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bed. I will not dwell upon the perplexity he motive he may seem to have for pride; but ir
was in the whole night, which was augmented, the same proportion as the one rises, the other
when he observed that it was now broad day, sinks, it being the chief office of wisdom to dis-
and that the husband did not yet offer to get cover to us our weaknesses and imperfections.
up and go about his business. All that the As folly is the foundation of pride, the
Gascon bad for it, was to keep his face turned natural superstructure of it is madness. K
from him, and to feign bimself asleep, when, there was an occasion for the experiment, I
có his utter confusion, the widow at last puts would not question to make a proud man a
out her arm, and pulls the bell at her bed's lunatic in three weeks' time ; provided I had
head. In came her friend, and two or three it in iny power to ripen bis frenzy with pro-
companions to whom the Gascon had boasted per applications. It is an admirable reflection
of her favours. The widow jumped into a in Terence, where it is said of a parasite,
wrapping gown, and joined with the rest in Hic homines ex stultis facit insanos. This
laughing at this man of intrigue.

fellow,' says he, ' has an art of converting fools
into madmen.' When I was in France, the

region of complaisance and vanity, I have often No. 127.) Tuesday, January 31, 1709-10. observed, that a great man who has entered a

levee of Patterers bumble and temperate, has Nimiruin insanns paucis videatur, ed quod

grown so insensibly beated by the court which Maxima pars hominum morbo Jectatur eodem.

Hor. 2. Sat. iii. 120.

was paid him on all sides, that he has been

quite distracted before he could get into his By few, forsooth, a madman he is thought,

coach. For half mankind the same disease have caught,

Francis. If we consult the collegiates of Moor-fields,

we shall find inust of them are behulden to From my own Apa tment, January 30.

their pride for their introduction into that There is no affection of the mind so much magnificent palace. I bad, some years ago, blended in human nature, and wrought into our the curiosity to enquire into the particular very constitution, as pride. It appears under circumstances of these whimsical freeholders ; a multitude of disguises, and breaks out in ten and learned from their own mouths the con thousand different symptoms. Every one feels dition and character of each of them, Indeed, it in himself, and yet wonders to see it in his I found that all I spoke to were persons of quaneighbour. I must confess, I met with an in-lity. There were at that time five dutchesses, stance of it the other day, where I should very three earls, two heathen gods, an emperor, and little have expected it. Who would believe the a propbet. There were also a great number of proud person I am going to speak of is a cobbler such as were locked up from their estates, and upon Ludgate-hill? This artist being naturally others who concealed their titles. A leathera lover of respect, and considering that his cir- seller of Taunton whispered me in the car, cumstances are such that no man living will that he was the duke of Monmouth ;' but give it him, has contrived the figure of a beau, begged me not to betray him. At a little disin wood; who stands before him in a bending tance from him sat a tailor's wife, who asked posture, with his hat under his left arm, and me, as I went, if I had seen the sword-bearer: his right hand extended in such a manner as upon which I presumed to ask her, who she to hold a thread, a picce of wax, or an awl, was? and was answered,“ my lady mayoress.' according to the particular service in which his I was very sensibly touched with compassion master ibinks fit to employ him. When I saw towards these miserable people; and, indeed, him, he held a candle in this obsequious pos- extremely mortified to see human nature capature. I was very well pleased with the cobbler's ble of being thus disfigured. However, I reaped invention, that had so ingeniously contrived an this benefit from it, that I was resolved to nferior, and stood a little while contemplating guard myself against a passion which makes this inverted idolatry, wherein the image did such havock in the brain, and produces so homage to the man. When we meet with such much disorder in the imagination. For this à fantastic vanity in one of this order, it is no reason I have endeavoured to keep down the wonder if we may trace it through all degrees secret twellings of resentment, and stifle the above it, and particularly through all the steps very first suggestions of self-esteem; to estaof greatness. We easily see the absurdity of Wish my mind in tranquillity, and over-value pride when it enters into the heart of a cobbler; nothing in my own or in another's possession. though in reality it is altogether as ridiculous For the benefit of such whose heads are a and unreasonable, wherever it takes possession little turned, though not to so great a degree 38 of a human creature. There is no temptation to qualify them for the place of which I have to it from the reflection upon our being in been now speaking, I shall assigh one of the general, or upon any comparative perfection, sides of the college which I am erecting, for the whereby one man may excel another. The cure of this dangerous distemper. greater a man's knowledge is, the greater The most remarkable of the persons, whose

Juv. Sat. vi. 138.

