rouf- B They suppose always, that when a feau, thou art, as the Reviewers say, physician treats a patient who recovery ingenious.

vers, he has cured him; and that You affirm phyfic to be more de- when they have gone through a difstructive to mankind than all the quifition concerning truth, they have evils it pretends to cure. “I know found it. They do not see that not, say you, for, my part, of what we ought to put in the balance against malady we are cured by the phyfi- c one cure effected by physic, the death

cians; but I know many fatal ones of an hundred patients it hath killed; .. which they infict upon us ; such as or that we thould oppose to the uticowardice, pufillanimity, credulity, lity of one boafted truth, the mirand the fear of death : If they cure chief of a thousand errors fallen into he body of pain, they deprive the by making the discovery." oul of fortitude. What end doth it You seem to advance a most melananswer to fociety, that they keep a cholly paradox. If errors be, as you parcel of rotten carcafes on their legs ? D say, mischievous, it follows that their it is men the community wants, and contrary must be beneficial; but the these we never see come out of their contrary to error is knowledge, which, hands."

alas! cannot be had without fearchYou, Sir, who have survived as their ing after, and discovering truth.; patient for thirty years, be pleased to knowledge being neither more nor tell me, if you was come out of their less than the perception of truth. If hands when you wrote your excellent

E we reason right, we, according to you, System of Education? If you answer discover one truth, and at the same in the negative, I ask, why your doc- time fall into a thousand errors : If trine was fo diametrically opposite to we reason wrong, we fall into che eryour practice? If you answer in the ror at least. Be pleased to say which affirmative, it will follow that the is best for us; shall we reason right great M. Rousseau is not a man ; for or wrong? or is it beft not to reason, men, you fay, we never see come out or think at all?. Again, if the discoof their hands.

F very of truth be so dangerous, what But if M. Rouseau be not a man, hazard do we run in reading your fome, perhaps, will say, what is he? elaborate treatise on Education for I will endeavour to gratify the curio. this, I presume, exhibits a multitude sity of such enquirers. M. Roujeau is a of boasted truths. cowardly, pufillanimous, credulous being; . You proceed thus in the fame parz. a being who dreads death,

and whose foul graph: The science that enlightens, is deprived of fortitude. This character

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and the phyfic that cures, are doubt M. Roujeau gives of himself; this he less very useful; but the pretended hath experienced to be true, and science that mir-leads, and the physic therefore conceiveth burself to be peculi- that kills, are as certainly deitrucarly autborised to give it.

tive." Very true, Sir, the physic that But farther :"A man, say you, kills is certainly destructive; but your who lives fix years without phyfi- quarrel now seemeth to be, not with cians, lives more for himself and o- phyfic in general, but with that parthers, than he who survives, as their ticular phyfic which is hurtful ; not patient, for thirty."

with science, and the difcovery of Do you mean that be who lives fix truth, but with ignorance and error. years in health, enjoys more pleasure You say farther, Teach as therethan lie who lives thirty years in pain? fore to diltinguish between them. bfervation is very jats By defiring to knew what phyGc

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Case of a young Woman ineculated for the Small Pox.

525 will kill, and what will cure, it should As a case hath lately occurred in feem that you have

