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534 A View of the West-Indian and North-American Trades. be to this hour the inhabitants of the Swedes demanded of us three pounds illands; which depend upon the sen- per barrel for tar, and would not suffer sations of our palates, not our natu- it to be exported but in their own ral necessities. When the Examiner fhips : In consequence of this dispute, calls our sugar plantations the support the commodity was imported from of the African trade, and the money North America, and the price has been paid for negroes, in effect a purchase reduced to 18 shillings per barrel. In of British commodities, let it be re. A time of war the French find it almost membered that Africa and the West In- impossible to fit out a fleet in the Medidies are mutually dependent op each terranean, and even from Bresl; as we other ; without llaves the latter can- intercept their stores from the Northern not cultivate their plantations, and powers, where only they can then be where is the obligation if they lay out iupplied. Hence the British fuperiority a part of that wealth they draw from at lea is almost ensured, and morehence for indispensible neceíTaries ? If they do the same with the northern

over the large quantity of thips built B

in North America, and sent to Britain colonies, it is their want of provisions, and other parts of Europe, is not men: lumber, and other materials, that ob- tioned by the Examiner. He omitted liges them : and were it not so, were all thele articles, that his beloved ifthe ballance they have againft us not lands might have the honour of fup. to return through coļlateral channels, porting, and of course rendering less a direct trade with them would be respectable, the North American trade ; ruinous to this country:

C whereas, we now lee from what has The Northern colonies would sub- been mentioned, that the great fund fist and fiourish though the ihands were of their wealth and riches lies in o. at the bottom of the fea. But, says ther branches of commerce, and in the Examiner, North America could not other parts of the world. pay the large ballance that the owes Certain it is the northern colonies to Britain, were it not for the advan- can fubliit without the sugar islands, tages she derives from the fugar colo. ries : how far that affertion is true,

as they derive no necessaries from D

them; that the sugar plantations draw we will now examine.

all their wealth, their provisions, the North America, as has been menti- necellary materials for their works, oned alieady, takes near two millions their very being and protection from a year in the products of Great Britain, the British and American continents; and returns in its own commodities a- and that North America by taking, in hout one third of the value: How its present ftate, two millions of our then does it pay the rett? They ex. E commodities and manufactures, and port to the French and Spanish West In- paying for them by its trade with other dies corn, flower, lumber, live itock, places, and its own products, which &c. for which they receive sugar and are either neceslaries, or materials for moloses, and a large ballance of cash. manufactures, without a single article Thus the very enemy are under con. of luxury, is intitled to the highest tribution to them: They feed them rank in our commercial system. in time of peace, and can starve them in time of war; for which reason that f'The BRITON, No. XXIII, has not trade was allowed by parlianient, when the leaft relation to public affairs, but complained of by our own sugar plan. confifts wholly of personal abuse. ters. But the other day one tip brought from North America 1,30000 l. The NORTH BRITON, No. XXIV, in money; and beside this, her bal- also confifts wholly of personal abuse, lance is made up to Britain by cash in the form of a dialogue, between from Spain, Portugal and Italy, in re- G Earl Buchanan and Duke d'Ollura. turn for the fish, rice, &c. fent to those parts. This last article does not The AUDITOR, No. XXV, conappear upon our custom house books, tains, among others, the following imbut the Examiner was not ignorant of portant and judicions observations seit. He likewise knew, that thips and lative to the value of our Norib Ami naval stores are the ttaple commodiries rican colonies. of the Northern colonies, and because It is certain that the whole trarle he has not found them in custom-bouse H from that continent to the WA Indies, entries, is he resolved to give no cre- does not amount to one fourth of the dit for them? Their naval itores are balance due to Great Britain from Neu a molt material article. In 1718, the York, Pensylvania, and the other senieA View of the West-Indian and North-American Trades. 535 ments; and even that trade might be thus be strengthened both with mea difpenfed with ; as, to carry it on, the and riches. North American settlers are obliged to It is an uncantroverted maxim, that, sow large tracts of Jands with grain, for a nation conftituted like ours, that and to convert a great deal more into trade is not the best which opens the patturage, in order to supply the i. Mortest road to money; on the conslands with the necessaries of life. In trary, that which inures the greatest this article, it must be allowed they in. A number of hands to rough and honelt terfere with Britain, but the sugar co- industry, and occafions a variety of ļonies are the caufe of it; and, if that labour, by which millions are supportcause were not in force, they might ed, in order ultimately to bring over produce inany other things, much to us that precious ore which is dug wanted in these kingdoms ; fuch as hy Naves out of the mines of Mexico materials for manufactures and naval and Peru, is the true natural commerce ftores. I have seen a list of things B of Great Britain. The quality, therehighly valuable, for which, upon a fore, of goods imported, is of infinitemoderate computation, we expend ly more consequence than the quantiannually with other nations, at least ty. Sugar, though a prodigious deal three millions, and which may be all comes over, employs hut a very few produced in North America, should hands in the refining, and is then tothe British legillature attend to these tally consumed. The returns from matters, as no doubt they will. As it North America are, in a great mealure, was long before Carolina went into the Cmaterials for those very manufactures, profitable trade of indigo; it is but a- which she afterwards buys from us about fixyears since they began, yet five gain; and in this view her returns are hundred thousand weight was made of much higher value to a nation of tnere in 1958; and, in a very little merchants and mechanics, than the time, they will supply the market with exports of the inands, which appear a commodity, which before we pur- so mighty upon the Custom House chased every ounce of from the French D books. and Spaniards. No part of the world The demand of North America tor is fitter for the nanufacture of raw Gilk the exports of this country, is at prethan Carolina, and no business could fent near two millions, and, in all probe so advantageous to England; an bability, it will be more than double therefore to let on foot å vigorous in a few years. Besides, her returns scheme for the promotion of it, is consist in the most material necessary furely a matter worthy of very serious articles, mostly gross commoditics, conbderation. It is, moreover, well E which employ at leaft four thousand known, that North - America produces Thips, and smaller vefsels, and at leatt great quantities of cotton, beiter than forty thousand seamen, including the that of the West Indies, especially in Newfoundland fishery, from all which colour ; and hence it may be inferred, the government acquires the prime fi. that if this commodity be properly at-- news of war, men, money, and naval tended to, we that have no reason to Itores ; also the great promoters of the regret the cetion of Guadaloupe on p arts of peace, commodities for the fupaccount of this article, which is the port and employment of the industrimost valuable thing that inand can ous, pretend to.

