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Account of the Works of Zoroaster.

529 and their progress, to the crimes com- when they are cut. The party is die mitted by mankind, and the little care rected to dig a hole in the ground, athey take to purify themselves; and, bout half a toot deep, and place a ftone in consequence of this general propo. at the bottom of it, and to put the sition, he declares, in the 18th chap- clippings of the hair, and the pairings ter, that fornication and adultery dry of the nails upon that itone, repeating up rivers, and render the earth stérité. the prayers directed by the law.

The tenth chapter treats of the A In the eigliteenth chapter, Zoroafter prayers which drive away devils.: warns the Perljes not to believe the These impure spirits preside over the Deftour who carries the Penom, a piece particular crimes and evils to which of linnen, which the Perfjes place upon their names have relation; he that their noses when they pray, and wlio excites men to Khaschm, rage, is called performs the functions of priests withKhaschem; he that raises violent storms out having the Kofti, which is the girof Vad, wind, is called Vato; and so of B dle of the Perfjes ; such Deftour, lays others.

Zoroafter, is an impostor, who teaches The eleventh chapter contains a the law of the devil, though he assumes particular account of the methods to the character of a minister of God. be used in purifications ; with respect This chapter relates, that in the be. to which, the Honover, or' word of ginning, Ahriman refifted Ormusd, and God, is of the greatest efficacy.

refused to receive his law. Zoroafter The twelth chapter treats of the then celebrates the Cock,who, next to

C prayers which the children, or kindred the angel Sferofch, is the guardian of of the dead are obliged to say, or the world, and fecures mankind a. cause to be said on their account. gainst the snares of the devil.

The thirteenth speaks of the dif- The nineteenth chapter, contains ferent dogs whose approach drives a- an account of the war between Ormusd way the devil, who prowles about upon and Abriman, and of the defeat of the earth after midnight ; of the man- Abriman by the Honover, or word of ner in which they are to be fed, and D God. Ormujd declares, 'that, at the of the crime committed by ftriking end of the world, the works of Abrithem,

man will be destroyed by the three The fourteenth chapter is upon the Prophets Oschederbami, Oschedermah, same subject. He who has killed a and Sjojhosch, who thail arife froin a dog, muit, in order to expiate his seed preierved in the fource of the ri. crime, give to the three classes of the ver Kanje, a small stream, which the Perlles, the priests, the soldiers, and Pelvic cosmogony places in Shan, and the labourers, the instruments of their E which is supposed to water Raghann, professions; if he is not able to be at the 12th city, which was in the begin. this expence, he must dig canals to ning created by Ormusd. conduet the water of rivers through In this chapter, something is also the neighbouring pastures, and enclose said of endless duration, of the soul of the pastures themselves with a good God, which is always employed with fence; or, he must marry his daugh, the word, of several necessary purifica

F ter, or his sister to a man of exemplary tions, particularly one with the urine sanctity.

of an ox, and of fome implements The fifteenth chapter speaks of which are necessary in reading the Afive fins which merit the punishment vejia, particularly the Barfour, a bunof hell; the sit, is railing against, or dle of imall twigs tied together, the contradicting a good man, who is in. bell and the salver. Zoroafter then structing or admonisoing finners ; the expatiates on what thall happen at the nd, is making the teeth of a dog, who refurrection ; after this great event, drives away the devil drop out, by gi- , the righteous and ihe wicked wilí ving him fomething to eat burning pass over a bridge tha: separates earth hot; the 3d, is striking or terrifying froin heaven, under protection of the a bitch that is with puppy, so as to Dog, who was created as the common cause abortion ; the 4th and gth are, guardian of cattle. This chapter con. to have commerce with a woman du- cludes with the names of the devils. ring the catamenia, or while the gives The twentieth chapter speaks of the fuck.