N

disturbance arises from pride, and whom I sball | than that which glows in the cheeks of Belinda use all possible diligence to cure, are such as and sets balf the town on fire. are bidden in the appearance of quite contrary habits and dispositions. Among such, I shall, in the first place, take care of one who is un. No. 128.] Thursday, February 2, 1709-10. der the most subtle species of pride that I have

Veniant à dote sagittæ. observed in my whole experience.

The Powery shot the darts. This patient is a person for whom I have a

artful Capid takes his stand great respect, as being an old courtier, and a Upon a window's jointure-land,

For be in all his ani'rous battles friend of mine in my youth. The man has but

No 'dvantage finds like goods and chattels. a bare subsistence, just enough to pay his

Hudibras, Part 1. Canto III. I. 311. reckoning with us at the Trumpet: but, by baving spent the beginning of his life in the From my own Apartment, February 1. hearing of great men and persons of power, This morning I received a letter from a he is always promising to do good offices to in- fortune-hunter, which, being better in its kind troduce every man be converses with into the than men of that character usually write, I world ; will desire one of ten times his sub-have thought fit to communicate to the public. stance to let him see him sometimes, and bints tu bim, that he does not forget him. He * To Isaac Bickerstaff, Esquire. answers to matters of no consequence with

• SIR, great circumspection ; but, however, maintains * I take the boldness to recommend to your a general civility in bis words and actions, and care the inclosed letter, not knowing how to an insolent benevolence to all whom he has to communicate it, but by your means, to the do with. This be practises with a grave tone agreeable country-maid you mention with so and air : and though I am his senior by twelve much honour in your discourse concerning the years, and richer by forty pounds per annum, lottery. be had yesterday the impudence to commend 'I should be ashamed to give you this troume to my face, and tell me,' he should be ble without offering at some small requital: I always ready to encourage me.' In a word, shall therefore direct a new pair of globes, and he is a very insignificant fellow, but exceeding a telescope of the best maker, to be left for gracious. The best return I can make bim for you at Mr. Morphew's, as a testimony of the his favours is, to carry him myself to Bedlam, great respect with which I am and see him well taken care of.

Your most humble servant, &c. The next person I shall provide for is of a quite contrary character, that has in him all

'To Mopsa in Sheer-lane. the stiffness and insolence of quality, without • FAIREST UNKNOWN, Jan. 27. 1709.10. a grain of sense or good-nature, to make it 'It being discovered by the stars, that about either respected or beloved. His pride has three months hence you will run the bazard infected every muscle of his face; and yet, of being persecuted by many worthless preafter all his endeavours to show mankind that tenders to your person, unless timely prevented; he contemns them, he is only neglected by all I now offer my service for your security against that see him, as not of consequence enough to the persecution that threatens you. This is, be bated.

therefore, to let you know, that I have conFor the cure of this particular sort of mad-ceived a most extraordinary passion for you ; ness, it will be necessary to break througb all and that for several days I have been perpeforms with him, and familiarize bis carriage by tually haunted with the vision of a person 1 the use of a good cudgel. It may likewise be have never yet seen. To satisfy you that I am of great benefit to make him jump over a in my senses, and that I do not mistake you stick half a dozen times every morning. for any one of higher rank, I assure you, that

A third, whom I have in my eye, is a young in your daily employment you appear to my fellow, whose lunacy is such that he boasts of imagination more agreeable in a short scanty nothing but what he ought to be ashamed of. petticoat, than the finest woman of quality in He is vain of being rotten, and talks publickly ber spreading fardingal; and that the dexter. of having committed crimes which he ought to ous twirl of your mop has more pative charms, be banged for by the laws of his country. than the studied airs of a lady's fan. In a word,

