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haeth not desarvid it. This my answer, being boath modest and just, I referr toe youre further consideration, and soe I end, and rest yours toe dispose of,

Fr. Will.

( B 3. )

Sir Fr. Willoughby to Sir Lucius Cary.



Since my last answer to yours, which I presumed myght have servid to have excused hym that never wronged you, yet I find by relation from Capt. Rainsford that youe rest unsatisfied, and, as he tells me, it is becawse I have accepted of that company which was yours and taken from youe by his Majesty, and of late conferd uppon me by the Lordes Justices; and further he tells me that, in regard youe can not strike at the hande, youe must and will strike at the stone that lies lower. Yf this be youre meaning, then this is my answer :—That as I noe waye have done youe wronge, soe am I resolved toe receave none frome youe ; yet youe being the sone of a father whom I have and doe much honer, and would be glad toe retayne his Honer's good opinyon, I doe, owt of a good conscience and these respecktes, desire toe shun an unjust and yll grounded quarrell with youe ; wherin yf youe persist, then I desire youe toe take notice by these, that what I have receavid is by gift from his Matie., which I am bounde in dewty toe mayntayne with my lyfe, or else unworthy of it. What is conferred uppon me is don by the Lordes Justices, which I am also in honer bound toe make good. Soe as I will conclude that, my cawse being just, I shalbe found ready toe performe what I have here written ; and in regard it is well knowne that my intended journey haeth bin longe in expecktation, and nowe being ready toe journey within 3 dayes, for many reasons can not devirt my cowrs from


Bristow, where, yf you desire toe meete me, I shall expres my selfe toe be an honest man, and shall endevor toe give youe content in your desire. And soe I rest as you shall or will conceave of me,

Fr. Will. I pray, Sir, let me understand youre mynd by writing, - it will be the better consealed.

( C.) “ At the Court at Whitehall, January 17th, 1629-30.—A “ Warrant to the Warden of the Fleete to receive into his “ custody the person of Sir Lucius Carey, and to keepe him “ prisoner untill further order.”Council Register.

“ January ye 27th.-A Warrant to the Warden of the “ Fleete to sett at libertie the person of Sir Lucius Carey.”

( D.)

Extracts from the Autograph Minute Book of Lord Falkland,

now in the possession of Mr. Lemon :

17 Apl. 1632. Sr. John Veele.—Then to hym-concerning the Arreares diew to Lucius Cary and his Company for the baulf yeare endeing ult°. Sept. 1629.


7 May, 1632. Sr. John Veele. — Then to hym-concerneing his speedy transmittinge over Lucius Cary his Warrants of full pay for the haulfe yeare endeing ult°. Sept. 1629, with Certificatts of Checques and Defalcacions with the Accompte made upp.

This was my 20. letter to this purpose.

( E. )

Extracts continued.

1 Jan. 1629-30. Lord President St. Leger.—The first day to hym-concerning the Grant of the Fort of Corke and letter obteyned for possession of Sir Francis Willoughby.

To respitt execution untyll he advertise His Maty of Sir Tho. Weynmans graunt being pryor.

Sir Tho. Weyneman.—The 26th of Decemb. 1629.—Concerning the kinges graunt to Sir Francis Willoughby.

My advise to hym to kepe possession tyll yt may appeare what fruict my sollicitation for hym wyll produce.

My letter to ye President sent encloased.

16 Jan. 1629. Lo. Ranelagh.—The 16th day, to hym-concernyng my 24. entrance into my Declaration in Phelym M. Pheagh's business, 14o. Jan. 1629.

The good Impression yt made.
The 18th of this appointed to finish yt.

Lucius his quarrell with Sir Francis Willoughby for his Company to be this day composed before ye Lords.

Earle of Cork.—Then to hym-concerning Sir Francis Willoughbys letter obteyned by his Lordships advise, as affirmed.

St. Thoʻ. Weynemans pryor graunte under ye great seale.

To pause in the execution & advertise first ye state of the case.

Lucius his difference with St. Fr. Willoughby to be composed.

26 Jan. 1629. Lo. Ranelagh.—Then to hym-concerning Lucius his imprisonment and his entended Starr Chamber menace.

My confidence the conclusion wylbe fayre, but to be kept secrett.

1 Feb. 1629. Lo. Ranelagh.—Then to hym—concerning the History of Lucius his committment to ye Fleete, and freedome from yt and the Starr Chamber.

My Petition sent with yt.

Sir Tho. Weyneman.—Then to hym--concerning the receipt of his letter by Ferneley. Sir Francis Willoughbys dissisting to pursew the Fort business.

6 Feb. 1629. Sir Wm. Parsons.—Then to hym-concerning Lucius his freedome from Fleete and Starr Chamber with honor to boath of us.

The Kinges favour and countenance to me.

12 April, 1630. Mr. Piesley.—The gth day to him-concerning Sir Lucius Caryes marriadge, whereby he will judge what course I must take.

My desire to have him hasten over to assist me therein.

( F.)
Extract from Lord Falkland's Minute Book :-

28 Oct. 1630. Of Mr. Lentalls being with me, and of his intercessions for Lucius.

( G.) Soon after the dissolution of this Parliament the King published a declaration to all his loving subjects of the causes which induced him to take such a step. The following passage clearly shows that, however convenient it might be to deny that Sir Harry Vane had acted in the House of Commons upon authority, he certainly acted in the spirit of the King's view of his right to demand supplies from Parliament unfettered by any security given on his part respecting arbitrary exactions :-“Ill-affected persons of the House of Commons “ have been so far from treading in the steps of their ancestors “ by their dutiful expressions in this kind, that contrarily they “ have introduced a way of bargaining and contracting with “ the King; as if nothing ought to be given him by them, but “ what he should buy and purchase of them, either by quitting “ somewhat of his royal prerogative, or by diminishing and “ lessening his revenues; which courses of theirs, how repug“nant they are to the duty of subjects, how unfit for his “ Majesty in honour to permit and suffer, and what hazard “ and dishonour they subject this kingdom to, all men may “ easily judge that will but equally and impartially weigh “ them.” Rushworth, vol. iii. p. 1166.

The Parliament had good reason to mistrust the plan of granting subsidies without a distinct recognition of the illegality of ship-money. The King's conduct in dissolving a former Parliament afforded a precedent of the spirit in which he was likely to act when there was question of obtaining security against illegal exactions by the Crown. “The King,” says Mr. Hallam, “who had very much lowered his tone in speak“ing of tonnage and poundage, and would have been content “ to receive it as their grant, perceiving that they were bent o on a full statutory recognition of the illegality of impositions “ without their consent, and that they had opened a fresh “ battery on another side, by mingling in certain religious dis“ putes in order to attack some of his favourite Prelates, took “ the step, to which he was always inclined, of dissolving the " third Parliament.”— Const. Hist., vol. i. p. 538.

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