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of David. Our great ancestor was transported | lated of this generous animal. Your romance at the sight of so beautiful an apparition; hut writers are likewise a set of men whose authority to his unspeakable grief was informed, that it I sball build upon very little in this case. They was not to be conversant among men the space all of them are born with a particular antipathy of one year.

to lions, and give thein no more quarter than Ostendent terris hanc tantùm fata, ncqnc altra

they do giants, wberever they chance to meet Æn. vi. 869.

them. There is out one of the seven cham• This youth (the blissful vision of a day)

pions, but when he has nothing else to do, Shall just be shown on earth, and spatch'd away.' encounters with a lion, and you may be sure Dryden. always gets the better of him.

Ju short, a Adam, to procure a longer life for so fine a

knight errant lives in a perpetual state of piece of human nature, begged that three-score enmity with this noble creature, and hates bimi and ten years (which he heard would be the

more than all things upon the earth, except a age of man in David's time) might be taken dragon. Had the stories recorded of them by out of his own life, and added to that of David. these writers been true, the whole species would Accordingly, say the rabbins, Adam falls short have been destroyed before now. After having of a thousand years, which was to have been thus renounced all fabulous authorities, I shall the complete term of his life, by just so many lated of him by Aulus Gellius, and extracted

begin my memoirs of the lion with a story reyears as make up the life of David. Adam by him out of Dion Cassius, a historian of having lived nine hundred and thirty years, undoubted veracity. It is the famous story of and David seventy.

This story was invented to show the high Androcles the Roman slave, which I premise opinion which the rabbins entertained of this for the sake of my learned reader, who needs man after God's own heart, whom the prophet, go, no farther in it, if he has read it already.

Androcles was the slave of a noble Roman who was his own contemporary, could not mention without rapture, where he records the who was proconsul of Afric. He had been last poetical consposition of David, ' of David, guilty of a fault, for which his master would the son of Jesse, of the man who was raised up opportunity to escape out of bis bands, and fled

have put him to death, bad not be found an on high, of the anointed of the God of Jacob, into the deserts of Numidia. As he was wanof the sweet psalmist of Israel.'

dering among tbe barren sands, and almost dead with heat and bunger, he saw a cave in

the side of a rock, He went into it, and findNo. 139.] Thursday, August 20, 1713. ing at the farther end of it a place to sit down prisca fides facto, sed fama perennis.

upon, rested there for some time. At length,

to bis great surprise, a huge overgrown liou The fact, thro' length of time obsenre,

entered at the mouth of the cave, and seeing Is hard to faith : yet shall the same endure. a man at the upper end of it, immediately


made towards him. Androcles gave himself • MOST VENERABLE NESTOR,

for gone; but the lion, instead of treating him 'I find that every body is very much de. as be expected, laid his paw upon his lap, and lighted with the voice of your lion. His roar- with a complaining kind of voice fell a licking ings against the tucker have been most melo- bis hand. Androcles, after having recovered dious and emphatical. It is to be hoped, tbat himself a little from the fright he was in, obthe ladies will take warning by them, and not served the lion's paw to be exceedingly swelled provoke him to greater outrages; for I ob by a large tborn that stuck in it. He immeserve, that your lion, as you yourself bave told diately pulled it out, and by squeezing the paw us, is made up of mouth and paws. For my very gently made a great deal of corrupt matown part, I have long considered with myself ter run out of it, which probably freed the lion how I might express my gratitude to this poble from the great anguish he had felt some time animal that has so much the good of our country before. The lion left him upon receiving this at bis heart. After many thoughts on this good office from him, and soon after returned subject, I have at length resolved to do honour with a fawn which he had just killed. This to bim, by compiling a history of his species, he laid down at the feet of his benefactor, and and extracting out of all autbors whatever may went off again in pursuit of bis prey. An. redound to his reputation. In the prosecution drocles, after having sodden the flesh of it by of this desigo, I shall have no man ner of regard the sun, subsisted upon it until the lion bad to what Æsop has said upon the subject, whom supplied him with another. He lived many I look upon to have been a republican, by the days in this frightful solitude, the lion catering unworthy treatment which he often gives to for him with great assiduity. Being tired at the king of beasts, and whom, if I had time, length with this savage society, he was reI could convict of falsehood and forgery, in solved to deliver himself up into his inasters almost every matter of fact which he has re- bauds, and suffer the worst effects of his dis

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Virg. Æn, ix, 79.

