Modes of Thought: Explorations in Culture and Cognition

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David R. Olson, Nancy Torrance
Cambridge University Press, 1996 M09 28 - 305 páginas
A central problem in cultural psychology is the diversity of patterns of rationality among cultures, historical periods, and stages of personal development. The distinguished contributors to this volume maintain that the acknowledgement of the inconsistency of rational patterns is not necessarily at odds with the traditional notion of the "psychological unity" of humankind. Leading psychologists, anthropologists, historians, and educational theorists explore this issue in considerable depth, citing relevant examples and problems relating to their specific areas of expertise. Scholars of social and psychological disciplines will find this text to be informative and thought-provoking.
 

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Contenido

List of contributors
Preface
Introduction
1
Science in antiquity The Greek and Chinese cases and their relevance to the problems of culture and cognition
15
Relations of analogy and identity Toward multiple opentations to the world
34
Self narrative and memory Reflections on Augustine Petrarch and Descartes
53
Normal people
59
Modes of reasoning and the politics of authority in the modern state
72
Inference in narrative and science
123
Literate mentalities Literacy consciousness of language and modes of thought
141
Mythology and analogy
152
Cognitive domains as modes of thought
187
Modes of thinking about living kinds Science symbolism and common sense
216
Is good thinking scientific thinking? Deanna Kuhn
261
Network the verb and the appeal of collaborative modes of instruction and thought
282
Author index
295

Frames for thinking Ways of making meaning
93
Autobiography and fiction as modes of thought
106

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