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No.
Original Dedications.

44. Conduct of certain Old Fellows In Gray's Inn 1. The Author's Address-Importance of Author

Gardens... - Plan of the Work...

Stecle. 45. Miseries of Seduction Cyrus and Panthea... 2. History of the Author-the Lizard Family....

46. History of Madam Maintenon 3. Remarks on Collins' Discourse on Free-think

47. The same continued..
ing...

Steele or Berkeley. 48. -- concluded
4. Ou Dedications-the Author to himself ....... Pope. 49. Essay on Pleasures, Natural and Fantastical-
5. Family of the Lizards-the females........... Sleele. Pleasures of Imagination...

Berkeley. 6. The sam:-Sir Harry Lizard.

50. Visit to the Country-Offensive Barber-Ro7. Conversation on Marriage-Smith's Letters to

mantic Pleasures

Steele, Sir Francis Walsingham.......

51. On Sacred Poetry-David's Lamentation over 8. Ou Passion-Story of Licenciado Esquivel and

Jonathan...
Aguire..

58. Colbert's Conversation with the French King 9. Character of Mr. Charwell-his Economies

on the Power of the Dutch..... -Letter on Free-thinking.....

53. Strictures on the Examiner's Liberties with 10. On Dress-Letter of Simon Sleek on that

the Character of Subject....

34. On Equality in Happiness and Misery. 11. On Reproof..

55. Importance of Christianity to Virtue....... Berkeley: Letter on the Obsequium Catholicon, and

56. Reproof and Reproach, a Vision..... .... Parneil. Cures by it......

Pope. 57. Of Courtship-Questions and Rules for ....... Steele. 19. On Criticism, and the Artifices of Censorious

58. Public Spirit-Letter from a Hackney Author Critics...

Steele.

- from a Patriotic Drinker-from an Osten. 13. Account of the Younger Sons of the Lizards..

tatious Lady ...... 14. Account of two thoughtless young Men

59.) Letters on Cato ....... Fashion of driving Carriages.....

00. On the various Modes of reading Books........ 15. Love Verses-Easy Writing

61. On Cruelty to the Brute Creation, Fable of 16. On Poetry-Songs—Song Writing

Pilpay

Pope. . 17. On Illicit Love-Story of a French Knight

62. Visit to Westminster School-Utility of Public 18. Thoughts on the Prospect of Death-Psalm by

Seminaries....

Berkeley Sir Philip Sidney ...

63. Strictures on the Examiner-Extract from 19. On the Influence of Vice-Insensibility to Vir

Lucas' Practical Christianity

.... Steele. tuous Sentiment-Henry IV. of France, his 64. Petition of the Artificers, of Esau Ringwood, Prayer before Battle

Susannah How-d'ye-call, and Hugh Pounce $. On Duelling ...

- Letter on Cato.... 21. Excellency and Superiority of the Scriptures.. 65. Improper Conduct at Church-Poverty of H. On a Country Lise-Pastoral Poetry...

the Clergy hurtful to Religion... 3. On the same...

66. Common Fame, a Vision

Parnell. 94. Jack Lizard's Return from the University

67. Fate of Poets-Recommendation of Tom On Pedantry-Conversation...

D'Urfey..

Addison, 95. On Lord Verulam's History of Henry VII.. Budgell. 68. Letters on the Wife proposed to Sir Harry 20. All Women are Ladies-Leiter recommending

Lizard.....

Steele. a Wife to Sir Harrz Lizard...

Steele. 69. On Fenelon's Demonstration of the Existence,
97. Grounds to expect a Future State proved... Berkeley. Wisdom, and Omnipotence of God
- 28. On Pastoral Poetry.....

Steele. 70. Analogy between St. Paul's and the Christian
99. Essay on Laughter-several kinds of Laugh-

Church-Narrowness of Free-thinkers.... Berkeley. ters..

