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No. 174.] Wednesday, September 30, 1713. the stream wherein Diana washed berself

when she bestowed borns on Actæon; but by Salve Pæoniæ largitur nobilis undæ, Salve Dardanii gloria inagna soli:

one of a serious turn, these healthful springs Publica morboruin requies, commune medentom

may rather be likened to the Stygian waters, Auxilium, præsens numen, inempta salus.

which made the body invulnerable; or to the Hail, greatest good Dardanian fields bestow,

river of Lethe, one draught of which washed At whose command Pæonian waters flow,

away all pain and anguish in a moment. Unparcbas'd health/ that dost thy aid impart

As I have taken upon me a name which ought Both to the patient, and the doctor's art!

to abound in humanity, I shall make it my buIn public assemblies there are generally some siness, in this paper, to coul and assuage thuse envious splenetic people, who having no merit malignant humours of scandal which run to procure respect, are ever finding fault with throughout the body of men and women tbere those who distinguish themselves. This hap-assembled ; and after the manner of those fapens more frequently at those places, where mous waters, I will endeavour to wipe away this season of the year calls persons of both all foul aspersions, to restore bloom and vigour sexes together for their health. I have had to decayed reputations, and set injured chareams of letters from Bath, Epsom, Tunbridge, racters upon their legs again. I shall berein and St. Wenefrede's well; wherein I could ob- regulate myself by the example of that good serve that a concern for honour and virtue, man, who used to talk with charity of the proceeded from the want of health, beauty, or greatest villains; nor was ever heard to speak fine petticoats. A lady who subscribes herself with rigour of any one, until be affirmed with Eudosia, writes a bitter invective against Chloe, severity that Nero was a wag. the celebrated dancer; but I bave learned, Having thus prepared thee, gentle reader, that she herself is lame of the rheumatism. I shall not scruple to entertain thee with a paAnother, who hath been a prude ever since she negyric upon the gamesters. I have indeed had the small-pox, is very bitter against the spoken incautiously heretofore of that class of coquettes and their indecent airs; and a sharp men; but I should forfeit all titles to modesty, wit bath sent me a keen epigram against the should I any longer oppose the common sense gamesters; but I took notice, that it was not of the nobility and gentry of the kingdom. written upon gilt paper.

Were we to treat all those with contempt, who Having had several strange pieces of intel- are the favourites of blind chance, few levees ligerce from the Bath; as, that more consti- would be crowded. It is not the height of tutions were weakened there than repaired; sphere in which a man moves, but the manner that the physicians were not more busy in de in which he acts, tbat makes bim truly valustroying old bodies, than the young fellows in able. When therefore I see a gentleman lose producing new ones ; with several other com- bis money with serenity, I recognise in him all mon-place strokes of raillery; I resolved to the great qualities of a philosopher. look upon the company there, as I returned If he storms, and invokes the gods, I lament lately out of the country. It was a great jest that he is not placed at the head of a regiment. to see such a grave ancient person as I am, in The great gravity of the countenances round an embroidered cap and brocade night-gown. Harrison's table, puts me in mind of a council But, besides the necessity of complying with board; and the indefatigable application of the custom, by these means I passed undis. the several combatants furnishes me with an covered, and had a pleasure I much covet, of unanswerable reply to those gloomy mortals, being alone in a crowd. It was no little satis-wbo censure this as an idle life. In short, I faction to me, to view the mixed mass of all cannot see any reason why gentlemen should ages and dignities upon a level, partaking of be hindered from raising a fortune by those the same benefits of nature, and mingling in means, which at the same time enlarge their the same diversions. I sometimes entertained minds. Nor shall I speak dishonourably of myself by observing what a large quantity of some little artifice and finesse used upon these ground was bid under spreading petticoats ; occasions ; since the world is so just to any and what little patches of earth were covered man who is become a possessor of wealth, as by creatures with wigs and hats, in comparison not to respect him the less, for the methods he to those spaces that were distinguished by took to come by it. flounces, fringes, and furbelows. From the Upon considerations like these, the ladies earth my fancy was diverted to the water, share in these diversions. I must own, that where the distinctions of sex and condition are I receive great pleasure in seeing my pretty concealed; and where the mixture of men and countrywomen engaged in an amusement which women hath given occasion to some persons of puts them upon producing so many virtues. light imaginations, to compare the Bath to the Hereby they acquire such a boldness, as raises fountain of Salmacis, which had the virtue of them near the lordly creature man. Here joining the two sexes into one person; or to they are taught such contempt of wealth, as

