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consider the soul of man as the ruin of a glo- knowing you have a better in the prints. Pray, rious pile of building; where, amidst great give my service to Mrs. Cook and her daughter, beaps of rubbish, you meet with noble frag. to Mr. Stoffet and his wife, and to Mr. Lyver, ments of sculpture, broken pillars and obelisks, and Thomas Hogsdon, and to Mr. Ragdell, and and a magnificence in confusion. Virtue and to all my friends and acquaintance in general wisdom are continually employed in clearing who do ask after me. My love to Mrs. Ste. tbe ruins, removing these disorderly heaps, venson. I am sorry for the sending such ill recovering the noble pieces that lie buried un

Her husband was gathering a little der them, and adjusting them as well as pos- money together to send to his wife, and put it sible according to their ancient symmetry and into my bands. I have seven shillings and beauty. A happy education, conversation with three pence, which I shall take care to send the finest spirits, looking abroad into the works her. Wishing your wife a safe delivery, and of nature, and observations upon mankind, are both of you all happiness, rest the great assistances to this necessary and glo- Your assured friend, and comrade, rious work. But even among those who have

" JOHN HALL, never had the happiness of any of these advan- 'We bad but an indifferent breakfast ; but vantages, there are sometimes such exertions the mounseers never had such a dinner in all of the greatness that is natural to the mind of their lives. man, as show capacities and abilities, which My kind love to my comrade Hinton, and only want these accidental belps to fetch them Mrs. Morgan, and to John Brown and his wife. out, and show them in a proper light. A ple- I sent two shillings, and Stevenson sixpence, beian soul is still the ruin of this glorious edi- tu drink with you at Mr. Cook's; but I have fice, though encumbered with all its rubbish. beard nothing from him. It was by Mr. Edgar. This reflectiou rose in me from a letter which * Corporal Hartwell desires to be rememmy servant dropped as he was dressing me, and bered to you, and desires you to enquire of which he told me was communicated to him, Edgar, what is become of his wife Pegg; and as he is an acquaintance of some of the persons when you write, to send word in your letter mentioned in it. The epistle is from one ser- what trade she drives. jeant Hall of the foot-guards. It is directed: 'We have here very bad weather, which I

To serjeant Cabe, in the Coldstream regiment doubt will be a binderance to the siege ; but of foot-guards, at the Red-lettice, in the But-|I am in hopes we shall be masters of the town cher-row, near Temple-bar.'

in a little time, and then, I believe, we shall I was so pleased with several touches in it, go to garrison.' that I could not forbear showing it to a cluster of critics, who, instead of considering it in the I saw the critics prepared to nibble at my light I bave done, examined it by the rules of letter ; therefore examined it myself, partly in epistolary writing. For as these gentlemen their way, and partly my own. This is, said I, are seldom men of any great genius, they work truly a letter, and an honest representation of altogether by mechanical rules, and are able that cheerful heart which accompanies the poor to discover no beauties that are nut pointed soldier in his warfare. Is not there in this all out by Bouhours and Rapin. The letter is as the topic of submitting to our destiny as well follows:

discussed as if a greater man had been placed, . From the camp before Mons,

like Brutus, in his tent at midnight, reflecting • COMRADE, September 26.

on all the occurrences of past life, and saying 'I received yours, and am glad yourself and fine things on Being itself? What serjeant your wife are in good health, with all the rest Hall knows of the matter is, that he wishes of my friends. Our battalion suffered more there had not been so many killed; and he than I could wish in the action. But who can had himself a very bad shot in the head, and withstand fate? Poor Richard Stevenson had should recover if it pleased God. But be that his fate with a great many more.

He was

as it will, he takes care, like a man of honour killed dead before we entered the trenches. as be certainly is, to let the widow Stevenson We had above two hundred of our battalion know, that he had seven and threepence for killed and wounded. We lost ten serjeants, her, and that, if he lives, he is sure he shall go six are as followeth: Jennings, Castles, Roach, into garrison at last. I doubt not but all the Sherring, Meyrick, and my son Smith. The good company at the Red lettice drank his rest re not your acquaintance. I have re- health with as much real esteem as we do of ceived a very bad shot in my head myself, but any of our friends. All that I am concerned for am in hopes, and please God, I shall recover. ) is, that Mrs. Peggy Hartwell may be offended I continue in the field, and lie at my colonel's at showing this letter, because her conduct in quarters. Arthur is very well; but I can give Mr. Hartwell's absence is a little enquired into. you no account of Elms; he was in the hos. But I could not sink that circumstance, bepital before I came into the field. I will not cause you critics would have lost one of the pretend to give you an account of the battle, | parts which I doubt not but you have much to say upon, wbether the familiar way is well bit | the theatre, a great stone, on wbich were en. a this style or not? As for myself, I take a graven the names of all who fell in the battle very particular satisfaction in seeing any letter of Marathon. The generous and knowing that is fic only for those to read who are con- people of Athens understood the force of the rerned in it, but especially on such a subject. desire of glory, and would not let the meanest