71. Observations on the Increase of Lions-Cha- 30. On Pastoral Poetry ....

racter of a Lion

Addison. 31. Various Schemes of Happiness........... Budgell. 72. On the Oxford Terræ-filius-Abuse of his - 32. The Subject of Pastoral Poetry treated in an

Office....

Sleele. Allegory ...

Sleele. 73. On the Improper Interference of Parents in 33) On the Merits of the Tragedy of Cato-Pro

the Disposal of their Children-Letters on logue and Epilogue.

Passion-Peerishness-Shyness....... 34. Conversation on Fine Gentlemen.

74. Extract from a Sermon of Bishop Beveridge.. 35. The Pineal Gland discovered-Voyage through

75. Extracts from the Sermons of two Divines several...

Berkeley. 76. Endeavour to reconcile the Landed and Tra. jo. Letter on Punning...

Birch.

ding Interests
33On the Tragedy of Othello-Story of Don 77. On the Shortsightedness of Critics, Misers,
Alonzo ..

Hughes.
and Free-thinkers.....

Berkeley. 38. On Pretty Gentlemen-Letter from a Gentle

78. Receipt to make an Epic Poem.....

Popa. man-like Man..

Steele. 79. On the Miseries of the Poor-Recommenda. 30 Observations on the Pineal Gland of a Free.

tion of their Case ....

Steele. thinker

Berkeley. 80. Strictures on the Examiner.. -40. On the Pastorals of Pope and Philips........ Pope. 81. Soliloquy of an Athenian Libertine-Prayer 11. Censure of a Passage in the Examiner ........ Steele.

of one who had been a Libertine..... 49. Gifts necessary to a story-teller

82. Death and Character of Peer the Comedian.. 13. Opinions on the Characters of Lucia and Mar.

83. On Happiness-obstructed by the Free-thinkcia in Cato......

Berdeicy.

IN....

Gay.

.... Steele.

No.
14. S.My Habits of Coffee-house Orators-Twisting
off Buttons...

Steele. 85. On Scandal-Letter from a Sufferer by Calumay-from Daniel Button...

Sicele. 80. Classical Descriptions-of the War Horse in

Job 87. General Taste for Intrigue-Immorality of

Servants ; Character of a Master.. 88. Superiority of the Christian Ideas of the Be

ing and Attributes of a God ............ Berkeley. 89. Christian Ideas of a Future State .......... 90. Strictures on the Examiner-Letter to one of

the Writers in the Guardian............ Steele. 91. Account of the Short Club....

Pope. 92. The same, Characters of the Members....... 93. Thoughts on the Immortality of the Soul-,

on the Pharisees and Sadducees .... Wotton. 94. On Education....

Steele. 05. Adventure of a Strolling Company-Letters

on Lions-Coffee-houses--a Virtuoso-on

the Terræ-filius 90. A Proposal for Honorary Rewards-Coins and Medals......

Addison. 97. Letter from Simon Softly, complaining of a

Widow-Advice to him 98. Notice of the Tatler and Spectator-Scheme

of a Lion's Head at Button's 99. Essay on National Justice-a Persian Story.. 100. On the Tucker-Naked Neeks-Laws of Ly.

curgus-Position of Venus..... 101. Letters from France Gayety of the French. 102. Variableness of the English Climate....... 109. On the Fireworks-Serious Retlections on the

sanie 104. Story of a French Gentleman-Letter on the

Manners of the French.... 108. Exhibition of the Charity Children - Propo.

sals to extend our Charities... 106. Vision of Aurelia with a Window in her Breast 107. Letter from a Projector, offering himself as

a Nomenclator-Letter from Messrs. Dit.

ton and Whiston. 109. Institution of the Tall Club... 109. Correspondence on the Tucker 110. On the Language of Treaty-Improprieties

instanced 111. Improper Conduct of the British Youth

Love of Knowledge-Solomon's Choice... 112. Art of Flying--Letter from Dædalus-Re

marks on Modern Dædalists.. 119. Letter from a Citizen in his Honey-moon

Tom Truelove's Courtship: 114. Erection of the Lion's Head-Remarks on

Lions-on Petticoats ... 115. On Criticism-Strada's Prolusion.. 116. Matters of Dress not to be introduced in the

Pulpit--Letter on Naked Breasts 117. Happiness of living under the Protection of

Omnipotence 118. Information from a Lioness-Offer of an Out

riding Lion 119. Translation of Strada's Prolusion............. 120. On Female Gamesters 191. Account of the Silent Club....