may dilate their minds, and prevent many cur. I was awakened early in the morning by an
tain lectures. Their natural tenderness is a apothecary, who brought me a dose from one
weakness bere easily unlearned; and I find of my well-wishers. I paid bim, but withal
my soul exalted, when I see a lady sacrifice told bim severely, that I never took playsic.
the fortune of her children with as little con- My landlord hereupon took me for an Italian
cern as a Spartan or a Roman dame. In such merchant that suspected poison; but the apo-
a place as the Bath I might arge, that the thecary, with more sagacity, guessed that I was
casting of a die is indeed the properest exercise certainly a physician myself.
for a fair creature to assist the waters; not to The oppression of civilities which I under.
mention the opportunity it gives to display the went from the sage gentlemen of the faculty,
well-turned arm, and to scatter to advantage frightened me from making such inquiries into
the rays of the diamond. But I am satisfied, the nature of these springs, as would have
that the gamester ladies have surmounted the furnished out a nobler entertainment upon the
little vanities of showing their beauty, which Bath, than the loose hints I have now thrown
they so far neglect, as to throw their features together. Every man who bath received any
into violent distortions, and wear away their benefit there, ought, id proportion to his abili-
lilies and roses in tedious watching, and restless ties, to improve, adorn, or recommend it. A
lucubrations, I should rather observe that prince should found hospitals, the noble and
their chief passion is an emulation of manhood; rich may diffuse their ample charities. Mr.
which I am the more inclined to believe, be- Tompion gave a clock to the Bath ; and I,
cause, in spite of all slavders, their confidence Nestor Ironside, have dedicated a Guardian.
in their virtue keeps them up all night, with
the most dangerous creatures of our sex. It
is to me an undoubted argument of their ease No. 175.] Thursday, October 1, 1713.
of conscience, that they go directly from church
to the gaming-table; and so highly reverence

Quique sui memores alios fecere merendo.

Virg. Æn. vi. 664. play, as to make it a great part of their exer

Who rais'd by merit an immortal name. cise on Sundays.

The water poets are an innocent tribe, and The noble genius of Virgil would have been deserve all the encouragement I can give them. exalted still higher, had he had the advantage It would be barbarous to treat those authors of Christianity. According to our scheme of with bitterness, who never write out of the thoughts, if the word memores in the front of season, and whose works are useful with the this paper were changed into similes, it would waters. I made it my care therefore to sweeten have very much heightened the motive to virtue some sour critics who were sharp upon a few in the reader. To do good and great actions sonnets, wbich, to speak in the language of the merely to gain reputation, and transmit a name Bath, were mere alkalies. I took particular to posterity, is a vicious appetite, and will cernotice of a lenitive electuary, which was tainly ensnare the person who is moved by it, wrapped up in some of these gentle composi- on some occasions, into a false delicacy for fear tions; and am persuaded that the pretty one of reproach ; and at others, into artifices wbich who took it, was as much relieved by the cover taint bis mind, though they may enlarge his as the medicine. There are a hundred ge- fame. The endeavour to make men like you, neral topics put into metre every year, viz. rather than mindful of you, is not subject to " The lover is inflamed in the water; or, he such ill consequences, but moves with its refinds his death where he sought his cure; or,

ward in its own and; or to speak more in the the nymph feels her own pain, without regard language of the world, a man with this aim is ing her lover's torment.' These being for ever as bappy as a man in an office, that is paid out repeated, have at present a very good effect; of money under his own direction. There have and a physician assures me, that laudanum is been very worthy examples of this self-denying almost out of doors at the Bath.

