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hear the voice of him whose tongue had been a donkey was led to the spot, bearing two touched and endowed with the gift of elo- baskets filled with rice and beans. The quence by a fairy. The sorcerer took his priests, at this insult to their religion, were place, at the same time, above the palace. seized with sudden fury, and, regardless of He observed the enthusiasm of the crowd the excuses of the King, they excited the beneath; and, pronouncing three terrible people to avenge the affront. The unhappy words, he saw with delight the people turn Tsiamma, overcome with grief, escaped with their backs to the astonished King, to go and difficulty the anger of the people, and took see the Chinese jugglers whom Ciongock refuge in his palace, where he passed three had placed at the corner of the palace. days and nights in prayer, endeavouring to
The consternation and grief of Tsiamma assuage the displeasure of Namu-Amida: may easily be conceived, on beholding the for he believed that he had in some manner sudden indifference and insulting behaviour offended the deity, who had punished him of his subjects. With his customary good by changing his costly presents into objects humour, however, he made excuses for the of common worth. The hostility of Cionfickleness of the multitude, and waited their gock had been carefully withheld from him return with patience. As they still continued by the fairy, from the fear of rendering him intent on Observing the show, he retired always unhappy. alone into his palace, and soon afterwards, On the fourth day, the King assembled the jugglers having exhausted their novel- his council, and explained his fears. It was ties, the people returned, murmuring, to resolved that gifts of greater value should find the King had departed.
be prepared as a propitiation, and, after some The good feeling of the populace, how- slight resistance, they were received by the ever, soon revived, and Tsiamma, to conci- priests, and the god was declared satisfied, liate them, proposed again to deliver an Conceiving that he had excited the hatred address. He presented himself again, and of heaven, Tsiamma fell into a deep melanwas received with acclamations, which in- choly, and was advised by his councillors to creased to a perfect hurricane of applause. marry. A deputation was accordingly disIt was in vain he endeavoured to obtain a patched to Sagkock, the king of a neighhearing; the loud cries and clapping of bouring island, to demand his daughter's hands rendered it impossible; and seeing hand. This Princess was so virtuous and the inutility of his efforts, he returned sor- beautiful that she was called Zizizi. Her rowfully to his apartments, while the crowd father consented to the union, on condition continued, under the influence of the sor- that Tsiamma came in person; and this cerer, to express the most tumultuous but prince, anxious to form an alliance so deinconvenient respect for their Prince. sired by the two nations, proceeded at once
Tsiamma doubted not but some evil spirit on the journey, accompanied by a numewas leagued against him, and, remembering rous retinue. His fleet was composed of a the exhortations of Zoimané, he bore his hundred vessels; but, on reaching the shore reverses with constancy.
of Sagkock, where the old King and entire Ciongock triumphed in his success, and population were waiting to receive him, a prepared new schemes of vengeance. The frightful tempest burst forth; the ships laws of the country required that the King were hurled about in wild confusion, and on should undertake a pilgrimage to the holy the mist, which had suddenly covered the Wood of the great Namu-Amida, during scene, clearing away, Tsiamma, to his astothe first thirty days of his reign. Tsiamma nishment, saw himself close to his own proceeded on this mission, accompanied by kingdom, instead of being in the port of his Court, and with a white elephant laden Sagkock. In an agony of grief and conwith costly presents to the spirits.
sternation, he addressed the gods, and the On approaching the wood, the monarch sails filled; the waves a second time bearing prostrated himself three times to the ground, towards the port of Sagkock, where the King to the great edification of his subjects, who of the island, beholding his approach, came had followed the procession. Priests, dressed forward to meet him. At the moment, in white robes, with garlands in their hands, however, that the two monarchs embraced came forward and danced before the sove each other, a cry of treason arose from their reign, and after having repeated a benedic- followers, who suddenly engaged in a santion, they requested, in the name of their guinary contention. Tsiamma and the King god, the offerings designed for him. of Sagkock endeavoured in vain to stop the
Tsiamma ordered them to be brought for- carnage, which continued until the soldiers of ward; but, to his wonder, instead of an the former were compelled to retreat to their elephant, with his splendid accoutrements, I ships and seek safety in flight. Tsiamma, who considered all these misfortanes as the senseless into the arms of her father. On vengeance of heaven against himself, re- recovering her senses, she mourned bitterly turned almost heart-broken to Chiekock, the loss of her attractions; but, soon callthe marriage having been set aside in con- ing reason to her aid, she became calm. sequence of these terrible events. Ciongock, "The hand of our enemy,” she exclaimed, the sorcerer, who had planned these re-“has impressed ravages that, in some years verses, triumphed in his success. The King hence, I might have expected from time. I of Sagkock, however, who considered the will endeavour to console myself! For misfortunes which had happened, the effect you, Prince," she continued, addressing of hazard, still desired the union of his Tsiamma, “ Í release you from your word. daughter with Tsiamma, and, unwilling to I will return with my father, I love you subject the Prince to another voyage, he too well not to require that you should reproceeded with a small suite, on board a turn my affection without one repugnant vessel to Chiekock, where he was received feeling. Live happy away from me! with great joy by the King, to whom Zizizi Tsiamma, touched by her words, took the was presented.
