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CHAPTER V.

Milton publishes his Treatises “ On Prelatical Episcopacy,"

and “ The Reason of Church Government urged against

Prelacy," in Answer to Bishop Hall and Archbishop Usher

-Criticism on their Style-Analysis of both Treatises : 57

CHAPTER VI.

Milton publishes his “ Animadversions on the Remonstrants'

Defence”-The most striking Passage from this Work-

The Episcopalian claim to the right of Ordination-Ap-

pearance of the “ Modest Confutation ”- Milton replies

in the “ Apology for Smectymnuus” - Analysis of the

Work-Defence of the Parliament-Relics of Rome in the

Anglican Church . . . . . 75

CHAPTER VII.

Milton's Marriage-Is deserted by his Wife-Publishes his

Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce-Effect of the exist-

ing Laws on Personal Religion—Their Bearing on Chris-

tian Liberty-Publication of the Judgment of Martir

Bucer concerning Divorce — The Tetrachordon — The

Colasterion

· . 90

CHAPTER VIII.

State of Religious Parties in England - Persecutions by Laud

and the Courts of High Commission and Star Chamber-

Persecuting Bigotry of the Presbyterians-Meeting of the

Westminster Assembly—The Solemn League and Cove-

nant-Catastrophe of the Royal Cause-Repentance and

Return of Milton's Wife-He publishes his Treatise on

Education Analysis of the Work . . . 101

- CHAPTER IX.

Milton publishes his “ Speech for the Liberty of Unlicensed

Printing”-Analysis of the Work-Noble Passages occur--

ring in it-Discharge of Mabbot, the Licenser, at his own

request . · · · · ·

CHAPTER X.

Milton's Sonnets-Domestic Incidents-Conduct of the Pres-

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CHAPTER I.

SCANTINESS OF THE MATERIAL OFFERED BY MEN LIKE MILTON TO THE

ALERE BIOGRAPHER-GREAT MEN PRODUCED IN AGES OF TRANSITION-
GENERAL FEATURES OF THE AGE IN WHICH MILTON LIVED-EFFECTS
OF THE REFORMATION-RETENTION OF THE ESSENCE OF POPERY-

It is a condition, at which it is futile to repine, belonging
to those who in all ages have been born to guide a country
amidst the stormy vicissitudes of a revolution, that they can be
but little known as individuals to succeeding generations.
Such men can scarcely be said to have, during their active
years, a personal and private life. Scarcely any of those
who are either desirous or capable of transmitting to pos-
terity the portraiture of the Man, have close and frequent
access to the leaders, whether military or civil, of national
transition. And as little, too, have those heroes such close
and leisurely access to themselves, as admits of their giving to
mankind that most valuable of biographies which can be best,
if not solely, recorded by the individual, and which would
exhibit the development of those inner principles which,
ultimately embodied in their public acts, have influenced or
decided the destinies of their country. The biography of
such men is, for the most part, little else than a fragment
of the history of their times.

To those who can appreciate the loftiest intellectual
powers, sustained by vast learning, and enriched with the

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