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and Mary - having think two thousand pounds a-year sufficient, estates for life, resolve to take each other. I make no difference between tbat and three. John will venture my life to enrich thee Mary; I easily believe bim less conversant in those and I Mary will consult my health to nurse affairs, the knowledge of which she so much thee John. To which we have interchangeably commends in Silvius; but I think them neiset our hands, hearts, and seals, this 17th of ther so necessary, or becoming a gentleman, July, 1710.
as the accomplishments of Philander. It is no great character of a man to say, He rides in his
coach and six, and understands as much as he No. 200.] Thursday, July 20, 1710.
who follows the plough. Add to this, that the
conversation of these sort of men seems so disFrom my own Apartment, July 19.
agreeable to me, that though they make good HAVING devoted the greater part of my time bailiffs, I can hardly be persuaded they can be to the service of the fair sex ; I must ask par goud companions. It is possible I may seem dun of my men correspondents, if I postpone to have odd notions, when I say, I am not their commands, when I have any from the fond of a man only for being of, what is called, Jadies which lie unanswered. That which fol. a thriving temper. To conclude, I own I am lows is of importauce.
at a loss to conceive, how good sense should
make a man an ill husband, or conversing with 'SIR,
books less complaisant. ‘You cannot think it strange if I, who know
CELIA.' little of the world, apply to you for advice in the weighty affair of matrimony ; since you
The resolution which this lady is going to yourself have often declared it to be of that con- take, she may very well say, is founded on sequence as to require the utmost deliberation. reason: for, after the necessities of life are Without further preface, therefore, give me served, there is no manner of competition beleave to tell you, that my father at his death | tween a man of a liberal education and an illi. left me a fortune sufficient to make me a match terate. Men are not altered by their circumfor any gentleman. My mother, for she is still stances, but as they give them opportunities alive, is very pressing with me to marry; and of exerting what they are in themselves; and I am apt to think, to gratify her, I shall venture a powerful clown is a tyrant in the most ugly upon one of two gentlemen, who at this time form he can possibly appear. There lies a make their addresses to me. My request is, seeming objection in the thoughtful manner that you would direct me in my choice; which, of Philander: but let her consider, which she that you may the better do, I shall give you shall oftener have occasion to wish, that Phitheir characters; and, to avoid confusion, de- lander would speak, or Silvius hold his tongue. sire you to call them by the names of Philan
The train of my discourse is prevented by der and Silvius. Philander is young, and has the urgent haste of another correspondent. a good estate ; Silvius is as young, and has a better. The former has had a liberal education,
July 14. has seen the town, is retired from thence to * This comes to you from one of those virgins his estate in the country, is a man of few words, of twenty-five years old and upwards, that you, and much given to books. The latter was like a patron of the distressed, promised to brought up under his father's eye, who gave provide for ; who makes it her bumble request, him just learning enough to enable him to keep that no occasional stories or subjects may, as his accounts; but made him withal very expert they have for three or four of your last days, in country business, such as ploughing, sowing, prevent your publishing the scheme you have buying, selling, and the like. They are both communicated to Amanda ; for every day and very sober men, neither of their persons is dis-hour is of the greatest consequence to damsels agreeable, nor did I know which to prefer until of so advanced an age. Be quick then, if you I had heard them discourse; when the conver- intend to do any service for your admirer, sation of Pbilander so much prevailed, as to
DIANA FORECAST.' give him the advantage with me, in all other respects. My mother pleads strongly for Sil- In this important affair, I have not neglected vius; and uses these arguments: That he not the proposals of others. Among them is the only has the larger estate at present, but by following sketch of a lottery for persons. The his guod husbandry and management increases author of it has proposed very ample encouit daily: that his little knowledge in other affairs ragement, not only to myself, but also to will make bim easy and tractable; whereas, Charles Lillie and John Morphew. If the mat. according to her, men of letters know too mucb ter bears, I shall not be unjust to his nerit: to make good husbands. To part of this, II only desire to enlarge his plan; for which imagine, I answer effectually, by saying, Phi- purpose I lay it before the town, as well for lander's estate is large enough ; that thev who I the improvement as the encouragement of it.
• MR. BICKERSTAFF.
