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FROM THE DEPARTURE OF THE POPE TO THE PRO

CLAMATION OF THE REPUBLIC.

CHAPTER I.

THE POPE'S LETTER TO THE MARQUIS SACCHETTI. — EFFECT PRO

DUCED BY THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF HIS DEPARTURE. — MAMIANI ENTERS THIE MINISTRY. — MEETING OF THE COUNCIL OF DEPUTIES. — LANGUAGE OF GALLETTI. — DEBATE. — CONCLUSION. TEXT OF THE PROCLAMATION ADDRESSED TO THE INHABITANTS OF THE ROMAN STATES. -- DEBATE AND CONCLUSION OF THE HIGH COUNCIL. — ITS PROCLAMATION. – SUBSEQUENT DEBATES AND DECISIONS OF THE COUNCIL OF DEPUTIES. — PLAN OF MAMIANI FOR A FEDERATIVE CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY. — BRIEF OF THE POPE DATED FROM GAETA. — EFFECT PRODUCED BY IT IN ROME. — NOTICES OF THE PERSONS INTRUSTED BY THE HOLY FATHER WITH THE GOVERNMENT OF THE STATE. —- PLANS OF MAMIANI. — REMARKS ON A NOTE OF HIS TO THE DIPLOMATIC BODY. - RESIGNATION OF THE MINISTERS. — SITTING OF THE DEPUTIES. — LANGUAGE OF STURBINETTI THE PRESIDENT. - PROPOSALS OF PANTALEONI CARRIED IN THE COUNCIL. —-DEPUTATION TO HIS HOLINESS NOMINATED. — SIMILAR DETERMINATION AND APPOINTMENT IN THE HIGH COUNCIL. — INSTRUCTIONS TO THE DEPUTATIONS. — NOTICES OF THE PERSONS PUT UPON

THEM. — THEIR SETTING OUT ON THE 5TH OF DECEMBER. On the morning of the 25th of November, the Marquis Sacchetti, who was acting as head of the Household,

VOL. JII.

B

made the minister Galletti aware of the Pope's departure, by showing him a letter in the following terms:

“ Marquis Sacchetti, “ To your known prudence and honour We confide the duty of apprising the Minister Galletti of Our departure; and of urging him, with all the other Ministers, to provide for the safety not so much of the Palaces, but, what matters far more, of the persons attached to them, yourself included, as you were all entirely unaware of Our intention. And if we are anxious about you and the persons of Our household, as having been ignorant, We repeat it, of Our idea, much more are We anxious to commend to the gentlemen aforesaid the quiet and good order of the whole city. “ November 24. 1848.

Pius PP. IX.”

When the news of the Pontiff's departure spread through Rome, the inhabitants were at once excited by conflicting sentiments and ideas. There were a few, who gave signs of glee. The greater number were downcast or in suspense: and those very persons who had stirred up the passions of the people, seemed uneasy at their own success. The Ministry forthwith published a Proclamation, in which they declared that the Pontiff had quitted Rome “ carried away by pernicious counsels ;” and that the Government would watch over the maintenance of order, and rely upon the people: while they made the Presidents of the Provinces acquainted with the event, and recommended to then every possible care for the public tranquillity.

Mamiani, who originally had not accepted the offer of official power, when he had learned the Pontiff's departure, and taken into view the serious risk, which

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the State incurred, of remaining without a Government, gave way to repeated solicitations, and entered the Administration in the capacity of Minister for Foreign Affairs.

The Council of Deputies met at the usual hour. Sturbinetti, the President, exhorted them to be firm; and Galletti, presenting himself before them when assembled, magnified the importance of the note of His Holiness to Sacchetti, in these terms:-“I hold that this is of great moment; because it decides that the Ministry is properly in power, and it thus constitutes, so to speak, something like an universal warranty; so that if to-day, or if to-morrow, we do all that the circumstances demand, we do it not merely on the ground that such a critical juncture is not the time to study subtleties and technical regularity, but we do it on the ground likewise that we are invited to act by the Sovereign himself.” Thereupon, when Sterbini had called for a vote of the members to attest their confidence in the administration, the Prince of Canino mounted the Tribune, where he vented inflammatory language, and argued that if the 'ministers of the people' desired to earn their confidence, they should forthwith proclaim the Sacrosanct Constituent for Italy. To this Mamiani replied, endeavouring, by the best means he could devise, to lay the storm : and he averred, that the plan of a Federation was first and foremost in his thoughts. But Canino resumed his gabbling, denounced that bastard notion, and trumpeted the “ Constituent,” chosen for all Italy, and by direct and universal suffrage.

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