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sejo, á otro lugar á su elección, re- ferring temporarily the capital to gresando inmediatamente que cese some other place selected by him, el peligro.

provided that this is done with the advice of the council. When the danger ceases the Government

shall return to the capital. ART. 4. Ninguna orden, decreto ART. 4. No order, decree, or ó reglamento que expidiere el rule issued by the Government Gobierno fuera de dicha capital y outside the said capital and five sus cinco leguas tendrá fuerza obli- miles around it shall have binding gatoria.

force.

ANEXO NO. 3.

ANNEX NO. 3.

Ley de 21 de octubre de 1831, ex- Law of October 21, 1831, explanaplicativa del artículo 135.

tory of article 135. ARTÍCULO 1. Las personas que

ARTICLE 1. Those who have been siendo nombradas para un destino appointed to civil or ecclesiastical civil ó eclesiástico de la naturaleza positions of whatever nature, and que fuere, no se posesionaren en do not enter upon the discharge los términos que prefija esta ley, of their duties within the time esperderán por el mismo hecho sus tablished by this law shall thereby destinos, y el Gobierno podrá pro- forfeit their positions, which the veerlos como vacantes conforme á Government shall have the right las leyes.

to consider vacant, and fill them

anew, according to law. ART. 2. Los que residieren en ART. 2. Those who reside in the el lugar en que deba servirse el place where the office to be served empleo se posesionarán á los veinte by them is located shall enter días de recibido el nombramiento; upon the discharge of their duties los que estuvieren ausentes, pero twenty days after receiving their dentro del mismo departamento, appointments. Those who are á los cuarenta días; los que estu- absent, but within the limits of vieren en otro departamento, si the department, shall have forty éste fuere limítrofe, á los cincuenta days; those who are in a borderdías; y si no lo fuere, á los cien días. ing department shall have fifty

days; and those who are at a greater distance shall have one

hundred days. ART. 3. Sólo la incapacidad ART. 3. Nothing else than physfísica, legalmente comprobada, ó ical inability, legally proved, or la ocupación en servicio del Estado, actual engagement in the service servirán de excepción; pero luego of the State shall serve as an exque cese ese impedimiento, empe- cuse for the delay; but as soon as zarán á correr los términos pres- the impediment ceases the time critos.

established by law shall begin to Art. 4. El impedimiento deberá ART. 4. The impediment shall acreditarse ante las autoridades be proved before the local authorlocales, quienes, bajo su más es- ities, who shall take care under tricta responsabilidad, cuidarán their responsibility to furnish inde informar al Gobierno de esa formation thereof to the Governcircunstancia, quedando igual- ment. They shall be bound in the mente obligados a hacerlo cuando same way to inform the Governel empleado se halle expedito para ment when the official becomes servir su destino.

run.

able to fill his position. ART. 5. Se prohibe tomar pose- ART. 5. Taking possession by sión por apoderados, de las digni- proxy of the dignities and offices dades, canongías y prebendas de in the cathedral churches is hereby las Iglesias Catedrales, quedando forbidden, and the decree of March derogado el decreto de veintinueve twenty-ninth, eighteen hundred de marzo de mil ochocientos vein- and twenty-five, is hereby repealed. ticinco.

REPUBLIC OF COLOMBIA.

HISTORICAL NOTES.

Upon the disruption in 1830, of the Republic of Colombia (the Great Colombia), as constituted by BOLIVAR, the three Republics of Venezuela, New Granada (the present Colombia), and Ecuador, sprang into existence. As was natural, the first effort of each of the new nations was to frame the Constitution under which it should live.

The first Constitution that Colombia (New Granada) adopted as an independent Republic, is the one known by the name of "Fundamental law of the State of New Granada” (Ley Fundamental del Estado de la Nueva Granada), promulgated on November 17, 1831. a

Subsequent to this statute there bave been (1) the Constitution of April 20, 1843; (2) the “Political Constitution of New Granada," promulgated on May 28, 1853, which marks the introduction of the Federal system into the State or Republic of Colombia; (3) the constitutional amendment of February 27, 1855, in a sense decidedly Federal; (4) the “Constitution of the Granadine Confederation," /

promulgated May 22, 1858, under which the States of Antioquia, Bolivar, Boyaca, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Panama, and Santander confederated themselves forever into a sovereign, 'free, and independent Nation under the name of “The Granadine Confederation;" 15) the Constitution of “The United States of Colombia," promulgated on the 8th of May, 1863, and (6) the Constitution of August 4, 1886, which is still in existence.

a See Appendix 9.

• See Appendix 10.

c See Appendix 11.

317

CONSTITUTION.

(August 4, 1886.)

En el nombre de Dios, fuente In the name of God, supreme suprema de toda autoridad, los source of all authority, we, the Delegatarios de los Estados colom- delegates of the Colombian States bianos de Antioquia, Bolívar, Bo- of Antioquia, Bolivar, Boyacá, yacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Mag- Cauca, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, dalena, Panamá, Santander y Toli- Panamá, Santander, and Tolima, in ma, reunidos en Consejo Nacional national constitutional convention Constituyente; vista la aprobación assembled, taking into consideraque impartieron las Municipali- tion that the municipalities of Codades de Colombia á las bases de lombia have given their approval Constitución expedidas el día pri- to the bases for a Constitution mero de diciembre de mil ocho framed on the first day of Decemcientos ochenta y cinco, y con el fin ber, eighteen hundred and eightyde afianzar la unidad nacional y five, and animated by the desire of asegurar los bienes de la justicia, strengthening the national unity, la libertad y la paz, hemos venido establishing justice, and insuring en decretar, como decretamos, la the benefits of liberty and peace, siguiente Constitución política de have decided to decree, as we do Colombia.

hereby decree, the following political Constitution of Colombia:

TÍTULO 1.

TITLE I.

DE LA NACIÓN Y EL TERRITORIO.

THE NATION AND ITS TERRITORY.

ARTÍCULO 1. La Nación colom- ARTICLE 1. The Colombian Nabiana se reconstituye en forma de tion is reorganized as a unitary República unitaria.

Republic. ART. 2. La soberanía reside ART. 2. The sovereignty is esesencial y exclusivamente en la sentially and exclusively vested in Nación, y de ella emanan los the nation, and from that source all poderes públicos, que se ejercerán the public powers, which shall be en los términos que esta Constitu- exercised within the limits preción establece.

scribed by this constitution, ema

nate. ART. 3. Son límites de la Re- ART. 3. The boundaries of the pública los mismos que en mil Republic are the same which in ochocientos diez separaban el eighteen hundred and ten sepaVirreinato de Nueva Granada de rated the viceroyalty of New las Capitanías generales de Vene- Granada from the captaincies

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