The amicable contribution for raising the for women both in the common and important lunes of ten young ladies.
circumstances of life. In vain lo we say, the 'Imprimis, It is proposed to raise one hun.wbole sex would run into England, while the dred thousand crowns by way of lots, which privileges, which are allowed them, do no way will advance for each lady two thousand five balance the inconveniences arising from those
very immunities. Our women have very much hundred pounds; which sum, together with indulged to them in the participation of our one of the ladies, the gentleman that shall be fortunes and our liberty; but the errors they so happy as to draw a prize, provided they both commit in the use of either are by no means like, will be entitled to, under such restrictions
so impartially considered, as the false steps hereafter mentioned. And in case they do not
which are made by men. In the commerce of like, then either party that refuses shall be lovers, the man makes the address, assails, and cutitled to one thousand pounds ouly, and the betrays; and yet stands in the same degree of remainder to him or her that shall be willing to marry, the man being first to declare his acceptance, as he was in before he committed
that treachery. The woman, for no other mind. But it is provided, that if both parties crime but believing one whom she thought shall consent to have one another, the gentle loved her, is treated with shyness and indifferman sball, before be receives the money thus
ence at the best, and commonly with reproach raised, settle one thousand pounds of the same
and scorn. He that is past the power of beauty jn substantial bands (who shall be as trustees for the said ladies,) and shall have the whole may talk of this matter with the same uncon
cern, as of any other subject : therefore I shall and sole disposal of it for her use only. Note: Each party shall have three months' within rules, and as they transgress them. The
take upon me to consider the sex, as they live time to consider, after an interview had, which ordinary class of the good or the ill have very shall be within ten days after the lots are little influence upon the actions of others; drawn. Note also, the name and place of abode of lead the world below. The ill are employed in
but the eminent, in either kind, are those who the prize shall be placed on a proper ticket. * Item, they shall be ladies that have had a like furies; the good distribute benevolence,
communicating scandal, infamy, and disease liberal education, between fifteen and twenty-friendship, and health, like angels. The ill three ; all genteel, witty, and of unblameable
are damped with pain and anguish at the sight characters.
of all that is laudable, lovely, or happy. The The money to be raised shall be kept in an iron box; and when there shall be two thou-wards the guilty, the disagreeable, and the
virtuous are touched with commiseration to. sand subscriptions, which amounts to five hun
wretched. There are those who betray the dred pounds, it shall be taken out and put into innocent of their own sex, and solicit the lewd a goldsmith's band, and the note made payable of ours. There are those who have abandoned to the proper lady, or ber assigns, with a clause the very memory, not only of innocence, but therein to hinder her from receiving it, until shame. There are those who never forgave, the fortunate person that draws her shall first
por could ever bear being forgiven. There are sign the note, and so on until the whole sum is subscribed for; and as soon as one hundred the cares of the sorrowful, and double the joys
those also who visit the beds of the sick, lull thousand subscriptions are completed, and two of the joyful. Such is the destroying fiend, hundred crowns more to pay the charges, the such the guardian angel, woman. lottery sball be drawn at a proper place, to be
The way to have a greater number of the appointed a fortnight before the drawing.
amiable part of womankind, and lessen the Note, Mr. Bickerstaff objects to the marriageable years here mentioned ; and is of opi- we can to the success of well-grounded passions;
crowd of the other sort, is to coutribute what nion, they should not commence until after and therefore I comply with the request of an twenty-three. But he appeals to the learned, both of Warwick-Jane and Bishopsgate-street, *
enamoured man, in inserting the following
billet. on this subject.'
Mr. Bickerstaff you always read, though No. 201.] Saturday, July 22, 1710.
me you will never hear. I am obliged there
fore tu bis compassion for the opportunity of White's Chocolate-house, July 21,
imploring yours--I sigh for the most accomIr bas been often asserted in these papers, plished of her sex. That is so just a distinction that the great source of our wrong pursuits is of her, to whom I write, that the owning I the impertinent manner with which we treat think so is no distinction of me, who write.