If we consider the heap of an army, utterly soldier perish in oblivion. Were the natural out of all prospect of rising and preferment, as impulse of the British nation animated with they certainly are, and such great things exe- such monuments, what man would be so mean, cuted by them, it is hard to account for the as not to hazard his life for his ten hundred motive of their gallantry. But to me, who was thousandth part of the honour in such a day a cadet at the battle of Coldstream in Scotland, as that of. Blenheim or Blaregnies ? when Monk charged at the head of the regi. ment, now called Coldstream, from the victory of that day ; I remember it as well as if it were No. 88.] Tuesday, November 1, 1709. yesterday, I stood on the left of old West, who I believe is now at Chelsea ; I say, to me, who

White's Chocolate-house, October 3). know very well this part of mankind, I take I have lately received a letter from a friend the gallantry of private soldiers to proceed in the country, wherein he acquaints me, that from the same, if not from a nobler impulse two or three men of the town are got among than that of gentlemen and officers. They them, and have brought down particular words have the same taste of being acceptable to and phrases, which were never before in those their friends, and go through the difficulties parts.' He mentions in particular the words of that profession by the same irresistible Gunner and Gunster, which my correspondent charm of fellowship, and the communication observes, they make use of, when any thing of joys and sorrows, wbich quickens the relish bas been related that is strange and surprising; of pleasure, and abates the anguish of pain. and, therefore, desires I would explain those Add to this, that they have the same regard to terms, as I have many others, for the informahame, though they do not expect so great a

tion of such as live at a distance from this share as men above them hope for; but I will town and court, wbicir he calls the great mints engage serjeant Hall would die ten thousand of language. His letter is dated from York: leaths, rather than a word should be spoken and, if he tells me truth, a word in its ordiat the Red-lettice, or any part of the Butcher-nary circulation does not reach ebat city within tow, in prejudice to his courage or honesty. If the space of five years after it is first stamped. fou will have my opinion, then, of the serjeant's I cannot say how long these words have been letter, I pronounce the style to be mixed, but current in town, but I shall now take care to truly epistolary; the sentiment relating to his send them down by the next post. own wound is in the sublime; the postscript I must, in the first place, observe, that the of Pegg Hartwell, in the gay; and the whule, words Gunner and Gunster* are not to be used the picture of the bravest sort of men, that is promiscuously; for a Gunner, properly speakto say, a man of great courage and small hopes. ing, is not a Gunster; nor is a Gunster, vice

versa, a Gunner. They both, indeed, are deFrom my own Apartment, October 28. rived from the word gun, and so far they agree. When I came home this evening, I found, But as a gun is remarkable for its destroying after many attempts to vary my thoughts, that at a distance, or for the report it makes, which my head still ran upon the subject of the dis-is apt to startle all its bearers, those who recourse to-night at Will's. I fell, therefore, count strange accidents and circumstances, into the amusement of proportioning the glory which have no manner of foundation in truth, of a battle among the whole army, and divid- when they desigu to do mischief are compreing it into shares, according to the method of hended under the appellation of Gunders; but the million lottery. In this bank of fame, by when they endeavour only to surprise and an exact calculation, and the rules of political entertain, they are distinguised by the name arithmetic, I have allotted ten hundred thou- of Gudsters. Gunners, therefore, are the pest sand shares; five hundred thousand of which of society, but the Gunsters often the diversion. is the due of the general, two hundred thousand The Gunner is destructive, and hated; the I assign to the general officers, and two bun- Gunster innocent, and laughed at. The first is dred thousand more to all the commissioned prejudicial to others, the other only to himself officers, from colonels to ensigns; the remain- This being premised, I must, in the next Ing hundred thousand must be distributed place, subdivide the Gupper into severa among the non-commissioned officers and private men : according to which computation, I

• A writer in the Examiner, having, about three years find serjeant Hall is to have one share and a

after this, osed the expression of Gunsters, adds the follow fraction of two fifths. When I was a boy ating marginal note, Oxford, there was, among the antiquities near 'A whiggish cant word for liars.

branches : all, or the chief of which are, I is more destructive in all parts of life, than any think, as follows:

of the inaterials made use of by any of the fraFirst, the Bombadier.

ternity.
Secondly, the Miner.

