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ficient testimony of the truth of this observa. of spirit imaginable ; they spend their time in tion.
heavenly raptures, in constant and frequent I had the honour the other day of a visit devotions, and at proper hours in agreeable from a gentlewoman (a stranger to me) who conversations.' 'Sir,' said she hastily, 'tell not seemed to be about thirty. Her complexion is me of Papists, or any of their idolatries.' 'Well brown; but the air of her face has an agree-then, madam, consider how many fine ladies ableness which surpasses the beauties of the live innocently in the eye of the world, and fairest women. There appeared in her look this gay town, in the midst of temptation : and mein a sprightly health ; and her eyes had there is the witty Mrs. W- is a virgin of too much vivacity to become the language of forty-four, Mrs. T- 's is thirty-nine, Mrs. complaint, which she began to enter into. L---ce thirty-three ; yet you see they laugh, She seemed sensible of it ; and therefore, with and are gay, at the park, at the playhouse, at downcast looks, said she, 'Mr. Bickerstaff, you balls, and at visits; and so much at ease, that see before you the unhappiest of women; and all this seems hardly a self-denial.' 'Mr. Bicktherefore, as you are esteemed by all the world erstaff,' said she, with some emotion, 'you are both a great civilian, as well as an astrologer, an excellent casuist ; but the last word deI must desire your advice and assistance, in stroyed your whole argument; if it is not selfputting me in a method of obtaining a divorce denial, it is no virtue. I presented you with from a marriage, which I know the law will an half-guinea, in hopes not only to have my pronounce void.' 'Madam,' said I, 'your griev- conscience eased, but my fortune told. Yet'— ance is of such a nature, that you must be very 'Well madam,' said I, 'pray of what age is ingenious in representing the causes of your your husband ?' 'He is,' replied my injured complaint, or I cannot give you the satisfac- client, 'fifty; and I have been his wife fifteen tion you desire.' 'Sir,' she answers, “I believe years.' How happened it you never communithere would be no need of half your skill in cated your distress, in all this time to your the art of divination, to guess why a woman friends and relations ?' She answered, 'He has would part from her husband.' ' It is true,' been thus but a fortnight.' I am the most said I ; 'but suspicions, or guesses at what you serious man in the world to look at, and yet mean, nay certainty of it, unless you plainly could not forbear laughing out. Why, maspeak it, are no foundation for a formal suit.' dam, in case of infirmity which proceeds only She clapped her fan before her face; 'My hus- from age, the law gives no remedy.'
Sir,' band,' said she, 'is no more an husband' (here said she, “I find you have no more learning she burst into tears) 'than one of the Italian than Dr. Case; and I am told of a young man, singers.'
not five-and-twenty, just come from Oxford, to 'Madam,' said I, 'the affliction you com- whom I will communicate this whole matter, plain of is to be redressed by law; but, at the and doubt not but he will appear to have seven same time, consider what mortifications you times more useful and satisfactory knowledgeare to go through, in bringing it into open tban you and all your boasted family. Thus court: how will you be able to bear the im- I have entirely lost my client; but if this tepertinent whispers of the people present at the dious narrative preserves Pastorella from the trial, the licentious reflections of the pleaders, intended marriage with one twenty years her and the interpretations that will in general be senior—to save a fine lady, I am contented to put upon your conduct by all the world? "How have my learning decried, and my predictions litele (will they say) could that lady command bound up with poor Robin's almanacks. her passions !" Besides, consider, that curbing our desires is the greatest glory we can arrive
Will's Coffee-house, May 25. at in this world, and will be most rewarded in
This evening was acted the Recruiting Offithe next.' She answered, like a prudent ma- cer,t in which Mr. Eastcourt's proper sense tron: 'Sir, if you please to remember the of- and observation is what supports the play. fice of matrimony, the first cause of its institu- There is not, in my humble opinion, the bution is that of having posterity. Therefore, as
mour bit in Sergeant Kite; but it is admirably to the curbing desires, I am willing to undergo supplied by his action. If I have skill to judge, any abstinence from food as you please to en
that man is an excellent actor; but the crowd joiu me; but I cannot, with any quiet of mind, of the audience are fitter for representations at live in the neglect of a necessary duty, and an
May-fair, than a theatre-royal. Yet that fair express commandment, Increase and multiply: is now broke, as well as the theatre is breakObserving she was learned, and knew so well ing; but it is allowed still to sell animals there. the duties of life, I turned my arguments ra- Therefore, if any lady or gentleman have octher to dehort her from this public procedure casion for a tame elephant, let them enquire by examples than precepts. “Do but consider, inadam, what crowds of beauteous women live in nunneries, secluded for ever from the sight reign of Charles 11.
