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to him more sweet than the bower of Mahomet, (tual a passion for each other, that their solitude in the company of his Balsora.
never lay heavy on them. Abdallab applied Helim, who was supposed to be taken up himself to those arts which were agreeable to in the embalming of the bodies, visited the bis manner of living, and the situation of the place very frequently. His greatest perplexity place ; insomuch that in a few years be conwas how to get the lovers out of it, the gates verted the whole mountain into a kind of being watched in such a manner as I have be- garden, and covered every part of it with planfore related. This consideration did not a little tations or spots of Bowers. Helim was tvo disturb the two interred lovers. At length good a father to let him want any thing that Helim bethought himself, that the first day of might conduce to make his retirement pleathe full moon of the month Tizpa was near at sant. hand. Now it is a received tradition among lo about ten years after their abode in this the Persians, that the souls of those of the place, the old king died, and was succeeded by royal family, wbu are in a state of bliss, do, on bis son Ibrabim, who, upon the supposed dealb the first full moon after their decease, pass of his brother, had been called to court, and througb the eastern gate of the Black Palace, entertained there as heir to the Persian empire. which is therefore called the gate of Paradise, Though he was some years inconsolable for tbe in order to take their fight for that happy death of his brother, Helim durst not trust place. Helim therefore having made due pre-bim with the secret, which he knew would paration for this night, dressed each of the have fatal consequences, should it by any means Jovers in a robe of azure silk, wrought in the come to the knowledge of the old king. Ibra. finest looms of Persia, with a long train of him was no sooner mounted to the tbrune, but linen whiter than snow, that floated on the Helim sought after a proper opportunity of ground bebind them. Upon Abdallah's head making a discovery to him, which be knew he Oxed a wreath of the greenest myrtle, and would be very agreeable to so good-natured on Balsora's a garland of the freshest roses. and generous a prince. It so happened, that Their garments were scented with the richest before Helim found such au opportunity as he perfumes of Arabia. Having thus prepared desired, the new king Ibrahim, having bees every thing, the full moon was no sooner up, separated from his company in a chase, and and shining in all its brightness, but he pri- almost fainting with heat and thirst, sax birvately opened the gate of Paradise, and shut it self at the foot of mount Khacau. He inde. after the same manner as soon as they had diately ascended the hill, and coming to Helio's passed through it. The band of negroes who house, demanded some refreshments. Helim were posted at a little distance from the gate, was very luckily there at that time; and after seeing two such beautiful apparitions, that having set before the king the choicest of wines showed themselves to advantage by the light and fruits, finding bim wonderfully pleased of the full moon, and being ravished with the with so seasonable a treat, told him that the odour that flowed from their garments, iin- best part of his entertainment was to come. mediately concluded them to be the ghosts of Upon which he opened to him the whole bise the two persons lately deceased. They fell tory of what had passed. The king was at upon their faces as they passed through the once astonished and transported at so strange midst of them, and continued prostrate on the a relation, and seeing his brother enter the earth until such time as they were out of sight. room with Balsora in bis hand, he leaped off They reported tbe next day what they had from the sofa on which he sat, and cried out, seen ; but this was looked upon by the king. It is be! it is my Abdallah!' Having said himself, and most others, as the compliment this, he fell upon his neck, and wept. The that was usually paid to any of the deceased of whole company, for some time, remained silent his family. Helim had placed two of his own and shedding tears of joy. The king at length, mules at about a mile's distance from the having kindly reproached Helim for depriving Black Temple, on the spot which they had him so long of such a brother, embraced Balagreed upon for their rendezvous. Here he sora with the greatest tenderness, and told her met them, and conducted them to one of his that she should now be a queen indeed, for own houses, which was situated on mount that he would immediately make bis brother Khacan. The air of this mountain was so very king of all the conquered nations on the other bealthful, that Helim bad formerly transported side the Tigris. He easily discovered in the the king obither, in order to recover him out eyes of our two lovers, that instead of being of a long hit of sickness; which succeeded su transported with the offer, they preferred their well that the king made bim a present of the present retirement to empire. At their request whole mountain, with a beautiful house and Therefore he changed his intentions, and made gardens that were on the top of it. In this re- them a present of all the open country as far tirement lived Abdallah and Balsora. They as they could see from the top of mount Khawere both so fraught with all kinds of know. can. Abdallah continuing to extend his former ledge, and possessed with so constant and mu- improvements, beautified this wbole prospect
with groves and fouutains, gardens and seats “ Her busband is known in the gates, when
Her children arise up, and call ber blessed; her husband also, and he praiseth her.