of this great system Canada is a part; If we add to the above view of im- from thence the present war broke out, provements in the North American and threatened destruction to our intrade, the prodigious encrease of po- terests in that part of the world. Its pulation in thore regions, what a value, therefore, is, that it will be mighty prospect of advantage opens G henceforward a safeguard and frontier itself to the ministers, who have made for those places to which, before, it was that part of the Britisb dominions the dangerous. chief object of their care in the nego- As Cape Breton is to fall with Canaciations of peace ! additional numbers da, it should properly be considered there will be an additional demand as a part of it. And surely when we for the manufactures of this country ; reflect that it has upon its shores oise and I think it is agreed that nothing H of the helt fisheries in the world, and çan tend so much to the better peopling abounds likewise with coal and luiGreat Britain, as full employment for ber, all which commodities the French artificers and workinen of every kind. used from thence to carry to their The hands of the government will Lugar-colonies, it will be allowed a


536. A View of the West-Indian and North-American Trades. considerable addition to what Britain ther servants of the crown, he obis to acquire by the peace now in agi- serves, that the charge is supported tation. It has been asserted by a late solely by the word guide in his famous molt extraordinary pamphleteer, and letter, and that guide there is confinquondam alder man of London, that ed to the measures to be taken against France employed in her fishery, 1500 Spain. That Spain is in the departe fail, and 30,000 men ; now, without ment of the Southern secretary, and mentioning how exaggertated his ac. A every dispatch to Madrid must have count is, it is certain, that whatever been drawn up and signed by Mr Pitt were the numbers they had in that if he had continued in that office, in service, their fishing trade must receive direct opposition to what he then a mortal wound from the cession of clearly saw was the honour of the • this island and the river of St Lan. crown, and the interest of the nation. rence, insomuch that their marine may It may, however, be asked, whether now be said to be completely reduced, B they would have been figned by Mr while that of Great Britain is likely to Pitt in his own right, or in the right of flourish more than ever.

his master, in whose hand he was and

ought to be no more than an instru. The BRITON, No. XXIV, con- ment: As a minister, it was his place tains a trite allegory concerning Mr to be guided and not to guide ; the Fitz-George, and his servants. Mr measure he proposed, was disapproved Fitz. George is supposed to be a private c by the person whose servant he was, gentleman,yet he is represented as rai- and it was not likely nor possible that Ting two millions upon his tenants; 0- he should be called to answer for the ther parts of the allegory are somewhat not taking a measure which he ad. better managed, but it relates wholly vised to be taken ; for, it must not be to some late relignations.

forgotten, that he thought fit to re

sign, not because he would have been The NORTHBRITON, No. XXV, made the instrument of a positive mea