There are several others whose brains are I am captivated with your menial qualificaburt with pride, and wbom I may hereafter at- tions : the domestic virtues adorn you like attempt to recover; but shall conclude my pre-tendant cupids ; cleanliness and healthful insent list with an old woman, who is just drop- Justry wait on all your motions; and dust and ping into her grave, that talks of nothing but cobwebs fly your approach. her birth. Though she has not a tooth in her 'Now, to give you an honest account of myhead, she expects to be valued for the blood self, and that you may see my designs are in her veins ; which she fancies is much better | honourable, I ain an esquire of an ancient

family, born to about fifteen hundred pounds for these two long years, but the happy life we a.year ; balf of which I have spent in discover should lead together, and the means I should ing myself to be a fool, and with the rest I am use to make myself still dearer to him. My resolved to retire with some plain honest part. fortune was indeed much beyond his; and as ner, and study to be wiser. I had my education I was always in the company of my relations, in a laced coat, and a French dancing-school; he was forced to discover bis inclinations, and and, by my travel into foreign parts, have just declare himself to me by stories of other per as much breeding to spare, as you may think sons, kind looks, and many ways, which he you want, which I intend to exchange as fast knew too well that I understood. Ob! Me as I can for old English honesty and good sense. Bickerstaff, it is impossible to tell you, how I will not impose on you by a false recommen- industrious I have been to make him appear dation of my person, which, to show you my lovely in my thoughts. I made it a point of sincerity, is none of the handsomest, being of conscience to think well of him, and of no man a figure somewhat short; but what I want in else: but he has since had an estate fallen to length, I make out in breadth. But, in amends him, and makes love to another of a greater for that and all other defects, if you can like me fortune than mine. I could not believe the when you see me, I shall continue to you, report of this at first; but, about a fortnight whether I find you fair, black, or brown, ago, I was convinced of the truth of it by bis

' The most constant of Lovers.' own behaviour. He came to make our fainily a This letter seems to be written by a wag,

formal visit, when, as there were several in comand for that reason I am not much concerned fell upon some unhappy woman, who was in my

pany, and many things talked of, the discourse for what reception Mopsa shall think fit to give it; but the following certainly proceeds

own circumstances. It was said by one in the from a poor heart, that languishes under the room, that they could not believe the story most deplorable misfortune that possibly can

could be true, because they did not believe any befall a woman. A man that is treacherously look upon him with an avguish not to be ex.

man could be so false. Upon which, I stole a dealt with in love, may have recourse to many consolations. He may gracefully break through pressed. He saw my eyes full of tears, yet had all opposition to his mistress, or explain with the cruelty to say, that he could see no falsehis rival; urge his own constancy, or aggravate bad been no contracts or vows interchanged.

hood in alterations of this nature, where there the falsehood by which it is repaid. But a woman that is ill-treated, has no refuge in her Pray, do not make a jest of misery, but tell griefs but in silence and secrecy. The world

me seriously your opinion of his behaviour; is so unjust, that a female heart which has and if you can have any pity for my condition, been once touched, is thought for ever blem- publish this in your next paper ; that being ished. The very grief in this case is looked the only way I have of complaining of his un. upon as a reproach, and a complaint, almost | kindness, and showing him the injustice he

has done me. a breach of chastity. For these reasons we see

" Your humble servant, the unfortunate treachery and falsehood are become, as it were, male vices, and are seldom found, never acknowledged, in the other sex. This may serve

The name my correspondent gives berself, to introduce Statira's letter; which, without puts me in mind of my old reading in romauces, any turn of art, has something so pathetical and brings into my thoughts a speech of the and moving in it, that I verily believe it to be renowned Don Bellianis, who, upon a complaint true, and therefore heartily pity the injured made to bim of a discourteous knight, that creature that writ it.

had left bis injured parainour in the same

manner, dries up her tears with a promise of To Isaac Bickerstaff, Esquire. relief. “Disconsolate dainsel,' quoth he, ' a • SIR,

foul disgrace it were to all right-worthy pro You seem in many of your writings to be fessors of chivalry, if such a blot to knighthood a man of a very compassionate temper, and should pass unchastised. Give me to know the well acquainted with the passion of love. This abode of this recreant lover, and I will give encourages me to apply myself to you in my him as a feast to the fowls of the air, or drag present distress, which I believe you will look him bound before you at my horse's tail.' upon to be very great, and treat with tender- I am not ashamed to own myself a champion Dess, notwithstanding it wholly arises from love, of distressed damsels, and would venture as far and that it is a woman that makes this con- to relieve them as Don Bellianis ; for which session. I am now in the twenty-third year reason, I do invite this lady to let me know of my age, and have for a great while enter- the name of the traitor who bas deceived her tained the addresses of a man who, I thought, and do promise, not only her, but all the fair loved me more than life. I am sure I did him ; ones of Great Britain, who lie under the same and must own to you, not without some con- calamity, to employ my right hand for their flusion, that I have thought on nothing else / redress, and serve them to my last drop of iok

I am,

• STATIRA.