Come we now to the Gunsters.
Thirdly, the Squib.

This race of engineers deals altogether in
Fourthly, the Serpent.

wind-guns, which, hy recoiling, often knock And, First, of the first. The Bombadier down those who discharge them, without hurttosses his balls sometimes into the midst of a ing any body else; and, according to the city, with a design to fill all around him with various compressions of the air, make such terror and combustion. He bas been some strange squeaks, cracks, pops, and bounces, as times known to drop a bomb in a sepate-house, it is impossible to hear without laughing. It and to scatter a panic over a nation. But his is observable, however, that there is a disposichief aim is at several eminent stations, which tion in a Gunster to become a Gunner; and he looks upon as the fairest marks, and uses all though their proper instruments are only loaden his skill to do execution upon those who pos- with wind, they often, out of wantonness, fire sess them. Every man so situated, let his a bomb, or spring a mine, out of their natural merit be never so great, is sure to undergo a inclination to engineering; by which means, bombardment. It is further observed, tbat the they do mischief; when they do not design it, only way to be out of danger from the bursting and have their bones bruken when they do not of a bomb, is to lie prostrate on the ground; deserve it. a posture too abject for generous spirits.

This sort of engineers are the most unacSecondly, The Miner.

countable race of men in the world. Some of As the bombadier levels his mischief at na. them have received above a hundred wounds, tions and cities, the Miner busjes bimself in and yet have not a scar in their bodies ; some ruining and overturning private houses and have debauched multitudes of women, who particular persons. He often acts as a spy, in have died maids. You may be with them from discovering the secret avenues and unguarded morning until night, and the next day they accesses of families, where, after he has made shall tell you a thousand adventures that hapbis proper discoveries and dispositions, be sets pened when you were with them, which you sudden fire to bis train, that blows up families, know nothing of. They have a quality of bav. scatters friends, separates lovers, disperses ing been present at every thing they hear rekindred, and shakes a whole neighbourhood. lated; and never heard a man commended, who

It is to be noted, that several females are was not their intimate acquaintance, if not great proficients in this way of engineering their kinsman. The marks by which they are to be known I hope these nutes may serve as a rough are a wonderful solicitude for the reputation draught for a new establishment of engineers, of their friends, and a more than ordinary con- which I shall hereafter fill up with proper percern for the good of their neighbours. There sons, according to my own observations on is also in them something so very like religion, their conduct, having already had one recom as may deceive the vulgar; but if you look mended to me for the general of my artillery. upon it more nearly, you see on it such a cast But that, and all the other posts, I intend to of censoriousness, as discovers it to be nothing keep open, until I can inform myself of the can but bypocrisy. Cleomilla is a great instance didates having resolved in this case to depend of a female Miner : but, as my design is to ex- no more upon their friends' word, than I would pose only the incorrigible, let her be silent for upon their own. the future, and I shall be so too. Thirdly, The Squib.

From my own Apartment, October 31. The Squibs are those who, in the common

* I was this morning awakened by a sudden phrase of the word, are called libellers, lam- shake of the house; and as soon as I bad got poopers, and pamphleteers. Their fire-works a little out of my consternation, I felt another, are made up in paper; and it is observed, that which was followed by two or three repetitions they mix abundance of charcoal in their pow. of the same copulsion. I got up as fast as der, that they may be sure to blacken where possible, girt on my rapier, and snatched up they cannot singe. These are observed to give my hat, wheu my landlady came up to me, and a consternation and disturbance only to weak told me, 'that the gentlewoman of the next minds; which, according to the proverb, are

house begged me to step thither, for tbat a always ' more afraid than hurt.'

lodger she had taken in was run mad; and she Fourthly, Serpents.

desired my advice,' as indeed every body in the The Serpents are a petty kind of Gunners, whole lane does upon important occasions. I more pernicious than any of the rest. They am not, like some artists, saucy because I can

Our make use of a sort of white powder, that goes be beneficial, but went immediately. off without any violent crack, but gives a gentle sound, much like that of a whisper; and The remainder of this paper was written by Alliset

SIR.

