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No. 174.] Wednesday, September 30, 1713. the stream wherein Diana washed berself
when she bestowed borns on Actæon; but by Salve Pæoniæ largitur nobilis undæ, Salve Dardanii gloria inagna soli:
one of a serious turn, these healthful springs Publica morboruin requies, commune medentom
may rather be likened to the Stygian waters, Auxilium, præsens numen, inempta salus.
which made the body invulnerable; or to the Hail, greatest good Dardanian fields bestow,
river of Lethe, one draught of which washed At whose command Pæonian waters flow,
away all pain and anguish in a moment. Unparcbas'd health/ that dost thy aid impart
As I have taken upon me a name which ought Both to the patient, and the doctor's art!
to abound in humanity, I shall make it my buIn public assemblies there are generally some siness, in this paper, to coul and assuage thuse envious splenetic people, who having no merit malignant humours of scandal which run to procure respect, are ever finding fault with throughout the body of men and women tbere those who distinguish themselves. This hap-assembled ; and after the manner of those fapens more frequently at those places, where mous waters, I will endeavour to wipe away this season of the year calls persons of both all foul aspersions, to restore bloom and vigour sexes together for their health. I have had to decayed reputations, and set injured chareams of letters from Bath, Epsom, Tunbridge, racters upon their legs again. I shall berein and St. Wenefrede's well; wherein I could ob- regulate myself by the example of that good serve that a concern for honour and virtue, man, who used to talk with charity of the proceeded from the want of health, beauty, or greatest villains; nor was ever heard to speak fine petticoats. A lady who subscribes herself with rigour of any one, until be affirmed with Eudosia, writes a bitter invective against Chloe, severity that Nero was a wag. the celebrated dancer; but I bave learned, Having thus prepared thee, gentle reader, that she herself is lame of the rheumatism. I shall not scruple to entertain thee with a paAnother, who hath been a prude ever since she negyric upon the gamesters. I have indeed had the small-pox, is very bitter against the spoken incautiously heretofore of that class of coquettes and their indecent airs; and a sharp men; but I should forfeit all titles to modesty, wit bath sent me a keen epigram against the should I any longer oppose the common sense gamesters; but I took notice, that it was not of the nobility and gentry of the kingdom. written upon gilt paper.
Were we to treat all those with contempt, who Having had several strange pieces of intel- are the favourites of blind chance, few levees ligerce from the Bath; as, that more consti- would be crowded. It is not the height of tutions were weakened there than repaired; sphere in which a man moves, but the manner that the physicians were not more busy in de in which he acts, tbat makes bim truly valustroying old bodies, than the young fellows in able. When therefore I see a gentleman lose producing new ones ; with several other com- bis money with serenity, I recognise in him all mon-place strokes of raillery; I resolved to the great qualities of a philosopher. look upon the company there, as I returned If he storms, and invokes the gods, I lament lately out of the country. It was a great jest that he is not placed at the head of a regiment. to see such a grave ancient person as I am, in The great gravity of the countenances round an embroidered cap and brocade night-gown. Harrison's table, puts me in mind of a council But, besides the necessity of complying with board; and the indefatigable application of the custom, by these means I passed undis. the several combatants furnishes me with an covered, and had a pleasure I much covet, of unanswerable reply to those gloomy mortals, being alone in a crowd. It was no little satis-wbo censure this as an idle life. In short, I faction to me, to view the mixed mass of all cannot see any reason why gentlemen should ages and dignities upon a level, partaking of be hindered from raising a fortune by those the same benefits of nature, and mingling in means, which at the same time enlarge their the same diversions. I sometimes entertained minds. Nor shall I speak dishonourably of myself by observing what a large quantity of some little artifice and finesse used upon these ground was bid under spreading petticoats ; occasions ; since the world is so just to any and what little patches of earth were covered man who is become a possessor of wealth, as by creatures with wigs and hats, in comparison not to respect him the less, for the methods he to those spaces that were distinguished by took to come by it. flounces, fringes, and furbelows. From the Upon considerations like these, the ladies earth my fancy was diverted to the water, share in these diversions. I must own, that where the distinctions of sex and condition are I receive great pleasure in seeing my pretty concealed; and where the mixture of men and countrywomen engaged in an amusement which women hath given occasion to some persons of puts them upon producing so many virtues. light imaginations, to compare the Bath to the Hereby they acquire such a boldness, as raises fountain of Salmacis, which had the virtue of them near the lordly creature man. Here joining the two sexes into one person; or to they are taught such contempt of wealth, as
may dilate their minds, and prevent many cur. I was awakened early in the morning by an
Quique sui memores alios fecere merendo.
Virg. Æn. vi. 664. play, as to make it a great part of their exer
Who rais'd by merit an immortal name. cise on Sundays.