............. Pearce. On Female Undressing

Addison. 199. Sequel of Strada's Prolusion.... 123. On Seducers of Innocence-Letter to one

from a Mother..... 194. Letters from a University Lionon Hords

-Burlesque Lyric-Visit to the Lion..... 185. Pleasures of Spring-Music of Birds... .... Tückel. 126. The Attractions of Friendship and Benevolence....

.Berkeley. 187. The Court of Venus from Claudian .........

... Eusden. 128. On the Demolition of Dunkirk............... Steele. 190. On Anger, Revenge, Duelling...

No.
19C. Merit of the Speculative and Active Part of
Mankind ....

Bartlette 191. On Habits of Sloth and Vice....

... Scuole. 139. Letters from a Young Man in Sickness-from

the Husband of a Woman that is never
in the Wrong-from the Wife of one of

the Dumb Club-on Naked Breasts ..... 133. Duel between Sir Edward Sackville and Lord

Bruce... 134. The Lion, how treated by the Town-Com. plaint of a Wife's Dress..

Addison. 135. Best Way to bear Calumny 196. Various Causes of Death-Country Bill of

Mortality... 137. Advantages of Illustrious Birth-how Conta

minated- Pride of Mr. Ironside .. 138. On Regard for Posterity 139. History of Lions-Story of Androcles... 140. On Female Dress-Letter to Pope Clement

on the Tucker ... 141. On Wit-Life of the Author...

Steele. 149. Danger of Masquerades-Letter from a Dealer

in Fig Leaves... 149. Account of the Terrible Club... 144. Variety of Humour among the English 145. Letters from a Swaggerer-concerning a

Challenge. Advertisement. 146. History of LionsStory of Sir George Davis. 147. Folly of Extravagance in New-married Per

sons... 148. History of Santon Barsisa..... 149. Genius requisite to Excel in Dress .......... 150. On Paternal Affection-Story of a French

Nobleman 151. Letter from the Father of a young Rake..... 152. Comparative Merit of the two Sexes, an Allegory

................ Addison. 153. Pride not made for Man...... 154. Lucifer's Account of a Masquerade 155. Utility of Learning to the Female Sex ...... 156. History and Economy of Ants ................ 157. The same, concluded ... 158. Proper Employment of Time; a Vision ..... 159. Story of Miss Betty, cured of her Vanity...., 160. Conjectures of concealed Meanings under

the History of the Ants.... 161. Proper Sense and Notion of Honour..... 162. Humour of a Blunt Squire-Complaisance

• Story of Schaoabac. 163. Letter from an Insulted Chaplain-Poem by

Sir Thomas More ... 164. On Translations-Speech of Pluto from Clau. dian....

Eusden. 165. Miseries of Folly and Vice at the Head of a Family:

Addison. 166. On Charity-The Guardian in search of the

Philosopher's Stone...
67. Story of Helim and Abdallah..
168. Character of a Mistress of a Family from the

Book of Proverbs-Translation from Ana.
creon--Letter from Steele on the Exa-
miner .....

Steek. 169. Contemplation of the Heavenly Bodies, Sea

sons, &c..... 170. Extract from General Maxims of Trade.... 171. Good done by the Author's Speculptions

Letter froin a short Writer-in Defence

of Bare Necks 179. On the Invention of Letters Poem in Praise

of Writing... 173. On laying out Gardens Whimsical Form of the

Yews.. 174. On the Manners of the Bath Visitors........ Siecle. 175. On Boyle's Lecture-Derham's Physico-The

ology ......... 170. Three Letters intended for the Guardian... Hughes

... Pope.