pleasure, rather than be thus driven out from to calculate the nativity of the lion. This mankind. His inaster, as was customary for mysterious philosopher acquaints me, that the the proconsul of Afric, was at that time get- sign of Lew in the heavens immediately preting together a present of all the largest lious cedes that of Virgo, by wbich, says he, is sig. that could be found in the country, in order nified the natural love and friendship the lion to send them to Rome, that they might furnish bears to virginity; and not only to virginity, out a show to the Roman people. Upon bis but to such matrons likewise as are pure and poor slave's surrendering himself into his hands, unspotted; from whence he foretells the good he ordered bim to be carried away to Rome as influence whicb the roarings of my lion are soon as the lions were in readiness to be sent, likely to have over the female world, for tbe and that for his crime he should be exposed to purifying of their behaviour, and bettering of fight with one of the lions in the amphitheatre, their manners. He then proceeds to inform as usual, for the diversion of the people. This me, that in the most exact astrological schemes, was all performed accordingly. Androcles, the lion is observed to affect, in a more parti. after such a strange run of fortune, was now cular manner, the legs and the neck, as well in the area of the theatre amidst thousands of as to allay the power of the scorpion in those spectators, expecting every moment when his parts which are allotted to that fiery constelantagonist would come out upon him. At lation. From bence he very naturally proglength a huge monstrous liou leaped out from nosticates, that my lion will meet with great the place where he had been kept hungry for success in the attacks he has made on tbe the show. He advanced with great rage to. untuckered stays and short petticoat; and wards the man, but on a sudden, after having that, in a few months, there will not be a female regarded him a little wistfully, fell to the ground, bosom or ankle uncovered in Great Britain. and crept towards his feet with all the signs of He concludes, that by the rules of his art he hlandishment and caress. Androcles, after a foresaw five years ago, that both the pope and short pause, discovered that it was bis old myself should about this time unite our endeaNumidian friend, and immediately renewed vours in this particular, and that sundry muhis acquaintance with him. Their mutual con- tations and revolutions would happen in the gratulations were very surprising to the be- female dress. holders, who, upon hearing an account of the I have another letter by me from a person whole matter from Androcles, ordered him to of a more volatile and airy genius, who finding be pardoned, and the lion to be given up into this great propension in the fair sex to go unhis possession. Androcles returned at Rome covered, and thinking it impossible to reclaim the civilities which he had received from him them entirely from it, is for compounding the in the deserts of Afric. Dion Cassius says, matter with them, and finding out a middle that he himself saw the man leading the lion expedient between nakedness and clothing. about the streets of Rome, the people every He proposes, therefore, that they sbould imiwhere gathering about them, and repeating tate their great-grandmothers, the Briths or to one another, Hic est leo hospes hominis, Picts, and paint the parts of their bodies wbich hic est homo medicus leonis."

“ This is the

are uncovered witb such figures as shall be lion who was the man's host, this is the man most to their fancy. The bosom of the coquette, who was the lion's physician."

says he, may bear the figure of a Cupid, with a bow in his hand, and bis arrow upon the

string. The prude might have a Pallas, with No. 110.) Friday, August 21, 1713.

a shield and gorgon's head. In short, by this quibus incendii jam frigidus ævo

metbod, he thinks every woman might make Laomedontiades, vel Nestoris hernia possit.

very agreeable discoveries of herself, and at the

same time show us what she would be at. But A sight, might thaw old Priam's frozen age, Aud warm ev'n Nestor into amorous rage.

by my correspondeut's good leave, I can by no

means consent to spoil the skin of my pretty I have lately received a letter from an as-countrywomen. They could find no colours trologer in Moorfields, which I have read with half so charming as those which are natural great satisfaction. He observes to me, that my i to them; and though, like the old Picts, they lion at Button's coffee-house was very luckily painted the sun itself upon their bodies, they erected in the very month when the sun was would still change for the worse, and conceal in Lev. He further adds, that upon convers- something more beautiful than what they exing with the above-mentioned Mr. Button, bibited. whose other name be observes is Daniel (a I shall therefore persist in my first design, good omen still with regard to the rion, bis and endeavour to bring about the reformation cohabitant,) he had discovered the very hour in neck and legs, which I have so long aimed in which the said lion was set up; and that by at. Let them but raise their stays and let the belp of other lights, which he bad received down their petticoats, and I have done. Hox. from the said Mr. Button, he had been enabled ever, as I will give them space to consider of it,

Juv. Sat. vi. 324.

Or the lean statue of a mean renown.

