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with be acknowledged king of Spain, by a so- for speculation. Letters from Paris, of the lemn act of the congregation of cardinals, ap- twenty-second of this month say, that mar. pointed for that purpose: he declared, at the sbal Harcourt and the duke of Berwick were same time, that if the least besitation were preparing to go into Alsace and Dauphiné, but made in this most important article of the late that their troups were in want of all manner treaty, he should not only be obliged to leave of necessaries. The court of France had reRome himself, but also transmit his master's ceived advices from Madrid, that on the seventh orders to the imperial troops to face about, of this month, the states of Spain, had, with and return into the ecclesiastical dominions. much magnificence, acknowledged the prince When the cardinal reported this message to of Asturias presumptive heir to the crown). This the rope, bis holiness was struck with so sen. was performed at Buen-Retiro; the deputies sible an affliction, that he burst into tears: bis took the oaths, on that occasion, from the sorrow was aggravated by letters which, imme- hands of cardinal Portocarrero. These advices diately after, arrived from the court of Madrid, add, that it was signified to the pope's nuncio, wherejo his nuncio acquainted him, that, upon by order of council, to depart from that court, the news of his accommodation with the em- in twenty-four hours, and that a guard was peror, he had received a message to forbear accordingly appointed to conduct lim coming to court; and the people were so highly Bayonne. provoked, that they could hardly be restrained Letters from the Hague, of the twenty-sixth from insulting his palace. These letters add, instant, inform us, that prinee Eugene was to that the king of Denmark was gone from Flo- set out the next day for Brussels, to put all rence to Pisa, and from Pisa to Leghorn, where things in readiness for opening the campaign. the governor paid his majesty all imaginable They add, that the grand pensioner having bunours. The king designed to go from thence reported to the duke of Marlborough what to Lucca, where a magnificent tournament was passed in the last conference with Mr. Rouille, prepared fur his diversion. An English man- bis grace bad taken a resolution immediately of-war, which came from Port-Mahon to Leg. to return to Great Britain, to communicate to horn in six days, brought advice, that the her majesty, all that has been transacted in fleet, commanded by admiral Whitaker, was that important affair. safely arrived at Barceluna, with the troops and ammunition which he had taken in at
From my own Apartment, April 20. Naples.
General Boneval, governor of Cornachio, The nature of my miscellaneous work is such, had summoned the magistrates of all the towns that I shall always take the liberty to tell for Dear that place to appear before him, and take news, such things (let them have happened nean oath of fidelity to his imperial majesty, com- ver so much before the time of writing) as bave manding also the gentry to pay him homage escaped public notice, or have been misrepreon pain of death and confiscation of goods. sented to the world; provided that I am still Advices from Switzerland inform us, that the within rules, and trespass not as a Tatler, any bankers of Geneva were utterly ruined by the farther than in an incorrectness of style, and failure of Mr. Bernard. They add, that the writing in an air of common speech. Thus, if deputies of the Swiss Cantons were returned any thing that is said, even of old Anchises or from Soleure, where they were assembled at Æneas, be set by me in a different light than the instance of the French ambassador, but has hitherto been hit upon, in order to inspire were very much dissatisfied with the reception the love and admiration of worthy actions, you they had from that minister. It is true, he will, gentle reader, I hope, accept of it for inomitted no civilities or expressions of friendship telligence you had not before. But I am going from his master, but he took no notice of their upon a narrative, the matter of which, I know pensions and arrears: what further provoked to be true: it is not only doing justice to the their indignation was, tbat, instead of twenty- deceased merit of such persons as, bad they