H third Poeriodekesch, that is the third The sixteenth chapter relates to the prince of the firit dynasty, a righteous purification of women,

and holy prince, who abolished the The seventeenth, prescribes what is

evil produced by the devil: To this to be done to the hair and the nails

prince

$30

Account of Periodical Papers. prince* Ormufd gave the tree of health,

The MONITOR, (that publifbed for and the Hons.

$cot is discontinued) contains more exIn the twenty first chapter, Ormuld tracts from Englijb hilory. direct's Zoroafter 1o render the worship of prayer and praise to the supreme

The BŘITON, No. XXI. contains Ox, and to the Rain of which the angel

the following reflections : Taschter is the distributer, who subtuts A The differences between Great Bri. under the forın ot an ox.

tain and France have hitherto emThe rain is drawn from the rivers ployed the heads of our politicians; Pberat and Varkass; and, in conjunc,

those between us and Spain, though tion with the Sun, " who, like a proud perhaps of equal conlequence, bave courser, springs from the summit of

Tain dormant, from a prefumption that the mountain Abordj," renders the

the Spaniards are no other than the earth fruitful.

B bully-backs of the French, and will The twenty second chapter contains follow their pricipals. How far they the mission of Zoroafier, Ormusd sends were so in the beginning of the war, him with the angel Neriojengul into

'I thall not pretend to dispute; but, in Irmian, which, in Zend, is called Erie- the progreis of it, they are certainly menne*. ' Go, says he, to Irman, that

become as much principals as the place which I created pure and splen.

Trench. * did, and which the internal serpent C,

It is to the honour of the late mi. has spoiled and infected, that ser:

wilter,'that he brought the differences pent which is absorbed in guilt,

Eetween ús and France into a very and pregnant with death. Do thou, practicable accommodation ; and, after who hait approached me on the lofty

the concellions that were made on both mountain, where I have answered fides, I cannot conceive why so many the questions which thou haft pro

millions of money, not to mention the pounded to me, carry to Irman my

lives that have been lost, have not law. I will give thee a thousand D been saved to Great Britain lince the oxen, ás fat as the ox of the moun.

first of May 1961. tain Sokand, upon which men passed

I think the late minister deficient in over the Euphrates in the beginning

disregarding the claims of Spain. They of time : Thou shalt possess every

might be improperly urged ; but they good thing in abundance, extirmi. were materially cognofcible before the nate devils and magicians, and put

tribunal of reason and equity. His an end to the evils which they have conduct, therefore, is unaccountable, produced. This

is the reward which I E by his fwallowing the cow, and cboaking • decree to recompence the holy dir. on the rump; for, at the time of the late

positions of the inhabitants of Ir; negociation, our differences with Spain man.'. [To be continued.] 574

were no more than the rump of our

difficulties; tho now they are the Account of the Political Papers. (Con.

bead and body, as well as the tail, tinued from p. 493.)

We have taken the Havannah, and THE AUDITOR, No. XXII. P puffiboly, this spaniards have taken Porcontains a further abuse of Col.

who has the better bargain; but a very W-, in consequence of the in

little pliancy, or rather good manners, jnry already done him, and unattoned,

in our late minister, might have preby a story concerning his conversa

vented both events. tion with a child, which no man in bis senses can now believe to be true,

The writer then tells us, that the

Spanish Well Indies, while in the porc This price is Djemetid, mentioned a

G leffion of Spain, must be confidered as bove, who is sometimes called the third king

a goose that lays England a golden egg of the first dynasty, because Kaiomorrs is not every day; but that, in tbe poffeffion always reckoned one, according to the Pelvic of England, they would be like the Cozonegy.

goose when it was ripped up to find Probably Arreria, and the bigh moun- ine treasure in its source: and besides, tain where Zoroafter pretended to have cone' that the dividing of the Spanish Wii versed with the Supreme Being, seems to be

Indies, is contraiy to several treaties Caucafus, called in that country Aborsi. It is # probable, chat he composed his works upon

Sublitting between England and Spain, this mountain, and the language, called A

He fays, however, that as we have no afa, raight te the apicnt Amenian, to way of relenting an injury from Spaint which the ignorance and supersticion of the bai attacking this territory, we should P-1 gave a divine asigia,

do

Account of Periodical Papers.