hand of the Princess, embraced her, and Tsiamma, who had been informed of the avowed eternal fidelity. The marriage was exceeding loveliness of the Princess, drew celebrated in the most solemn manner. The back the veil that covered her features, with people of Chiekock, however, composed raptured eagerness; but he started back songs, in which they made insulting alluhorrified, on observing a countenance of the sions to the ugliness of the Queen. When most hideous deformity, instead of the angel informed of this, Zizizi smiled with pity at of beauty he had expected. Great was the the mistaken wit of which she was the obastonishment of the people, who were spec-ject. She made every effort to please her tators of this scene, and wild was the anger husband, and succeeded. This was her of the aged monarch, thus insulted in the greatest consolation ; and he was too senperson of his daughter. As for Zizizi, she sible of her rare qualities not to express for remained motionless with sorrow, the bitter her a sincere and respectful attachment. tears flowing down her cheeks; but the veil, Ciongock, the cause of all these misforwhich Tsiamma had again replaced, falling tunes, knew very well his enchantments down, disclosed to the multitude the hor- would be powerless at the death of the old rible transformation that had taken place. King of Sagkock, and he was also aware The father buried his head in his robe, the that this event must soon, in the course of people murmured, when suddenly the laugh, nature, take place. He beheld, with maloud and fearful, of the sorcerer, was heard lignant eyes, the mutual affection of the in the air. The King of Sagkock, who was royal couple. and that Tsiamma waited imacquainted with Ciongock, knew the sound patiently for the transformation of his wife's of his voice, and throwing some sand to- features into their former loveliness. He wards the sky, he called upon the name of saw all this, and smiled, as various schemes the powerful Namu-Amida: with a terrible of evil floated through his mind. He now cry of fury, Ciongock passed away, but the determined to render the King still more Princess retained her deformity. The old unhappy, by the restored charms of Zizizi, King took her hand, and led Tsiamma into than he had at first been by her deformity. an apartment, where he thus addressed One morning the Queen was prostrated in them :
her apartment before a statue of the god “My children, I see accomplished the Isum, when she was suddenly struck on the menace of a powerful enchanter, but I have head' by an invisible blow, which sounded the consolation of knowing that his charms like a clap of thunder. Tsiamma heard it, will be destroyed at my death. Tsiamma, and entering the room, found his wife in a be generous and just; do not cast off my swoon, but the surpassing beauty of her daughter, but love her, and you will soon countenance had returned; he raised her in experience happiness. And you, Zizizi, his arms, and soon restored her to conhe continued, embracing her, you will sciousness. The King did not know how to soon be repaid for this. Support patiently inform her of the happy change that had your hard fate, for you still possess virtue happened, since he could not do so without and wisdom, though no longer beautiful.” announcing, at the same time, the death of Saying these words, he conducted his her grandfather, news of which had been daughter to a mirror, that she might behold sent to him. the terrible change she she had undergone. Zizizi was still resting in the arms of her After glancing ač the reflection of herself, husband, trembling with weakness, gazing the Princess uttered a loud cry, and felíl around her with the vacant air that may be remarked on sick people, who are ill,
Tsiamma stood beside his wife like a man waking suddenly from some frightful dream. plunged in a reverie. He saw, in her, the At length she saw herself reflected in a highest perfection of beauty; but, with this mirror, and, tearing herself from Tsiamma, external acquisition, she had lost all the she broke through the crowd of courtiers admirable virtues which had distinguished who were spectators of the scene, and re- her before this change. He prayed to the mained some minutes motionless before the gods that her deformity of person and good glass.
sense might return : but the appeal was in “Yes, it is myself!". at length she ex- vain, and Ciongock triumphed. claimed, with every sign of immoderate The metamorphoses of Zizizi, however, pleasure.