five pistoles, formerly allowed to each member, lived, would not have had it in their power to for their charge in coming to the diet, he had thank me, but also an instance of the greatness presented them with six only. They write from of spirit in the lowest of her majesty's subjects. Dresden, that king Augustus was still busy in Take it as follows: recruiting his cavalry, and that the Danish At the siege of Namur by the allies, there troops that lately served in Hungary bad or- were in the ranks, of the company commanded ders to be in Saxony by the middle of May; and by captaio Pincent, in colonel Frederick Hamilthat his majesty of Denmark was expected at ton's regiment, one Unnion, a corporal, and Dresden in the beginning of that month. King one Valentine, a private centinel; there hapAugustus makes great preparations for his re-pened between these two men a dispute about ception, and has appointed sixty coaches, each a matter of love, wbich, upon some aggravadrawn by six horses, for that purpose: the in- tions, grew to an irreconcileable batred. Uu: terview of these princes affords great matter | nion, being the officer of Valentine, took all
opportunities even to strke his rival, and pro- | til he has ascended to the character of a prince, fess the spite and revenge which moved him to it. and become the scourge of a tyrant, who sat The centinel bore it without resistance; but 0.3 ore of the greatest thrones of Europe, frequently said, he would die to be revenged before the man who was to bave the greatest of that tyrant. They had spent whole months part in his dow: fal, bad made one step into thus, one injuring, the other complaining; the world. But such elevations are the natural when, in the midst of this rage towards each consequences of an exact prudence, a calm other, they were commanded upon the attack courage, a well-governed l•mper, a patient of the castle, where the corporal received a shot ambition, and an affable behaviour. These in the thigh, and fell; the French pressing arts, as they were the steps to his greatness, so on, and he expecting to be trampled to death, they are the pillars of it now it is raise'. To called out to his enemy, 'Ah, Valentine! can this, her glorious son, Great Britain is indebtec you leave me here?' Valentine immediately ran for the happy conduct of her arms, whom she back, and in the midst of a thick fire of the can boast, that she has produced a man formed French, took the corporal upon his back, and by nature to lead a nation of heroes. brought him through all that danger, as far as the abbey of Salsine, where a cannon ball took off his head : his body fell under his enemy whom
Saturday, April 23, 1709. he was carrying off. Unnion immediately for- Quicquid agunt hominesgot his wound, rose up, tearing his hair, and
nostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86. then threw himself upon the bleeding carcass, Wbate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream, crying, 'Ah, Valentine! was it for me, who Our motley paper seizes for its theme. have so barbarously used thee, tbat thou hast
Will's Coffee-house, April 22. died? I will not live after thee. He was not, by any means, to be forced from the body, but I am just come from visiting Sappbo, a fine was removed with it bleeding in his arms, and lady, who writes verses, sings, dances, and can attended with tears by all their comrades who say and do wbatever she pleases, without the knew their enmity. When he was brought to imputation of any thing that can injure her a tent, bis wounds were dressed by force; but character; for she is so well known to have no the next day, still calling upon Valentine, and passion, but self-love; or folly, but affectation; lamenting his cruelties to him, he died in the
that now, upon any occasion, they only cry, pangs of remorse and despair.
'It is her way!' and, ' That is so like her!" It may be a question among men of noble
without farther reflection. As I came into the sentiments, whether of these unfortunate per
room, she cries, 'Oh! Mr. Bickerstaff, I a sons had the greater soul; he that was so ge- utterly undone ; I lave broke that pretty nerous as to venture his life for his enemy, or
Italian fan I shewed you when you were here he who could not survive the man that died, in last, wherein were so admirably drawn our first laying upon him such an obligation?
