« AnteriorContinuar »
When Lord Hyde parted with Cornbury House to the Duke of Marlborough, a catalogue of pictures, books, &c., was made, together with the following schedule of MSS., which formed the subject of a separate codicil to his will :
“ Schedule of Manuscripts and Papers belonging to Lord Hyde.
Five chests and boxes packed in matting, containing Manuscripts and Papers removed from Cornbury to the Countess of Essex's house at Cassiobury : 1.—A brown hair trunk, containing the manuscript · Life of
Edward Earl of Clarendon,' in his own handwriting. The manuscript continuation of the · Life of Edward Earl
of Clarendon,' or bis Anecdotes after the Restoration, in
his own handwriting A manuscript work of the Lord Chancellor Clarendon, in
the handwriting of Mr. William Shaw, his secretary, entitled “ Religion and Policy, together with several loose papers relating thereto, of all which there is no other copy extant.
[There is, among other papers, a list of the papers belonging to the Earl of Clarendon when he died abroad, in the handwriting of Mr. Shaw, in which
this work is mentioned.] Manuscript, fair copies, in three folios, bound in red
leather, of. The Paraphrases upon the Psalms ;' by the
written, as has been always understood, by Lawrence
Earl of Rochester, but not in his handwriting.
A little book, bound in vellum, of Collections relating to
the Succession of the Popes,' in Lord Chancellor Cla
rendon's own handwriting. A manuscript book, in vellum, containing copies of letters
from King Charles I. to his Queen, &c. 2.—A brown wainscot chest, containing letters, papers, and
accounts of Lord Chancellor Clarendon and Lawrence
Earl of Rochester. 3.—An old chest of Lord Chancellor Clarendon, containing
letters and other papers of Lord Chancellor Clarendon. 4.-An old scrutoire of Lawrence Earl of Rochester, con
taining public papers of Lawrence Earl of Rochester. 5.—A small square deal box, removed from the library at
Cornbury, containing papers.
Life of Edward Earl of Clarendon,' in one thick
Edward Earl of Clarendon,' first part, in a thin porte
feuille. Copy of ditto, second part, in another thin porte-feuille.”
It is to be presumed that all the contents of these boxes are now at Oxford. There is no reason to suppose that any were retained by the Duchess of Queensberry or Lady Mary Forbes, and there are none in the possession of the present Earl of Clarendon but a MS. copy, in Mr. Shaw's handwriting, of the first part of the Life of Edward Earl of Clarendon. It may not, however, be uninteresting to give a list of the few MSS. now at the Grove to which any historical or literary interest could be attached.
Abstract of Lord Clarendon's Settlement, docketed
“ Abstract of my Father's Settlement.” Charles I.'s Vow, dated Oxford, April 13th, 1646, buried
thirteen years under ground by Gilbert Sheldon. King James's warrant for Lady Henrietta Hyde to be
governess to his children
Children are to be treated, as it was ordered by the
allowed by him.”
sons, however, died during her life.
the Anniversary of his Wife's Death.
one from William III. Will of Lawrence Earl of Rochester (found at New Park,
in a drawer in the library, May 6th, 1711).
In a note to Dr. Monkhouse's Preface to the third volume of the State Papers, he says “ that the MS. of “ the History of the Rebellion, which appears to be the “ very copy prepared by the Earl of Rochester for “ publication, and which had been returned to him “ after it had been printed, was conveyed by favour of
“the Duke of Queensberry' to the Bodleian Library;" and as it was for the want of this, or, indeed, of any MS. copy of the · History of the Rebellion,' by which the University could prove the genuineness of their first edition of the work, that it sustained a severe and most unjust attack, it may be well to recapitulate in short the circumstances of the case. The · History of the Rebellion' was first published in three folio volumes in 1702-4. In 1727 Oldmixon published a book entitled • Clarendon and Whitelock compared,' when he first began a serious and general charge against both the editors of the work and the University, accusing them of interpolations and omissions from the original MS. In 1730 he published his ‘History of England during the Reigns of the Royal House of Stuart,' to which he prefixed Some Account of the Liberties taken with Clarendon's History before it came to the Press, such Liberties as make it doubtful what part of it is Clarendon's, and what not.' On this arose the wellknown controversy between Dr. Oldmixon and those who, then still living, considered their character as impugned.? The vindication was warmly taken up by Dr. John Burton, and the accusations, founded principally on the disreputable authority of a certain Mr. Smith (who had been expelled from the University), and set forth by Oldmixon, were refuted. The controversy is now nearly forgotten, and the republication of the History of the Rebellion' in 1826, with the omissions and corrections added to it, has given to the public the power of judging what degree of censure should be attached to those who deemed these deviations necessary, and what degree of importance should be attached to the restoration of the original text. By the Chancellor's will his two eldest sons became responsible for the use they made of their father's MSS.—the words of his testament being, “ I give and bequeath to my “said two sons all my papers and writings of what kind “ soever, and leave them entire to their disposal as they “ shall be advised, either by suppressing or publishing, “ by the advice and approbation of my Lord Arch“ bishop of Canterbury' and the Bishop of Winchester, “ whom I do entreat to be overseers of this my will.” It is clear, therefore, that the sons of Lord Clarendon were fully at liberty, with the advice of the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of Winchester, to make what suppressions they pleased, and to choose their own time of publication ; and it was an overstrained
'Although this MS. might be presented by the Duke, or rather the Duchess, of Queensberry, her right in it must have been shared by her nieces, it being only as next akin to Lord Clarendon and Rochester that the right in the MSS. was vested either in the Duchess of Queensberry or in them.
9 In a letter from Dean Aldrich to the Bishop of Rochester (Sprat), which is preserved in the British Museum, he assures him that all they who were engaged in superintending the printing of this work “laboured to be scru“ pulous even to superstition to reprint their copy to a tittle.” In a letter of great spirit by Bishop Atterbury, dated Paris, October 26, 1731, he vindicated his own character, as well as those of Bishop Smallridge and Dr.