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heads or casks, than One Thaler and Two Schillings for one hundred pounds Hamburg weight (equal to seventy Cents United States currency and weight), to lay no higher import-duty upon rice imported in tierces or half tierces than twenty-five schillings for one hundred pounds Hamburg weight (equal to thirty-seven and a half Cents United States currency and weight), to lay no higher duty upon whaleoil, imported in Casks or Barrels, than twelve and a half Schillings per hundred pounds Hamburg weight (equal to eighteen and three quarters Cents United States currency and weight).

The Grand-Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin further agrees to levy no higher Transit-duty on the aforementioned articles in their movement on the Berlin-Hamburg rail-road, than two Schillings per hundred pounds Hamburg weight (equal to three Cents United States currency and weight) and to levy no Transit-Duty on the above mentioned articles when conveyed through the ports of the country.

It is understood however, that nothing herein contained shall prohibit the levying of a duty sufficient for control, which in no instance shall exceed on the two articles imported duty-free or those on transit one schilling per hundred Pounds Hamburg weight (equal to One Cent and a half United States Currency and Weight).

ART: 9.

The High Contracting Parties grant to Each other the liberty of having Each in the ports of the other, Consuls, vice-consuls, commercial-agents, and vice-commercial agents of their own appointment who shall enjoy the same privileges and powers as those of the most favoured nations; but if any of the said Consuls, shall carry on trade, they shall be subjected to the same laws and usages to which private individuals of their nation are subjected in the same place.

The Consuls, vice-consuls, commercial and vice-commercial-agents shall have the right, as such, to sit as judges and arbitrators in such differences as may arise between the masters and crews of the vessel belonging to the nation, whose interests are committed to their charge, without the interference of the local authorities, unless the conduct of the crews or of the Captain should disturb the order or tranquillity of the country; or the said consuls, vice-consuls, commercial agents or vice commercial-Agents should require their assistance, to cause their decisions to be carried into effect or supported.

It is however understood, that this species of judgment or arbitration, shall not deprive the contending parties of the right they have to resort on their return, to the judicial authority of their own country.

The said Consuls, vice-consuls, commercial-agents and vice-commercial-agents are authorized to require the assistance of the local authorities for the search, arrest and imprisonment of the deserters from the ships of war and merchant vessels of their country. For this purpose they shall apply to the competent tribunals, judges and officers, and shall, in writing, demand said deserters, proving by the exhibition of the registers of the vessels, the musterrolls of the crews, or by any other official documents, that such individuals formed part of the crews, and on this claim being thus substantiated the surrender shall not be refused.

Such deserters, when arrested, shall be placed at the disposal of the said Consuls, vice-consuls, commercial-agents or vice-commercialagents, and may be confined in the public prisons, at the request and cost of those who shall claim them, in order to be sent to the vessels to which they belong, or to others of the same country. But if not sent back within three months from the day of their arrest, they shall be set at liberty and shall not be again arrested for the same cause. However if the deserter shall be found to have committed any crime or offence, his surrender may be delayed until the tribunal, before which his case shall be pending, shall have pronounced its sentence, and such sentence shall have been carried into effect.

ART: 10.

The subjects and citizens of the High Contracting Parties shall be permitted to sojourn and reside in all parts whatsoever of the said territories in order to attend to their affairs, and also to hire and occupy houses and warehouses for the purpose of their commerce, provided they submit to the laws, as well general as special, relative to the right of residing and trading.

Whilst they conform to the laws and regulations in force, they shall be at liberty to manage themselves their own business in all the territories subject to the jurisdiction of Each Party, as well in respect to the consignment and sale of their goods, by wholesale or retail, as with respect to the loading, unloading and sending off their ships, or to employ such agents and brokers as they may deem proper, they being in all these cases to be treated as the citizens or subjects of the country in which they reside, it being nevertheless understood, that they shall remain subject to the said laws and regulations also in respect to sales by wholesale or retail.

They shall have free access to the tribunals of justice in their litigious affairs on the same terms which are granted by the law and usage of country to native citizens or subjects, for which purpose they may employ in defence of their rights, such advocates, attorneys and other agents as they may judge proper.

The citizens or subjects of Each Party shall have power to dispose of their personal property within the jurisdiction of the other, by sale, donation, testament or otherwise.

Their personal representatives being citizens or subjects of the other Contracting Party shall succeed to their said personal property, whether by testament or ab intestato. They may take possession thereof, either by themselves, or by others acting for them, at their will, and dispose of the same, paying such duty only as the inhabitants of the country wherein the said personal property is situated shall be subject to pay in like cases. In the case of the absence of the personal representatives, the same care shall be taken of the said property as would be taken of a property of a native in like case, until the lawful owner may take measures for receiving it.

If any question should arise among several claimants to which of them the said property belongs, the same shall be finally decided, by the laws and judges of the Country wherein it is situated.

Where, on the decease of any person, holding real estate within the territories of one Party, such real estate, would by the laws of the land descend on a citizen or subject of the other were he not disqualified by alienage, such citizen or subject shall be allowed a reasonable time to sell the same, and to withdraw the proceeds without molestation, and exempt from all duties of detraction on the part of the Government of the respective States.