531 do it; but, he says too, that if we

The AUDITOR, No. XXIII, con. take it, it will ruin us to keep it. It

tains animadversions on an examinamay, therefore, be reafonably asked tion of The Commercial Principles of of this writer, with what view he ad- the late Negociation, å pamplet, just vises us to attack a territory, which, if A pablished. The examiner prefers we take, we cannot keep; and, if we the island of Guadaloupe to all the 'conhave no other way of resenting an in

quests which we may keep at a peace, & jury offered by Spain, whether, upon depreciates Canada, by considering it as his principles, it is not our interest to feparate territory, independant of all fuffer every possible injury unresented. relation to our North American coloIn default of his replý, let us suppose nies, rating the value of it, thus con. the following Dialogue :

dered, at no more than : 14015: 17:1:

per annum': But it is judiciously obA. We have received repeated and B served by the Auditor, that, if he esti. gross injuries from Spain.

mates Guadaloupe in the same manner, B. Attack the Spanish West Indies. and takes it without connection with

A! This cannot be done without . or dependance upon other places, it great expence of treasure and life. will be easy to prove, that a commerce

B. But you will probably fucceed. thither would not be a benefit, but à A. Suppole we do succeed?

disadvantage to England. The wriB. Why then infilt upon satisfac: ter of the pamphlet lays, that he has tion, indemnification for the past, estimated Guadaloupe in' its most imper. and security for the future.'

C fel ftate, at the time between its being a A. Spain will not be at all disposed colony and a conqueft ; when it is not well to satisfy, indemnify, or fecure us Naved, in many parts uncultivated, and by our success in any attack upon the is likely for years to improve to higher West Indies:

degrees of consequence; and, he must B. Why so ?

allow, that Canada is also in its most A. Because the knows that we must imperfect state, the trade ruined by the either give up our acquisitions there, war, and carried to Hudson's Bay, New

D though she refuses an equivalent, or York, Pensylvania, and" Virginia. It is incur total ard inevitable ruin by

well known that the hope of the country keeping them.

being restored to France, has restrained the B. Who has told her so ?

demand for English commodities in CanaA. The writer of á political paper,

da. The inhabitants there are supunder the title of the Briton.

posed to be from fixty to seventy thou. B. Why, Does not he advise the at. E sand; and, according to the rate of tack ?

population in those parts, they must A. Yes. What do ye laugh at ? increase amazingly in a few years :

B. Why, because if we take his Their demand for the commodities of advice, and if what he says is true, Britain will then rise in proportion, we shall act just like the poor cuckold especially when, under the benignity who hanged himself to deprive his of his majesty's reign, commercial spouse of an annuity which the en- ideas have spread amongst them, and joyed during his life.

f they have been taught, by the

wisdom A. Not fo, neither ?

of the British government, to make the B. Why, what can we gain by the most beneficial uses of their land ? But attack if it succeeds.

the importance of Canada to this naA. Nay, to be sure, upon his princi. tion, does not arise from what it may ples, we can gain nothing ; but then produce, either independantly or relawe lose only the men and money em- tively; it arises from the quiet and feployed in the expedition.

curity which will accrue to our other B. That is, if we restore what we G colonies by the acquisition of it; from take for nothing? But, if we keep it putting an end to the inroads and in hopes Spain will give something for mallacres of the savages, whom the it, my fimile will hold.

French were continually initigating a A. Plhaw! Let the man answer for gainst us ; from our being delivered himself.

from the expence of fleets, fortreiles,

garrisons, and armies, to defend us a: The NORTH BRITON, No. XXII, gainst a rival power, itretched aloig contains part of a poem called, Poetry our whole frontier, and ever ready to Profesors; a fatyr, on the Oxford and press beyond it; in a word, from preCambridge verfes, upon the birth of a venting occafions of another war, Prince of Wales,

which would undoubtedly happen, as (Gent. Mag. November 1762.)

foon

arms.