thoughts of com. my practice, wherein the symptoms
mencing Doctor. But if you should and appearances, altho' much milder,
mean no more than that you should were analogous to those now related,
be glad to know how to make choice in many circumftances, and, perhaps,
of a physician, I will ventute to offer in some respects more curious, I fat-
a little advice. Choose a Doctor who, ter myself a recital of it will not be
to a good natural capacity, hath added altogether unworthy the perusal of
a tolerable ftock of learning; who by your medical readers.
his education hath had opportunities Four children belonging to a wor;
of becoming skilful in his profession ;, thy gentleman in the country, and
and who, by application and study, two belonging to a farmer, his neigh.
hath made á proper use of these op. bour, were inoculated,O&ober 19, 1762,
portunities. But above all, enquire by Mr Cuthbert Johnson, a very inge,
with what success he exerciseth his nious and eminent surgeon in this
art. Do his patients recover, or mend? B place, who attended them, along with.
If they do, you may reasonably hope me, during the whole course.
to do the same ; but if the Doctor, in. Anne Peacock, one of the farmer's
ftead of being educated amongst scho- daughters, aged 14, of a sanguine ha-,
lars in some learned university, hath bit of body and fresh complexion, was
passed the days of his youth in the attacked about three years ago with a.
Thop of a barber, 'or the stall of a cob. pain and giddiness of her head, which
ler; or if, in short, he fail in any of regularly returned every tbree months,
the above particulars bunc Romane, C and always vanished on a spontaneous

C
caveto.
I am, Sir,

bleeding from the nose, that generally P1,

Your Admirer, &c. amounted to the quantity of five or Nov. 15, 1761.

T. 1. fix ounces. Thus the continued for

two years, when she was seized with. Mr URBAN,

all the synıptoms of the mealles, THE ingenious Dr Hillary, in his D which seemed to threaten a violent

El ay in a method of curing the degree of the disease; but, during the Small-pox as an infiammatory Disease, eruptions, the lost a considerable quan. fuhjoined to his excellent Practical tity of blood from her nose, and in a Elizy on the Small

1:pox, acquaints nis, small space the bleeding recurred four that he hath heard the great Professor or five times, the meafles disappeared, Boerhaave affirm, bona fide, et vir and she was perfeélly well. She had

fide dignissimus fuit, that he had often e no return of the head-ach, giddiness, "known the small-pox cured by the and other complaints, till about nine

antiphlogistic method, when the dis. months after, when they again atease, before the eruption, has been tacked her, and were again relieved 4 taken for, and treated as an infiam- by the usual critical discharge. {matory fever.' And afterwards, in During the three last months preconfirmation of his theory, he quotes vious to inoculation, the hath suffered an extraordinary care from Dr Fuller, two returns of the pain, &c, and the wherein the like cure was performed F subsequent hæmorrhage. She hath by Nature herself, even when some never yet menftruated. puftules had appeared: Dr Fuller's By my directions, the lived about own words are: A Doctor of physic three weeks before inoculation upon told me, he fell fick, when a student a ftri&t, cool diet, totally abstaining of Oxford, in a time when the small from all kinds of flesh meats and ferpox was epidemical there, had the mented liquors; took three or four usual symptoms of cruel pain in the · antiphlogistic purges, and, on the in.. head and back, together with a de- termediate days, the quantity of a lirium, came out tull of puftules, nutmeg of an electuary composed of which his physician prono inced to Æthiops mineral, rhubarb, cream of be the small-pox. Then he fell a tartar, and nitre, which commonly bleeding at his nose so profusely as procured two or three loose stools. to lose at least two pounds of blood On the seventh day from inocula.

by estimation : Upon this, his fever, Htion, she was fick, hot, and complain. • delirium, pains, and all other illa ed much of an head ach and giddines

ness went off together; the purules . On the eighth day, the Imail-por

all vanished; he dept foundly; and appeared, about 10 or 12 in number, • after that time (which was above and rather small in magnitude, with

thirty years ago) he grew well, and little relief of her symptoms.
never bad the small-pox fince.

The

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526 Case of a young Woman inoculated for the Small Pox.