The water poets are an innocent tribe, and The noble genius of Virgil would have been deserve all the encouragement I can give them. exalted still higher, had he had the advantage It would be barbarous to treat those authors of Christianity. According to our scheme of with bitterness, who never write out of the thoughts, if the word memores in the front of season, and whose works are useful with the this paper were changed into similes, it would waters. I made it my care therefore to sweeten have very much heightened the motive to virtue some sour critics who were sharp upon a few in the reader. To do good and great actions sonnets, wbich, to speak in the language of the merely to gain reputation, and transmit a name Bath, were mere alkalies. I took particular to posterity, is a vicious appetite, and will cernotice of a lenitive electuary, which was tainly ensnare the person who is moved by it, wrapped up in some of these gentle composi- on some occasions, into a false delicacy for fear tions; and am persuaded that the pretty one of reproach ; and at others, into artifices wbich who took it, was as much relieved by the cover taint bis mind, though they may enlarge his as the medicine. There are a hundred ge- fame. The endeavour to make men like you, neral topics put into metre every year, viz. rather than mindful of you, is not subject to " The lover is inflamed in the water; or, he such ill consequences, but moves with its refinds his death where he sought his cure; or,
ward in its own and; or to speak more in the the nymph feels her own pain, without regard language of the world, a man with this aim is ing her lover's torment.' These being for ever as bappy as a man in an office, that is paid out repeated, have at present a very good effect; of money under his own direction. There have and a physician assures me, that laudanum is been very worthy examples of this self-denying almost out of doors at the Bath.
virtue among us in this nativn; but I do not Thy physicians here are very numerous, but know of a nobler example in this taste, than very good-natured. To these charitable gen that of the late Mr. Boyle, who founded a lectlemen I owe, that I was cured, in a week's ture for the ' Proof of the Christian religion, time, of more distempers than I ever had in against atheists, and other notorious infidels.' my life. They had almost killed me with their The reward of perpetual memory amongst bumanity. A learned fellow-lodger prescribed men, which might possibly have some share in me a little something, at my first coming, to this sublime charity, was certainly considered keep up my spirits; and the next morning I but in a second degree; and Mr. Boyle had it was so much enlivened by another, as to have in his thoughts to make men imitate bim as an order to bleed for my fever. I was proffered well as speak of hin, when he was gone off a cure for the scurvy by a third, and had a re- our stage. cipe for the dropsy gratis before night. In The world has received much good from this vain did I modestly decline these favours; for institution, and the noble emulation of great
men on the inexhaustible subject of the essence, , and, if I may so speak, the wondrous works of praise, and attributes of the Deity, has bad the creation, by the observations of this authe natural effect, wbich always attends this thor, lie before us as objects that create love kind of contemplation: to wit, that he who and admiration; wbich, witbout such explica writes upon it with a sincere heart, very emi- tions, strike us only with confusiop and amaze nently excels whatever le bas produced on any ment. other occasion. It eminently appears from this The man who, before he had this book, observation, that a particular blessing has been dressed and went out to loiter and gather up vestowed on this lecture. This great philo- something to entertain a mind too vacant, ne sopher provided for us, after his death, an em- longer needs news to give himself amusemeet, ployment pot only suitable to our condition, the very air he breathes suggests abundant but to his own at the same time. It is a sight watter for his thoughts. He will consider that fit for angels, to behold the benefactor and the he has begun another day of life, to breathe persons obliged, not only in different places, with all other creatures in the same mass of but under different beings, employed in the air, vapours, and clouds, wbich surround our same work.
globe; and of all the numberless animals that This worthy man studied nature, and traced live by receiving momentary life, or rather all her ways to those of her unsearchable au momentary and new reprieves from death, at thor. When he had found him, he gave this their nostrils, be only stands erect, conscious bounty for the praise and contemplation of him. and contemplative of the benesaction. To one who has not run througb regular courses A man who is not capable of philosopbica! of pbilosophical inquiries (the other learned reflections from his own education, will be as labourers in this vineyard will forgive me,) I much pleased as with any other good news cannot but principally recommend the book, which he has not before heard. The agitations intitled, Phisico-Theology: printed for William of the wind, and the falling of the rains, are Indys, in St. Paul's church.yard.