I design this for the last time that my lion shall I must not dismiss this letter without de-
roar upon the subject during this season, which claring myself a good protestant, as I hint
I give public notice of for the sake of my cor- ( in the subscribing part of it. This I think
respondents, that they may not be at an uue necessary to take notice of, lest I should be
necessary trouble or expense in furnishing me accused by an author of unexampled stupidity,*
with any informations relating to the tucker for corresponding with the head of the Romish
before the beginning of next winter, when church.

may again resume that point, if I fiod occa-
sion for it. I shall not, however, let it drop
without acquainting my reader, that I have No. 141.] Saturday, August 22, 1713.
written a letter to the pope upon it, in order Frange, miser, calamos, vigilataque prælia dele,

Qui facis in parva sublimia carmina cella,
to encourage him in his present good inten-

Ut dignus venins hederis, et imagine macrå. tions, and that we may act by con ert in this

Juv. Sat. vii, 27 matter. Here follows the copy of iy letter. Let flames on yoar unlucky papers prey

Or moths through written pages eat their way;

Your wars, your loves, your praises be forgot ; ' To Pope Clement the Eighth, A :. tor Iron.

And make of all a universal blotside, greeting

The rest is empty praise, an ivy crown,

Ch. Dryden. • DEAR BROTILER, 'I have heard with great satisfaction, that

'Wit,' saith the bishop of Rochester in his

elegant sermon against the scorner, 'as it imyou have forbidden your priests to confess any plies a certain uncommon reach and vivacity woman who appears before them without a tucker, in which you please me well. I do be employed in the search of truth, and very

of thought, is an excellent talent, very fit to agree with you, that it is impossible for the good man to discharge his office as he ought, it. I shall take leave to carry this observation

capable of assisting us to discern and embrace who gives an ear to those alluring penitents farther into common life, and remark, that it that discover their hearts and necks to him at is a faculty, when properly directed, very fit to the saune time. I am labouring as much as in me lies to stir up the same spirit of modesty such patrons, as are generously studious to pro

recommend young persons to the favour of among the women of this island, and should be glad we might assist one another in so good of their country. I am therefore much grieved

mote the interest of politeness, and the honour a work. In order to it, I desire that you

would send me over the length of a Roman lady's neck, authors wbom I have taken under my guar

to hear the frequent complaints of some rising as it stood before your late prohibition. We dianship. Since my circumstances will not have some here who have necks of one, two, allow me to give them due encouragement, I and three foot in levgth; some that have necks which reach down to their middles, and indeed, and make them a present of my advice. !

must take upon me the person of a philosopher, some who may he said to be all neck, and no

would not have any poet whatsoever, who is body. I hope, at the same time you observe

not born to five hundred a year, deliver bimself the stays of your female subjects, that you have also an eye to their petticoats, which rise in up to wit, but as it is subservient to the imthis island daily. When the petticoat reaches in all professions, and should be considered

provement of his fortune. This talent is useful but to the knee, and the stays fall to the fifth

not as a wife, but as an attendant. Let them rib (which I hear is to be the standard of each, take an old 'man's word; the desire of fame as it has been lately settled in a junto of the sex), I will take care to send you one of either grows languid in a few years, and thoughts of

ease and convenience erase the fairy images of sort, which I advertise you of beforehand, that glory and honour. Even those who have sucyou may not compute the stature of our En- ceeded both in fame and furtune, look back on glish women from the length of their garments. the petty trifles of their youth with some reIn the mean time I have desired the master of a vessel, who tells me that he shall touch at gret, when their minds are turned to more ex.

alted and useful speculations. This is admirably Civita Vecchia, to present you with a certain expressed in the fullowing lines, by an author female machine which, I believe, will puzzle whom I have formerly done justice to on the your infallibility to discover the use of it. Not

account of his pastoral poems. to keep you in suspense, it is what we call in

In search of wisdom, far from wit I fly ;
this country a hooped petticoat. I shall only

Wit is a harlot beauteous to the eye,
beg of you to let me know, whether you find In whose bewitching arms our early time

vigoar of our youthful prime. any garment of this nature among all the re

Bot when reflection comes with riper years,
Jics of your female saints, and in particular,

And manhood with a thoughtful brow appears; whether it was ever woru by any of your twenty We cast the mistress off to take a wife, thousand virgin martyrs.

And, wed to wisdom, lead a happy life. *Yours, usque ad aras, • Tire writer of the Exaniiner is here alludca to,

. NESTOR IRONSIDE.' + Mr. Ambrose l'hilips.

