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4. The American citizen shall pay no other duties on export or import, tonnage, license to trade, or other charge whatsoever, than the nation the most favored shall pay.

5. If any vessel of the United States shall suffer Shipwreck on any part of the Sultans Dominions, the persons escaping from the wreck shall be taken care of and hospitably entertain'd, at the expense of the Sultan, until they shall find an opportunity to be return’d to their country—for the Sultan can never receive any remuneration whatever for rendering succour to the distress'd—and the property saved from such wreck, shall be carefully preserv'd and delivered to the owner, or the Consul of the United States, or to any authorized Agent.

6. The Citizens of the United States resorting to the Ports of the Sultan for the purpose of trade, shall have leave to land, & reside in the said. Ports, without paying any tax or imposition whatever for such liberty, other than the General Duties on Imports which the most favored nation shall pay.

7. If any citizens of the United States, or their vessels, or other property shall be taken by Pirates, and brought within the Dominions of the Sultan, the persons shall be set at liberty, and the property restored to the owner if he is present, or to the American Consul, or to any authorized agent.

8. Vessels belonging to the subjects of the Sultan which may resort to any port in the United States, shall pay no other or higher rate of Duties or other charges, than the nation the most favored shall pay.

9. The President of the United States may appoint Consuls to reside in the Ports of the Sultan where the principal commerce shall be carried on; which Consuls shall be the exclusive judges of all disputes or suits.wherein American Citizens shall be engaged with each other. They shall have power to receive the property of any American Citizen dying within the Kingdom, and to send the same to his heirs, first paying all his debts, due to the subjects of the Sultan. The said Consuls shall not be arrested, nor shall their property be seized. Nor shall any of their household be arrested, but their persons, and property, & their houses shall be inviolate— Should any Consul however, commit any offence against the laws of the Kingdom, complaint shall be made to the President who will immediately displace him.

Concluded, Signed and Sealed, at the Royal Palace in the City of Muscat in the Kingdom of Aman the twenty first day of September in the year One thousand, Eight hundred & thirty three of the Christian Era, & the Fifty seventh year of the Independence of the United States of America, corresponding to the sixth day of the Moon called Iamada Alawel, in the year of the Allhajra (Hegira) Twelve hundred and Forty Nine.

EDMUND ROBERTS. [Seal.]

Whereas the undersigned Edmund Roberts a Citizen of the United States of America, and a resident of Portsmouth in the State of New Ilampshire, being duly appointed a Special Agent by Letters Patent, under the Signature of the President and Seal of the United States of America, bearing date at the City of Washington the twenty sixth day of January, Anno Domini One thousand, eight hundred & thirty two, for negotiating & concluding a Treaty of Amity and Commerce between the United States of America, and His Majesty Seyed Syeed bin Sultan of Muscat. Now know ye, That I Edmund Roberts, Special Agent as aforesaid, do conclude the foregoing Treaty of Amity and Commerce, and every Article & Clause therein contain'd, reserving the same nevertheless, for the final ratification of the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States.,

Done at the Royal Palace, in the City of Muscat, in the Kingdom of Aman, on the twenty first day of September in the year of our Lord One thousand, eight hundred & thirty three, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the Fifty seventh, corresponding to the Sixth day of the Moon, called lamada Alawel, in the Year of Allhajra (Hegira) one thousand two hundred and Forty nine.

EDMUND ROBERTS.

NASSAU.

(SEE PRUSSIA.)

1846.

CONVENTION ABOLISHING DROIT D'AUBAINE AND EMIGRATION TAXES.

Concluded May 27, 1846; ratification advised by the Senate July 21, 1846; ratified by the President July 23, 1846; ratifications exchanged October 13, 1846; proclaimed January 26, 1847. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 747.) Nassau was merged with Prussia by conquest 1866.

438

NETHERLANDS.

1782.

TREATY OF PEACE AND COMMERCE.

Concluded October 8, 1782; ratified by the Continental Congress Jan

uary 22, 1783. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 749.) This treaty of twenty-nine articles was abrogated by the overthrow of the Netherlands Government in 1795.

1782.

CONVENTION RELATIVE TO RECAPTURED VESSELS.

Concluded October 8, 1782; ratified by the Continental Congress Jan

uary 23, 1783. (Treaties and Conventions, 1889, p. 759.) This convention of six articles was abrogated by the overthrow of the Netherlands Government in 1795.

1839,

TREATY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION.

Concluded January 19, 1839; ratification advised by the Senate Janu

ary 31, 1839; ratified by the President February 1, 18.39; ratifications exchanged May 23, 1839; proclained May 24, 1839. (Treaties and

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ARTICLES.

I. Import and export duties, draw

backs, etc. II. Shipping charges. III. Consular officers.

IV. Nationality of ships.

V. Shipwrecks.
VI. Duration.
VII. Ratification.

The United States of America and His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, anxious to regulate the commerce and navigation carried on between the two countries in their respective vessels, have, for that purpose, named Plenipotentiaries; that is to say:

The President of the United States has appointed John Forsyth, Secretary of State of the said United States; and His Majesty the King of the Netherlands, Jonkeer Evert Marius Adrian Martini, Member of the body of Nobles of the Province of North Brabant, Knight of the order of the Netherland Lion, and His Chargé d'Affaires near the United States, who having exchanged their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed to the following articles:

ARTICLE I.

[Superseded by Articles I and II Treaty of 1852, p. 441.)

ARTICLE II.

[Superseded by Article III Treaty of 1852, p. 442.]

ARTICLE III.

It is further agreed between the two contracting parties, that the Consuls and Vicc Consuls of the United States in the ports of the Netherlands in Europe; and reciprocally the Consuls and Vice Consuls of the Netherlands in the ports of the said States, shall continue to enjoy all privileges, protection and assistance, as may be usual and necessary for the duly exercising of their functions, in respect also of the deserters from the vessels, whether public or private, of their countries.

ARTICLE IV. The Contracting Parties agree to consider and treat as vessels of the United States and of the Netherlands, all such as, being furnished by the competent authority with a passport or sea-letter, shall, under the then existing laws and regulations, be recognized as national vessels by the country to which they respectively belong.

ARTICLE V.

In case of shipwreck or damage at sea, each party shall grant to the vessels, whether public or private, of the other, the same assistance and protection which would be afforded to its own vessels in like cases.

ARTICLE VI.

The present treaty shall be in force for the term of ten years, commencing six weeks after the exchange of the ratifications; and further until the end of twelve months after either of the Contracting Parties shall have given to the other notice of its intention to terminate the same: Each of the contracting parties reserving to itself the right of giving such notice to the other, after the expiration of the said term of ten years. And it is hereby mutually agreed, that in case of such notice this treaty, and all the provisions thereof, shall at the end of the said twelve months, altogether cease and determine.

ARTICLE VII.

The present treaty shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington, within six months of its date, or sooner, if practicable.

In witness whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms.

Done in duplicate at the city of Washington, this nineteenth day of January in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine. (SEAL.]

JOHN FORSYTH. SEAL.

ADR. MARTINI.

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