Many daughters have done virtuously, but No. 168.) Wednesday, September 23, 1713.
thou excellest them all.
Favour is deceitful, and beauty is vain, but loca jam recitata revolvimus
a woman that feareth the Lord she shall be Hor. Lib. 2. Ep. i. .23.
praised. The same subjects we repeat
“ Give ber of the fruit of her hanas, and let • SIR,
ber own works praise her in the gates." 'T OBServe that many of your late papers
Your humble servant.' bave represented to us the characters of ac
'I ventured to your lion with the following have seen in your works ; I mean the character lines, upon an assurance, that if you thought of the mistress of a family as it is drawn out
them noc proper food for your beast, you would at length in the book of Proverbs. For my
at least perinit him to tear them. part, considering it only as a human coinpo.
FROM ANACREON. sition, I do not think that there is any cha
« Αγε ζωγεράφων αριςε,” &c. racter in Theophrastus, which has so many
• Best and happiest artisan, beautiful particulars in it, and which is drawn
Best of painters, if you cao
With your many-coloured art
Paiut the mistress of my heart;
Describe the charms you hear from me, gold in the great hall of every country gen
(Her charms you could not paint and see)
And make the absent nyinph appear
As if her lovely self was here.
First draw her easy-flowing hair price is far above rubies.
As soft and black as she is fair ; “ The heart of her husband doth sately trust
And, if your art can rise so high, in her, so that he shall have no need of spoil.
Let breathing odours round her fly:
Beneath the shade of flowing jet “ She will do him good and not evil all the
The iv'ry forehead snioothly set. days of her life.
With care the sable brows extendi, “She seeketh wool and flax, and worketh
And in two arches nicely bend;
That the fair space which lies between willingly with her hands.
The melting stade may scarce be seen, “ She is like the merchants' ships, she
The eye must be uncommon fire; bringeth her food from afar.
Sparkle, languish, and desire :
The flames uoseen must yet be felt;
Like Pallas kill, like Venus melt.
The rosy cheeks must seem to glow
Ainidst the white of new fall'n snow.
Let her lips persoasjon wear,
In silence elegantly fair;
As if the blushing rivals strove, yard.
Breathing and inviting love
Below her chin be sure to deck
With every grace her polish'd neck;
While all that's pretty, sort, and sweet
In the swelling bosom meet.
The rest in purple garments veil ;
Her body, not her shape conceal :
Enongh--the lovely work is done,
The breathing paint will speak anon.
*I am Sir, your humble servant.'
• MR. IRONSIDE, hold, for all her household are clotbed with The letter which I sent you some time ago, scarlet.
and was subscribed English Tory, has made, as She maketh herself coverings of tapestry, you must have observed, a very great bustle in t:er clothing is silk and purple.
town. There are come out against me tro
pampb.ets and two Examiners; but there are and display the wisdom and power of their printed on my side a letter to the Guardian Creator, is an affront to Providence of the same about Dunkirk, and a pamphlet called, Dunkirk kind, (I hope it is not impious to make such or Dover. I am no proper judge who has the a simile) as it would be to a good poet, to fit better of the argument, the Examiner or myself: out bis play without minding the plot or but I am sure my seconds are better than his beauties of it. I bave addressed a defence against the ill treat- And yet how few are there who attend to ment I have received for my letter (which the drama of nature, its artificial structure, ought to bave made every man in England my and tbose admirable machines, wbereby the friend) to the bailiff of Stockbridge, because, passions of a philosopher are gratefully agitated, as the world goes, I am to think myself very and his soul affected with the sweet emotions much obliged to that honest man, and esteem of joy and surprise! him my patron, who allowed that fifty was a How many fox-bunters and rural squires are greater number than one-and-twenty, and to be found in Great Britain, who are ignorant returned me accordingly to serve for that that they have all this while lived on a planet; borough.