parents in Paradise, asleep in each other's arms. When we see spirits like these in a people,
But there is such an affinity between painting to what heights may we not suppose their glory and poetry, that I have been improving the may rise ? but (as it is excellently oberved by
images which were raised by that picture, by Sallust) it is not only to the general bent of a reading the same representation in two of our nation that great revolutions are owing, but greatest poets. Look you, here are the same to the extraordinary genio's that lead them. passages in Milton and in Dryden. All Milton's On which occasion, he proceeds to say, that thoughts are wonderfully just and natural, in the Roman greatness was neither to be attri- that inimitable description which Adam makes buted to their superior policy, for in that the of himself, in the eighth book of Paradise Lost. Carthaginians excelled; nor to their valour, for But there is none of them finer than that conin that the Gauls were preferable; but to par- tained in the following lines, where he tells us ticular men, who were born for the good of his thoughts, when he was falling asleep, a their country, and formed for great attempts. little after the creation : This he says, to introduce the characters of
While thus I call'd, and stray'd I knew not whither, Cæsar and Cato. It would be entering into From whence I first drew air, and first behold too weighty a discourse for this place, if I at
This happy light; when answer none return'd,
On a green shady bank, profuse of flowers, tempted to shew, that our nation has produced Pensive I sate me down, there gentle sleep as great and able men for public affairs as any other. But, I believe, the reader outruns me, and fixes bis imagination upon the Duke of * In the year 1704, in conseqnence of the memorable vie Marlborough. It is, metbinks, a pleasing re
tory at Hochsted, the duke of Marlborough was appointed
a prince of the empire; and had Mildenheim assigned for flection, to consider the dispensations of Pro- his principality, Nov. 12, 1705. M. Mesnager says, that this vidence in the fortune of this illustrious man, compliment, for it was little more, made the duke of Marl. who, in the space of forty years, has passed claim of the house of Bavaria, must (says he) be rendered
boroughi more haughty. “ This little principality, in the through all the gradations of human life, un- back again at a peace."
First fonnd me, and with son oppression senz'd
with the present actions, we generally spend My drowned zense, antronbled, though I thought I then was passing to my former state
the evening at this table in enquiries into an: Insensible, and forthwith to dissolve.
tiquity, and think any thing news which gives But now I cannot forgive this odious thing, us new krowledge. Thus we are making a this Dryden, who, in his 'State of Innocence,' very pleasant entertainment to ourselves, in das given my great grandmother Eve the same putting the actions of Homer's diad into an apprehension of annihilation on a very different exact journal. occasion; as Adam pronounces it of bimself,
This poem is introduced by Chryses, king when he was seized with a pleasing kind of of Chryseis and priest of Apollo, who comes to stupor and deadness, Eve fancies herself falling re-demand his daughter, who had been carried away, and dissolving in the burry of a rapture. off at the taking of that city, and given to However, the verses are very good, and I do Agamemnon for his part of the booty. The not know but what she says may be natural; I refusal he received enrages Apollo, who for will read them:
nine days, showered down darts upon them,
which occasioned the pestilence. When yoor kind eyes look'd languishing on mine, And wreathing arms did soft embraces join;
The tenth day, Achilles assembled the counA doubtral trembling seiz'd me first all o'er,
cil, and encourages Chalcas to speak for the Then wishes, and a warmth unknown before; What follow'd was all ecstasy and trance,
surrender of Chryseïs, to appease Apollo. AgaImmortal pleasures round my swimming eyes did dauce, memnon and Achilles storm at one another, And speechless joys, in whose sweet tamults tost,
notwithstanding which, Agamemnon will not I thought my breath and my new being lost.
