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Ad PYRRHAM, O DE V.
Hôratius ex Pyrrhæ illecebris tanquam è naufragio
enataverat, cujus amore irretitos, affirmat effe miseros.
UIS multa gracilis te puer in rosa
Perfufus liquidis urget odoribus,
Cui flavam religas comam
Nigris æquora ventis.
Emirabitur insolens !
Sperat, nescius auræ
Fallacis. Miseri quibus
On the new forcers of conscience under the Long
Prelate Lord, And with stiff vows renounc'd his Liturgy, To seise the widow'd whore Plurality
From them whose fin ye envied, not abhorr'd, Dare ye for this adjure the civil sword
This copy of verses also was nal, classical, provincial, and nafirst added in the second edition of tional allemblies. See what the the author's poems in 1673, and I author says in his Observations on fuppose was made, when the Di- the Irish peace, p. 356. Vol. 1. reciory was establish’d, and dif- Edit. 1738. “Their next impeachputes ran high between the Pres- “ ment is, that we oppose the Prèsbyterians and Independents in the “ byterial government, the hedge and year 1645, the latter pleading for “ bulwark of religion. Which all a toleration, and the former against “ the land knows to be a most imit. . And in the Manuscript it is “ pudent fallhood, having estanot in Milton's own hand, but in “ blish'd it with all freedom, another, the same that wrote some " wherever it bath been desir'd. of the Sonnets.
“ Nevertheless, as we perceive it
“ aspiring to be a compulfive 3. the widow'd whore] In “ power upon all without excepthe Manuscript it was at first “ tion in parochial, classical, and the vacant whore.
“ provincial hierarchies, or to re
quire the fleshly arm of magi7. -- with a classic hierarchy ] stracy in the execution of a ipiIn the Presbyterian form of go- “ ritual disciplin, to punish and yernment there were congregatio amerce by any corporal inflic.
To force our consciences that Christ set free,
Taught ye by mere A. S. and Rotherford ?
9 Would have been held in high esteem with Paul,
Must now be nam’d and printed Heretics
But we do hope to find out all your tricks,
That so the Parlament May with their wholesome and preventive shears 16
" tion those whose consciences Gangræna, a book in which the
cannot be edify'd by what au- errors, heresies, blasphemies, and
thority they are compelld, we lewd practice, which broke out in « hold it no
be the the last four years (1642, 1643, “ hedge and bulwark of religion, 1644, 1645,) are recired: See “ than the Popish and Prelatical Collier’s Ecclefiaftical History, Vol. “ courts, or the Spanish Inquifi. 2. p. 855. Mr. Thyer gives this
account of it, that it was publish'd
in 1646, and dedicated to the Par8. by mere A. S. and Rother- lament by Thomas Edwards mi
ford? j I know not who is nister of the Gospel, and was inmeant by A. S. Some book might titled Gangræna, or a Catalogue and have been publith'd fign’d by those Discovery of many of the errors, heletters, and perhaps an equivoque refies, blasphemies, and pernicious might also be intended. Sam. Ro- praciices of the Sedaries of this therford was one of the commis- time, vented and acted in England fioners of the church of Scotland. in these four last years. Scotch what
d'ye call might be perhaps the fa12. By shallow Ed-wards &c] In mous Alexander Henderson, or as the Manuicript it was at first hare- that expression implies some hard brain'd Edwards, He wrote the name, George Gillespie, a Scotch
Р P 3
Clip your phylacteries, though bauk your ears,
And succour our just fears, When they shall read this clearly in your charge, New Presbyter is but Old Priest writ large.
minister and commissioner at West- press’d in his treatise of the likelieff minster, called Gal.lpe in Whit- Means to remove hirelings out of the lock, and Galasp in one of our church. “ And yet a late hot Queauthor's Sonnets : and nothing • rist for tithes, whom ye may could be express’d with greater “ know by his wit's lying ever becontempt.
“ fide him in the margin, to be
ever befide his wits in the text; 17. Clip your phyla&teries, though à fierce reformer once, now bauk your ears,] So we read as “ rankled with a contrary heat
, it is corrected in the table of Er. “ &c." Vol. 1. p. 569. Edit. rata in the edition of 1673: in all 1738. the editions it is fallly printed bank your ears. This line in the Manu
20. New Prefbyter is but Old script was thus at first,
Priest] He expresses the same Crop ye as close aș marginal works. Bishops and Presbyters are
sentiment in other parts of his P-s ears.
the same to us both name and thing. He means Prynne who had been &c See his Speech for the liberty sentenc'd to lose his ears, and af. of unlicenc'd printing. Vol. 1: terwards was sentenc'd to lose the p. 153. and the conclufion of his remainder of them, so that he was treatise intitled The Tenure of cropt close indeed: and the reason Kings and Magiftrates. of his calling him marginal is ex
215 s O N N E T S.
To the NIGHTINGALE:
, that on yon bloomy spray Warblest at evé, when all the woods are still, Thou with fresh hope the lover's heart dost fill,
While the jolly hours lead on propitious May. Thy liquid notes that close the
The Sonnet is a species of poetry two ftanza's or measures of four of Italian extraction, and the fa- verses each, and two of three, the mous Petrarch hath gained the re- first eight verses having no more putation of being the first author than two rimes : and herein it difand inventor of it. He wrote a fers from the Canzone, which is great number in commendation of not confin'd to any number of his mistress Laura, with whom he ftanza's or verses. It is certainly was in love for twenty years toge- one of the most difficult of all the ther, and whose death he lamented lesser kinds of poetry, such fimwith the same zeal for ten years plicity and such correctness being afterwards : and for the tender- requir'd in the composition: And. ness and delicacy of his passion, I have often wonder'd that the as well as for the beauty and ele- quaintness and exactness of the gance of his sentiments and lan- rimes alone did not deter Milton guage, he is esteemed the great from attempting it, but he was master of love poetry among the carried on by his love of the ItaModerns, and his Sonnets are uni- lians and Italian poetry: and other Versally allow'd to be the standard celebrated writers have been eand perfection of that kind of qually fond of copying Petrarch, writing.
The Sonnet, I think, as Bellay, Ronsard, Malherb &c. confifts generally of one thought, among the French ; Sidney, Spenand that always turn'd in fourteen fer, Shakespear &c. among the verses of the length of our heroics, English; but none of them have