* Poor Robin began to publish his almanack early in the and conversation of men, with all the alacrity A comedy by Mr. Farouhar.
of Mr. Pinkethman, who has one to dispose of 'My friends have kept me here a week at a reasonable rate. The downfall of May-fair longer than ordinary, to see one of their plays, bas quite sunk the price of this noble creature, which was performed last night with great as well as of many other curiosities of nature. applause. The actors are all of them tradesA tiger will sell almost as cheap as an ox; and, men ; who, after their day's work is over, earn I am credibly informed, a man may purchase about a guilder a-night by personating kings a cat with three legs, for very near the value and generals. The hero of the tragedy I saw of one with four. I hear likewise that there is was a journeyman tailor, and his first minister a great desolation among the gentlemen and of state a coffee-man. The empress made me ladies who were the ornaments of the town, think of Partbenope in the Rehearsal ; for her and used to shine in plumes and diadems; the mother keeps an alehouse in the suburbs of heroes being wost of them pressed, and the Amsterdam. When the tragedy was over, queens beating hemp. Mrs. Sarabrand so fa- they entertained us with a short farce, in mous for ber ingenious puppet-show, has set which the cobbler did his part to a miracle ; up a shop in the Excbange, where she sells her but, upun enquiry, I found be had really been little troop under the term of jointed babies. working at his own trade, and representing on I could not but be solicitous to know of her, the stage what he acted every day in his shop. how she had disposed of that rake-hell, Punch, The profits of the theatre maintain an hospital; whose lewd life and conversation had given so for, as here they do not think the profession of much scandal, and did not a little contribute to an actor the only trade that a man ought to tbe ruin of the fair. She told me with a sigh, exercise ; so they will not allow any body to ‘That, despairing of ever reclaiming him, she grow rich in a profession that, in their opinion, would not offer to place him in a civil family, so little conduces to the good of the commonbut got him in a post upon a stall in Wapping, wealth. If I am not mistaken, your playhouses where he may be seen from sun-rising to sun in England have done the same thing; for, setting, with a glass in one hand, and a pipe unless I am misinformed, the hospital at Dulin the other, as centry to a brandy-shop.' The wich was erected and endowed by Mr. Alleyn, great revolutions of this nature bring to my a player: * and it is also said, a famous shemind the distresses of the unfortunate Ca- tragedian has settled her estate, after her milla,* who has had the ill luck to break be- death, for the maintenance of decayed wits, who fore her voice, and to disappear at a time when are to be taken in as soon as they grow dull, at ber beauty was in the height of its bloom. whatever time of their life that shall happen.' This lady entered so thoroughly into the great characters she acted, that when she bad fi.
St. James's Coffee-house, May 25. nisbed her part, she could not think of re- Letters from the Hague of the thirty-first trenching her equipage, but would appear in instant, N. S. say, that the articles preliminary her own lodgings with the same magnificence to a general peace were settled, communicated that she did upon the stage. This greatness to the States-general, and all the foreign miof soul bad reduced that unhappy princess to nisters residing there, and transmitted to their an involuntary retirement, where she now respective masters on the twenty-eighth. Monpasses her time among the woods and forests, sieur Torcy immediately returned to the court thinking on the crowns and sceptres she has of France, from whence he is expected again lost, and often humming over in her solitude, on the fourth of the next month with those I was born of royal race,
articles ratified by that court. The Hague is Yo most wander in disgrace, &c.
agreed upon for the prace of treaty, and the But, for fear of being over-heard, and her qua- fifteenth of the next month the day on which lity known, she usually sings it in Italian,
it to commence. The terms whereon this Nzqui al regno, naoui al trono,
negotiation is founded are not yet delivered by E per sono
public authority; but, what is most generally I venturata pastorella.
received, is as follows: Since I have touched upon this subject, I
Her majesty's right and title, and the Pro shall communicate to my reader part of a letter testant succession to these dominions, is forth I have received from an ingenious friend at with to be acknowledged. King Charles is to Amsterdam, where there is a very noble the be owned the lawful sovereign of Spain. The atre; though the manner of furnishing it with French king shall not only recall bis troops out actors is something peculiar to that place, and of that kingdom, and deliver up to the allies gives us occasion to admire both the politeness the towns of Roses, Fonterabia, and Pampelona and frugality of the people.