neighbour told us,' she had the day before let | as to communicate a dance by a letter. I beher second floor to a very genteel youngish man, sought him hereafter to meditate in a groundwho told her, he kept extraordinary goud hours, room, for that otherwise it would be impossible and was generally at home most part of the for an artist of any other kind to live near bim; morning and evening at study ; but that this and that I was sure several of his thoughts this morning he had for an hour together made this morning would have shaken my spectacles off extravagant noise which we then heard' my nose, had I been myself at study. went up stairs with my hand upon the hilt of I then took my leave of this virtuoso, and my rapier, and approached this new lodger's returned to my chamber, meditating on the door. I looked in at the key-bole, and there various occupations of rational creatures. I saw a well-made man look with great attention on a book, and, on a sudden, jump into the air so high, that his head almost touched No. 89.] Thursday, November 3, 1709. the ceiling. He came down safe on his right

Rura mihi placeant, riguique in vallibus amnes, foot, and again flew up, alighting on his left;

Flumina amem sylvasque inglorius-then looked again at his book, and, holding

l'irg. Georg. ii. 485. out his right leg, put it into such a quivering My next desire is, void of care and strife, motion, that I thought he would have shaked To lead a soft, secare, inglorious life : it off. He used the left after the same man

A coowry cottage near a crystal food,
A winding valley, and a lofty wood.

Dryden. ner, when, on a sudden, to my great surprise, he stooped himself incredibly low, and turned Grecian Coffee-house, November 2. gently on his toes. After this circular motion, I have received this short epistle from an he continued bent in that bumble posture for unknown hand. some time, looking on his book. After this, he recovered himself with a sudden spring, and

'I have no more to trouble you with, than flew round the room in all the violence anı disorder imaginable, until he made a full pause

to desire you would in your next belp me to for want of breath. In this interim my woman

some answer to the enclosed concerning your. asked, “what I thought." I whispered, 'that self. In the mean ume I congratulate you I thought this learned person an enthusiast, upon the encrease of your fame, which you see who possibly had bis first education in the Pe? has extended itself beyond the bills of morta

lity. ripatetic way, which was a sect of philosophers who always studied when walking. But, oh

SIR, serving bim much out of breath, I thought it

“That the country is barren of news has been the best time to master him if he were dis- the excuse, time out of mind, for dropping a ordered, and knocked at his door. I was sur: correspondence with our friends in London; as prised to find him open it, and say with great if it were impossible, out of a coffee-house, to civility and good mein, 'that he hoped he had write an agreeable letter. I am too ingenuous not disturbed us. I believed him in a lucid

to endeavour at the covering of my negligence interval, and desired ' he would please to let with so common an excuse. Doubtless, amongst me see his book.' He did su, smiling,

i friends, bred, as we have been, to the knowledge could not make any thing of it, and, therefore, of books as well as men, a letter dated from a asked “in what language it was writ.' He said, garden, a grotto, a fountain, a wood, a meadow, ‘it was one he studied with great application;

or the banks of a river, may be more entertainbut it was his profession to teach it, and coulding than one from Tom's, Will's, White's, or not communicate his knowledge without a con- St. James's. I promise, therefore, to be fresideration. I answered ‘tbat I hoped he would quent for the future in my rural dates to you. hereafter keep his thoughts to himself, for bis But, for fear you should, from what I bave said, meditation this morning had cost me three be induced to believe I shun the commerce of coffee-dishes, and a clean pipe. He seemed men, I must inform you, that there is a fresh concerned at that, and told me ‘he was a danc-topic of discourse lately arisen amongst the ining-master, and had been reading a dance or genious in our part of the world, and is become two before he went out, which had been written the more fashionable for the ladies giving into by one who taught at an academy in France.'* it. This we owe to Isaac Bickerstatt, who is He observed me at a stand, and went on to very much censured by some, and as much jusinform me, “that now articulate motions, as tified by others. Some criticise his style, bis well as sounds, were expressed by proper cba humour, and his matter; others admire the racters; and that there is nothing so common,

Some pretend, from the informations of their friends in town, to decypher the at ber lover, with a parcel of romps of her ac- There goes just such another story of the quaintance. One of them, who I suppose had same paternal tenderness in Bavius, an ingethe same design upon me, told me she said, 'Do nious contemporary of mine, who had writ you see how briskly my old gentleman mounts:' several comedies, which were rejected by the This made me cut off my amour, and to reflect players. This, my friend Bavius took for envy, with myself, that no married life could be so un- and therefore prevailed upon a gentleman to happy, as where the wife proposes no other ad- go with him to the play-house, and gave him vantage from her husband, than that of making a new play ot bis, desiring he would personate herself fine, and keeping her out of the dirt.' the author, and read it, to baffle the spite of

whole man.

