Imágenes de páginas




(To the Editor of the Family Friend.) What 6 4 17 2 3 22 18 ? 15 10 13 26 the 15 12 30 11 4 of the Judge: 9 26 who never 11 16 28 14

SIB, -- I have been walking, in imagination, in has given 1 23 6 4 19 7 4 15 10 13. The 15 12 30 your enigmatical garden, and I have enjoyed the 14 of the 21 12 2 14, that is 5 30 3-31 9. Let then sight of an infinite variety of flowers, amongst your 15 18 12 21 26 9 10 29 2 22 be 4 18 17 12 7 planted and flourishing by the side of foreign

which are many of my early field favourites, transHim, and 18 10 will 4 3 4 31 19 16 25 19 10 26.

friends. I perceive in the culinary corner, my

J. R. valued friend Thyme, near this stands the Sage be60.

side the Mint. If I mistake not, the crown which In apprehension see my first,

was the prize for him who saved the life of a fellowA curse my next, you'll find;

citizen was made of Parsley. Not far from this My whole's a plant medicinal,

Balm is to be found, and if you truly repent there Not of the common kind.

is your emblem Rue. As an ornament to this quiet A. C. M. J-LL. corner is Marygold and Rose-Mary. Early in the 61.

year I presume your 'Formal roses' were PrimMy first is made of earthenware or metal, and roses blooming with simple Cows'-lips, Hounds'. is used for various domestic purposes. My second tongues, Speed-well, All-heal, and Blue-bells. is a verb. My whole is of different sizes, and adds In a large circular bed in the middle was a greatly to the comfort of every house. It is a Rosary surrounded by wide_borders in which favourite resort for mice, and is also the scene of were Larkspurs, Traveller's-Joy, Sweet-William, many a gossip amongst the servants of the tamily. Monk's-hood, May, Balsam, Archangel, Solomon's

MARIA AND TINEY. Seal, Rockets, Shepherd's-Purse, Balm-of-Gilead,

Enchanter's-Night-shade, London-Pride, Barberry, ANSWERS TO THE ENIGMAS, &c.

Bitter-sweet, Centaury, Charity, Columbine, Rag(On pp. 121, 122, 123, Vol. 1859.)

ged Robin, Everlasting, Forget-me-not, Heath,

Lords - and - Ladies, Love - in. Idlene88, Mercury, A VALENTINE,

Love-in-a-Mist, Meadow-Sweet, Periwinkle, Vale(Poetically arranged).

rian, Venus's-Looking-glass, Slocks, Golden-Rod, Dear friend receive this tribute small, Adonis, Lady's-Mantle, Narcissus, Box, Old Man, From one who loves thee well;

Marvel-of-Peru, Star-of-Bethlehem, China-Astera, And wishes thee success and joy,

Crane’s-bill, Love-lies-bleeding, True-love, BedFar more than words can tell.

straw, All-good, Canary, Passion-Flower, FlowerWhen fortune sheds the brightest beams,

ing-Ash, Ladies'- Slippers, Broom, Birch, HeartsAnd all around thee's gay,

ease, Pansies, Soupirs, Grass -of - Parnassus,

Prince's-Feathers. The pretty scarlet Anagallis, I dare not ask thee then to think

which is called the Shepherd's-weather-glass,' Of one who's far away.

although a weed, its brilliant little stars, are But should stern sorrow ever come,

allowed to grow near the beautiful MorningAnd cloud thy brow with care;

Glory.' Not far from the Six-o'clock-flower, there A faithful friend thou'lt find in me,

stands the majestic Sun-flower, bowing as if in Who all thy griefs can share.

adoration to the luminary of the day. Twining This simple offering do not spurn,

over a green bower I saw the fragrant HoneyMy fondest love is thine ;

suckle, and behind it the white blossom of the I'm blest indeed, if thou but smile,

Mountain Ash. All round the garden I perceived On this, my Valentine.

that Mural ornament,' the bright yellow Wall. 35.-HISTORICAL ENIGMA.

fiower. Before I close the account of my disco

'veries, I must inform you that I perceived in a a. Johnson. 6. Usher. c. Lyttelton. d. Young- retired nook, beyond the reach of children, the July.

berry-tempting plants of Nightshade, and the 38.-ACROSTIC CONUNDRUM-A POET AND HIS Belia-Donna. NATIVE LAND.