THE GUARDIAN.

No. 1.] Thursduy, March 12, 1713.

by way of mezzotinto, etchers, and the like,

There was, I remember, some years ago, one llle qnem requiris. Mart. Epig. ii. 1.

Jobn Gale, a fellow that played upon a pipe, lle, whom you scek.

and diverted the multitude by dancing in a THE THERE is no passion so universal, however ring they made about him, whose face became

diversified or disguised under different forms generally known, and the artists employed their and appearances, as the vanity of being known skill in delineating his features, because every to the rest of mankind, and communicating a man was a judge of the similitude of them. man's parts, virtues, or qualifications, to the There is little else, than what this John Gale world: this is so strong upon men of great arrived at, in the advantages men enjoy from genius, that they have a restless fondness for common fame; yet do I fear it has always a satisfying the world in the mistakes they might part in moving us to exert ourselves in such possibly be under, with relation even to their things as ought to derive their beginnings from physiognomy. Mr. Airs, that excellent pen- | nobler considerations. But I think it is nu man, bas taken care to affix his own image great matter to the public what is the incentive opposite to the title-page of bis learned treatise, which makes men bestow time in their service, wherein he instructs the youth of this nation to provided there be any thing useful in what arrive at a flourishing hand. The author of they produce ; I shall proceed therefore to give The Key to loterest, both simple and compound, an account of my intended labours, not without containing practical rules plainly expressed in some hope of having my vanity, at the end of words at length for all rates of interest, and them, indulged in the sort above-mentioned, times of payment, for what time soever, makes I should not have assumed the title of Guar. up to us the misfortune of his living at Chester, dian, had I not maturely cousidered, that the by following the example of the above-men- qualities necessary for doing the duties of that tioued Airs, and coming up to town, over character, proceed from the integrity of the against his title-page, in a very becoming peri- mind more than the excellence of the underwig, and a flowing robe or mantle, inclosed standing. The former of these qualifications in a circle of foliages; below his portraiture, it is in the power of every man to arrive at; for our farther satisfaction as to the age of that and the more he endeavours that way, the less useful writer, is subscribed Johannes Ward will he want the advantages of the latter ; to de civitat. Cestriæ, ætat. suæ 58. An. Dom. be faithful, to be honest, to be just, is what 1706. The serene aspect of these writers, you will demand in the choice of your Guarjoined with the great encouragement I observe dian ; or if you find added to this, that he is is given to another, or what is indeed to be pleasant, ingenious, and agreeable, there will suspected, in which he indulges himself, con. overflow satisfactions which make for the or. firmed me in the notion I have of the preva- nament, if not so immediately to the use of lence of ambition this way. The author whom your life. As to the diverting part of this paper, I hint at shall be nameless, but bis counte- by what assistance I shall be capacitated for nance is communicated to the public in several tbat, as well as what proofs I have given of my views and aspects drawn by the most eminent behaviour as to integrity in former life, will painters, and forwarded by engravers, artists l appear from my history to be delivered in

A

ensuing discourses. The main purpose of the care, the day after a foreign mail, to give them work sball be, to protect the modest, the in- an account of what it has brought. The parties dustrious; to celebrate the wise, the valiant ; | amongst us are too violent to make it possible to encourage the good, the pious ; to confront to pass them by without observation. As to the impudent, the idle; to contemp the vain, these matters, I shall be impartial, though I the cowardly; and to disappoint the wicked cannot be neuter : I ain, with relation to the and profane. This work cannot be carried on government of the church, a tury, with regard but by preserving a strict regard, not only to to the state, a whig. the duties but civilities of life, with the utmost The charge of intelligence, the pain in comimpartiality towards things and persons. The piling and digesting my thoughts in proper unjust application of the advantages of breeding style, and tbe like, oblige me to value my paper and fortune, is the source of all calamity, both a half-penny above all other half-sheets.* And public and private ; the correction therefore, all persons who have any thing to communicate or rather admonition, of a Guardian in all the to me, are desired to direct their letters (postage occurrences of a varivus being, if given with a paid) to Nestor Ironside, Esq. at Mr. Tonson's in benevolent spirit, would certainly be of general the Strand. I declare beforehand, that I will at service,