that the sun is several thousand times bigger * There are very many scurrilous things said than the earth; and that there are other against me, but I have turned them to my ad-worlds within our view greater and more glovantage, by quoting them at large, and hy that rious than our own! “Ay, but,' says some illimeans swelling the volume to a shilling price. terate fellow, “I enjoy the world, and leave If I may be so free with myself, I might put others to contemplate it. Yes, you eat and you in mind upon this occasion of one of those drink, and run about upon it, that is, you ég. animals which are famous for their love of joy it as a brute; but to enjoy it as a rational mankind, that, when a bone is thrown at them, being, is to know it, to be sensible of its fall to eating it, instead of flying at the person greatness and beauty, to be delighted with its who threw it. Please to read the account of barmony, and by these reflections to obtain the channel, by the map at Will's, and you will just sentiments of the Almighty mind that find wbat I represent concerning the impor- framed it. tance of Dunkirk, as to its situation, very just.
The man who, unembarrassed with vulgas * I am, Sir,
cares, leisurely attends to the Aux of things is 'very often your great admirer, heaven, and things on earth, and observes the • RICHARD STEELE.' laws by which they are governed, bath secured
to bimself an easy and convenient seat, where
he beholds with pleasure all that passes on the No. 169.] Thursday, September 24, 1713.
stage of nature, while those about him are,
some fast asleep, and others struggling for the -Cælumque tueri
highest places, or turning their eyes from tbe
entertainment prepared by Providence, to play And bade bim lift to heaven his wond'ring eyes. at push-pin with one another.
Within this ample circumference of the In fair weather, when my heart is cheered, world, the glorious lights that are bung on bigh, and I feel that exaltation of spirits wbicb re. the meteors in the middle region, the various sults from light and warmth, joined with a livery of the earth, and the profusion of good beautiful prospect of nature; I regard myself things that distinguish the seasons, yield a as one placed by the hand of God in the midst prospect wbich annihilates all human grandeur. of an ample theatre, in wbich the sun, moon, But when we have seen frequent returns of the and stars, the fruits also, and vegetables of the same things, when we bave often viewed the earth, perpetually changing their positions, or heaven and the earth in all their various array, their aspects, exbibit an elegant entertainment our attention flags, and our admiration ceases. to the understanding, as well as to the eye. All the art and magnificence in nature could
Tbunder and lightning, rain and hail, the not make us pleased with the same entertain. painted bow, and the glaring comets, are de- ment, presented a hundred years successively corations of this mighty theatre. And the to our view. sable hemisphere studded with spangles, the I am led into this way of thinking by a ques. blue vault at noon, the glorious gildings and tion started the other night, viz. Whetber it rich colours in the horizon, I look on as so were possible that a man should be weary of a many successive scenes.
fortunate and healthy course of life? My opiWhen I consider things in this light, me- nion was, that the bare repetition of the same thinks it is a sort of impiety to have no atten- objects, abstracted from all other inconvenition to the course of nature, and the revolu- encies, was sufficient to create in our minds a tions of the heavenly bodies. To be regardless distate of the world ; and that the abhorrence of those phenomena that are placed within our old men have of death, proceeds rather from view, on purpose to entertain our faculties, a Jistrust of what may follow, than from tbe
Ovid. Met. Lib. i. 85.
prospect of losing any present enjoyments. greatest benefactor to them all is the merchant. Por (as an ancient author somewhere expresses | The merchant advances the gentleman's rent, it) when a man has seen the vicissitudes of gives the artificer food, and supplies the cournight and day, winter and summer, spring and tier's luxury. But give me leave to say, that autumn, there turning faces of the several parts neither you, nor all your clan of wits, can of nature, what is there further to detaiu his put together so useful and commodious a fancy here below ?