If I have traversed your enigmatical garden a. Delhi. 6. AT. C. NemeA. d. TelL. e. EdwY- fruitlessly, and if I am still unacquainted with Dante-Italy.

any part of it, please let me know; but I assure 37.-Northumberland.

you, I think the Family Friend has a collection

which is only inferior to that of Chiswick or of 38.-ACROSTIC CONUNDRUM-Two MEMORABLE


I remain, Sir, with much respect,

YOUR HORTICULTURAL FRIEND AND a. Grass. 6. OperA c. LamM. d. Iris, e, Apollo.

FLOWER FANCIER. f. HeN.-Goliah-Samson.

45.-Temp(s)-er-ate 46.-Time-piece. 47.-Rob39,- ACROSTIC CONUNDRUM-A METAL AND

in. 48.–Pump-kin. 49.--Eye-glass. 50.- Tem. WHERB IT IS FOUND.

per. 51.-Scent-sent-ten-net. 52.- Bridge-water. a. InforM, b. Rossini. c. OrgaN. d. Needle- 53.-Cash-mere. 54.-Glass. 55.-Car-pet. 56. Iron Mine.


HIEROGLYPHICS. EXPRESSED. a. Coldstream. 6. Kirkwall. c. Queensferry.

(On p. 124). d. Wigton. e. Greenlaw, f. Kinsale.

1.-Winchester. 2-Monmouth 3.-Edinburgh. 41:-Fur-be-low. 42. Pair-pear-pare. 43. Cock. 4,-Empty vessels possess the greatest sound. roach,

5.-Criminal. 6.--Catacombs.

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had taken place. Then 4 more



admitted; but the clever men, on examining the THE wise men of Gotham, famous for their ec- ! establishment a fourth time, still found 9 in each centric blunders, once undertook the management row, and soon came to an opinion that their preof a school; they arranged their establishment in vious suspicions had been unfounded. How was the form of a square divided into 9 rooms. The all this possible ? playground occupied the centre, and 24 scholars The following figures represent the contents of the rooms around it, 3 being in each. In spite of each room at the four different visits: the first, at the strictness of discipline, it was suspected that the commencement of the watch; the second, the boys were in the habit of playing truant, and when 4 had gone out; the third, when these 4, it was determined to set a strict watch. To assure accompanied by another 4, had returned; and the themselves that all the boys were on the premises, | fourth, when 4 more had joined them. I. II. III.


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they visited the rooms, and found 3 in each, or 9 On each change the boys had arranged them in each row. Four boys then went out, and the selves in the rooms in such a manner that, when wise men soon after visited the rooms, and finding the corner rooms were counted as a part of two 9 in each row, thought all was right. The 4 boys | rows, each entire row of three rooms contained then came back, accompanied by 4 strangers; and the same number of boys. The illusion of the wise the Gothamites, on their third round, finding still men was due to their mistake in counting each 9 in each row, entertained no suspicion of what corner room twice.

THE EDITOR TO HIS FRIENDS. leche helada, fresh goat's milk, rendered more

palatable with sugar and beaten snow. This last ADDRESS :-9, BBLL SQ., FINSBURY, LONDON.

liquid is not lacking in the smallest village in Two subscribers have asked us this month Spain, as goats pervade the land; and as tea and whether we prepare Cases for the uniform binding beer are indigenous in the remotest corner of of our half-yearly volumes? We were astonished Great Britain, so ice or beaten snow is to be found to find that any of our subscribers should be un- in the meanest hamlet in Spain; for all over the aware that with the completion of every volume land there are mountains whose heads are ever a cheap, handsome, and durable cloth case is pre- capped in white. Such drinks bear the names of pared. The price of the case is sixpence, and for sorbetes, from the Persian sherbets, to distinguish à like sum any Binder will adjust the six monthly them from the quesitos (literally small cheeses), numbers in it, and return them in the more pre- hard irozen creams and water ices. These are the sentable form of a beautiful volume.

only things sold at the cafés in Madrid; which do We are sure our readers will not fail to observe not, as at Paris, profess any eatable. the improved appearance of our Number. This 20. X. Y. Z.-IMITATION COBAL.- An inhas been achieved by a superior method of stitch- genious person can make up, with artificial coral, ing, and placing each sheet in glazed boards, and a great variety of useful and ornamental articles, subjecting them to hydraulic pressure. Although such as work-baskets, liqueur bottle-stands, cardthese improvements increase our expenses, we racks, candle ornaments, &c., all of which have a shall continue to observe them for the future. novelty in appearance, and are at the same time FIRST CLASS.