532

Causes of she War with France and Spain. foon as the French should be able a- daloupe for invading Jamaica, drew the gain to pursue the projects which were attention of our arms towards the the cause of that which is now, it is Weft Indies, and made it necessary to to be hoped, near an end.

deprive our enemies of those places,

from whence they hoped to have done The MONITOR, Nov. 6, shews us the most harm. And the union of that the French were aggressors in the the house of Bourbon against England, present war, and that our aim has A which devotes Portugal to be a facrifice been only to obtain a lasting and ho- to their family interest, and whose effi. nourable peace.

cacy depended upon the impregnibiThe English, says he, did not take lity of the Havannah, the inexhauftiup arms till necesíty obliged them to ble treasure of the Spanish Indies, and defend their property, and to repel upon an exclusive trade to South Ame. force by force : Neither have they rica, obliged us to extend the war, in profecuted the war with any other B order to blow up their strength on the view, or upon any other plan, than to

island of Cuba, to intercept or lock up compel the enemy to accept of such a their riches beyond the ocean, to open peace, as may not leave the embers of

a free trade for our merchants to Neru a new war : which is to feek peace by Spain, and to protect our most faithful

ally in the south of Europe. The English have endeavoured, and While the French weie in a condiwell nigh effected, the total extirpa- C tion to encounter our Aeets, to interotion of the French from North America : rupt our commerce and navigation, But this measure was made necessary to dispute our property and to face to secure the English plantations from our armies in North America ; to bid French encroachments and hoftilities defiance to our ai maments beyond the already begun, and to establish a safe line; to alarm our coasts, and to get and lasting peace on what continent. - home the produce of their colonies ; The difficulties and discouragements to burn, destroy and depopulate the in the African trade, occasioned by the countries of our allies; and when they influence and pretensions of the French had availed themselves of that additiat Senegal and Goree, called aloud for onal Itrength arising from the familyredress and deliverance in the con- compact with the Spanis monarch,our quest of those hostile settlements.- enemies were deaf to the voice of The loss of Minorca, and the extraor- peace : Pondicherry was an eternal bar dinary preparations to invade fome of to a reconciliation in the East : Louis

E the Britijöilles, justify the leveral ex- bourg and the forces of Canada fed peditions against the coast of France, their ambition with hopes of conquerand the activity of our ficets, which ing North America and its fithery : deprived the enemy of the means to Martinique and Guadaloupe were tho't carry the invasion into execution, equal for any attempt upon our sugar The miseries brought upon Hanover & inands: and the Havannah was proviour other German allies,under no other ded to give laws to the windward napretence than their being connected F vigation, to annoy our trade, and to by the ties of friend hip with England, deprive us of the advantages of all our required our utmost efforts to save conquests in the Western Ocean. them from destruction. The French The Monitor then promises to pursue fortifications in the east, their in. this subject in a subsequent paper, but trigues with the Nabobs and other in-, in the next week no Monitor was sian chiefs in prejudice to the Englijb, published. and the contineal augmentation of their feet, which threatened the total G The BRITON, No. XXII, proves, ruin of our trade and navigation be- from history, that a mild government yond the line, roused that fpirii of re- and upright administration were fel. sentment, wisdom and courage, which doin or never the objects of popular has divelted them of all power and in- abuse; his inference is, that we have Aence; destroyed their navy, and degenerated froin our ancestors, the driven them from thote strong holdi, present government being mild, and in which they had placed their de. Hile administration upright, and yet pendence. The danger that threat- revileci with a licenciousnels and ranenclour leewardinands, by the French cour that is without parallel. fettling and fortifying the neutral isles. in open violation of treaties; and The NORTH BRITON,No. XXIII, a justpirations at Martistic and 6.13 C01:3ins an encomin'l on parliaments,

and

A View of the West-Indian and North-American Trades. 533 and says, that the very calling lof a par- tains a review of the commercial valiament is a symptom of sanity in our lue of Canada. The Examiner of the Itate : : It implies either that there are commercial Principles having in his reno just grounds of complaint, or that

marks on the letter to two great men, if there are, the prince is ready to re.

