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Some Account of the late Richard Nash, Esq;

539 proper place of general fale, wbere was of diamonds, before, and distin dealers and hawkers may be supplied guished himself by a white hat; the out of the quantities that may occasi- first of these fingularities he left off onally be brought, beyond what the many years ago, but he continued to present eftablithed place of fale can wear a white hat till his death, as he find vent for, agreeable to his original A said, for other reason, But to pre- 710 plan ; the want of wbich has hitherto vent its being stolen. Nas, however, been the greatest disadvantage he has

perfectly understood elegant expences laboured under in the prosecution of and generally past his time in the comthis undertaking.

pany of persons of the first distinction,

though the revenue which supported An Account of the Life of Richard Nash,

him in all this fplendor, had its sourc, Ejg; continued from p. 491, and con- B only in play: His gain, however, arole cluded.

merely from his superior skill, and dis.

passionate attention, for he defrauded THERE

HE amusements of Bath being no man, nor would he, knowingly,

thus improved under Mr Najb's fuffer any man to be defrauded by oadministration, it became the summer

thers : Whenever he found a novice resort of people of fashion, and con

in the hands of a sharper, he failed sequently of the wealthy and the idle not to warn him of his danger, and of every denomination. The magis. C whenever he found a person willing te trates, who found him not only ufeful, play, yet ignorant of the game, he but necessary, gave a sanction to his would offer his service, and play for assumed royalty, by recognizing it

him. themselves, and he was univerfally He once admonished a thoughtless admired as an extraordinary charac- young feilow, who, by a mere run of ter : His vanity was gratified, and at

fortune had won a fum fufficient to length, he affected something particu. D make him easy for life, to be content lar in his dress, behaviour, and con

with his present gains, and play, no versation.

more; telling him frankly, that if he In his journeys from Bath to Tun. had the Bank of England at his combridge, and from Tunbridge to Bath, he mand, he was so ignorant of gaming, usually code in a chariot and six greys,

that if he continued to game he would without riders, running footmen, inevitably lose the whole in a short french horns, and every other appen

time : As a proof of his fincerity, he dage of expensive parade: His dress B offered to give the young gentleman was always Thewy, but for the last 30 fifty guineas, upon condition that he or 40 years, he in some measure mix. would forfeit twenty every time he loft ed the fashions of the last age with two hundred at one fitting. This those of the present; to the fashion of offer he refused, and was soon after his youthful days, as has before been

undone. observed, he punctually conformed, It was not, indeed, very likely to and having contracted a strong attach: have the desired effect, if it had ment to what was then elegant, hep been accepted : The loss of 20 l. was quitted it with reluctance, and but in not motive sufficient to reftrain a part; and it may be observed, that gametter from proceeding to play afmost of the persons who are singular ter his paflions were strongly excited, in their dress, by not adopting the

and he had already loft near 200. modes that successively prevail and

There are not the terms upon which decline, were once remarkable for persons who cannot trust themselves dressing to the height of that fashion with their own money, do what they which prevailed in the prime of their G call tye themselves up from play; as will life, with an attention and precision appear from the following story, the which thewed they made dress of too truth of which is too generally known much importance; for those who se- to be doubted, gard it only as it merits to be regard. A late noble Duke having lost a ed, never think it worth while to have considerable sum, presled Mr Nath to any thing fingular in is, either by ex- tie bim up from play; Nash consented, aggerating reigning modes into ex- H and gave his grace 100 guineas uptravagances, or retaining those which on condition that he thould pay have been quitted by other people. hím 10,000, whenever he should lose Najb, however, had some peculiarities 10,000 at one fitting: This was, 'inof dress that were properly his own ; deed, a contract likely to answer its he wore the buckle of his stock,which intention ; yet such was the Duke's (Gent. Mag. Nov. 1762.)

infatua

540 Some Account of the late Richard Nash, Eja; infatuation, that, having lost 8000 rooms of Bath and Tunbridge, the latt guineas at Hazard, he had lifted up public game being what was called the his hand to throw for 3000 more,when EO, the profits for which Nash shared Nafli, catching hold of the dice-box, with the persons who kept the table entreated him to reflect upon the pe

and the rooms. But as he had always n'alty if he loft ; the Duke for that fpent his whole income when it was time defifted, yet, very soon after, he a greatest

, he was soon reduced to great incurred the penalty at New-market. distress, by the suppreffion of that spe.