release his prisoner, unless he has Briseis in She went on, and said a thousand good things her stead. After long contestations, wherein at random, but so strangely mixed, that you Agamemnon gives a glorious character of Achilwould be apt to say, all her wit is mere good les's valour, be determines to restore Chryseïs luck, and not the effect of reason and judgment. to her father, and sends two heralds to fetch When I made my escape hither, I found a gen-away Briseis from Achilles, who abandons himtleman playing the critic on two other great self to sorrow and despair. His mother Thetis, poets, even Virgil and Homer. *
comes to comfort him under his affliction, and observing, that Virgil is more judicious than promises to represent his sorrowful lamentation the other in the epithets he gives his hero. to Jupiter : but he could not attend to it; for, Homers usual epit het, said he, is rodas urxùs, the evening before, he bad appointed to divert or lošápxns, and his indiscretion has been often himself for two days, beyond the seas, with the rallied by the critics, for mentioning the nim- harmless Ethiopians. bleness of foot in Achilles, though he describes It was the twenty-first day after Chryseïs's bim standing, sitting, lying down, fighting, arrival at the camp, that Thetis went very early eating, drinking, or in any other circumstance, to demand an audience of Jupiter. The means however foreign or repugnant to speed and he used to satisfy her were, to persuade the activity. Virgil's commou epithet to Æneas, Greeks to attack the Trojans; that so they is Pius or Pater. I have therefore considered, might perceive the consequence of contemning said he, what passage there is in any of his Achilles, and the miseries they suffer if he does hero's actions, where either of these appella- not head them. The next night he orders tions would have been most proper, to see if I Agamemnon, in a dream, to attack them; who wuld catch bim at the same fault with Homer: was deceived with the hopes of obtaining a vicand this, I think, is bis meeting with Dido in tory, and also taking the city, without sharing the cave, where Pius Æneas would have been the honour with Achilles. absurd, and Pater Æneas a burlesque: the On the twenty-second, in the morning, he poet, therefore, wisely dropped them both for assembles the council, and having made a feint Dux Trojanus; which he has repeated twice in ot' raising the siege and retiring, he declares to Juno's speech, and his own narration: for he them his dream; and, together with Nestor very well knew, a loose action might be con- and Ulysses, resolves on an engagement. sistent enough with the usual manners of a This was the twenty-third day, which is full soldier, though it became neither the chastity of incidents, and which continues from almost of a pious man, nor the gravity of the father the beginning of the second canto to the eighth. of a people.
The armies being then drawn up in view of Grecian Coffee-house, April 22.
one another, Hector brings it about, that Me
nelaus and Paris, the two persons concerned While other parts of the town are arnused in the quarrel, should decide it by a single com
bat, which tending to the advantage of Mene. • Addison, on reading here this carious remark npon Vir. til, which he himself had communicated to Steele, instantly laus, was interrupted by a cowardice infused discovered that his friend was the author of the Tatler, to by Minerva : then both armies engage, where which, be very soon after, became a principal contributor. the Trojans have the disadvantage ; but being He was at this time in Ireland, secretary to lord Wharton, afterwards animated by Apollo, they repulse and returned to England with the lord lieutenant, the cighth | the enemy, yet they are once again forced to of September foll wing, 1709.
give ground; but their affairs were retrieved | A vessel which lately came into Leghorn, brought by Hector, who has a single combat with Ajax. advice that the British squadron was arrived at The gods threw themselves into the battle: Port Mahon, where they were taking in more Juno and Minerva took the Grecians' part, and troops, in order to attempt the relief of Alicant, Apollo and Mars, the Trojans': but Mars and which still made a very vigorous defence. It Venus are both wounded by Diomedes. is said admiral Byng will be at the head of that
The truce for burying the slain ended the expedition. The king of Denmark was gone twenty-third day, after which the Greeks threw from Leghorn towards Lucca. up a great intrenchment, to secure their navy They write from Vienna, that in case the from danger. Councils are held on both sides. allies should enter into a treaty of peace with On the morning of the twenty-fourth day, the France, count Zinzendorf will be appointed first battle is renewed, but in a very disadvantageous plenipotentiary, the count de Goes the second, manner to the Greeks, who are beaten back to and monsieur Van Konsbruch a third. Majortheir intrenchments. Agamemnon, being in general Palmes, envoy extraordinary from her despair at this ill success, proposes to the coun-Britannic majesty, has been very urgent with cil to quit the enterprise, and retire from Troy. that court, to make their utmost efforts against But, by the advice of Nestor, he is persuaded France the ensuing campaign, in order to to regain Achilles, by returning Chryseïs, and oblige her to such a peace, as may establish the sending him considerable presents. Hereupon tranquillity of Europe for the future. Ulysses and Ajax are sent to that hero, who We are also informed, that the pope uses all continues inflexible in his anger. Ulysses, at imaginable shifts to elude the treaty concluded his return, joins himself with Diomedes, and with the emperor, and that he demanded the goes in the night to gain intelligence of the immediate restitution of Comachio; insisting enemy: they enter into their very camp, where also, that his imperial majesty should ask parfinding the centinels asleep, they made a great don, and desire absolution for what had forslaughter. Rhesus, wbo was just then arrived merly passed, before he would solemnly acwith recruits from Thrace, for the Trojans, knowledge king Charles. But this was utterly was killed in that action. Here ends the tenth refused. canto. The sequel of this journal, will be in- They hear at Vienna, by letters from Conserted in the next article from this place. stantinople, dated the twenty-second of Febru
ary last, that on the twelfth of that month, St. James's Coffee-house, April 22.