The ninth day, the uneasiness of on visiting the young gentleman that her head was more urgent, with a evening, I found him tak asleep, and sense of fulness; the Joit five or fox without one alarming symptom about Ounces of blood from her nose, which him. The next morning the fame, removed these symptoms; the erup

after a very good night : iwo days af tions continued in the same state. ter, he was so well as to take a dose of

The tenth day, the had a slight pain phyfick; and, the day after its opera. in her head, fucceeded by the usual A tjon, came down fairs, and made a hæmorrhage, though less in quantity, good dinner upon roasted veal along thin, ard of a very Aorid colour,

with the rest of the children. Ignowhich again relieved her.

rance and impertinence more freThe eleventh day he was entirely, quently provoke my smiles than my free from every kind of complaint: resentment, nor would I have wasted Upon a careful examination, about time in relating an affair, which, ten pustules were found, qnite Aorid, as far as it is personal, can be of little small, and with little or no tendency B.consequence to the publick, buf, as to maturation; towards night the hz the prejudices of many people here are morrahge recurred to the quantity of very ftrong against inoculation, the nine or ten cunces, preceded by the least alarming accident dies like lightufual pain and dizziness of the head. ning, and may blatt a practice, which,

The twelfth day, all the eruptions I am confident, would preserve the were vanited, except two upor her

lives of thousands, if it prove general; back, which, from this day, came and therefore it becomes a publick gradually and properly forward to

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concern to have these prejudices ob-. Mappuration, and turned on the esth

viated. day from inoculation.

I intended to make some remarks The quantity of blood loft, in the on the case I have now fent you, which whole, amounted to at least twenty indeed affords a large field for rational ounces; nor was nature disturbed in conjectures, and perhaps some practic this falutary work by any medicine. calinferences ; but I must defer them Her belly was open from the begin. D to another opportunity, or rather ning, her diet being cool and looten-, leave them to be made by the judi., ing. She hath been purged iwo or cious Dr Hillary, who hath long since three times, and is now perfectly well; Thewn his abilities for such an under. her symptoms indeed were so mild, taking, by many admirable observathat she could not properly be called tions in the work I fust mentioned in ille at any tinie, during the wliole course,

Sunderland, Nov. 13.

J. B. There was nothing worth particu-E larly remarking in the other patients;

An Account of the MSS attributed to Zo.' unless the impertinent garrulity, and

roaster, and other Works relating to the ill timed officiousness of one of the

Religion of the Persies, which M. Perprofession, deserve reprehension. This,

ron bas depofted in the K. of France's gentleman, on the tenth day from the

Library, appearance of the small-px,going in T is not pretended that any of these, to the eldest gentleman's Chamber, FMS$ are originals, written by Zobabbled about a second fever, talked roafter himself, but copies of different of the necessity of something being im, degrees of antiquity, written like most nyediately done, hinted at bliftering, other oriental MSS, upon paper made smelt at a little diacodium which food of linnen or cotton, covered with a in the window, and, with a significant vernish, on which the fightest stroke. Shrug, hoped master did not take of it G is visible.

Then figured away upon the delicacy There M6S may be divided into of his conftitution, to which we had threeslales :

: 1, Zend works, of which not properly attended. Having in Zoroafier is supposed to have been the this inanner greatly disturbed our pa- author, and which contain what may tient, and alarmned some of the family, be called the breviary and ritual of with the most dreadful apprehenfions the Perfes; these are preserved with of danger, the young gentleman's fa. the greatest care, and are recited pub, ther being ablent, he haftened to my H lickly by the prieits at certain times house, and, in a scrap of paper, left prefóribed by the law, and also by the for mę, recited some of the moft terri- private Perfjes.as a meritorious act, ble fumptoms, among which, "The though they do not upderftand one bottom of the Bofiles purpleib' Up:

word of what they utter i just as Pa.

this paper

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Account of the Works of Zoroaster.