treatise for the welfare of your fellow-subjects The spectacle indeed is glorious, and may as that which an eminent merchant of the bear viewing several times. But in a very few city has lately written. It is called, General scenes of revolving years, we feel a satiety of Maxims of Trade, particularly applied to the the same images; the mind grows impatient Commerce between Great Britain and France. to see the curtain drawn, and behold new I have made an extract of it, so as to bring it scenes disclosed ; and the imagination is in within the compass of your paper, which take this life, filled with a confused idea of the next. as follows:
Deatb, considered in this light, is no more 'I. That trade which exports manufactures than passing from one entertainment to an- made of the product of the country, is unother. If the present objects are grown tire-doubtedly good; such is the sending abroad some and distasteful, it is in order to prepare our Yorksbire cloth, Colchester baize, Exeter our minds for a more exquisite relish of those serges, Norwich stuffs, &c. ; which being made which are fresh and new. If the good things purely of British wool, as much as those exports we have hitherto enjoyed are transient, they amount to, so much is the clear gain of the will be succeeded by those which the inex. nation. haustible power of the Deity will supply to * II. That trade which helps off the coneternal ages. If the pleasures of our present sumption of our superfluities, is also visibly state are blended with pain and uneasiness, advantageous; as the exporting of allum, copour future will consist of sincere unmixed de- peras, leather, tin, lead, coals, &c. So much lights. Blessed hope! the thought whereof as the exported superfluities amount unto, su turns the very imperfections of our nature into much also is the clear national profit. occasions of comfort and joy.
‘JII. The importing of foreign materials to But what consolation is left to the man who be manufactured at home, especially when the bath no hope or prospect of these things ? View gouds, after they are manufactured, are mostly him in that part of life, when the natural de sent abroad, is also, without dispute, very becay of bis faculties concurs with the frequency neficial ; as for instance, Spanish woul, which of the same objects to make bim weary of this for that reason is exempted from paying any world, when like a man who hangs upon a duties. precipice, his present situation is uneasy, and
'IV. The importation of foreign materials, the moment that he quits his hold, he is sure to be manufactured here, although the manuof sinking into bell or annihilation.
factured goods are chiefly consumed by us, may There is not any character so hateful as his be also beneficial; especially when the said who invents racks and tortures for mankind. materials are procured in exchange for our The free-thinkers make it their business to in.commodities; as raw silk, grogram-yarn, and troduce doubts, perplexities, and despair, into other goods brought from Turkey. the minds of men, and, according to the poet's 'V. Poreign materials, wrought up here into rule, are most justly punished by their own such goods as would otherwise be imported schemes.
ready manufactured, is a means of saving money to the nation : such is the importation
of hemp, flax, and raw silk; it is therefore to No. 170.] Friday, September 25, 1713. be wondered at, that these commodities are not
exempt from all duties, as well as Spanish wool. -Timeo Danaos, et dona ferentes.
‘VI. A trade may be called good which exVirg. Æn. ii. 49.
changes manufactures for manufactures, and I fear your Grecks, with presents in their bands.
commodities for commodities. Germany takes
London, Sept. 29. as much in value of our woollen and other • MOST VENERABLE NESTOR,
goods, as we do of their linen: by this means The plan laid down in your first paper numbers of people are employed on both sides, gives me a title and authority to apply to you to their mutual advantage. in behalf of the trading world. According to 'VII. An importation of commodities, bought the geveral scheme you proposed in your said partly for money and partly for goods, may be first paper, you have not professed only to en- of national advantage; if the greatest part of tertain men of wit and polite taste, but also the commodities thus imported, are again exto be useful to the trader and the artificer. Youported, as in the case of East India goods, and cannot do your country greater service than by generally all imports of goods which are re. informing all ranks of men amongst us, that the exported, are beneficial to a nation.
• VIII. The carrying of goods from one fo- | duties as others do. And when that is done, reign country to another, is a profitable article you will send little more to France than now in trade. Our ships are often thus employed you do, and they will import into Great Britain, between Portugal, Italy, and the Levant, and ten times more than now they can. sometimes in the East Indies.