D is angry that we did not get possession sure, which he thought wrong, bat of the Havannah sooner, and imputes because the king and his council reour getting poíTe fion of it at all to fused to be made the instrument un. good luck. He says, that the present der him, of a positive measure which ministry have concurred in all mea- they thought wrong: He would not fures relative to a German war, for acquiesce in a mere negative, he exwhich Mr Pitt has been blamed ; and pected them implicitly to adopt a pofathat the noble lords, who moved for E fitive meafure. recalling our troops from Germany last winter, found that they made their Mr URBAN, court very ill, and therefore (whether Cambro-Briton, in your lait Mawas foon laid aside. He says too, that fense of the Prince of Wales's motto, Mr Pitt has been unjustly charged in the common acceptance, Ich dies, with deserting his country at a critical i. e. I serve; and asks why the Prin: period, for that he nobly supported F ces of Wales should, for a inotto, have her cause, and that of her ally the K. recourse to a language quite foreign of Portugal, through the last session of to them? Really, Sir, all writers parliament, exerting his eloquence who have come in my way, (though io Itrengthen the lands of govern- errors by being copied may become ment, and to give resolution and spi. general) Tay, it was the motto of a king rit to a feeble and irresolute admini- of Bobemia, who served under the itration. It may, however, be asked, G King of France, at the battle of Crefwhether Mr Pite's influence, with res- ly, and was killed. The Black Prince pect to public measures, is equal now who also served there under bis fato what it was when he was in the mi- ther Edward III. took the motto as niltry ; if not, he gave away that in- an expression of duty to his fathes, fuence when he religned, and suppo- and a commemoration of that victoting it to be employed in the service of ry: A very honourable origin, I his country, it is still true, that he e. H think and most beartily wisi ventually deserted that service : That that the present little one may prove he did it at a critical period no body

as smart a scourge to that arrogans, car doubt.

perfidious, turbulent, and infatiable Todefend Mr Pitt against the charge

Yours, &c. A. B. of dictaiing to and controlling all o


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Present State of the Land Carriage Fifbery. 537 Present State of the Land Carriage Fisb- the public, left it should be imagined

ery in London ; submitted to the Pub- that such alteration of measures prolick by the Superintendant.

ceeds from lucrative views, which is THE superintendant of the land. not the case, as the fish which remains

after the sale of the first day is over, all ranks of people might reap the be. A will be sold the next day at proper nefit thereof, did, at the commence- prices, according to the state and conment of this undertaking, direct cer- dition thereof; and care will be tatain prices for the several kinds and ken to distribute what remains unfold, fizes of fish to be publickly fixed, at while it is wholsome and for use; as moderate rates as the nature there. and wbich, he can with confidence of admitted ; at which they conti- assure the public, has hitherto been nued till four o'clock in the after- done ; so that out of forty-five tons, noon, and from that hour till feven Bor nine hundred and seventeen hunthey were reduced to one third, in or- dred weight, (the quantity brought der that families of middling rank from the commencement of this unmight partake of this desirable food, dertaking, between the 16th of May as well as the great and opulent, and and the zoth of September last, both inat lefler prices; and what remained clusive) there has not been one hunafter the last mentioned hour, were dred weight lott, and that unavoidafurther reduced to half price, for the ble. Moreover, he may venture to benefit of persons of lower degree ; C aflert, that the prices first affixed in and moreover, any surplus quantity the morning, have been at leait one left at the shutting up the places of fale third, or rather one half less than at night (as has often been the cate) those for which such fish were usually were directed to be sprinkled with fold before this undertaking was set on falt, and exposed to sale the next foot; not to mention the furtiver bemorning, at two thirds less than the nefit which has accrued to the midfirit price the day before, for the be. dle and lower rank of people, by the nefit of poor families: and if not íold D reduced prices, and to the poor, by by twelve at noon the second day. what has been given away, amounting were then given to the prisons and together to 9311. 95. 10 d. within workhouses, so that no part thereof the above mentioned time, as appears might be waited.

in the monthly account annexed, These methods hve been hitherto The fuperintendant conceiving it continued ; but the superintendant may be fome litiiaction to the public, has found that this proceeding, which to be acquainted with the state and was calculated for general benefit, nes progress of this undertaking, bastiken been perverted to very oppoiite pr. E this early opportunity to give an ?? poses, and greatly to the diradian. count of the several species or finn tage of this undertaking ; feveral brought in coniequence of this pian, dealers in fish having made it the within the time abore-mentioned, with practice (especially tince the weather the tale and weight of the hainle, indica has been lo cool for the fato lipen are as fiw:

