The Development Decade?: Economic and Social Change in South Africa, 1994-2004
Locating the South African challenges within a broader international perspective, this study covers all the major economic growth challanges from employment, industrial policy, urban governance, and the informal economy to the social challenges of poverty, inequality, HIV/AIDS, and health policy. The key development debates of the post-apartheid era are outlined and the success of a decade of reform and experimentation is considered by a wide range of international development specialists, including American economists Gil Hart and Michael Carter; British economist Jonathan Michie; and South African Scholars Alan Whitesides, Julian May, and Mike Morris.
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activities AIDS analysis areas argued asset authorities Bank benefits capital cent challenge chapter cluster competitiveness concerned condom costs countries create demand democracy democratic discussion diseases Durban economic development effect employment example experience Figure firms force formal funding global growth higher HIV/AIDS households impact important improve income increased indicators industrial inflation initiatives innovation institutional interest interventions investment issues knowledge labour land less major manufacturing means measures movements municipalities Note organisations period planning political poor population poverty presented problems production programmes protection question reduce reform relations relationship reported response result rise Rogerson role rural sector significant social society Source South Africa strategy structures suggests survey Table trade traditional unemployed University women workers World
Página 310 - ease of entry; reliance on indigenous resources; family ownership of enterprises; small scale of operation; labour intensive and adapted technology; skills acquired outside the formal school system; and unregulated and competitive markets.
Página 310 - The informal economy is not an individual condition but a process of income-generation characterized by one central feature: it is unregulated by the institutions of society, in a legal and social environment in which similar activities are regulated Las características derivadas de esta clandestinidad estructural son, ante todo, observables en los talleres maquila17 Ver la nota 2.
Página 229 - Government introduced the concept of 'developmental local government', which was defined as 'local government committed to working with citizens and groups within the community to find sustainable ways to meet their social, economic and material needs and improve the quality of their lives
Página 39 - Historically, modernization is the process of change towards those types of social, economic, and political systems that have developed in Western Europe and North America from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth and have then spread to other European countries and in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to the South American, Asian and African continents (Eisenstadt, 1966, p.
Página 63 - ... of 5 per cent, 10 per cent, 15 per cent, 20 per cent, 30 per cent, 40 per cent...
Página 203 - We propose to define industrial policy as a policy aimed at particular industries (and firms as their components) to achieve the outcomes that are perceived by the state to be efficient for the economy as a whole.
Página 39 - ... disappeared with the growing disillusionment over the actual performance of new states in the post-independence period. In the mid-1960s it was recognised that simplistic attempts to classify societies in terms of certain pattern variables is unacceptable as a form of analysis. Equally unacceptable was the assumption that the advance from tradition to modernity would be a simple unilinear progression.
Página 444 - A municipality must (a) structure and manage its administration, and budgeting and planning processes to give priority to the basic needs of the community, and to promote the social and economic development of the community; and (b) participate in national and provincial development programmes.
Página 1 - These turnarounds were facilitated by the alliance with the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) and the South African Communist Party (SACP...
Página 229 - A participatory approach to integrate economic, sectoral, spatial, social, institutional, environmental and fiscal strategies in order to support the optimal allocation of scarce resources between sectors and geographical areas and across the population in a manner that provides sustainable growth, equity and the empowerment of the poor and the marginalised.