virtue among us in this nativn; but I do not Thy physicians here are very numerous, but know of a nobler example in this taste, than very good-natured. To these charitable gen that of the late Mr. Boyle, who founded a lectlemen I owe, that I was cured, in a week's ture for the ' Proof of the Christian religion, time, of more distempers than I ever had in against atheists, and other notorious infidels.' my life. They had almost killed me with their The reward of perpetual memory amongst bumanity. A learned fellow-lodger prescribed men, which might possibly have some share in me a little something, at my first coming, to this sublime charity, was certainly considered keep up my spirits; and the next morning I but in a second degree; and Mr. Boyle had it was so much enlivened by another, as to have in his thoughts to make men imitate bim as an order to bleed for my fever. I was proffered well as speak of hin, when he was gone off a cure for the scurvy by a third, and had a re- our stage. cipe for the dropsy gratis before night. In The world has received much good from this vain did I modestly decline these favours; for institution, and the noble emulation of great

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men on the inexhaustible subject of the essence, , and, if I may so speak, the wondrous works of praise, and attributes of the Deity, has bad the creation, by the observations of this authe natural effect, wbich always attends this thor, lie before us as objects that create love kind of contemplation: to wit, that he who and admiration; wbich, witbout such explica writes upon it with a sincere heart, very emi- tions, strike us only with confusiop and amaze nently excels whatever le bas produced on any ment. other occasion. It eminently appears from this The man who, before he had this book, observation, that a particular blessing has been dressed and went out to loiter and gather up vestowed on this lecture. This great philo- something to entertain a mind too vacant, ne sopher provided for us, after his death, an em- longer needs news to give himself amusemeet, ployment pot only suitable to our condition, the very air he breathes suggests abundant but to his own at the same time. It is a sight watter for his thoughts. He will consider that fit for angels, to behold the benefactor and the he has begun another day of life, to breathe persons obliged, not only in different places, with all other creatures in the same mass of but under different beings, employed in the air, vapours, and clouds, wbich surround our same work.

globe; and of all the numberless animals that This worthy man studied nature, and traced live by receiving momentary life, or rather all her ways to those of her unsearchable au momentary and new reprieves from death, at thor. When he had found him, he gave this their nostrils, be only stands erect, conscious bounty for the praise and contemplation of him. and contemplative of the benesaction. To one who has not run througb regular courses A man who is not capable of philosopbica! of pbilosophical inquiries (the other learned reflections from his own education, will be as labourers in this vineyard will forgive me,) I much pleased as with any other good news cannot but principally recommend the book, which he has not before heard. The agitations intitled, Phisico-Theology: printed for William of the wind, and the falling of the rains, are Indys, in St. Paul's church.yard.

wbat are absolutely necessary for his welfare It is written by Mr. Derham, rector of Up- and accommodation. This kind of reader will minster, in Essex. I do not know what Up-behold the light with a new joy, and a sort of minster is worth ; but I am sure, had I the reasonable rapture. He will be led from the best living in England to give, I should not appendages wbicb attend and surround our think the addition of it sufficient acknowledge globe, to the contemplation of the globe itsell, ment of his merit; especially since I am in the distribution of the eartb and waters, the formed, that the simplicity of his life is agree variety and quantity of all things provided for able to bis useful knowledge and earning. the uses of our world. Then will bis contem

The praise of this author seems to me to be plation, whicla was too diffused and general, be the great perspicuity and method which render let down to particulars, to different soils and his work intelligible and pleasing to people moulds, to the beds of minerals and stones, who are strangers to such inquiries, as well as into caverns and volcanos, and then again to to the learned. It is a very desirable enter the tops of mountains, and then again to the tainment' to find occasions of pleasure and sa-fields and valleys. tisfaction in tbuse objects and occurrences When the author has acquainted his reader which we bave all our lives, perhaps, over with the place of his abode; be informs him of looked; or bebeld without exciting any re- his capacity to make himself easy and bappy in flections that made us wiser, or happier. The it hy the gift of senses, by their ready organs, by plain good man does, as with a wand, show us showing him the structure of thg organs, the the wonders and spectacles in all nature, and disposition of the ear for the receipt of sounds, the particular capacities with which aļl living of the nostril for smell, the tongue for taste, creatures are endowed for their several ways the nerves to avoid barms by our feeling, and of life; Low the organs of creatures are made the eye. by our sight. according to the different paths in which they The whole work is concluded (as. is the are to move and provide for themselves and sum of fifteeu sermons in proof of the existence families; whether they are to creep, to leap, of the Deity) with reflections which apply each to swim, to fly, to walk; wbether they are to distinct part of it to an end, for which the auinhabit the bowels of the earth, the coverts of thor may hope to be rewarded with an immorthe wood, the muddy or clear streams; to howl tality much more to be desired, than that of in forests, or converse in cities. All life from remaining in eternal honour among all the that of a worm to that of a man ir explained ;'sons of men,



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bei ACADEMY, what a youth first learns there ......