The capitals and effects which the citizens or subjects of the respective Parties, in changing their residence shall be desirous of removing from the place of their domicil shall likewise be exempt from all duties of detraction or emigration on the part of their respective Governments.

ART: 11.

The present Treaty shall continue in force until the tenth of June, One thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight, and further until the end of twelve months after the Government of Mecklenburg-Schwerin on the one part, or that of the United States on the other part, shall have given notice of its intention of terminating the same, but upon the condition hereby expressly stipulated and agreed, that, if the Grand-Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin shall deem it expedient or find it compulsory during the said term, to levy a duty on paddy or rice in the husk, or augment the duties upon leaves, strips or stems of tobacco, on whale-oil and rice, mentioned in Article VIII. (eighth) of the present treaty the Government of Mecklenburg-Schwerin shall give notice of one year to the Government of the United States before proceeding to do so; and at the expiration of that year or any time subsequently the Government of the United States shall have full power and right to abrogate the present treaty by giving a previous notice of six months to the Government of Mecklenburg-Schwerin or to continue it (at its option) in full force until the operation thereof shall have been arrested in the manner first specified in the present Article.

Now therefore the Undersigned L. de Lutzow, President of the privy Council and first Minister of His Royal Highness, on the part of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, and A. Dudley Mann, special Agent on the part of the United States, invested with full powers to this effect, found in good and due form, have this day signed in triplicate, and have exchanged this declaration. The effect of this agreement is hereby declared to be to establish the aforesaid treaty between the High Parties to this declaration, as fully and perfectly, to all intents and purposes, as if all the provisions therein contained, in the manner as they are above explicitly stated, had been agreed to in a separate treaty, concluded and ratified between them in the ordinary form.

In witness whereof the above named plenipotentiaries have hereto affixed their names and seals. Done at Schwerin, this gth (ninth) day of December, 1847.

A. DUDLEY MANN. SEAL.]
L. OF LUTZOW. SEAL.

1853. November 26, 1853, the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin acceded to the extradition treaty of 1852 between the United States and Prussia and other States of the Germanic Confederation,

page 520.

MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ.

(SEE NORTH GERMAN UNION.)

1853. December 2, 1853, the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz acceded to the extradition treaty of 1852 between the United States and Prussia and other States of the Germanic Confederation, page 520.

MEXICO.

1828.

TREATY OF LIMITS.

Concluded January 12, 1828; ratification advised by the Senate April

4, 1832; ratified by the President April 5, 1832; ratifications exchanged April 5, 1832; proclaimed April 5, 1832. (Treaties and

, , p. 661.

This treaty of three articles confirmed the boundaries set out in the treaty with Spain, 1819, and provided for a commission to run the line, which was never appointed. The accession of Texas and the war with the United States and Mexico rendered the treaty inoperative.

1831.

TREATY OF LIMITS.

Concluded April 5, 1831; ratification advised by the Senate April 4,

1832; ratified by the President April 5, 1832; ratifications exchanged April 5, 1832; proclaimed April 5, 1832. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 663.)

This single article extended the time for the exchange of ratifications of the Treaty of 1828, and expired with it.

1831.

TREATY OF AMITY, COMMERCE, AND NAVIGATION.

Concluded April 5, 1831; ratification advised by the Senate March 23,

1832; ratified by the President April 5, 1832; ratifications exchanged April 5, 1832; proclaimed April 5, 1832. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 664.)

This treaty of thirty-four articles was suspended during the war between the United States and Mexico, 1846–47, but was revived in general by the Treaty of 1848, and finally denounced by Mexico November 30, 1881.

Federal case: Atocha v. U. S., 8 Ct. Cl., 427.

1835.

TREATY OF LIMITS.

Concluded April 3, 1835; ratification advised by the Senate January

26, 1835; ratified by the President February 2. 1836; ratifications exchanged April 20, 1836; proclaimed April 21, 1836. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 675.)

This single article extended the time for the appointment of the commission to fix the boundary provided for in the Treaty of 1828, but it was never appointed.

1839.

CLAIMS CONVENTION.

Concluded April 11, 1839; ratification advised by the Senate March 17,

1840; ratified by the President April 6, 1840; ratifications exchanged April 7, 1840; proclaimed April 8, 1840. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 676.)

By this treaty of fourteen articles a commission of four members and an umpire named by the King of Prussia was directed to be appointed to adjust the claims of United States citizens against Mexico. The commission held its first session in Washington, D. C., August 25, 1840, and terminated its duties February 25, 1842.

Federal case: Gill v. Oliver's Executors, 11 How., 529.

1813.

CLAIMS CONVENTION.

Concluded January 30, 1843; ratification adrised by the Senate March

2, 1843; ratified by the President; ratifications exchanged March 29, 1843; proclaimed March 30, 1843. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 680.)

This treaty of seven articles provided for the payment of the awards rendered by the commission under the Treaty of 1839.

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