laboured in vain to render Great Bridress them. The occasion of this re- tain jealous of the commerce of North mark, and the general purport of this America, has now, with the lame view, paper,will sufficiently appear from the endeavoured to represent its com

А following extract :

merce as comparatively of little value, As our affairs are now fituated, He says, that the North American when not only our present welfare, trade depends upon the Wifi Indian but our future prosperity, seems to trade ; his method of proving this is turn upon a moment; when matters of curious : the most interesting nature call for The direct import, he tells us, from consideration; when business of the B the West Indies in 1759, exclusive of last consequence is to be done, and Guadaloupe, was fi 1,834,036 whereas there is so little time to do it in, I will that from North America amounted but not, I cannot believe, that even that to to. 648,683.–But the advantages of little shall be made less by the proro- trade with any place are not to be ei. gation of the parliament. Let the tirkated by what we import from enemies of the administration pretend them? On the contrary, it is well unwhat they will, I must here be an in- derstood that from the quantity of exfidel, I must consider it as one of those C ports the real advantages of Great many lying reports which the sons of Britain arile. For this reason the adsedition industriously propagate, and

mirable author of the interelts of with which they endeavour to embroil Great Britain, with respect to her copublic affairs, merely to serve their lonies, contented bimself with thewing private intereits ; nor will I ever give that our exports to North America acredit to the rumour, till I see it ab. mounted to k. 1,832948, while thote Solutely justified by the event. What! D to the bugaritiands wcie only £877,571. on the eve of a peace, and of such a An amazing number of hands must peace as muft either establish or ruin be employed, and mouths fed here at us for ever (for in our present fitua- • home, by the former demand for our tion, loaded as we are with an enor- commodities, and the latter is very mous debt, there appears no alterna:

Thort of the same utility. But, says tive) tall the great council of the na- E the Examiner, the returns made by tion be postponed ? True it is, that North America are greatly inferior to although they supply the finews of war, those from the sugar colonies, and a they have no right to make peace;

ballance Itinds against the former no but they have an undoubted right of lels than £ 1,1842,65. But what then? examining into the peace when made,

The ballance mult be paid, or our and, if it thall be found dishonourable merchants could not go on; and if it and disadvantageous (a circumstance is paid, the purpotes of trade are comwell deserving serious confideration at p plearly answered. But here it is urged, this time) they have an undoubted that the Wof India ilands enable the right also of calling the advisers of it Northern colonies, by the traffic they to a severe account. If the peace be have with them, to make due remita Tuch as redounds to the advantage of tances to Great Britain ; and therefore this nation, no matter by whom it is the West India is our prime trade, upon made. Scot and Englisven in that which ourcontinental colonies are derespect are the same; and matters of pendent. A short attention to this leis consequence may remain to be proposition will detect its falfhood. debated afterwards at leiture; but if

3

How comes it that the sugar plantait shall be inadequate to our great

tions have any wealth at all? where is successes, unequal to thote hopes the original spring of their riches? which we have reasonably formed of in England; it confifts in the luxury fecuring and enlarging our commerce, of the people. We import from the of itreightening the enemy in their illands to the amount of £1,834,036 in marine, and depriving them of thote one year, so that after deducting for nuiseries of teamen, which alone have our own exports, we owe them near a enabled them to carry on the war, A million. Flere then, in the very firtt then let the advisers of it turn back to instance, they are created by us. Had pait ages, and, from the examples of not cuitoin brought sugar into genea others, learn to tremble for theiniclves. ral request, carribees and javages might The AUDITOR, No. XXIV, cons

ba

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