Juv. Sat. x, 120.

me,

No. 129.] Saturday, February 4, 1709.10. But, however that is, all agree, that there are

several persons, who, if they durst attack you, Ingenio manus est et cervix cesa.

would endeavour to leave you no more limbs His wit's rewarded with the fatal loss

than I have. I need not tell you that my Of hand and head

R. Wynne.

adversaries bave joined in a confederacy with

time to demolish me, and that, if I were not a From my own Apartment, February 3.

very great wit, I should make the worst figure When my paper for to-morrow was prepared in Europe, being abridged of my legs, arms, for the press, there came in this morning a nose, and ears. If you think fit to accept of mail from Holland, which brought me several the correspondence of so facetious a cripple, I advices from foreign parts, and took my shall from time to time send you an account of thoughts off domestic affairs. Among others, wbat happens at Rome. You have only heard I have a letter from a burgher of Amsterdam, of it from Latin and Greek authors; nay, who makes me his compliments, and tells me perhaps, have read no accounts from hence, he has sent me several draughts of humorous but of a triumph, ovation, or apotheosis, and and satirical pictures by the best hands of the will, doubtless, be surprised to see the descripDutch nation. They are a trading people, and tion of a procession, jubilee, or canonization. in their very minds mechanics. They express I shall, however, send you what the place their wit in manufacture, as we do in manu-affords, in return to what I shall receive from script. He informs

that a a very witty hand you. If you will acquaint me with your next has lately represented the present posture of promotion of general officers, I will send you public affairs in a landscape, or rather a sea- an account of our next advancement of saints. piece, wherein the potentates of the alliance If you will let me know who is reckoned the are figured as their interests correspond with, bravest warrior in Great Britain, I will tell you or affect each other, under the appearance of who is the best fiddler in Rome. If you will commanders of ships. These vessels carry the favour me with an inventory of the riches that colours of the respective nations concerned in were brought into your nation by admiral the present war. The whole design seems to Wager,' I will not fail giving you an account tend to one point, which is, that several squa- of a pot of medals that has been lately dug up drons of British and Dutch ships are battering here, and are now under the examination of a French man-of-war, in order to make her our ministers of state. deliver up a long-boat with Spanish colours. 'There is one thing, in which I desire you My correspondent informs me, tbat a man must would be very particular. What I mean is an understand the compass perfectly well, to be exact list of all the religions in Great Britain, able to comprehend the beauty and invention as likewise the habits, which are said here to of this piece ; which is so skilfully drawn, that be the great points of conscience in England ; the particular views of every prince in Europe whether they are made of serge or broad-cloth, are seen according as the ships lie to the main of silk or linen. I should be glad to see a figure in the picture, and as that figure may model of the most conscientious dress among belp or retard their sailing. It seems this you, and desire you will send me a hat of each curiosity is now on board a ship bound for religion; as likewise, if it be not too much trouEngland, and, with other rarities, made a pre- ble, a cravat. It would also be very acceptable sent to me. As soon as it arrives, I design to here to receive an account of those two religiexpose it to public view at my secretary, Mr. ous orders, wbich are lately sprung up amongst Lillie's, who shall have an explication of all the you, the Wbigs and the Tories, with the points terms of art ; and I doubt not but it will give of doctrine, severities in discipline, penances, as good content as the moving picture in Fleet-mortifications, and good works, by which they street.

differ one from another. It would be no less But, above all the honours I have received kind, if you would explain to us a word, which from the learned world abroad, I am most de- they do not understand even at our English lighted with the following epistle from Rome. monastery, Toasts, and let us know whether

the ladies so called are nuns or lay-sisters. In Pasquin of Rome to Isaac Bickerstaff of

return, I will send you the secret history of Great Britain, Greeting.

several cardinals, which I have by me in manu. “SIR,

script, with the gallantries, amours, politics, Your reputation has passed the Alps, and and intrigues, by which they made their way would have come to my ears by this time, if I to the boly purple. had any. In short, sir, you are looked upon But, when I propose a correspondence, I here as a northern droll, and the greatest virtuoso among the Tramontanes. Some, indeed, say, that Mr. Bickerstaff and Pasquin are only * Charles Wager, Esq; a man of great skill in his profesnames invented to father compositions which iom, was first made a captain at the battle of La Hogue by

admiral Rossel, who recommended him on the most im. the natural parent does not care for owning. I portant services.