24 Benevolence, the seeds of it implanted in the human
Active men, compared with speculative....

soul ...

Acls, public, at Oxford, two great reasons against Betty, miss, her history.

them ....

96 Beveridge, bishop, a sublime passage quoted from his
Adam, his vision of souls


Adamites, a sect so called..........

134 Bicknell, Mrs. a comedian, commended...
Age, if healthy, happy..

26 Furnished with a dress from the wardrobe of the
Dwells upon past times....
5 Lizards.....

Aguire, his story, an instance of the spirit of revenge Bias, his way of silencing calumny.

Airs, the penman, his vanity

1 Binicorn, Humphrey, his proposal for printing a
Alcibiades, his character, and soliloquy before an en-

dissertation on horns


3M Birds, their examples proposed to imitation.... 195
Alcinous, his gardens described, from Homer.. 173 Observations on their conjugal and parental affec-
Alehouse-keeper, an elegant one, on Hampstead



144 Blanket, when that discipline is necessary............ 74
Alexander, a letter from him to Aristotle..
111 Blood, by what tainted..

137 V
Allegories, directions for using them....

152 Bodkin, Timothy, his letter concerning short
Alnareschin, king of Persia, his story...


Alonzo, don, a faial instance of the effects of jealousy 123 Boileau, a French critic, his account of the sublime.. 117
Alphonso, his story from Strada's Lucan
119 Books, an odd collection of them

Aminta, of 'Tasso, compared with Guarini's Pastor Bosoms, naked, a great grievance


The pope's order against them...

Anacreon, his instructions to a painter for painting Boys, their delights cheap and innocent

his mistress..

168 Bribery, none in a present of liquor
Anaximander, a saying of his, on being laughed at for Bruce, lord, his challenge to, and duel with sir Ed-

ward Sackville.....

129, 133
Ancestors, their examples should excite to great and Bubnelia, angry about the tucker

virtuous actions
137 Building, errors in undertaking it

Ancestry, how far to be venerated.

1371 Burial service, solemn and moving
Renders the good only illustrious

199 Button, Daniel, his letter in praise of his own coffee-
Ridiculous for a man to value himself upon it...... 137 house..
Ancients, crying them up reproved.

21 Button-twisting, not eloquent
All that is good in writing not borrowed from them
Distinguished by Strada..
119 CALAMITIES, the general source of them...

Androcles, story of him and the lion

199 Calumny, nothing so hard for a generous mind to
Anger defined
129 get over...

Aninals, a degree of gratitude owing to them that How silenced by philosophers...

61 Cambray, Fenelon, archbishop, of, account of his
Cruelty towards them condemned

61 Treatise of the Existence, Wisdom, and Omnipo-
Anne Bullen, tragedy of, a scene of distress therein.. 19 tence of God

Annihilation, by whom desired


Cause of his disgrace
Ants, natural history of them

128, 156, 157 Cardan, the philosopher, what he says of the affec-
Apothecary, in Ronieo and Juliet described

tion of love,..

Arcadian, ihe true character of one ...

23 Care, Dorothy, complains of men's open bosoms.... 171
Art, those most capable of it, always fond of nature. 173 Cato, tragedy of, commended....

.33, 43
Artificers, capital, a petition from them....

64 Beautiful similes in that tragedy
Aspasia, a most excellent woman...

Prologue and Epilogue thereto..

Asphaltites, lake of, a discourse thercon.

60 Chaplains to persons of quality ought to be respected 161
Astronomy, the study of, recommended..
704 Charity, a virtue of the heart....

Atalantis, the author of, to whom akin...

107 A signal proof of the divinity of the Christian reli-
Athalia, of Racine, part of it sublime.....


Atheism more grievous than religion.........
93 Intended by Nestor Ironside, Esq........