"Il. As to our superfluities, it must be owned * IX. When there is a necessity to import the French have occasion for some of them, as goods which a nation cannot be without, al- lead, tin, leather, copperas, coals, allum, and though such goods are chiefly purchased with several other things of small value, as also money, it cannot be accounted a bad trade, as some few of our tation commodities; but our trade to Norway and other parts, from these goods they will bave whether we take whence are imported naval stores, and materials any of theirs or no, because they want theo. for building.
All these cominodities together, that the French * But a trade is disadvantageous to a nation : want from us, may amount to about two huo.
'1. Wbich brings in things of mere luxury dred thousand pounds yearly. and pleasure, which are entirely, or for the ' III. As to materials; I do uot know of any most part, consumed among us; and such I one sort useful to us that ever was imported reckon the wine trade to be, especially when from France into England. They have indeed the wine is purchased with money, and not in hemp, fax, and wool in abundance, and some exchange for our commodities.
raw silk; but they are too wise to let us have * 2. Much worse is that trade which brings any, especially as long as they entertain any in a commodity that is not only consumed pes we shall be so self-denying, as to take amongst us, but binders the consumption of those materials from them after they are ma. the like quantity of ours. As is the importa- nufactured. tion of brandy, which hinders the spending of IV. Exchanging commodities for commo. our extracts of malt and molasses; therefore dities (if for the like value on both sides) might very prudently charged with excessive duties. he beneficial; but it is far from being the case
'3. That trade is eminently bad, which sup- between us and France. Our ships wept conplies the same goods as we manufacture our stantly in ballast (except now and then some selves, especially if we can make enough for lead) to St. Malo, Morlaix, Nantes, Rocbelle, our consumption: and I take this to be the Bourdeaux, Bayonne, &c. and ever came back case of the silk manufacture; wbich, with full of liven, wines, brandy, and paper; and if great labour and industry, is brought to per- it was so before the revolution, when one of fection in London, Canterbury, and other places, our pounds sterling cost the French but tbir
4. The importation upou easy terms of such teen livres, what are they like to take from us manufactures as are already introduced in a (except what they of necessity want) now that country, must be of bad consequence, and check for each pound sterling they must pay as their progress; as it would undoubtedly be the twenty livres, which enhances the price of all ease of the linen and paper manufactures in British commodities to the French above fifty Great Britain, (wbich are of late very much per cent. improved) if those commodities were suffered V. Goods imported to be re-exported, is to be brought in without paying very high certainly a national advantage; but few or no duties,
French goods are ever exported from Great 'Let us now judge of our trade with France Britain, except to our plantations, but all are by the foregoing maxims.
consumed at home; therefore no benefit can '1. The exportation of our woollen goods to be reaped this way by the French trade. France, is so well barred against, that there is 'VI. Letting ships to freight cannot but be not the least hope of reaping any benefit by of some profit to a nation : but it is very rare tbis article. They bave their work done for if the French ever make use of any other ships half the price we pay for ours. And since they than their own; they victual and man cheaper send great quantities of woollen goods to Italy, than we, therefore nothing is to be got from Spain, Portugal, Turkey, the Rhine, and other them by this article. places, although they pay a duty upon expor- ‘VII. Things that are of absolute necessity tation, it is a demonstration, that they bave cannot be reckoned prejudical to a nation; but more than is sufficient for their own wear, and France produces nothing that is necessary, or consequently no great occasion for any of ours. even convenient, or but which we had better The French cannot but be so sensible of the be without, except claret. advantage they have over us in point of cheap. VIII. If the importation of commodities of ness, that I do not doubt they will give us mere luxury, to be consumed amongst us, be leave to import into France vot only woollen a sensible disadvantage, the Prench trade in goods, but all other commodities whatsoever, this particular might be highly pernicious ta upon very easy duties, provideil we permit them this nation ; for if the duties on French wines to import into Great Britain, wines, brandies, be lowered to a considerable degree, the least silk, linen, and paper, upon paying the same we can suppose would be imported into Eng.