author; and others confess they are lost in their • Thoinel Arbean, a dancing-master at Paris, is here

guesses. For my part, I must own myself Jostly celebrated, as the real inventor of the art of writing sances in characters, termod orchesography, from two

a professed admirer of the paper, and desire Creek worde, ofX***, a dance, and yp**t, I write, you to send me a complete set, together with

My fair client burst out a-laughing at the the actors. The friend consented, and to readaccount I gave her of my escape, and went ing they went. They had not gone over three away seemingly convinced of the reasonable-similes, before Roscius the player made the ness of my discourse to her.

acting author stop, and desired to know, 'what As soon as she was gone, my maid brought he meant by such a rapture? and how it came up the following epistle, wbich, by the style, to pass, that in this condition of the lover, inand the description she gave of the person, I stead of acting according to his circumstances, suppose was left by Nick Doubt. ‘Hark you,' lie spent his time in considering what his presaid he, ‘girl, tell old Basket-hilt I would have sent state was like ?'--' That is very true,' says him answer it by the first opportunity. What the mock author ; 'I believe we had as good be says is this.

strike these lines out.'—' By your leave,' says ISAAC,

Bavius, “you shall not spoil your play, you are ‘You seem a very honest fellow; therefore, too modest; those very lines, for aught i know, pray tell me, did not you write that letter in are as good as any in your play, and they sball praise of the squire and his lucubrations

stand.' Well, they go on, and the particle

your. self,' &c.

and' stood unfortunately at the end of a verse,

and was made to rhyme to the word 'stand.' The greatest plague of coxcombs is, that This, Roscius excepted against. The new poet they often break upon you with an impertinent gave up that too, and said, ' he would not dispiece of good sense, as this jackanapes has hit pute for a monosyllable.'-'For a monosyllable,' me in a right place enough. I must confess, says the real author, 'I can assure you, a moI am as likely to play such a trick as another; nosyllable may be of as great force as a word but that letter he speaks of was really genuine. of ten syllables.. I tell you, sir, “and" is the When I first set up, I thought it fair enough connection of the matter in that place; withto let myself know from all parts, that my out that word, you may put all that follows works were wonderfully enquired for, and were into any other play as well as this. Besides, if become the diversion as well as iustruction, of you leave it out, it will look as if you had put all the choice spirits in every county of Great it in only for tbe sake of the rhyme.' Roscius Britain. I do not doubt but the more intelli- persisted, assuring the gentleman, ‘that it was gent of my readers found it, before this jacka-impossible to speak it, but the “and” must be napes, I can call him no better, took upon him lost, so it might as well be blotted out.' Bavius to observe upon my style and my basket-bilt. snatched his play out of their hands, said, 'they A very pleasant gentleman of my acquaintance were both blockheads,' and went off; repeating told me one day a story of this kind of false- a couplet, because he would not make his exit hood and vanity in an author.

irregularly. A witty man of these days comMævius showed him a paper of verses, which pared this true and feigned poet to the conhe said he bad received that morning by the tending mothers before Solomon; the true one penny-post from an unknown hand. My friend was easily discovered from the pretender, by admired them extremely. “Sir,' said he, this refusing to see his offspring dissected. must come from a man that is eminent: you see fire, life, and spirit, run through the whole, and at the same time a correctness, which shows No. 92.] Thursday, November 10, 1709. he is used to writing. Pray, sir, read them over

Falsus honor jnvat, et mendax infami? terret again.' He begins again, title and all ; 'To

Hor. i. Ep. xvi. Mævius, on his incomparable poems.' The second reading was performed with much more

False praise can please, and calumny affright,

None but the vicious and the hypocrile. vehemence and action than the former; after

R. Wynne. which, my friend fell into downright raptures “Why, they are truly sublime! there is energy

White's Chocolate-house, November 9. in this line ! description in that! Why! it is I know no manner of speaking so offensive the thing itself! this is perfect picture !' Mæ- as that of giving praise, and closing it with an vius could bear no more; but, ' Paith,' says he, exception ; which proceeds (where men do not 'Ned, to tell you the plain truth, I writ' them do it to introduce malice, and make calumny myself.'

more effectual) from the common error of con,

Quem nisi mendosum et mendacem ?

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