A late Earl, when he was very young cies of gaming which had supplied was passionately fond of play, and was his finances : The money he got at never better pleased than when he had private gaming was inconsiderable, Naf for his antagonist; but Nash, in.. and the opportunities precarious. Aš stead of turning his great superiority he grew poor, he lost alike his influ. to his own advantage, made it subfer- B ence and his reputation; he was re. vient to the interest of the young no:

proached as having been the conte. bleman, by using it so as not only to derate of sharpers, and even accused shew him, but to make him feel the of embezzling the subscription modanger to which he exposed himself : ney: That he embezzled the subHe engaged him in single play, and scription-money, was not true; how winning, indulged him in railing the far he was confederate with harpers, stakes, till his loss of temper made the will appear from the following 'meloss of his money more certain, as c morial, which was found among his encreasing the sums for which they papers, in his own hand-writing. played, rendered it, more speedy.

É O 'was first set up in Ame's room, Nash, at length, won his whole estate, the profits divided between one – k and the writings were put into his (the inventor of the game) and A-e. poffeflion, his lordship's very equi. The next year, &- finding the page was the last stake, and he lost e- game so advantageous, turnedven that. When he had suffered the out of his room, and set the game up distraction and anguith which his folly

Dhimself; but C-kand his friends hired had thus brought upon him, till Nab the crier to cry the game down ; upon thought he had felt too much to in. which Ace came running to me to cur them again, he returned all that ftop it, after he had cried it once, he had won, only ftipulating that he which I immediately did, and turned should be paid 5000 l whenever he

the crier off the walks. should think proper to demand it. Then A-e asked me to go a fourth

This demand, however, he never E with him in the bank, which I conmade during his lordship's life, but fented to; C-k next day took me some time afier his death, Mr Naj's into his room which he had hired, affairs being in the wane, hedemanded and proffered me to go half with him, the money of his lordship's heirs, who which I refused, being engaged behonourahly paid it without hesitation. fore to A-e.

As yet there was no law by which , - then set up the fame game, gaming was prohibited, but the great and complained that he had not half encreale of the practice by the eltab. F play at his room ; upon which I made lishment of Bath and Tunbridge, as them agree to join their banks, and places of publick refort, and the per: divide equally the gain and loss, and nicious consequences which reluled I to go the like thare in the bank. from it, now made such a law indir I taking them to be honest, never pensibly necessary.

enquired what was won or lost; and By an act of parliament palled in the thought they paid me honeftly, till it 12th year of the late King George the G was discovered that they had defraudIId, the games at which a particular ed me of 2000 guineas. person prefided and kept the Bank, I then arrested A-e, who told me I were named and declared fraudulent must go into Chancery, and that I and unlawful, and those who set them Thould begin with the people of Bath, up, were made liable to forfeit 2001, who had cheated me of ten times as and all persons were prohibited from much: and told my attorney, that playing, except in the royal palace, Hy-e had cheated me of 500, and under the penalty of sol. This law wrote me word that I had not under was at fiift evaded, but being several his hand, which never was used in tines amendod, and a new act made play. in 1745, a top was at last put to all Upon my arresting A-e, I received erblick gaming (except cards) in the a letter not to prosecute /-e, for he

would

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Some Account of the late Richard Nash, Esq; 541 would be a very good witness: I writ after his connection with Miss Brad. a discharge to y- for 1251. in full, doek, which however was not cri. though he never paid me a farthing, minal, having spent his whole upon his telling me, if his debts were fortune, contracted immense debts, paid he was not worth a fhilling. to the ruin of many an industrious

Every article of this I can prove family, the victims of his good heart from Are's own mouth, as a reason A was thrown into prison; Miss Bradthat he allowe! the bank-keepers but dock took the fatal resolution of set. 10 per cent. because I went 20; and his ting him at liberty by paying the suborning to alter his informa- debts for which he was confined : tion.