527 pists recite the Latin service of their In the first chapter, Ormusd acquaints church. The zd class, contains Pehl. Zoroafter, that he created fixteen cities, vic works, fome of which are tranila- which were equally celebrated for their tions of originals attributed to 2o. beauty, and for the wealth of their inroafter: And, the third class, consists habitants

į and that ihriman, (the of Indian and Perfic versions of Zendo- devil) his rival, or antagonit, proriginals, and some M$S written ince duced all the guilt and mifery that the time of Zoroafter, which serve as a had plagued the world. These cities commentaries upon the Zend text. were called Iranvedj, Geom, Moerem,

The works of Zoroafter are all writ. Bakhdim, Nefaem, Haroicum, Veekeretem, ten in a wild unconnected manner,

Orouqnu, Kbeneantem, Herekhetim, Hetoa but the reader will not wonder at this, mentem, Raghanm, Tchekbrem, Verenem, when he recollects the genius of East Haphte-bando, and Rengbeiao, each of ein writers, and considers Zoroafter, which was the capital of an Empire of not as a philofoper writing in the B the same name. Iranvedj, (i.e.) the quiet of silent recollection, but as a pure Iran, the first and most considerabegiflator who believed himself to be ble, was lituated on the side of Ader. inspired. Of these works, M. Perron bedjan; and Hapbte bando, (i...) the gives the following fummary,

Seven Indies, consisted of feven kingI. Vendidad Sade, a folio of $60 pa.

doms, forming one Empire, among ges. The word Vendidad, literaly which they reckoned Caschmite. translated, fignifies, separated from the In the second Chapter, Djemchid, Devil, i. e, contrary to the maxims of C called in Zend, Jemo, the fon of Viven the Devil, or the object of his hatred : ganm, and fourth king of the first dy. Sade signifies, pure and withont mix- nasty of the Perfes, is taken up into ture, and is a name given to those heaven, where he received from the Zend works which are not accompanied

hand of Ormufd, a poignard of gold, with the Pehlvic translation.

with which he cleft the earth, and This volume is called by the gene

produced the country called Verma, ral name, Vendidad, tho', besides what D neschre, and the breed of men and ani. is the Vendidad, in a strict sense, it con:

mals. This delightful country, over tains two other tracts of Zoroafter,

which Death had no dominion, wag at called the fzescbne, and the Vilpered; length defolated by winter. The because the priest, who reads the Von- plains and the tops of the mountains didad, is also obliged to read these were covered with a burning snow, two other works at the same time,

which rendered them totally desolate which are divided into proper lessons

and barren. Djenchid, faid Ormufd, for that purpose,

e speaking to Zoroafler, was the first who. The Vendidad itself is the twentieth beheld the supreme being face to face, treatise of Zoroaster, and contains a

and he produced all these marvellous dialogue between

Zoroafter and Ormurd, effects by virtue of my word, which the deity, who answers several quel- was put into his month. tions which are put to him by Zornalier.

At the end of this chapter, Ormură In this Book, Ormufd is called the pure

relates to Zoroafter the origin of the being, who recompenfos, abforbed in world :, It is I, says he, who have creexcellence, the creator and the righ- ated all that is; I produced the first teous judge of the world, which lub- light that thines with its own radis fifts by his power.

ance, from which the light of the Sun, The work is divided into XXII the Moon, and the Stars is originally Chapters, which they call Fargards,

derived; the year was one uninterand all whichi conclude with a prayer, grupted day, and there was a winter of which they call Eschem Volos, pure and fortyt; and of a strong man were born excellent. These are the first words of two twins, male and female, who the prayer in the original language,

united as man and wife: the different which is thus translated. He who species of animals also appeared which does good, and all those who are inkabit the earth.

pure, Thall go to the mansons of a-
bundance which are prepared for

The poignard of gold given by Ormusd to
them. The two first chapters, and H Djemchid, was no other than the divine word,
the five laft, contain a relation of the

called in the Perfian language Ascbter-tiz

i. e. a two edged sword, and it is well known historical facts upon which the Persses

to be represented in fcripture by the fame. found their Faith; the rest of the

emblem work confifts of their morals, polity, † It does not appear from the original, and legal ceremonies,

whether this forty is days of years.