Atheist, behaviour of one in sickness..

39 Schools recommended.....
Athenais, a Grecian virgin, marricd to the em eror Charwell, Mr. his character....

155 His purchase and improvement of an estate, &c. 9
Attractivn of bodies applied to minds

196 Borrowed many of his maxims from monsieur Col.
Augustus Cæsar, Virgil's praises of hím ...

Aureng-Zebe, tragedy of, wherein faulty

110 Chastity, the noblest male qualification
Author, account of one raising contributions... 58 China, emperor of, honours none till after death ... 96

Chryso-magnet, or the load-stone which attracts gold,
BACON, sir Francis, remarks on the style of his

described by Strada

history of Henry VII..

25 Church, Christian the divine order and economy
Barbers, inconveniences attending their being histo-

thereof compared to the fabric of St. Paul's.... 70
50 The word misapplied....

Bareface, Will. desires one of Lady Lizard's daugh. Wherein the word wants explanation
ters for a wife...

35 Clarina, a young lady unhappy by her beauty .......
Barsisa, santon, his story from the Turkish Tales.... 148 Classics, absolutely necessary to study them

Bath, Wife of, a comedy, characterised...
30 Claudian, Strada's.

115, 119
Customs of that place

His court of Venus..

Bawd, a mother so, to her own daughter

Pluto's speech to Proserpine, from him..

Bear-baiting, a barbarous custom
6) Cleomenes, a tragedy by Dryden, wherein faulty

Beau, an academical one described

10 Clergymen, respect due to them
A species to be commiserated

62 The end they should propose to themselves.......
Beauty, inconveniences attending it..

85 Abused.....
At war with Fortitude...
152 Considered as philosophers.....

Imperfect, described by Prior

85 Climate, British, very inconstant.

serve us



bert ....

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clown, character of an impudent one

162 Dream of a window in Aurelia's breast......
Club, of little men...

91 Concerning death......
Short ..

91 of the future punishment of the idle

120 Dress, the greatest motive to love
Tall ......

ing Not to be too much valued or despised

118 Genius discovered therein
Coach, an intrigue carried on by means of one.... 14 Compared to poetry
Coaches, young men reproved for driving them.. 14 Druids, held the doctrine of transmigration of souls.
Cock-fighting, a barbarous custom ....

61 Verses from Lucan on that subject.....
Colbert, Monsieur, bis

conversation with the Drunkenness, a deforming foolish intemperance..
French king concerning the great power of the Dryden, John, moral verses from his translation of

52 Juvenal....
Co bath, recommended

102 A saying of his, recommending chastity in men
Colleges, chiefly erected on religious considerations. 62 Faulty in his sentiments
Comet, a remarkable one in 1680 described

Duels, the danger of dying in one, represented.
Commandments, were made for the vulgar..

Proceed from false honour..

Common fame, vision of

67 Ought to be abolished..
Complaisance, useful in conversation to make it Dump, Goody, her letter complaining of a sullen
162 husband....

Congreve, Mr. characters drawn by him 0.85, 115, Dunkirk, animadversions concerning demolishing
Conscience, is to the soul, what health is to the body 155 it...

...17, 191
The efficacy and force of, in the hour of death ..... 135 D'Urfey, Thomas, the lyric poet, his merit, and
A good one, the only relief against the pain of ca-




Compared with Pindar....
Conversation, one of the noblest privileges of reason 24 The world ungrateful to him....
Rules for it...

His play of the Plotting Sisters recommended
Coquette, how she should paint herself ...

140 Dutch, their advantages over the French....
Countrymen, meeting abroad, their familiarity. 126 Not subject to the spleen...

Country life, the charins and pleasures of it... 22
Country, why we are pleased with it....

EARRING, Nicholas, Esq. his letter concerning a
Courtship, the extravagance of in described
113 scolding wife..

Covetousness, precautions against it...

19 Earth, its inhabitants ranged under two general
The vice of, eniers deeper into the soul than any


19 Ease, loved by all men.
Cowards never forgive
20 In writing, what it is...

Cowley, Mr. criticism on his songs

16 An instance of it in love verses..
Coxcomb at the head of a family a melancholy thing 165 Eclogue, meaning of that word,
Crabtree, Major, his sour sayings to the ladies....... 26 Education, various errors therein
Crassus, an old lethargic valetudinarian

102 Eliza, the character of a good mother ..
Creation, works of, the divine consideration of them 175 Enemies, love of them not constitutional
Critics, false ...