but, in case the duke of Anjou shall not retire
* Mrs, Tofts, who performed Camilla in the opera of that Edward Alleyn, esq. the protodramatist of his time, in name, was the daughter of a person in the family of bishop 1614, founded, raised, and built an hospital at Dulwich in Barnet. She liver at the introduction of the opera into this Sarrey, called “The Colledge of God's Gift,' with a revenge kingilom, and sang with Nicoliai,
which is reckoned 700l. per annum.
out of the Spanish dominions, he shall be which I suppress with great violence to my vaobliged to assist the allies to force him from nity. There are many terms in my narratives thence. A cessation of arms is agreed upon for which he complains want explaining; and has two months from the first day of the treaty. therefore desired that, for the benefit of my The port and fortifications of Dunkirk are to be country readers, I would let him know what demolished within four months; but the town I mean by a Gentleman, a Pretty Fellow, a itself left in the hands of the French. The pre- Toast, a Coquet, a Critic, a Wit, and all other tender is to be obliged to leave France. All appellations of those now in the gayer world, Newfoundland is to be restored to the English. who are in possession of these several characAs to the other parts of America, the French ters; together with an account of those who are to restore whatever they may have taken unfortunately pretend to them. I shall beyin from the English, as the English in like man with him we usually cali a Gentleman, or man ner are to give up what they may have taken of conversation. from the French, before the commencement It is generally thought, that warmth of imaof the treaty. The trade between Great Britain gination, quick relish of pleasure, and a manand France shall be settled upon the same ner of becoming it, are the most essential quafoundation as in the reign of king Charles the lities for forming this sort of man. Second.
one that is much in company will observe, that The Dutch are to have for their barriers, the height of good breeding is shown rather in Newport, Berg, St. Vinox, Furnes, Ipres, Lisle, never giving offence, than in doing obliging Tournay, Douay, Valenciennes, Conde, Mau-things. Thus he that never shocks you, though heuge, Mons, Charleroy, Namur, and Luxem- he is seldom entertaining, is more likely to burg; all which places shall be delivered up to keep your favour, than he who often enterthe allies before the end of June. The trade tains, and sometimes displeases you. The most between Holland and France shall be on the necessary talent therefore in a man of conver. same foot as in 1664. The cities of Strasburg, sation, which is what we ordinarily intend by Brisac, and Alsatia, shall be restored to the a fine gentleman, is a good judgment. He emperor and empire; and the king of France, that has this in perfection, is master of his pursuant to the treaty of Westphalia in 1648, companion, without letting him see it; and shall only retain the protection of ten impe. bas the same advantage over men of rial cities, viz. Colmar, Schlestat, Haguenau, qualifications whatsoever, as one that can see Munster, Turkeim, Keisember, Obrenheim, would have over a blind man of ten times his Rosheim, Weisemberg, and Landau. Hunin- strength. guan, Fort-Louis, Fort-Kbiel, and New-Brisac, This is what makes Sophronius the darling shall be demolished, and all the fortifications of all who converse with him, and the most from Basil to Philipsburg. The king of Prussia powerful with his acquaintance of any man in shall remain in the peaceable possession of town. By the light of this faculty he acts with Neufchatel. The affair of Orange, as also great ease and freedom among the men of the pretensions of his Prussian majesty in the pleasure, and acquits himself with skill and de. Franche Comté, shall be determined at this spatch among the men of business. All which general negotiation of peace. The duke of he performs with such success, that, with as Savoy shall have a restitution made of all that much discretion in life as any man ever bad, has been taken from him by the French, and he neither is, nor appears cunning. But as remain master of Exilles, Chamont, Fenes- be does a good office, if ever be does it, with trelles, and the valley of Pragelas.*
readiness and alacrity, so he denies what he does not care to engage in, in a manner that
convinces you that you ought not to have asked No. 21.) Suturday, May 28, 1709.
it. His judgment is so good and unerring, and
accompanied with so cheerful a spirit, that his Quicquid agunt homines- nostri est farrago libelli. Juv. Sat. i. 85, 86.
conversation is a continual feast, at which he
helps some, and is helped by others, in such Whate'er men do, or say, or think, or dream, Our motley paper seizes for its theme.
P. manner, that the equality of society is perfectly
kept up, and every man obliges as much as he White's Chocolate-house, May 26. is obliged: for it is the greatest and justest skil. A GENTLEMAN bas writ to me out of the in a man of superior understanding, to know country a very civil letter, and said things bow to be on a level with his companions. This
sweet disposition runs through all the actions • In the first edition of the Tatter, in folio, there is the by women, without being envied by men. So
of Sophronius, and makes his company desired following addition to this paper: 'It is said that monsieur Torcy, when he signed this instrument, broke into this ex. phronius would be as just as be is, if there clamnation. “Would Colbert have signed such a treaty for France ?” ou which a minister present was pleased to say, if there were no such thing as calumny.
were no law; and would be as discreet as he is, “ Colbert nimself would have been proud to have saved France in these circumstances on such terms."