RICHARD Nash. This the effected to the ruin both of His reputation, however, he re- her fortune and reputation, against trieved, in spight of poverty, by his the pressing and repeated remonftranconstant attention to detect and dir. B ces of Na. appoint the worst of all Marpers, for. The good-natured S-having thus tune-hunters, and to watch over the ruined his benefactress, soon after virtue and reputation of young ladies deserted her, and having contracted of fortune, who at such places as Bath, new debts, at last died in the goal and Tunbridge were expoled to the from which he had been so underer. company and the artisces of design. vedly delivered. ing and needy villains, who would

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Poor Miss Braddock, who found her. have found it impossible to approach self disesteemed and lighted in London, them at home.

accepted Mr Najb's invitation to come Several instances of his integrity to Bath, where the frequented the and benevolence on such occafions are rooms, and continued to game, till related in this narrative, which also even the ruins of her fortune were contains some account of the distresses

swept away and death of Miss Fanny Braddock, un.' One of the rooms at Bath was then der the name of Miss Sylvia S- D kept by a woman called Dame LindThis lady was daughter of old Gen. sey, who, knowing the distresses of Braddock, and sister to the officer of Mi's Braddock, fo.craftily availed herthat name, who was defeated and kill. self of them, that the indiscreet young ed in America, and at nineteen in the lady, whenever a person was wanting possession of a fortune of fix thousand to make up a party for play at her pounds : She was extremely beautiful, house, suffered herself to be sent for : and by no means deficient either in

E

This put the finishing stroke to her underitanding or wit, but she was reputation, tho' it is generally allowimmoderately fond of play; she was ed that the was never concerned in also unfortunately enamoured of one any criminal intrigue. Having conS-, who, by a itrange abuse of the tinued in a situation so deplorable word, was called the good-natured man. three years, from 1727 to 1730, Mr He was the slave of his appetites and Najb prevailed upon her to break off paffions, which he never dismissed all connection with Dame Lindsey, and

F without gratification, whatever was to rent part of Mr Wood's house in the consequence; when the desire of Queen- Square: She had long become woman was predominant, he would weary of lif

weary of life, and by degrees, from without scruple pract:se, every artifice a companion of nobles, from a for. to seduce the unwary, and betray the tunë, and a toast, the sunk into a innocent: when he was in pursuit of house keeper to Mr Wood, at whose any other gratification that was ex- house she lived. In this ftate her mepensive, he would diflipate his fortune lancholy increased, her reflections up. with the most thoughtless prodigality, Gon the time past became more bitter, and when his pity happened to be and her anticipation of the future touched, or bis love for a drunken more aluming. companion, his prodigality took an- On Wednesday the 8th of Sept. 1731, other turn, Such men, equally wimbuh- Mr Wood and part of his family, being ed and despicable, are, from the mere gone iu London, she was left with the imbecility which, diipose then reit as a kind of governess at Bath ; comply with every requeit, however H me went to bed without any reeming absurd, or however immoral, called dilorder, and the next day was found good natured men; oi, according to the hanging in a gold and silver girdle, more falbionable cant, ten zith a from the top of a closet door in her good beart.

Such a good-latured, chamber : For a more particular ac. food-hearted man was s-, who foon

count

to)

542 Some Account of tbe lafe Richard Nalb, Elas count of this unhappy event, see In memory of honours bettowed Vol. I. p. 397, of Gent. Mag.