Gigi' good till the next, or fucceeding!) 99518 Piir of Soals io wait for the hour of balf price, and F 14:00 Mickeri

34 S then to purchase the tifo ; w ca, de 867 Birill or l'air

32 is informed, they fell in their thopthe 286. Tishots

25 next day, at the fame (and often ato? 14"5Thornback less) price, than that in in the 192.21 morning za tie land carti? " places 4579 Harrings

15 of fale för full newl; arrival oru by *:04 P 003 ind Critet; this means have had annor.inits o

3 of undertelling this onen wie: 15701x? 50 Dorriis fith'; or, in cal notarunt? 1933 Pluifm ind Dils carriage, to get aroni ar orines 40300 Pruns for the same; portabilus; 3?r. 136 Lothers open to impofiong f??rdu kigt.

249 Tivat For these rear'ın tuliperunt

122 Epis finds bimself not firateri tu! koon 1 1420 Canh alternion in hi"


51ddirllets rect that 12 til vindecard

Flounders, $*r. price on theday ubeir wivalque thinks it proper to pive this notice to

Toint 9371








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Present State of the Land Carriage Fifbery.
The MONTHLY ACCOUNT whereof itands as underneath :

Weight. Charged to Produce of Given a.
Markets. Sale.

way. cwt. qrs. Ib. 1.

1. S. d. 1. d. In May


307 6

8 In June

783 8 611


7 In July 248

1$45 6 10 226

9 In August 204 14

3 1260 19 8

139 8 7 In September

4 1695 8

1327 9 10 367 10 10 Total


5957 14 4 1 5026 4 Sl 931 910 From this account it appears, that market-Rents-Travelthe fith sent to the markets at its ling expences for fettling first charge, amounted nearly to 6000l. the fishery at the sea ports and if admitted (as it may in justice and on the roads-Coals, be) that they were rated at the first candles, and itationaryprice, one half less than what they porterage, cryers, and diruled to be fuldt for, it will follow perling handhills Baskets that the publick have reaped a be. for the carriages, 31. nefit equal to the above mentioned Scales, weights, and other fum by this undertaking, besides a utensils Advertifing, plentiful supply, and tome variety of printing, and fundry inhin, little known in this metropolis be- cidental expences ; toge. tore ; such as brills, pipers, dories, ther with cash paid for 23 and red muliet ; and to these advan- new machines, and retages may be added near 1000 l. more, pairs done to the saine 4918 is 3 by what was told at reduced prices, and given away as before mentioned.

Remains 3607 13 : The above having been communicated to some friends of the plan, they

In giving this state to the publick, were of opinion, that the publick the fuperintendant thinks it necetsary would be glad to see some ttate of the

to take notice, that though there apgenei al expences, &c. conceiving ma

pears but 107 I. 13 s. 2 d. over and any persons might, through miitake,

bove the capital of 3500 l. yet it is to conclude, that the deficiency of the

be confidered that there were at the frit price fent to the markets, amoun

drawing up this sketch

23 ting to 9311. gs. 10 d. was a sum funk

chines paid for, and then in use, bein the capital granted by the society:

fides including the fundry expences as The superintendant, therefore, defi.

above to the 30th of September last; fous to give all the fatisfaction in his

and this appears to him beyond what power, bath bereunto annexed,

he could have expected from such an

undertaking in its infancy, and with A Sketch of the State of the Land Carri. age Fishery, from its Commencement, to

the many difficulties to be encounter.

ed. It is moreover to be observed, ihe 30th of September inclusive. that the above sum of 3607 l. 13 s. 2 d. Cash advanced by the 1.

is not to be understood as cash in hand, fociety

the whole being' engaged by the fuCarn engaged by the su

perintendant for the purposes of supperintendant


porting and extending this undertakCah received for finn 5026 4 5 ing, by opening some other ports on

the sea coait, for procuring a greater Total 8526 4 5 variety of tilh, which the town seems Cal paid for filh bought

to delire and expe&t; and to that end at the sea ports, boat

he has now in ose fifty-four machines, bire, and hire of horses

besides twenty-six inade, and making, for conveying the same

to complete the number eighty; with 20 London-Sollicitor's bill

which, and such further encourage. for attending the Fish-Aft

ment as the publick inay think pro. - Salaries and wages -

per to give, fish of inferior forts may Firring up the general re.

be brought for the benefit of labouring ceptacle, the othce, and a

perlons at moderate prices ; more ela place of sale in St Jane's

pecially if he Lalt be alliated with a


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