Your good qualities are peculiar to you; my * The College of Physicians met at Warwick.lane, and admiration is common with thousands. Ishall the Royal Society at Gresham-college in Bishopsgate-street. I be present when you read this; but fear every
woman will take it for her character, sooner When I had indulged the loquacity of an old tban she who deserves it.'
man for some time, in such loose hints, I took If the next letter, which presents itself, my leave of Mr. Mills; and was told, Mr. Elshould come from the mistress of this modest with me. His business was to desire I would,
liot of Saint James's coffee-bouse would speak lover, and I make them break through the oppression of their passions, I shall expect band, who were to have the benefit tickets in
as I am an astrologer, let hiin know before. gloves at their nuptials.
the ensuing lottery ; wbich knowledge, he was · MR. BICKERSTAFF,
of opinion, he could turn to great account, as * You, that are a philosopher, know very he was cuncerned in news. well the make of the mind of women, and can I granted his request, upon an oath of sebest instruct me in the conduct of an affair crecy, that he would only make his own use of which highly concerns me. I never can admit it, and not let it be publicly known until after my lover to speak to me of love; yet think they were drawn. I had not done speaking, him impertinent when he offers to talk of any when he produced to me a plau which he had thing else. What sball I do with a man that formed of keeping books, with the names of always believes me? It is a strange thing, this all such adventurers, and the numbers of their distance in men of sense! why do not they tickets, as should come to bim ; in order to always urge their fate? If we are sincere in give an hourly account of what tickets shall our severity, you lose nothing by attempting. come up during the whole time of the lottery, If we are hypocrites, you certainly succeed.' the drawing of which is to begin on Wednesday
I liked his method of disguising the From my own Apartment, July 21. secret I had told him ; and pronounced him a Before I withdraw from business for the thriving man, who could so well watch the night, it is my custom to receive all addresses motion of things, and profit by a prevailing to me, that others may go to rest as well as bumour and impatience so aptly, as to make myself, at least as far as I can contribute to his honest industry agreeable to his customers, it. When I called to know if any would speak as it is to be the messenger of their good with me, I was informed that Mr. Mills, the fortune. player, desired to be admitted. He was sv ;
ADVERTISEMENT. and with much modesty acquainted me, as he did other people of vote,' that Hamlet was to From the Trumpet in Sheer-lane, July 20. be acted on Wednesday next for his benefit.' Ordered, that for the improvement of the I had long wanted to speak with this person; pleasures of society, a member of this house, because I thought I could admonish bim of one of the most wakeful of the soporific asmany things, wbich would tend to his improve sembly beyond Smithfield-bars, and one of the ment. To the general I observed to him, that order of story-tellers in Holborn, may meet though action was his business, the way to that and exchange stale matter, and report the same action was not to study gesture ; for the beba to their principals. viour would follow the sentiments of the mind. N. B. No man is to tell above one story in
Action to the player is what speech is to an the same evening ; but has liberty to tell the orator. If the matter be well conceived, words same the night following. will flow with ease : and if the actor is well Mr. Bickerstaff desires bis love-corresponpossessed of the nature of his part, a proper dents to vary the names they shall assume in action will necessarily follow. He informed their future letters; for that he is overstocke me, that Wilks was to act Hanılet: I desired with Philanders. bim to request of him in my name, that he would wholly forget Mr. Betterton; for that he failed in po part of Othello, but where he No. 202.] Tuesday, July 25, 1710. had him in view. An actor's forming bimself by the carriage of another is like the trick Est Ulubris, animus si te non deficit æquus. among the widows, who lament their husbands
Hor. Ep. xi ver, alt. as their neighbours did theirs, and not accord- True happiness is to no spot confind ing to their own sentiments of the deceased,
If you preserve a firm and equal mind,
T'is here, 'tis there, and every where, There is a fault also in the audience, which interrupts their satisfaction very much; that
From my own Apartment, July 24. is, the figuriog to themselves the actor in some This afternoon I went to visit a gentleman part wherein they formerly particularly liked of my acquaintance at Mile End; and passing him, and not attending to the part be is at through Stepney church-yard, I could not forthat time performing. Thus, wbatever Wilks, bear entertaining myself with the inscriptions who is the strictest follower of nature, is acting on the tombs and graves. Among others, I the vulgar spectators turn their thoughts upon observed one with this notable memorial : Sir Harry Wildair.
'Here lies the body of T. B.'