very pretty. To prepare this coral, procure small A.C. M. J-11 (your kind contributions shall them; they are to be dipped in melted red sealing

branches of shrubs, peel the bark off, and dry have prompt attention).-Edmund and Flora (for wax, to every quarter of a pound of which should new members this is promising).-Undine (pardon be added, prior to the melting, one ounce of bees': the omission).-L'Eclair.-M. W. M. (your re- wax, which will render the mixture, wheu cold, quest shall not be overlooked).-Catie. -Alpha (it less brittle than sealing-wax by itself. Twigs of wonld have been more correct, certainly).-R. M. the black-thorn are the best kind of wood to S. and Rosemary.-J. C. L. (Many thanks for employ for this purpose. Small articles should your practical services).-J. C. L. (your second be fashioned before they are dipped, but larger letter preserved you your position) --Gazelle.

ones require the twigs to be dipped first. After Brownie. - Little Lizzie.-Anna Grey (we are glad they are finished, they should be held before a to find that you are not nervous). --Marie and gentle fire, turning them round till they are perElise. - Edouard. - Jane Ann.--Emily A. C.- fectly covered and smooth. Marguerite.-D. M. R.-H. A. J.-Estelle.

21. G. ROBERTSON.-FLORAL SPECIMENS,Walter H.-Juanita.-Annie (we are sorry to re- The mode of preserving leaves is simple. Take ceive such a desponding letter from you).-Mary two leaves of every kind you wish to keep; lay Anne.-J. Christie D.-Agnese.

them inside of a sheet of blotting-paper, place SECOND CLASS.

them under a considerable pressure, and let them Amelia (in good time).-W.C.-E. Hill (we are

remain during the night. Open them the next quite aware that our Pastime has advanced, there morning, remove them to a dry part of the paper, fore more honour to those who obtain a position They may then be placed in the book intended for

and press them again for the same space of time. in the Classes). - Iago.--Eliza.-Rolyat.-Good


purpose, and fastened down with a little gum, enough (hardly).-May (definitions not good).Daisy H. (a Certificate, second class, was sent you written, with such other observations as the artist

with the alternate sides turned out, and the name some months since).-Rolando (we dare not de

may think proper. part from our rule; so many have asked us for

22. W. JENNINGS.TO REMOVE THE STAINS characters, but we can only extend them to subscribers). --Aquila.-Prudence.--Wilhelm.-Eliza

OF INK.-The stains of ink on cloth, paper, or wood, beth M.-Aline.-W. Garbutt, jun.- Captain J. may be removed by all acids; but those acids are R.--Emily.-Seektruth.-Giovanni (your earnest

to be preferred which are least likely to injure the ness in our behalf demands our warmest thanks; 1 texture of the stained substance. The muriatic three copies of our number can be posted for acid, diluted with five or six

times its weight of twopence). -Bertha S.-G. Matthewson.

water, may be applied to the spot, and after a

minute or two washed off; repeating the applicaQUESTIONS ANSWERED.

tion as often as may be found necessary. Less

risk attends the use of vegetable acids. A solution 19. Q. Q.-SPANISH DRINKS.- Of Spanish of the oxalic, citric (acid of lemons), or tartareous drinks there are many; but the first and foremost, acids, in water, may be applied to the most delipeerless and revivifying, comes agraz-pearl of cate fabrics without danger of injuring them; and drinks, talisman of potions. Pressed from the the same solution will discharge writing but not pulp of the unripe grape, the acid freshness of printing ink. Hence it may be employed in eleanimmaturity is tempered with pure water of ioy ing books which have been defaced by writing on coldness; mixed with the camomile wine of the margin, without impairing the text. Southern Spain, the Manzanilla, it gives fresh 23. CORDELIA.—The superiority of the French life to the weary traveller, and he would fain die silks over the English may be accounted for by whilst its luseious fragrance still lingers on his the fact that France obtains her raw material lips. Next comes orchada de chufas, white from Syria, which is of the very best quality, and creamy nutty liquid, soothing the soul excited by that but a very small quantity ever finds its way the sun : then we drink orangeade and lemonade into England. The manufacture of silk at Lyons only to be made in Spain : and last, not least, was established in the year 1450.