We waste,

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A passage which happened to me some years 'I now found myself at liberty, and not with. ago confirmed several maxims of frugality in standing the opposition of a great many rivals, my mind. A woollen-draper of my acquaint-|I won and enjoyed Polyhympia. Our amour ance, remarkable for bis learning and good. was known to be whole country, and all wbt nature, pulled out his pocket-book, wherein saw, extolled t'je beauty of my mistress, and he showed me at the one end several well-chosen pronounced me happy in the possession of sa moitos, and several patterns of cloth at the many charms. We lived in great splendour and other.—1, like a well-bred man, praised both gayety, I being persuaded that high living was sorts of goods; whereupon he tore out the necessary to keep up my reputation, and the mottos, and generously gave them to me: but, beauty of my mistress ; from whom I had daily with great prudence, put up the patterns in expectations given me of a post in the governhis pocket again.

ment, or some lavish present from the great I am sensible that any accounts of my own men of our commonwealth. I was so proud secret history can have but little weight with of my partner, that I was perpetually bringing young men of sanguine expectations. I shall company to see her, and was a little tiresome Therefore take this opportunity to present my to my acquaintance, by talking continually of wards with the bistory of an ancient Greek her several beauties. She herself bad a most poet, which was sent me from the library of exalted conceit of her charms, and often inF'ez, and is to be found there in the end of a vited the ladies to ask their opinions of her very ancient manuscript of Homer's works dress; which if they disapproved in any parti. which was brought by the barbarians from cular, she called them a pack of envious in. Constantinople. The name of the poet is torn sipid things, and ridiculed them in all comout, nor bave the critics yet determined it. I panies. She had a delicate set of teeth, whicb have faithfully translated part of it, and desire appeared most to advantage when she was that it may be diligently perused by all men angry; and therefore slie was very often in a who design to live by their wits.

passion. By this imprudent behaviour, when 'I was born at the foot of a certain moun- we bad run out of our money, we had do living tain in Greece called Parnassus, where the soul to befriend us; and every body cried out, country is remarkably delicious. My mother, it was a judgment upon me for being a slave to while she was with child of me longed for such a proud minx, such a conceited bussy. laurel leaves; and as I lay in my cradle, a 'I loved her passionately, and exclaimed swarm of bees settled about my mouth, with against a blind and injudicious world. Besides out doing me any injury. These were looked I had several children by her, and was likely upou as presages of my being a great man ; and still to have more; for I always thought the the early promises I gave of a quick wit, and youngest the most beautiful. I must not forget lively fancy, confirmed the high opinion my that a certain great lord offered me a consifriends bad conceived of me. It would be an derable suin in my necessity, to bave the resille tale to relate the triding adventures of my putation of fathering one of them; but I rejected youth, until I arrived at my twentieth year. his offer with disdain. In order to support ber It was then that the love I bore to a beautiful family and vanities, sbe carried me to Athens; young virgin, with whom I had innocently and where sbe put me upon a hundred pranks to familiarly conversed from my childhood, be- get money. Sometimes she drest me in an ancame the public talk of our village. I was so tique robe, and placed a diadem on my head, taken up with my passion, that I entirely and made me gather a mob about me by talk. neglected all other affairs : and though the ing in a blustering tone, and unintelligible daughter of Machaon the physician, and a rich language. Sometimes she made me foam at heiress, the daughter of a famous Grecian the mouth, roll my eyes, invoke the gods, and orator, were offered me in marriage, I perempu act a sort of madness which the Arbenians call torily refused both the matches, and rashly the Pindarism. At another time she put a vowed to live and die with the lovely Poly- sheep-hook into my hand, and drove me round hymnia. In vain did my parents remonstrate my garret, calling it the plains of Arcadia to me, that the tradition of her being descended When these projects failed, she gave out, with from the gods was too poor a purtion for one good success, that I was an old astrologer; of my narrow fortunes; that except her fine aster that a dumb man ; and last of all sbe green-house and garden, she had not one foot made me pass for a lion. of land; and though she should gain the law. 'It may seem strange, that after so tedious suit about the summit of Parnassus, (which a slavery, I should ever get my freedom. But yet had many pretenders to it) that the air so it happened, that during the three last was so bleak there, and the ground so barren, transformations, I grew acquainted with the that it would certainly starve the possessor. lady Sophia, whose superior charms cooled my I fear my obstinacy in this particular broke my passion for Polyhymnia ; insomuch that some mother's heart, who died a short time after, envions dull fellows gave it out, my mistress and was soon followed by my father.

had jilted and let me. But the slanders a

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every day.'