This fantastical desire of being remembered | possession of what we seek only the appearance. only by the two first letters of a name, led me To this may be added, that there is I know into the contemplation of the vanity and im not what malignity in the minds of ordinary perfect attainments of ambition in general. men, to oppose you in what they see you fond When I run back in my imagination all the of; and it is a certain exception against a men whom I have ever known and conversed mau's receiving applause, that he visibly courts with in my whole life, there are but very few it. However, this is not only the passion of who have not used their faculties in the pursuit great and undertaking spirits; but you see it of what it is impossible to acquire; or left the in the lives of such as, one would believe, were possession of what they might have been, at far enough removed from the ways of ambition. their setting out, masters, to search for it The rural esquires of this nation even eat and where it was out of their reach. In this thought drink out of vanity. A vain-glorious fox-hunter it was not possible to forget the instance of shall entertain half a county, for the ostentaPyrrhus, who proposing to himself in discourse tion of his beef and beer, without the least with a pbilosopher, one, and another, and an. affection for any of the crowd about him. He other conquest, was asked, what he would do feeds them, because he thinks it a superiority after all that? Then,' says the king,' we will over them that he does so; and they devour make merry. He was well answered, “What him, because they know he treats them out of hinders your doing that in the condition you insolence. This indeed is ambition in groare already?' The restless desire of exerting tesque ; but may figure to us the condition themselves above the common level of mankind of politer men, whose only pursuit is glory. is not to be resisted in some tempers; and when the superior acts out of a principle of minds of this make may be observed in vanity, the dependant will be sure to allow it every condition of life. Where such men do him; because he knows it destructive of the not make to themselves, or meet with em- very applause which is courted by the man ployment, the soil of their constitution runs who favours him, and consequently makes him into tares and weeds. An old friend of mine, nearer himself. who lost a major's post forty years ago, and But as every man living has more or less of quiited, has ever since studied maps, encamp- this incentive, which makes men impatient of ments, retreats, and countermarches; with no an inactive condition, and urges ined to atother design but to feed his spleen and illo tempt what may tend to their reputatiun, it humour, and furnish himself with matter for is absolutely necessary they should turm to arguing against all the successful actions of themselves an ambition, which is in every inan's others. He that, at bis first setting out in the power to gratify. This ambition would be inworld, was the gayest man in our regiment; dependent, and would consist only in acting ventured his life with alacrity, and enjoyed it what, to a man's own mind, appears most great with satisfaction ; encouraged men below him, and laudable. It is a pursuit in the power of and was courted by men above him, has been every man, and is only a regular prosecution ever since the most froward creature breathing. of wbat be himself approves. It is what can His warm complexion spends itself now only be interrupted by no outward accidents ; for in a general spirit of contradiction : for which no man can be robbed of his good intention, ne watches all occasions, and is in his conver- One of our society of the Trumpet* therefore sation still upon centry, treats all men like started last night a notion, wbich I thought enemies, with every other impertinence of a bad reason in it. It is, methinks,' said he, speculative warrior.
'an unreasonable thing, that heroic virtue He that observes in himself this patural in- should, as it seems to be at present, be confined quietude, should take all imaginable care to to a certain order of men, and be attainable put his mind in some method of gratification; by none but those whom fortune has elevated or he will soon find himself grow into the con- to the most conspicuous stations. I would dition of this disappointed major. Tostead of bave every thing to be esteemed as heroic, courting proper occasions to rise above others, which is great and uncommon in the circumhe will be ever studious of pulling others down stances of the man who performs it.' Thus to bim : it being the common refuge of disap- there would be no virtue in human life, which pointed ambition, to ease themselves by de- every one of the species would not have a pretraction. It would be no great argument tence to arrive at, and an ardency to exert. against ambition, that there are such mortal Since fortune is not in our power, let us be as things in the disappointment of it; but it cer- little as possible in hers. Why should it be tainly is a forcible exception, that there can be necessary that a man should be rich, to be no solid happiness in the success of it. If we generous ? If we measured by the quality and value popular praise, it is in the power of the not the quantity of things, the particulars meanest of the people to disturb us by calumny. which accompany an action is what should If the fame of being happy, we cannot look into a village, but we see crowds in actual
The public house in Sheer-lane.