In imitation of this agreeable being, is made that animal we call a Pretty Fellow; who, be- or endeavours to obtain It, any way but what ing just able to find out, that what makes So- is peculiar to him only one sacrifices his wife, phroaius acceptable is a natural behaviour, in another his profession, another his posterity, order to the same reputation, makes his own from the same motive ; but Aheir characters an artificial one. Jack Dimple is his perfect are kept so skilfully apart, that it seems prodimimic, whereby be is, of course, the most un gious iheir discourses should rise from the in. like him of all men living. Supbronius just vention of the same author, now passed into the inner room directly for- But the poets are a nest of hornets, and I ward; Jack comes as fast after as he can for will drive these thoughts no fartber; but must the right and left looking-glass, in which he mention some bard treatment I am likely to liad but just approved himself by a nod at each, meet with from my brother-writers. I am and marched on. He will meditate within for credibly informeil, that the author of a play, half an hour until he thinks he is not careless called 'Love in a Hollow Tree,'* has made enough in bis air, and come back to the mir some remarks upon my late discourse on "The ror to recollect his forgetfulness.
Naked Truth.' I cannot blame a gentleman
for writing against any error; it is for the good Will's Coffee-house, May 27.
of the learned world. But I would have the This night was acted the comedy called 'The thing fairly left between us two, and not under Fox;'* but I wonder the modern writers do not the protection of patrons. But my intelligence use their interest in the house to suppress such is, that he hath dedicated his treatise to the representations. A man that has been at this honorable Mr. EdH-rd.t will bardly like any other play during the season: therefore I humbly move, that the wri- From my own Apartment, May 27. tings, as well as dresses, of the last age should give way to the present fashion. We are come
To Isaac Bickerstaff, Esy. into a good met bod enough (if we were not in
York, May 16, 1709. terrupted in our mirth by such an apparition ‘Being convinced, as the whole world is, as a play of Jonson's) to be entertained at how infallible your predictions are, and having more ease, both to the spectator and the writer, the honour to be your near relation of the Stafthan in the days of old. It is no difficulty fian family, I was under great concern at one to get bats and swords, and wigs and shoes, of your predictions relating to yourself, whereand every thing else from the shops in town; in you foretold your own death would happen and make a man show himself by his babit, on the seventeenth instant, unless it were without more ado, to be a counsellor, a fop, a prevented by the assistance of well-disposed courtier, or a citizen, and not be obliged to people: I have therefore prevailed on my own make those characters talk in different dialects modesty to send you a piece of news, which to be distinguished from each other. This is may serve instead of Goddard's I drops, to certainly the surest and best way of writing : keep you alive for two days, until nature be but sucb a play as tbis makes a man for a able to recover itself, or until you meet with month after over-run witb criticism, and en. some better help from other hands. There: quire, ' What every man on the stage said ? fore, without further ceremony, I wil. relate a wbat had such a one to do to meddle with such singular adventure just happened in the place a thing? how came the other, who was bred where I am writing, wherewith it may be highly after this or that manner, to speak so like a useful for the public to be informed. man conversant among a different people ?' ‘Three young ladies of our town were vux These questions rob us of all our pleasure; for, Saturday last indicted for witchcraft. The at this rate, no sentence in a play should be witnesses against the first deposed upon oath spoken by any one character which could pos- before justice Bindover, that she kept spirits sibly enter into the head of any other man re- locked up in vessels, which sometimes appeared presented in it; but every sentiment should in flames of blue fire; that she used magical be peculiar to him only who utters it. Labo- herbs, with some of which she drew in hundreds rious Ben's works will bear this sort of inquisition ; but if the present writers were thus examined, and the offences against this rule
# The comcly, called 'Love in a llollow Tree,' or "The
Lawyer's Fortune,' (see Tatler, No. 17,) wits published by cut out, few plays would be long enough for William lord viscount Grimston, when he was only thirthe whole evening's entertainment.
teen years of age, which is some apology for the many ab. But I do not know how they did in those old surdities in it.