cessors.

dust not tell you what I intend to advise you of glory, speak with a certain noble vanity of the aereafter, and neglect to give you what I have brightness and splendour of the age in which at present. The pope bas been sick for this they lived. Pliny often compliments his emfortnight of a violent tooth-ach, which has peror Trajan upon this head; and when he very much raised the French faction, and put would animate him to any thing great, ur disthe conclave into a great ferment. Every one suade him from any thing that was improper, of the pretenders to the succession is grown be insinuates that it is befitting or unbecoming twenty years older than he was a fortnight ago. the claritas et nitor seculi, that period of time Each candidate tries who shall cough and stoop which was made illustrious by his reign. When most ; for these are at present the great gifts we cast our eyes back on the history of manthat recommend to the apostolical seat; which kind, and trace them through their several he stands the fairest for, who is likely to resign successions to their first original, we sometimes ic the soonest. I have kuown the time when see them breaking out in great and memoit used to rain Louis d’ors on such occasions ; rable actions, and towering up to the utmost but, whatever is the matter, there are very few heights of virtue and knowledge; when, per. of them to be seen at present at Rome, in- haps, if we carry our observations to a little somuch, that it is thought a man might pur- distance, we see them sunk into sloth and chase infallibility at a very reasonable rate. ignorance, and altogether lost in darkness and It is nevertheless hoped, that his holiness may obscurity. Sometimes the whole species is recuver, and bury these his imaginary suc- asicep for two or three generations, and then

again awakens into action; flourishes in he* There has lately been found a human roes, philosophers, and poets; who do honour tooth in a catacomb, which has engaged a to human nature, and leave such tracks of couple of convents in a law-suit; each of them glory behind them, as distinguish the years, in pretending, that it belonged to the jaw-bone which they acted their part, from the ordinary of a saint, who was of their order. The college course of time. have sat upon it thrice; and I find there is a Methinks a man cannot, without a secret disposition among them to take it out of the satisfaction, consider the glory of the present vussession of both the contending parties, by age, wbich will shine as bright as any other in jeason of a speech, which was made by one of the history of mankind. It is still big with the cardinals, who, by reason of its being found great events, and has already produced changes out of the company of any other bones, asserted and revolutions, which will be as much admired that it might be one of the teeth which was by posterity, as any that bave happened in the coughed out by Ælia, an old woman, whose days of our fathers, or in the old times before loss is recorded in Martial.*

them.' We have seen kingdoms divided and I have nothing remarkable to communicate united, monarchs erected and deposed, nations to you of state affairs, excepting only, that the transferred from one sovereign to another; pope has lately received a horse fromt he conquerors raised to such a greatness, as has German ambassador, as an acknowledgement given a terror to Europe, and thrown down by for the kingdom of Naples, which is a fief of such a fall as has moved their pity. the church. His holiness refused this horse But it is still a more pleasing view to an from the Germans ever since the duke of Englishman, to see his own country give the Anjou has been possessed of Spain; but, as chief influence to so illustrious an age, and they lately took care to accompany it with a stand in the strongest point of liglit amidst body of ten thousand more, they have at last the diffused glory that surrounds it. overcome bis holiness's modesty, and prevailed If we begin with learned men, we may obupon him to accept the present, I am, Sir, serve, to the bonour of our country, that those your most obedient, humble servant,

who make the greatest figure in most arts and

*PASQUIN. sciences, are universally allowed to be of the 'P. S. Marforio is very much yours.' British nation; and, what is more remarkable,

that men of the greatest learning, are among No. 130.] Tuesday, February 7, 1709-10.

the men of the greatest quality.

A nation may indeed abound with personi

of such uncommon parts and worth, as may Com magnis vixisse invita fatebitar usque Invidia

Hor. 2. Sat. i. 75.

make them rather a misfortune than a bless. Spite of herself ev'n Envy mast confess,

ing to the public. Those, who singly miglit That I the friendship of the great possess.

have been of infinite advantage to the age they Francis.

live in, may, by rising up together in the same Sheer-lane, February 6.

crisis of time, and by interfering in their purI FIND some of the most polite Latin authors, suits of honour, rather interrupt, than promote who wrote at a time when Rome was in its the service of their country. Of this we have

a famous instance in the republic of Rome, * Mart. Epigr. lib. i. 20.

when Cæsar, Pompey, Cato, Cicero, and Bru

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