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528

Account of the Works of Zoroaster. The third chapter ipeaks of works man, who is appointed to receive the that are agreeable to the carth, or ra, souls of the Saints from the Angel ther to the angel who governs it; as Sferosob, and conduct them to Heaven.. agriculture, breeding of cattle, re: The subject of the eighth chapter, moving out of the way. tbe bodies of is the manner of carrying the dead the dead, and succouring the poor. A to Dakme, the burying place; the ce“ A good husbandman, laid Ormusd, is remony of presenting a dog to the as great in my fight, as he who should, dead, to drive away the Devil ; produce a thousand men, or recite a the prayers which are to be made for thousand Fzechnes,"

the deceased; the guilt which is con.. The fourth chapter commands, to tracted by those who defile themselves, render to the rich what has been bor. by approaching or touching a dead rowed : It treats also of different spe. body, and the purifications which they cies of the crimes called Meberle-8 mult under go. roudjs, because they come from De. The Perfjes distinguih fire by diffe. roud; the Devil, opposed to Meher, the rent names, drawn from the various angel who gives fertility to cultivated. afes to wbich it is applied; as the cuground. They commit Meherde. linary fire, the bagnio fire, and the roudj, when they break their word, founder's fire : In this chapter, 2o-s and when they violate contracts ; roafter recommends the carrying some when they refuse to pay couriers their of all these fires, and of every other hire, to reward the animals that affiit c kind to Dadzal, the place of justice ; in cultivating the ground, to pay the and affians the place which contains preceptors of youth, and the labour- the sacred fire, and that which is to be ing peasants, and negl=et to water a appropriated to prayer. This chapter, piece of ground when they have pro- also contains the peta Abou Verio, mised to do it.

which, like the Eschem Vobou, is a * The fifth chapter treats of dead bo- prayer that the Persses have almost condies, and of the place to which they tinually in their mouths: this prayer are to be carried, and the ceremonies D takes its name from the three firft to be used on that occasion ; of legal words : purifications, and of women delivered ** God commands the chiefs of the before their time. In this chapter, law to perform pure & holy works.The Ormusd extols the purity of the Vendi- angel Bahman watches over those who dad, and touches on the three rivers have a pure heart, who do good and ap.. Pberat, Ponti, and Varkass.

ply theinfelves to the fludy of the laws The fixth chapter treats of the im. E. he gives dominion to princes that they purity which Death communicates to may succour and comfort the poor. the earth, the water, and vessels of er Ormud declares, that to please him, very kind.

it is necessary to be pure in thought, The seventh chapter is a continua, word and deed; and, that it is a fin. tion of the same subject; it treats also worthy of death, for a man to reduce more particularly of the impurity of, the daughter or wife of his neighbour, women after miscarriages, of the dig: or. to commit pederasty ? Separate, nity of the medical profesion, of " says Zoroafier, from your communion, the merit of him who has cured many and cut 'to pieces him, who baving. Sick, promising, that he shall be re- finned, refuses to nubmit to punishwarded with a long and happy life: ment; the robber, him who torments He is enjoined to try the efficacy of, the innocent, the magician", and he. his remedies, first upon those who wor, who refufes to pay his de sts. thip the Dews, which are spirits or The ninth chapter relates to the genii

, created by Abriman, before he, G Deftour- Mobed, who gives the Barasch. gives them to the Perlles ; and, it is, nom, that is, who purifies those who declared, that if he neglects this prea are defiled; it specifies the qualities Caution, & his remedies prove fatal, or requisite to this minider, and creats of hurtful to the patient, he is worthy of the place, the inftruments, and the cedeath. Zoroafter then fixes the fees remonies proper for these purificawhich the different classes among the tions : Zoroafter fpeaks'allo, in this, Persies are to give to the physician. chapter, of moral and natural evil,

He begins with the Arborne or H These evils, says he, owe their origin, Priett; and a physician who has cused: one of these ministers of the law, must

By a magi jan. the Perfis mcan one who content himself with the prayers which ljás cornmerce directly or iudirectly with the he mall offer for him to the Angel Dah: evil principle.

and

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