....12, 16

English, famous for oddities..
Wherein they differ from cavillers

110 Epic poem, rules concerning it...
The severity of one on the fireworks on the Thames 103 Receipt to make one
The characters and marks of an ill one by Mr. Con- Epictetus, his saying concerning censure.


115 Epigram, a French one, miscalled a song
Criticism on song-writing

16 Epilogue to Cato, by Dr. Garth
On several plays of Dryden's ana Lee's. (110 Equality in the happiness and misery of men..
Cromwel, Oliver, what monsieur Paschal says of his Eusden, Reverend Mr. translations of his frorn
136 Claudian

19;, 154
Cunning opposed to wisaom...

152/Eve, her treating of an angel described by Mitoo.... 18
Cupid with eyes ..

127 Her innocence to be imitated, not her nakedness., 100
Customs, barbarous in England, account of them ... 61

Ereites, women so called, and why...
Cyrus, his heroic chastity.

Evergreen, Anthony, his collection of fig-leaves for
Cyr, Saint, account of that monastery founded by

the ladies ...
madam Maintenon
48 Examination, self, advantages attending it..

DÆDALUS, his letter about flying.........

Examiner, author of, reproved for insolence, ill

112 manners and scandal
Damo, a daughter of Pythagoras, to whom he left Misapplies the word Church, and abuses the clergy,
his writings.

165 lords, and coinmons
David, king, the beauty of his lamentation for Jona. Letters concerning him.

53, 03

51 An advocate for a lady who was said not to be lain
A rabbinical story concerning him...


Davigne, Messrs. father and grandfather of madam His insolence to a bishop of the church of England 20
Maintenon, their story .....

Writes in defence of popery

Davis, Sir George, bis adventure with a lion.

146 His knack at finding out treason in words..
Dead men, only, have honours in China...
96 Has no talent for panegyric

Death, means to make the thoughts thereof the Example, influence thereof.....

sweetest enjoyment..
An infirmity not to desire it
20 FABLE, of Pilpay, on the usage of animals...

The hope of good men in it

169 Fame, common, house of, described....
Compared to Proteus......
136 Family, head of, dangerous when bad

Whence the abhorrence of it proceeds..

169 Mistress of, a good one described, from the book
Dedications, the abuse of them..

of Proverbs ..

Dedication of an author to himself..

Fantastical pleasures, what they are....
Defamation, the art of it discovered..

170 Fear of God, all true fortitude founded on it. .....
Definition of words necessary

Feet, pretty ones, a letter concerning thein...
Denham, sir John, his directions for translating.... 164 Figleaf, Leonilla, her letter concerning modesty-
Derham, Mr. his book of Physico-Theology com-







175 Fine gentleman, what qualifications form one in the
Des Cartes, discuvered the pineal gland in the brain 37 eye of the ladies...
Detraction, too easily given in to by the ladies....... 85 Character of a complete one.....
Devotion, early hours of, the advantages of it......... 65. Fireworks on the Thames, description of them ....... 108
Dewlap, Dick, well made for a jester....

A fine one described by Strada
Diaper, James, his letter recommending Tom's cof- Flattery, a satire against it...
fee-house for politeness of conversation.... 99 Grateful to human nature

Diogenes, a severe saying of his to one that slandered Flies and free-thinkers compared ............

135 Florrella, angry about the lucker..
His opinion concerning the poor and rich... 9#Flying, a humour in the reign of Charles the Second 119
Distress, a scene of it in the tragedy of Anne Bullen. 19 Fontainbleau, palace of, described.......

Imaginary, the greatest part of man's attliction.... 162 Footman, too fat for his master..
Ditton and Whiston, their letter concerning the lon- Foresight, Frank, his good conduct on his marriage 147
situde ..........

107 Fornication, a criticism thereon..
Denne, Dr. a criticism on his songs

16 Fortitude founded on the fear of God .................
Dani, concerning Reproof and Reproach

56 At war with beauty.


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