no time be conversed with any other way than In order to contribute as far as I am able to by letter: for as I am an ancient man, I shall it, I shall publish in respective papers whatever find enough to do to give orders proper for I think may conduce to the advancement of their service, to wbom I am by will of their the conversation of gentlemen, the improve- arents Guardian, though I take that to be too ment of ladies, the wealth of traders, and the narrow a scene for me to pass my whole life io. encouragement of artificers. The circumstance | But I have got my wards so well off my hands, relating to those who excel in mechanics, shall and they are so able to act for themselves, that be considered with particular application. It I have little to do but give a hint, and all that is not to be immediately conceived by such as I desire to be amended is altered accordingly. have not turned themselves to reflections of My design upon the whole is no less than to that kind, that Providence, to enforce and en- make the pulpit, the bar, and the stage, all dear the necessity of social life, has given one act in concert in the care of piety, justice, and man's hands to another man's head, and the virtue ; for I am past all the regards of this carpenter, the smith, the joiner, are as imme- life, and have nothing to manage with any diately necessary to the mathematician, as my person or party, but to deliver myself as he amanuensis will be to me, to write much fairer comes an old man with one foot in the grave, than I can myself. I am so well convinced of and one who thinks he is passing to eternity. this truth, that I shall bave a particular regard All sorrows which can arrive at me are com. to mechanics; and to show my honour for prehended in the serise of guilt and pain; if ! them, I shall place at their head the painter. can keep clear of these two evils, I shall not be This gentleman is, as to the execution of his apprehensive of any other. Ambition, lust, work, a mechanic; but as to his conception, envy, and revenge, are excrescences of the his spirit, and design, he is bardly below even mind, which I have cut off long ago: but as the poet, in liberal art. It will be from these they are excrescences which do not only deconsiderations useful to make the world see form, but also torment those on whom they the affinity between all works which are bene-grow, I shall do all I can to persuade all others ficial to mankind is much nearer, than the il- to take the same measures for their care which liberal arrogance of scholars will at all times I have, allow. But I am from experience convinced of the importance of mechanic heads, and shall therefore take them all into my care, from No. 2.} Friday, March 13, 1713. Rowley, who is improving the globes of the earth and heaven in Fleet-street, to Bat. Pigeon, The readiest way to proceed in my grea) the hair cutter in the Strand.

undertaking, is to explain who I am myself But it will be objected upon what pretensions that promise to give the town a daily ballI take upon me to put in for the prochain ami, sheet : I shall therefore enter into my owo or nearest friend of all the world. How my history, without losing any time in preamble

. head is accomplished for this employment to- I was born in the year 1642, at a lone house wards the public, from the Jong exercise of it within balf a mile of the town of Brentford, in a private capacity, will appear by reading in the county of Middlesex; my parents were me the two or ibrée next days with diligence of ability to bestow upon me a liberal educa: and attention. There is no other paper in being tion, and of a humour to think that a great which tends to this purpose. They are most happiness - even in a fortune which was but of them histories, or advices of public trans just enough to keep me above want. In my actions ; but as those representations affect the passions of my readers, I shall sometimes take

* Two-pence was the original price of this paper.