24. A NEW SUBSCRIBER. — How TO MAKE Sugar Iceing for the Cake.-Beat two pounds YEAST.---Boil one pound of good flour, a quarter of double-refined sugar with two ounces of fine of a pound of brown sugar, and a little salt, in starch, sift the whole through a gauze sieve, then two gallons of water, for one hour. When milk- beat the whites of five eggs with a knife upon a warm, bottle it and cork it close. It will be ready pewter dish for half-an-hour; beat in your sugar for use in twenty-four hours. One pint of this a little at a time, or it will make the eggs fail, and yeast will make eighteen pounds of bread.- injure the colour; when all the sugar is put in, BERTHA S.

beat it half-an hour longer, and then lay on your 25. THOMASINA. - FREEZING AND BOILING almond iceing, spreading it even with a knife. If IN A VACUUM.—The process is simple. A little put ou as soon as the cake comes from the oven, ether under an air-jar on the plate of the air-pump it will harden by the time the cake is cold. will flash into vapour as soon as the pressure is 27. SARA RACHEL.-A RECEIPT FOR REMOVING removed by working the pump; and water may SCURF FROM THE HEAD.-Take two ounces of

castor oil, six ounces of olive oil, and an ounce and a-half of tincture of cantharides; mix it well, and add two drachms of essence of bergamot, to render it agreeable.-FANNY.

Or,--Mix equal quantities of rum and oil, and use it like oil alone.-BERTHA S.

28, ALBERT. — EMPYREUMA.-A peculiar vapour produced by destructive distillation, to

breathe which is injurious; from that of vegetable be frozen by its own evaporation, over a good air- substances we obtain Empyreumatic Acid and pump, as arranged in the figure. The water is Oil; burnt Hartshorn yields Empyreumatic Al. contained in a watch-glass on a tripod, over a kali. When pastry or other articles of diet are shallow dish of sulphuric acid, and the whole is subjected to great heat in a close oven or vessel covered by a low air-jar. On working the pump, they emit an unpleasant effluvia-a proof they the water evaporates so rapidly in the vacuum as have become empyreumatized, and therefore unto boil even at 72°; its vapour is instantly absorbed wholesome. by the sulphuric acid, and in this way both the 29. J. D.-Perhaps the strongest men in the sensible and latent heat are removed so rapidly, world are the Chili miners, who spend their days that the water is frozen solid white, still appa- in the labour of carrying up sacks of the ore out rently boiling.

of the mines, weighing above three hundred 26. LAURA.—The making of the Wedding Cake pounds, going up rough steps cut out of the rock, is a subject of no small interest. Some degree of without rope or handrail to assist them. These mystery rests upon it; but I have happily suc- men live chiefly on haricot beans, which must be ceeded in obtaining an excellent receipt.

most nutritious. To Make a Prime Wedding Cake.-Four pounds 30. WANDERER. – ADDER'S TONGUE. - The of fine flour, well dried, four pounds of fresh adder's tongue, Ophioglossum vulgatum, is genebutter, two pounds of loaf sugar; a quarter of an rally distributed throughout England, but is com. ounce of mace, pounded and sifted fine, the same paratively scarce in Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. of nutmegs. To every pound of flour add eight Its favourite growing places are moist, damp eggs; wash four pounds of currants, let them be meadows, and the sides of streamlets, where the well picked and dried before the fire; blanch a scarlet Lychnis loves to nestle; and is occasionally pound of sweet almonds, and cut them lengthso abundant as to cover acres of grass-land with ways very thin; a pound of citron, one pound of candied orange, the same of candied lemon; half a pint of brandy. When these are made ready, work the butter with your hand to a cream, then beat in your sugar a quarter of an hour, beat the whites of your eggs to a very strong froth, mix them with your sugar and butter; beat your yolks half-au-hour at least, and mix them with your cake; then put in your flour, mace, and nutmeg, keep beating it well till your oven is ready-pour in the brandy, and beat the currants and almonds lightly in. Tie three sheets of white paper round the bottom of your hoop, to keep it from running out, rub it well with butter, put in your cake, lay the sweatmeats in layers, with cake between each its long, smooth, hollow fronds, appearing in layer, and after it is isen and coloured cover it May, and withering at the latter end of August. with paper before your oven is stopped up; it will A few

only of the fronds are fertile, and from out require three hours to bake properly.

the acute and slanting, the deep, green and leafy To Make Almond Iceing for the Bride Cake. portion of such, uprises a straight, erect, clubBeat the whites of three eggs to a strong froth, shaped spike, somewhat longer than the leafy part, beat a pound of Jordan almonds very fine with and bearing seeds in a double longitudinal row. rose-water, mix them, with the eggs, lightly to- When the seeds are fully ripe, you may readily see gether; pul in by degrees a pound of common the gradual opening of the thecæ transversely, loaf-sugar in powder. When the cake is baked waiting as it were for the passing by of autumn enough, take it out, and lay on the iceing, then winds, that bear them in their airy chariots over put it in to brown,

dale and hill,

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