produced a different impression on the Causing a chair to be brought, she seated people. They vaunted the attractions of the herself, passed the tresses of her black hair Queen, and a great number of poets celethrough her white and delicate fingers, con- brated her in glowing songs. Those who templating their beauty in the mirror. After formerly despised her, though wise and virrepeating this exercise, she commenced tuous, for her ugliness, now.esteemed her, smiling in different ways, to find which was foolish and absurd as she was, because she the most expressive mode of displaying her was lovely, mouth and teeth. After admiring herself Although the passion of Tsiamma was for some moments, she practised the look not extinguished, still he felt that he had of a person prudish, imperious, languid, loved Zizizi much more tenderly when she afflicted, and tender, besides a thousand was plain and amiable. She was amusing other extravagancies, the industrious co- and agreeable with every one except her quetry of which has been since made a very husband : she was insensible to his kindimportant science by European ladies. In ness, and entirely neglected him. This one word, she was pleased with herself, and example was, unfortunately, followed by the found, after long trial, that a proud look wives of the 'nobles throughout the country. was that which agreed best with her beau- Physicians regarded this extravagance as a tiful black eyes.
disease, but they could find no remedy. All It was in this manner the Queen regarded that they did, was to call it by the learned the persons around her, as if seeking their name of Ongasauwara-Sinano. homage and admiration. The King, who Notwithstanding this high-sounding dehad watched, with mournful attention, all signation of female caprice, the husbands these strange actions, was seated by her could find no remedy for their misfortunes, side, without, however, attracting her Tsiamma was much grieved at this general slightest notice; he took her hand, but she disorder, and took the resolution to endure, withdrew it coldly; and then, as if remem- patiently, the eccentricities of his wife. The bering that Tsiamma had some claim to it, nobles of the country, happily for them, she abandoned it to bim negligently, and followed his example; and by this means without being sensible, apparently, of the their condition was rendered more supportardent kiss he impressed upon her small able. The chroniclers of Chiekock pretend fingers. At length he ventured to mention that it was from this period that female the death of the King of Sagkock.
domination may be dated; but the learned “ The will of heaven," he said, with an Tsintsis proves its origin from many ages air and tone that betrayed his affliction, anterior. “the happiness of the dead, the wisdom, Tsiamma lived a long time in this sad virtue, and ripe age of your father -!” condition, and was, at length, so fortunate
Is he dead ? " interrupted the Queen, as to become resigned to his fate. This was quietly.
however, against the wish of Ciongock, who Tsiamma cast his eyes to the ground. recommenced his plots.
"He is gone then,” continued Zizizi, It was reported at Chiekock, that two shrugging her shoulders; “but he was very powerful princes of Siam had declared war old and troublesome; his
against each other. The weakest of these Before she had concluded the sentence, chiefs was the friend and ally of Tsiamma, happening to glance in the mirror, she per- who flew to his assistance. He arrived upon ceived a slight flush upon her cheek. the borders of Siam, disembarked his troops,
“But, great gods!” she exclaimed, “what but found the country in a condition of perdo I see send for the physicians in- fect tranquillity. His friend, the Prince, stantly!”
conceiving this to be an invasion of the And with this display of affectation and enemy, fell by surprise on the soldiers of conceit, she sunk languidly into her place. Chiekock, who were unable to resist, and
endeavoured to escape to their vessels. This and the sorcerer, the people had fled. The misfortune completely overcame the courage Queen, who had remained insensible at the of Tsiamma. He considered himself looked foot of a tree, knew nothing of these events. upon as a perjured monarch and a perfidious In a few words the fairy Zoimane explained ally, and resolved, therefore, to pass the everything, and placing the talisman on her remainder of his life in solitude. On arriv- forehead, the vanity and illusions which ing at the port of Chiekock, he found his had darkened her mind by the influence of subjects under arms, to oppose his landing. Ciongock, totally disappeared. Zizizi was The sorcerer, during the absence of the torn by remorse : she wished to be taken to King, had assumed his figure, and caused the gods, but Zoimane reminded her of her the people to arm, under the pretence that former piety and virtue. She became more an invasion was expected. But, at length, tranquil, and wept for her husband, without Tsiamma triumphed over every obstacle, accusing Providence. A magnificent temple and effected a landing. The people saw with was erected to Tsiamma on the marble rock suprise, two kings, with precisely the same that had served him as a tomb. The Queen features and appearance.