And in gratitude for favours conHer youth, her beauty, and her mir.

ferred in this city fortunes, rendered her the object of

By his Royal Highness universal pity ; but rerhaps the fate

Frederick Prince of Wales

А of her brother will be less regretted,

And his royal confort when it is known that he was so defti

In the year 1738. tute of humanity as, when he heard This obelik is erected by of his fifter's death, to express himself

Richard Nash, Esq; by a pun, saying, she had tied berself From this time it became a fashion up from play.

to give Naft fnuff boxes, and the corAmong the friends of Mr Najh was poration erected a statue of him in the the old dutchefs of Marlborough, who Pump-room. frequently consulted him in domestic B As a specimen of his manner of tel. matters ; and her letting leases, build- ling a story, the author of his lite has ing bridges, and forming canals, were inserted the following: often carried on under his direction. Suppole the company to be talking

It is said that no private man ever of a German war, or Elizabetb Canrelieved the distresses of so many per- ning, he would begin thus: •P! tell fons as Najb. The objects of his boun.' ' you something to that purpose, that ty, indeed, were not always well cho- í fancy will make you laugh. A fen, but it is certain he gave from CTM covetous old parfon; as rich as the benevolence, and not from mere im- "devil, scraped a fresh acquaintance becility or oftentation; for even when with me several years ago at Batb. he was arrived at that time of life I knew him when he and I were when the hearts of many become cal. • ftudents at Oxford, where we both lous to distress, and when silver and studied damnationly bard, but that's gold he had none, he gave to the neither here nor there. Well, very wretched all he had to bestow, his tears: D house in John's Court. (No,

my house

well. I entertained him at my Nor are there wanting instances of his bounty that do him honour ; he was in Fohn's Court was not built then) the principal instrument of establishing but I entertained him with all that the hospital at Batb, for which, in con- the city could afford; the rooms, the junction with Dr Oliver, he raised a • music, and every thing in the world. liberal subscription.

• Upon his leaving Bath, he pressed He erected an obelisk 30 feet high, 'me very hard to return the visit; in a grove near the Abbey church, 'Eand desired me to let him have the since called the Orange Grove, in me- pleasure of feeing me at his house mory of the late Prince of Orance's re- in Devbnbire, Åbout fix months covery there from a dangerous lick- after, I happened to be in that neighness, who made him a prefent of a • bourhood, and was refolved to see Inuff-box. On the Weft side of the • my old friend, from whom I expecpedestal are the Prince's arms, and on (ted a very warm reception. Well : the Eatt is the following infcription : F "" I knocks at his door, when an old

queer creature of a maid came to In memoriam .

• the doorand denied him. I suspect. Sanitatis

ed, however, that he was at home; Principi Auriaco

' and going into the parlour, what Aguarun thermalium pote • Should I fee but the parson's legs up Favente Deo,

• the chimney, where he had thruit Ovante Britannia

• himfelf to avoid entertaining me. Feliciter reflituta

G! This was very well. My dear, says M.DCC. XXXIV.

" I to the maid, it is very cold, exIn the year 1738 the late Prince Free

4 treme cold, indeed, and I am afraid derick of Wales, and his royal consort,

! I have got a touch of my ague, light were at Balb. The Prince, when he

' me the fire, if you please --La, fir, went away, was pleased to present Mr

• says the maid, who was a modest Nash with a large gold enamelled snuff

creature to be sure, the chimney box, and Nalb erected an obelisk 70 Ho bear the room for three minuets to.

'fmokes monftroally, you could not feet high, enclosed with a ftone balluAtrade, in Queen's-Square, upon which is

.gether. By the greateft good luck the following inscription, which, at

• there was a bandle of ftraw in the his i equeft, was drawn up by Mr Pope,

hearth, and I called for a candle. The candle came. Well, good wo

.man

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Some Account of the late Richard Nash, Esq; 543 • man, says I, since you won't light burying their. Sovereign with proper « me a fire, I'll light one for myself, respect. After the corps had lain ? and in a moment the straw was all in four days, it was conveyed to the ab.' • a blaze. This quickly unkennelled bey church in that city, with a so• the old fox; there he stood in an old lemnity somewhat peculiar to his cha.