the grand seignior took occasion, at the celeWe hear from Italy, that notwithstanding bration of the festivals of the Mussulmen, to the pope has received a letter from the duke set all the Christian slaves, which were in the of Anjou, demanding of him to explain himself galleys, at liberty. upon the affair of acknowledging king Charles,
Advices from Switzerland import, that the his holiness has not yet thought fit to send any preachers of the county of Tockenburg, conanswer to that prince. The court of Rome ap-tinue to create new jealousies of the Protestants; pears very much mortified, that they are not and some disturbances lately happened there to see his majesty of Denmark in that city, on that account. The Protestants and Papists having perhaps given themselves vain hopes in the town of Hamman, go to divine service from a visit made by a Protestant prince to
one after another, in the same church, as is that see.
The pope has despatched a gentle usual in many other parts of Switzerland ; man to compliment bis majesty, and sent the but on Sunday, the tenth instant, the popish king a present of all the curiosities and anti-curate, having ended his service, attempted to quities of Rome, represented in seventeen vo- hinder the Protestants from entering into the lumes, very ricbly bound, wbich were taken church, according to custom; but the Proout of the Vatican library. Letters from Genoa testants briskly attacked him and his party, of the fourteenth instant, say, that a felucca and broke into it by force. was arrived there, in five days from Marseilles, Last night, between seven and eight, his with an account, that the people of that city grace the duke of Marlborough, arrived at had made an insurrection, by reason of the court. scarcity of provisions; and that the intendant had ordered some companies of marines, and
From my own Apartment, April 22. the men belonging to the galleys, to stand to The present great captains of the age, the their arms to protect him from violence; but duke of Marlborough and prince Eugene, bav. that he began to be in as much apprehension ing been the subject of the discourse of the of his guards, as of those from whom they were last company I was in ; it has naturally led me tu defend him. When that vessel came away, into a consideration of Alexander and Cæsar, the soldiers murmured publicly for want of pay; the two greatest names that ever appeared beanıl, it was generally believed, they would pil-fore this century. In order to enter into their lage the magazines, as the garrisons of Greno- characters, there needs no more but examining ble and other towns of France had already done. their behaviour in parallel circumstances. It
must be allowed, that they had an equal great- dying man, in comparison of the vigour with Less of soul; but Cæsar's was more corrected, which I first set out in the world. Had it been and allayed by a mixture of prudence and cir- otherwise, you may be sure I would not bave cumspection. This is seen conspicuously in pretended to bave given for news, as I did last one particular, in their histories, wherein they Saturday, a diary of the siege of Troy. But seem to have sbewn exactly the difference of man is a creature very inconsistent with him. their tempers. When Alexander, after a long self: the greatest beroes are sometimes fearcourse of victories, would still have led bis sol. ful; the sprightliest wits at some bours dull; diers farther from bome, they unanimously re- and the greatest politicians, on some occasions, fused to follow him. We meet with the like whimsical. But I sball not pretend to paliate behaviour in Cæsar's army, in the midst of his or excuse the matter; for I find, by a calculamarch against Ariovistus. Let us, therefore, tion of my own nativity; that I cannot hold observe the conduct of our two generals in so out with any tolerable wit longer than two nice an affair: and here we find Alexander at minutes after twelve of the clock at night, the head of his army, upbraiding them with between the eighteenth and nineteenth of the their cowardice, and meanness of spirit; and, next month: for which space of time you may in the