wbat are absolutely necessary for his welfare It is written by Mr. Derham, rector of Up- and accommodation. This kind of reader will minster, in Essex. I do not know what Up-behold the light with a new joy, and a sort of minster is worth ; but I am sure, had I the reasonable rapture. He will be led from the best living in England to give, I should not appendages wbicb attend and surround our think the addition of it sufficient acknowledge globe, to the contemplation of the globe itsell, ment of his merit; especially since I am in the distribution of the eartb and waters, the formed, that the simplicity of his life is agree variety and quantity of all things provided for able to bis useful knowledge and earning. the uses of our world. Then will bis contem
The praise of this author seems to me to be plation, whicla was too diffused and general, be the great perspicuity and method which render let down to particulars, to different soils and his work intelligible and pleasing to people moulds, to the beds of minerals and stones, who are strangers to such inquiries, as well as into caverns and volcanos, and then again to to the learned. It is a very desirable enter the tops of mountains, and then again to the tainment' to find occasions of pleasure and sa-fields and valleys. tisfaction in tbuse objects and occurrences When the author has acquainted his reader which we bave all our lives, perhaps, over with the place of his abode; be informs him of looked; or bebeld without exciting any re- his capacity to make himself easy and bappy in flections that made us wiser, or happier. The it hy the gift of senses, by their ready organs, by plain good man does, as with a wand, show us showing him the structure of thg organs, the the wonders and spectacles in all nature, and disposition of the ear for the receipt of sounds, the particular capacities with which aļl living of the nostril for smell, the tongue for taste, creatures are endowed for their several ways the nerves to avoid barms by our feeling, and of life; Low the organs of creatures are made the eye. by our sight. according to the different paths in which they The whole work is concluded (as. is the are to move and provide for themselves and sum of fifteeu sermons in proof of the existence families; whether they are to creep, to leap, of the Deity) with reflections which apply each to swim, to fly, to walk; wbether they are to distinct part of it to an end, for which the auinhabit the bowels of the earth, the coverts of thor may hope to be rewarded with an immorthe wood, the muddy or clear streams; to howl tality much more to be desired, than that of in forests, or converse in cities. All life from remaining in eternal honour among all the that of a worm to that of a man ir explained ;'sons of men,
bei ACADEMY, what a youth first learns there ......
96 Beveridge, bishop, a sublime passage quoted from his
134 Bicknell, Mrs. a comedian, commended...
26 Furnished with a dress from the wardrobe of the
1 Binicorn, Humphrey, his proposal for printing a
dissertation on horns
3M Birds, their examples proposed to imitation.... 195
144 Blanket, when that discipline is necessary............ 74
152 Bodkin, Timothy, his letter concerning short
The pope's order against them...
168 Bribery, none in a present of liquor
1371 Burial service, solemn and moving
199 Button, Daniel, his letter in praise of his own coffee-
21 Button-twisting, not eloquent
199 Calumny, nothing so hard for a generous mind to
61 Treatise of the Existence, Wisdom, and Omnipo-
Cause of his disgrace
128, 156, 157 Cardan, the philosopher, what he says of the affec-
23 Care, Dorothy, complains of men's open bosoms.... 171
64 Beautiful similes in that tragedy
Prologue and Epilogue thereto..
60 Chaplains to persons of quality ought to be respected 161
107 A signal proof of the divinity of the Christian reli-
39 Schools recommended.....
155 His purchase and improvement of an estate, &c. 9
196 Borrowed many of his maxims from monsieur Col.
110 Chastity, the noblest male qualification
Chryso-magnet, or the load-stone which attracts gold,
described by Strada
25 Church, Christian the divine order and economy
thereof compared to the fabric of St. Paul's.... 70
35 Clarina, a young lady unhappy by her beauty .......
Pluto's speech to Proserpine, from him..
10 Clergymen, respect due to them
62 The end they should propose to themselves.......
85 Climate, British, very inconstant.
162 Dream of a window in Aurelia's breast......
91 Concerning death......
91 of the future punishment of the idle
120 Dress, the greatest motive to love
ing Not to be too much valued or despised
118 Genius discovered therein
61 Verses from Lucan on that subject.....
conversation with the Drunkenness, a deforming foolish intemperance..
102 A saying of his, recommending chastity in men
Duels, the danger of dying in one, represented.
67 Ought to be abolished..
Compared with Pindar....
His play of the Plotting Sisters recommended
140 Dutch, their advantages over the French....
EARRING, Nicholas, Esq. his letter concerning a
19 Earth, its inhabitants ranged under two general
19 Ease, loved by all men.
16 An instance of it in love verses..
102 Eliza, the character of a good mother ..
English, famous for oddities..
110 Epic poem, rules concerning it...
115 Epigram, a French one, miscalled a song
16 Epilogue to Cato, by Dr. Garth
152/Eve, her treating of an angel described by Mitoo.... 18
127 Her innocence to be imitated, not her nakedness., 100
Ereites, women so called, and why...
Evergreen, Anthony, his collection of fig-leaves for
the ladies ...
Examiner, author of, reproved for insolence, ill
112 manners and scandal
165 lords, and coinmons
51 An advocate for a lady who was said not to be lain
Writes in defence of popery
146 His knack at finding out treason in words..
169 Fame, common, house of, described....
169 Mistress of, a good one described, from the book
of Proverbs ..
Fantastical pleasures, what they are....
170 Fear of God, all true fortitude founded on it. .....
Feet, pretty ones, a letter concerning thein...
175 Fine gentleman, what qualifications form one in the
A fine one described by Strada
107 Fornication, a criticism thereon..
16 Fortitude founded on the fear of God .................
56 At war with beauty.