A 6 rusty: night-gown, blessing himself, racter.' About five the procesion mo. ' and looking likedhemegad.

ved from his house; the charity girls • HERE I ftand, gentlemen, that two and two preceded, next the boys • could once leap forty-two feet upon

of the charity, school, finging a lo• level ground, at three ftanding lemn occasional hymn. Next march

jumps, backward or forward. One, ed the city music, and his own baud, two, three, dart like an arrow out founding at proper intervals a dirge. of a bow. But I am old now. I Three clergymen inmediately pre

remember I once Jeaped for three B ceded the coffin, which was adorned • hundred guineas with Count Clop- with fable plumes, and the pall fupfrock, the great leaper, leaping-inalter ported by the fix senior aldermen. to the Prince of Pafuu ; you must all The masters of the assembly-rooms • have heard of him. First he began followed as chief mourners; the bea. with the running jump, and a most dles of that hospital, which he had

damnable bounce it was, that's cer. contributed so largely to endow, went tain : Every body concluded that he c themselves, the lane, the emaciated,

next; and last of all, the poor patients • bad the match hollow; when only • taking off my hat, ftripping off nei. and the feeble, followed their old be ' ther coat, foes, nor stockings, mind netactor to his grave, thedding un. me, I fetches a run, and went be. feigned tears, and lamenting them. 'yond him one foot, three inches, selves in him. • and three quarters measured, upon my soul, by captain Pately's own

Mr URBAN, • standard,

Poor Nap, however, grew at length DPE mitme to address the public, in out of fashion, he was poor and ne.

dle-aged men in town and country; glected, and naturally became peevith many of whoin, I am persuaded, will and fretful: He stood in need of that find themselves in iny condition. bounty which he had so often la- Tho' I have plenty all round me, vihed upon others, and to give a yet the prevailing manner of ordering colour both for him to ask, and the tea breakfait pinches me even in others to be tow it, he proposed to the midtt of this plenty: I have been write his own life, and collected fub- E accustomed, and do itil chufe, to laake fcriptions for publishing it: The fum my morning meal upon such wholehe thus collected was not inconsidera. some food as my country house af. ble, but he was principally supported fords, which has usually been set out in the last decline of life, by the cor- on the dining table; but the tender poration, who paid him ten guineas branches of my family, now sipping at the first Monday of every month. His their tripod close by the fire, have conftitution, which was originally ro- drawn all the attendance, and part of

F bust and vigorous in the highest de

the necessaries to their quarter. gree, at length began to decay ; he Would it not make you smile, Mr felt himself linking by degrees, and Urban, to see the mistreis of the house, anticipated the moment in which the her tender branches, and master taystream of time should close over him, lor, with skain of thread round bis with regret, anxiety, and terror. He neck (who works at our house) foredied at his house in St John's Court, at set with beaps of toast and butter'd Bath, on the 3d of February, 2761, a- bread, while the master, and chief ged 87 years, three months, and some supporters of the family, modestly days. This account of his age, which wait till this body-breakfátt be over? differs from that given by Dr Oliver, or Nily seek out their own provifion? is taken from a niemorandum of Nash's Now, as they have disented from us, own hand writing, in a book in the and not we from them, what I would poffeffion of Mr Charles Morgan,of Batb. aik of the good wom?n of the house,

His death, was sincerely regretted will, I hope, appear the more reasonby the city, to which he had been so able, which is only this - That the fa

H long, and so great a benefactor. The mily table may be deck'd at breakfast. day after he died, the mayor of Bath tine in the same manner it used to called the corporation together, where

be before the tea tripod came in vogue, they granted fifty pounds towards Nav. 20, 1762. The HOUSHOLDER

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