end, telling them plainly, he would go still expect to hear from me, but no longer; forward bimself, though not a man followed except you will transmit to me the occurences him. This shewed, indeed, an excessive bravery; you meet with relating to your amours, or any but bow would the commander have come off, other subject within the rules by which I have if the speech had not succeeded, and the sol. proposed to walk. If any gentleman or lady diers had taken him at his word ? the project sends to Isaac Bickerstaff, esq. at Mr. Morseems of a piece with Mr. Bayes's in 'The Re. phew's, near Stationer's-ball, by the pennyhearsal,' who, to gain a clap in his prologue, post, the grief or joy of their soul, what they comes out with a terrible fellow, in a fur-cap, think fit of the matter shall be related in cofollowing liim, and tells his audience, if they lours as much to their advantage, as those in would not like his play, he would lie down and which Gervass * bas drawn the agreeable Chloe. have his head struck off. If this gained a clar. But since, without such assistance, 1 frankly all was well : but if not, there was nothing left confess, and am sensible, that I have not a but for the executioner to do his office. But month's wit more, I think I ought, while I am Cæsar would not leave the success of his speech in my sound health and senses, to make my will to such uncertain events: he shews his men the and testament; which I do in manner and forın unreasonableness of their fears in an obliging following :manner, and concludes, that if none else would Imprimis, I give to the stock-jobbers about march along with him, he would go bimself, the Exchange of London, as a security for the with the tenth legion, for be was assured of trusts daily reposed in them, all my real estate ; their fidelity and valour, though all the rest which I do hereby vest in the said body of forsook bim; not but that, in all probability, worthy citizens for ever. they were as much against the march as the Item, Forasmuch as it is very hard to keep rest. The result of all was very natural: the land in repair without ready cash, I do, out tenth legion, fired with the praises of their ge- of my personal estate, bestow the bear-skin,t neral, send thanks to him for the just opinion which I have frequently lent to several societies he entertains of them; and the rest, ashamed about this town, to supply their necessities; I to be outdone, assure him, that they are as say, I give also the said bear-skin, as an imready to follow where he pleases to lead them, mediate fund to the said citizens for ever. as any other part of the army.
'Item, I do hereby appoint a certain number of the said citizens to take all the custom
house or customary oaths concerning all goods No. 7.) Tuesday, April 26, 1709.
imported by the whole city; strictly directing,
that some select members, and not the whole Quicquid agunt homines - nostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat, i. 85, 86.
number of a body corporate, should be perWhate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream,
jured. Our motley paper seizes for its theme.
'Item, I forbid all n----s and persons o. 'It is so just an observation, that mocking
-ty to watch bargains near and about is catching, that I am become an unbappy instance of it, and am (in the same manner that
+ Stock-jobbers, who contract for a fotore transfer of stock I have represented Mr. Partridge) * myself a which they do not possess, are called sellers of bear-skins;
and universally, whoever sells what he does not possess, is
said, proverbially, to sell the bear's skin, while the bear • This man was a shoemaker in Covent-garden, in 1680, runs in the woods. yet styled himself physician to bis majesty, in 1682. Bat In the language of Exchange-alley, bears signify those though he was one of the sworn physicians, he never al. who buy stock which they cannot receive, or who sell stock tended thre court, nor received any salary.' See Granger's which they have not. Those who pay money for what they Biog. Hist. of England, 4tc. vol. ii. p. II. p. 322. n. 379. I purchase,or who sell stock which they have, are called brills.