Ciongock had made herself chief priestess of this chapel, gained over the priests to his cause by pre- and continued those functions until her sents; and the unhappy Zizizi regarded him death. The people adored the memory of as her husband, because he would relate their monarch, and Tsiamma became the stories, and give her constant opportunities protector of those unfortunate persons, who, of gratifying her vanity. The wives of the although near the objects of their desires, nobles had too many reasons to support the never attain them, and consume thus their Queen, and employed the authority she had lives in vain hopes. obtained for them, in compelling their His death occurred, according to the husbands to take her part. The populace people of Chiekock, on the seventh of the had already decided for Zizizi, and 'Tsiamma moon of Ni Adda, which, according to the could only rely on a few loyal adherents. European calendar, is the First day of He, therefore, offered to combat the sor- April. This day was a memorable annivercerer in presence of his wife and people. sary to the inhabitants of the island. They Ciongock, relying on his power, consented. proceeded to the plain enclosing the temple The two adversaries proceeded to a large of their King, and pretended to be seeking plain near the city, the sorcerer leading the Tsiamma, calling him by his name, and, Queen by the hand, and accompanied by not finding him, they would throw stones numerous attendants. Tsiamma was struck into the marsh of Ciongock, in sign of exewith the wonderful resemblance of the en- cration for his crimes. On this solemn day chanter to himself, and was furious at parents said to their children-“Go and seeing the Queen beside his enemy: He seek Tsiamma, and he will give you beaudrew his sword, crying, “ Divine Zoimane, tiful presents.” The children went, and, strengthen my courage and this arm,” and not finding him, threw their stones into the then threw himself on Ciongock, who hurled marsh. The women said to their husbands him to the ground, and endeavoured to “Go and seek Tsiamma, and he will inform destroy him. At this moment, however, you whether others are better loved by your Zoimane intervened between the combat- wives than you are.”. The men, not disants, in a fiery cloud. In her hand she held covering the object of their search, revenged a talisman, inscribed with the name of themselves on the forbidden spot. Mothers Namu-Amida, on perceiving which, Cion- said to their daughters" Go and find out gock endeavoured to escape ; but he fell, Tsiamma, and he will whisper the name of and then took the form of a giant, in which the husband whose love will render you he attacked the fairy; but again the talis- happy;” The girls went, but returned sorman was presented, and he sunk to the rowful, for they could not learn anything. ground exhausted. He then changed him- The philosopher said to his disciples-“Seek self to a rock, to be insensible to the virtues Tsiamma, and he will teach you a wisdom, of the talisman, but the flinty mountain by the side of which mine is folly.” They melted like snow. He then became a river, proceeded on their mission, but returned which, flowing rapidly, carried away the unsatisfied. unfortunate I'siamma; but the fairy, The “fête of fools" became a proverb throwing herself into the torrent, by the throughout Siam and Japan, and passed power of the talisman it dried up, leav- from thence into Europe, where it is still ing the body of Tsiamma lifeless on the celebrated on the First day of April, which ground,
corresponds with the seventh day of the During the fearful combat of the fairy moon of Ni Adda.
of the Second Book of Kings, in the 8th anı ANCIENT HOUR-GLASS STAND.
following verses, it is mentioned that Now that the passage of time can be so
“Hezekiah said unto Isaiah, What shall be th carefully kept by nice machinery, which of sign that the Lord will heal me, and that I sha late can be regulated by electricity, it is go up into the house of the Lord the third day difficult to imagine how they managed in “And Isaiah said, This sign shall ye have a those old days when the hours were mea- the Lord, that the Lord will do the thing that h sured by the cock's crow-by the burning hath spoken : shall the shadow go forward te of candles in lanterns, and other primitive degrees
or go back ten degrees? means. The sun-dial, the hour-glass, and for the shadow to go down ten degrees ; nay,
* And Hezekiah answered, It is a light thin the contrivances just mentioned, were the let the shadow return backwards ten degrees. harbingers of the chronometers and other “And Isaiah the prophet cried unto the Lord time keepers, which have now been brought and he brought the shadow ten degrees backware to such great perfection, and are so service- by which it had gone down on the dial of Ahaz able both on land and sea. The invention Another method of time-measuring was of the sun-dial is of very great antiquity, the clepsydra of the Greeks, which was a we meet with them on old cathedrals and vessel filled with water, and emptied by other buildings in this country. It has, means of a syphon. As the water descended however, a far more ancient origin than we in the vessel, the distances were registered, have here evidence of; in the 20th chapter and
thus they had
a very bungling descrip