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name.

sixteenth year I was admitted a commoner of a family. You see within, my son Marmaduke,
Magdalen-ball in Oxford. It was one great my only child; I have a thousand anxieties
advantage, among many more, which men upon me concerning him, the greater part of
educated at our universities do usually enjoy which I would transfer to you, and when I do
above others, that they often contract friend- so, I would make it, in plain English, worth
ships there, which are of service to them in all your wbile. He would not let me speak, but
the parts of their future life. This good for-proceeded to inforın me, that he had laid the
tune happened to me; for during the time of whole scheme of his affairs upon that foundation.
my being an under-graduate, I became inti- As soon as we went into the house, he gave
mately acquainted with Mr. Ambrose Lizard, me a bill upon bis goldsmith* in London, of
who was a fellow-commoner of the neighbour-two thousand pounds, and told me, with that
ing college. I have the honour to be well he had purchased me, with all the talents !
known to Mr. Jusiab Pullen, of our ball above- was master of, to be of his family, to educate
mentioned; and attribute the florid old age his son, and to do all that should ever lie in my
I now enjoy to my constant morning walks up power for the service of him and his to my
Hedington-bill in his cheerful company. If life's end, according to such powers, trusts, and
the gentleman be still living, 1 hereby give instructions, as I should hereafter receive.
him my bumble service. But as I was going The reader will bere make many speeches
to say, I contracted in my early youth an in- for me, and without doubt suppose I told my
timate friendship with young Mr. Lizard, of friend he had retained me with a fortune to
Northamptonshire. He was sent for a little do that which I should have thought myself
before he was of bachelor's standing, to be obliged to by friendship: but, as he was a
married to Mrs. Jane Lizard, an beiress, whose prudent man, and acted upon rules of life,
father would have it so for the sake of the which were least liable to the variation of

Mr. Ambrose knew nothing of it till humour, time, or season, I was contented to he came to Lizard-ball on Saturday night, saw be obliged by him his own way; and be. the young lady at dinner the next day, and was lieved I should never enter into any alliance married, by order of his father, sir Ambrose, which should divert me from pursuing the between eleven and twelve the Tuesday follow- interests of his family, of which I should bereing. Some years after, when my friend came to after understand myself a member. • Sir Ambe sir Ambrose himself, and finding upon proof brose told me, be should lay no injunction of her, that he had lighted upon a good wife, upon me, which should be inconsistent with he gave the curate who joined their hands the any inclination I might have hereafter to parsonage of Welt, not far off Wellingborough. change my condition. All he meant was, in My friend was married in the year sixty-two, general, to insure his family from that pest of and every year following, for eighteen years to- great estates, the mercenary men of business gether, I left the college (except that year who act for them, and in a few years become wherein I was chosen fellow of Lincoln,) and creditors to their masters in greater sums than sojourned at sir Ambrose's for the months of balf the income of their lands amounts to, June, July, and August. I remember very though it is visible all which gave rise to their well that it was on the fourth of July, in the wealth was a slight salary, for turning all the year 1674, that I was reading in an arbour to rest, both estate and credit of that estate, to iny friend, and stopt of a sudden, observing the use of their principals. To this purpose he did not attend. 'Lay by your book,' said we had a very long conference that evening, he,' and let us take a turn in the grass-walk, the chief point of which was, that his only for I have something to say to you.'

After a

child Marmaduke was from that hour under silence for about forty yards, walking both of my care, and I was engaged to turn all my us with our eyes downward, one big to hear, thoughts to the service of the child in parThe other to speak a matter of great importance, ticular, and all the concerns of the family in sir Ambrose expressed himself to this effect: general. My most excellent friend was so well “My good friend,' said be, you may bave ob satisfied with my behaviour, that he made me served that from the first moment I was in his executor, and guardian to his son. My own your company at Mr. Willis's chambers, at conduct during that time, and my manner of University college, I ever after sought and educating his son Marmaduke to manhood, and courted you, that inclination towards you has the interest I had in him to the time of bis improved, from similitude of manners, if I may death also, with my present conduct towards so say, when I tell you I have not observed in the numerous descendants of my old friend, any man a greater candour and simplicity of will make, possibly, a series of history of commind than in yourself. You are a man that mon life, as useful as the relations of the more are not inclined to launch into the world, but pompous passages in the lives of princes and preser security and ease, in a collegiate or single statesmen. The widow of sir Ambrose, and lise, to going into the cares which necessarily attend a public character, or that of a master of A banker at this time was called a goldsmithi.

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