my enemies were silenced by my public es- tries of a late masquerade, (which no doubt pousal of Sophia; who, with a greatness of Tom, according to his usual vivacity, set forth coul, void of all jealousy, bath taken Poly-in all its gayest colours) that the young creahymnia for her woman, and is dressed by her ture has been perfectly giddy ever since, and

so set agog with the thoughts of it, that I am teased to death by her importuning me to let

ber go to the next. In the mean time, I have No. 142.] Monday, August 24, 1713.

surprised her more than once or twice very busy ---Pacis mala; kvior armis

in pulling all her clothes to pieces, in order to Luxuria incubuit, victumque ulciscitur

make up a strange dress, and with inuch ado Juv. Sat. vi. 291.

have reprieved them from her merciless scisTh' inveterate ills of peace,

Now you must understand, old Iron, I
And wasteful rict ; whose destructive charms
Revenge tbe vanquish'd-


am very loth to trust her all alone into such

an ocean of temptations. I have made use of Being obliged, at present, to attend a par. all manner of dissuasives to her, and have sufticular affair of my own, I do empower my ficiently demonstrated to her, that the devil rinter to look into the arcana of the lion, first addressed himself to Eve in a mask, and and select out of them such as may be of public that we owe the loss of our first happy state to utility; and Mr. Button is hereby authorised

a masquerade, which that sly intriguer made and commanded to give my said printer free ogress and egress to the lion, without any bia: does not at all regard all this ; the passion of

in the garden, where he seduced her ; but she derance, let, or molestation whatsoever, until curiosity is as predominant in her as ever it was Such time as he shall receive orders to the con

in her predecessor. Therefore I appeal, sage trary. And for so doing this shall be his warrant. Nestor, to your experienced age, whether these


nocturnal assemblies have not a bad tendency, By virtue of the foregoing order, the lion to give a loose turn to a young lady's imagihas been carefully examined, and the two fol- nation. For the being in disguise takes away lowing papers being found upon him, are the usual checks and restraints of modesty ; thought very proper for public use.'

and consequently the beaux do not blush to

talk wantonly, nor the belles to listen; the one Given in at the lion's mouth ut six of the

as greedily sucks in the poison, as the other clock in the morning.

industriously infuses it; and I am apt to think

too, that the ladies migbe possibly forget their 'I came very early this morning to rouse own selves in such strange dresses, and do that voor lion, thinking it the properest time to in a personated character which may stain wfter bim trash when his stomach was empty their real ones. A young milk-maid may isaand sharp set; and being informed too that dulge herself in the inpocent freedom of a green !1e is so very modest, as to be shy of swallowing gown; and a shepherdess, without thinking any thing before much company, and not any harm, may lie down with a shepherd on a without some other politic views, the principal inossy-bank; and all this while pour Sylvia of which was, that his digestion being then may be su far lost in the pleasing thoughts of the most keen and vigorous, it might probably her new romantic attire, and Damon's soft refine this raw piece from several of its cru endearing language, as never once to reflect dities, and so make it proper food for his mas. who she is, until the romance is completed. ter; for as great princes keep their taster, so Besides, do but consider, dear Nestor, when a I perceive you keep your digester, having an young lady's spirits are fermented with sparkappetite peculiarly turned for delicacies. If a ling champaign, her heart opened and dilated fellow-feeling and similitude of employment by the attractive gayety of every thing about are any motives to engage your attention, I may her. her soul melted away by the soft airs of for once promise myself a favourable bearing, music, and the gentle powers of motion ; in a By the account you have given us of the word, the whole woman dissolved in a luxury Sparkler, and your other female wards, I am of pleasure; I say, in such critical circumpretty confident you caunot be a stranger to stances, in such unguarded moments, how easy the many great diffeulties there are in weaving is it for a young thing to be led aside by her a young lady's iuclination from a frolic wbich stars. Therefore, good Mr. Ironside, set your she is fully bent upon. I am guardian to a lion a roaring against these dangerous assem. young heiress, whose conduct I am more than blies : I can assure you, one good loud roar ordinary solicitous to keep steady in the slip-will lie suflicient to deter my ward from them, pery age we live in. I must confess miss hath for she is naturally mighty fearful, and has been bitherto been very tractable and toward, con always used from ber childhood to be frightened sidering she is an heiress, and now upon the into good behaviour. And it may prove to some brink of fifteen : but here of late Tom Whir. benefit to yourself in the management of your ligig has so turned her bead with the gallan- own feniales, who, if they are vot already, I do

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