denuminate it mean or great. The highest | who lead their lives in too solitary a manner, station of human life is to be attained by each to prey upon themselves, and form from their man that pretends to it: for every man can be own conceptions, beings and things which have as valiant, as generous, as wise, and as merci- no place in nature. This often makes an adept ful, as the faculties and opportunities which as much at a loss, when he comes into the ne bas from heaven and fortune will permit. world, as a mere savage. To avoid therefore He that can say to bimself, 'I do as much that ineptitude for society, which is frequently good, and am as virtuous as my most earnest the fault of us sobulars, and has, to men of unendeavours will allow me,' whatever is his stau derstanding and breeding, something much tion in the world, is to himself possessed of the more shocking and untractable than rusticity highest honjur. If ambition is not thus turned, itself; I take care to visit all public solemniit is no other than a continual succession of ties; and go into assemblies as often as my anxiety and vexation. But when it has this cast, studies will permit. This being therefore the it invigorates the mind; and the consciousness first day of the drawing of the lottery, I diel of its own worth is a reward, which is not in not neglect spending a considerable time in the power of envy, reproach, or detraction, to the crowd: but as much a philosopher as ! take from it. Thus the seat of solid honour pretend to be, I could not but look with a sort is in a man's own bosom; and no one cao want of veneration upon the two boys who received support who is in possession of an honest con- the tickets from the wheels, as the impartial science, but he who would suffer the reproaches and equal dispensers of the fortunes which were of it for other greatness.
to be distributed among the crowd, who all P. S. I was going on in my philosophy, wben stood expecting the same chance. It seems at notice was brought me, that there was a great first thought very wonderful, that one passion crowd in my antichamber, who expected au
should so universally have the pre-eminence of dience. When they were admitted, I found another in the possession of men's minds, as they all met at my lodyings, each coming upon that in this case all in general have.a•secret the same errand, to know whether they were hope of the great ticket : and yet fear in anof the fortunate in the lottery, which is now other instance, as in going into a battle, shall ready to be drawn. I was much at a loss how bave so little influence, as that, though each to extricate myself from their importunity; man believes there will be many thousands but observing the assembly made up of both slain, each is confident be himself shall escape. sexes, I sigoified to them, that in this case it This certainly proceeds from our vanity; for wuuld appear Fortune is not blind, for all the every man sees abundance in himself that delots would fall upon the wisest and the fairest. serves reward, and nothing which should meet This gave so general a satisfaction, that the with mortification. But of all the adventurers room was soon emptied, and the company re
that filled the ball, there was one who stood tired with the best air, and the most pleasing by me, who I could not but fancy expected the grace I had any where observed. Mr. Elliot thousand pounds per annum, as a mere justice of St. James's coffee-house now stood alone be. to his parts and industry. He had bis pencil fore me, and signified to me, he had now not
and table-book; and was, at the drawing of only prepared his books, but had received a each lot, counting how much a man with seven very great subscription already. His design tickets was now nearer the great prize, by the was, to advertise his subscribers at their re- striking out another, and another competitor. spective places of abode, within an hour after This man was of the most particular constitu. their number is drawn, wbether it was a blank tion I had ever observed ; his passions were so or benefit, if the adventurer lives within the active, that he worked in the utmost stretch bills of mortality; if he dwells in the country, of hope and fear. When one rival fell before by the next post. I encouraged the man in bim, you might see a short gleam of triumph his industry, and told him the ready path to in his countenance ; which immediately vangood fortune was to believe there was no such ished at the approach of another. What added tbing.
to the particularity of this man was, that he every moment cast a look either upon the
commissioners, the wheels, or the boys. I No. 203.] Thursday, June 27, 1710.
gently whispered him, and asked, “when he Ut tu fortunam, sic nos te, Celse, foremus.
thought the thousand pounds would come up ?' Hor. 1 Ep. viii. ver. ult.
Pugh,' says he, ‘who knows that?' And then As Celsus bears this change of fortune,
looks upon a little list of his own tickets, woich So will his friends bear him.
were pretty higb in their numbers, and said it From my own Apartmeni, July 26. would not come this ten days. This fellow It is natural for the imaginations of men, he has put his heart on. I he man is mecha
will bave a good chance, though not that which Hence the origin of registering tickets ; and probably nically turned, and made for getting. The of insuring, since carried to so pernicions an excess.
simplicity and eagerness which he is in, argues