Hon. Edward Howard, author of seven plays, and of an times: this same Ben Jonson has made every epic poem called “The British Princess.? one's passion in this play to be towards money;
1 Dr. Jonathan Goddard was the physician and confidant and yet not one of them expresses that desire, or Cromwell, a member of the Royal Society, and medical
professor of Gresham college. He was the first Englishman who made telescopes; and, in the course of his accurate
chemical experiments, discovered the famous elixir, called * Ben Jonson's 'Fox'; first printed in 1605. here, his drops.
of men daily to her, who went out from her and that your distemper hath already seize. presence all inflamed, their mouths parched, on you, and makes progress daily. The lower and a hot steam issuing from them, attended part of you, that is, the advertisements, is with a grievous stench: that many of the said dead ; and these bave risen for these ten days meu were by the force of that herb metamor- last past, so that they now take up almost a phosed into swine, and lay wallowing in the whole paragraph. Pray, sir, do you endeavour kennels for twenty-four bours, before they could to drive this disteinper as much as possible to reassume their shapes or their senses.
the extreme paris, and keep it there, as wise 'It was proved against the second, That she fulks do the gout: for if it once gets into your cut off by night the limbs from dead bodies stomach, it will soon fly up into your head, and that were banged, and was seen to dig holes in you are a dead man.' the ground, to mutter some conjuring words, and bury pieces of the flesh aster the usual St. James's Coffee-house, May 27. manner of witches.
We bear from Leghorn, that sir Edward * The third was accused for a notorious piece Whitaker, with five men-of-war, four trans. of sorcery, long practised by hags, of moulding ports, and two fire-ships, were arrived at that up pieces of dough into the shapes of men, port; and admiral Byng was suddenly expected. women, and children ; then beating them at Their squadrons being joined, they designed to a gentle fire, which had a sympathetic power sail directly for Final, to transport the reinto torment the bowels of those in the neigh-forcements lodged in those parts 1o Barcelona. bourhood.
They write from Milan, that count Tbaun This was the sum of what was objected arrived there on the sixteenth instant, N. S. against the three ladies, who indeed had no- and proceeded on his journey to Turin on the thing to say in their own defence but down-twenty-first, in order to concert such measures right deny the facts, which is like to avail very with his royal highness, as sball appear necesliitle when they come upon their trials. sary for the operations of the ensuing campaign.
But the parson of our parish, a strange re- Advices from Daupbiné say, that the troops fractory man, will believe nothing of all this : l of the duke of Savoy begin already to appear so that the whole town cries out “Shame that in those vallies, whereof he made himself masone of his coat should be such an atheist;' and ter the last year; and that the duke of Berwick design to complain of him to the bishop. He applied himself with all imaginable diligence to goes about very oddly to solve the matter. He secure the passes of the mountains, by ordersupposes, that the first of these ladies keeping ing intrenchments to be made towards Briana brandy and tobacco shop, the fellows went Son, Tourneau, and the valley of Queiras. That out smoaking; and got drunk towards even general has also been at Marseilles and Toulon, ing, and made themselves beasts.
to hasten the transportation of the corn and the second is a butcher's daughter, and some provisions designed for his army. times brings a quarter of mutton from the Letters from Vienna bearing date May the slaughter-house over- night against a market-twenty-third, N. S. import, that the cardinal day, and once buried a bit of beef in the ground, of Saxe Zeits and the prince of Lichtenstein as a known receipt to cure warts on ber hands. were preparing to set out for Presburg, to assist The parson affirms, that the third sells ginger- at the diet of the States of Hungary, which is bread, which, to please the children, she is forced to be assembled at that place on the twenty-fifth tu stamp with images before it is baked; and of this month. General Heister will shortly if it burns their guts, it is because they eat too appear at the head of his army at Trenchin, much, or do not drink after it.
which place is appointed for the general ren'These are the auswers she gives to solve those dezvous of the imperial forces in Hungary ; wonderful phenomena ; upon wbich I shall not from whence he will advance to lay siege to animadvert, but leave it among philosophers : Newhausel. In the mean time reinforcements, and so, wishing you all success in your under with a great train of artillery, are marching takings for the amendment of the world, I re- the same way. The king of Denmark arrived main, dear cousin,
on the tenth instant at Inspruck, and on the Your most affectionate kinsman
twenty-fifth at Dresden, under a triple disand humble servant,
charge of the artillery of that place; but his • EPHRAIM BEDSTAFF.
majesty refused the ceremonies of a public ‘P. S. Those who were condemned to death entry. among the Athenians were obliged to take a Our letters from the Upper Rhine say, that dose of poison, which bade them die upwards ; | the imperial army began to form itself at seizing first upon their feet, making them cold Etlingen ; where the respective deputies of the and insensible, and so ascending gradually, elector Palatine, the prince of Baden Durlach, until it reached the vital parts. I believe your the bishoprick of Spires, &c. were assembled, death, wbich you foretold would happen on the and had taken the necessary measures for the seventeenth instant, will fall out the same way, I provision of forage, the security of the country