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folicit them from him. Let the event guide itfelf which way it wilt, I shall deserve of the age, by bringing into the light as true a birth, as the Muses have brought forth fince our famous Spenser wrote ; whose poems in these English ones are as rarely imitated, as sweetly excell’d. Reader, if thou art eagle-ey'd to censure their worth, I am not fearful to expose them to thy exactest perusal.

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Poems on Several OCCASIONS.



On the death of a fair Infant, dying of a cough.



Fairest flow'r no fooner blown but blasted,

Soft filken primrose fading timelesly, Summer's chief honor, if thou hadft out-lasted Bleak Winter's force that made thy blossom dry; For he being amorous on that lovely dye

5 That did thy cheek envermeil, thought to kiss, But kill'd, alas, and then bewail'd his fatal bliss.


This elegy was not inserted in consequently a daughter of his the firft iedition of the author's fifter Philips, and probably her first poems printed in 1645, but was child. added in the second edition printed in 1673. It was compos'd in the 6.

thought to kiss, year 1625, that being the 17th

But killd, alas, &c] Copied proyear of Milton's age.

In some bably from this verse in Shake. editions the title runs thus, On the fpear's Venus and Adonis, death of a fair Infant, a nephew of his

, dying of a cough: but the fe He thought to kiss him, and quel shows plainly that the child hath kill'd him fo. was not a nephew, but a niece, and

8. For

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For fince grim Aquilo his charioteer
By boi trous


th' Athenian damsel got,
He thought it touch'd his deity full near,
If likewise he some fair one wedded not,
Thereby to wipe away th' infamous blot
Of long-uncoupled bed, and childlefs eld,

[held. Which ʼmongst the wanton Gods a foul reproach was

So mounting up in icy-pearled car,

Through middle empire of the freezing air
He wander'd long, till thee he spy'd from far ;
There ended was his quest, there ceas'd his care,
Down he descended from his snow-foft chair,

But all unwares with his cold-kind embrace Unhous'd thy virgin soul from her fair biding place.



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8. For fince grim Aquilo &c] Bo- lib. 3.) that is, she was drown'd in reas or Aquilo carried off by force a high wind crossing that river.. Orithyia daughter of Erectheus

Richardson. king of Athens. Ovid. Met, VI.

th' infamous bloi Fab. 9. Milton hath invented this

Of long-uncoupled bed, and child fine fable of Winter's rape upon

les eld, &c] The author prohis fister's daughter, on the same bably pronounced infamous with grounds as that of Boreas on the the middle syllable long as it is in daughter of Ere&theus, whom he Latin. Eld is old age, a word used raviind as the crossd over the in innumerable places of Spenser tiver llyffus (as Apollodorus says and our old writers. And in say:

IV. Yet art thou not inglorious in thy fate; For fo Apollo, with unweeting hand, Whilome did Nay his dearly-loved mate, Young Hyacintb born on Eurotas' strand, 25 Young Hyacinth the pride of Spartan land,

But then transform'd him to a purple flower: Alack that so to change thee Winter had no power.


Yet can I not persuade me thou art dead, Or that thy corse corrupts in earth’s dark womb, 30 Or that thy beauties lie in wormy bed, Hid from the world in a low delved tomb; Could Heav'n for pity thee so striály doom?

Oh no! for something in thy face did Ihine Abové mortality, that show'd thou wast divine.


Resolve Siwit ing that long-uncoupled bed and child Connubii, fterilefque diu consuwas held a reproach among

meret annos, the wanton Gods, the poet seems to Impatiens nescire torum, nullasallude particularly to the case of Plato, as reported by Claudian. De Illecebras, nec dulce patris cog

noscere nomen. Dux Erebi quondam tumidas ex 23. For lo Apollo, &c ] Apollo arsit in iras

siew Hyacinthus by accident playPrælia moturus fuperis, quod fo. ing at quoits, and afterwards lus egeret

changed him into a fower of the B 3


que mariti

Rapt. Prof. I. 32.


Resolve me then, oh Soul most surely bleft,
(If so it be that thou these plaints doft hear)
Tell me bright Spirit where'er thou hoverest,
Whether above that high first-moving sphere,
Or in th’ Elysian fields (if such there were)

Oh say me true, if thou wert mortal wight,
And why from us so quickly thou didst take thy flight,

VII. Wert thou some star which from the ruin'd roof Of shak'd Olympus by mischance didst fall; Which careful Jove in nature's true behoof 45 Took

up, and in fit place did reinstall ? Or did of late earth's fons besiege the wall


319. &c.

same name.

The reader may see cealed themselves in various hapes. the story in Ovid. Met. X. Fab. 6. See Ovid. Met. V.

49: nektar'd head? ] As in 39. that high first-moving Lycidas ver. 175.

Sphere,] The primum mobile, that first mov'd as he calls it Para

With nectar pure his oozy locks

he laves. dise Lott. III. 483. where see the note.

50. that just Maid] Astrea 44. didA fall;] This is fome- or the Goddess of justice, who of.

fended with the crimes of men forwhat inaccurate in all the editions. Grammar and fyntax require did fook the earth. Ovid. Met. I. 150. fall.

Ultima cæleftûm terras Aftrea

reliquit. 47. Or did of late earth's sons &c] For when the giants invaded 53. tbat sweet smiling Youth?] Heaven, the deities filed and con- At first I imagind that the author


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