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58. a yard. A yard and ten inches of velvet SOFA PILLOW IN LONG HOOK
is sufficient for one side ; while the reverse CROCHET.
of cushion can be worked in wool of the This very pretty stitch is called by various same colour as the velvet. Respecting the names, as "Crochet à la Tricoter," “ Ori- tint of the latter, it will be desirable to ental Crochet, &c.," and when evenly done, have it of the prevailing colour of the hangcan be worked upon in any Berlin design. ings of the room, and upon this must deFor Ottomans, Pillows, Tidies, and Mats, it pend the hue of the wool to be used. If is extremely appropriate. The design re- it be green or violet-coloured velvet, the presented in the engraving, is composed of wool may be bright maize of the ordinary alternate stripes of velvet and crochet; this Berlin wool; the scrolls to be worked alteris excessively handsome, and the cost of the nately, one of violet, the other green, with velvet will not very much exceed that if all shaded double Berlin wool. If blue velvet wool were used, provided the velvet is of of imperial blue, let the ground colour wool the kind called silk-faced, this will be about be very pale maize or pale rose colour, not pink-more of the salmon tint; the scrolls the wool at the back, pull it through as a to be alternately scarlet and blue-shaded loop on the hook; keep this loop on the hook. double Berlin. ff crimson velvet, pale sea- Repeat the same to the end of the chains, green ground, worked upon with dark green still keeping all the loops on the hook, till scrolls and crimson-shaded wool, alternately. there are 21 loops on the hook. Observe that the grounding wool is the ordi- Second Row.-Twist the wool over the nary Berlin wool, and that for working the hook, pull it through the two loops nearest design in cross stitch, must be the shaded the point of hook; twist the wool over double Berlin wool.
again, pull it through the next two; and A Bone Crochet Hook a quarter of a yard continue working backwards, till there is long, of one uniform thickness, and very only one loop on the hook. even, is suitable, of the size that when a Third Row.-On examining the work, a piece of tape is placed round the hook, it row of long untwisted loops will be found shall measure three-eighths of an inch. in front, not on the edge; miss the 1st long
Explanation of Stitch. Make 22 chains loop; place the hook through next, draw as in ordinary crochet.
the wool as a loop on the back, still keep it First Row.—Miss the 1st chain; place there; and continue on, till there are the hook through the next; catch'hold of 21 loops on the book. Count this row
every time, to see there is no decrease of ch 1 L in next; 7 ch 1 L in next; 7 ch 1 L stitches.
in next; 7 ch Dc in 3rd loop of the 10 ch. These two rows constitute the whole me- Now 7 Dc in 7 loops, miss the L stitch. Rethod of working. Continue till 246 rows of peat. Then fasten off; and fill up the centre long loops can be counted from end to end; of the diamond with simple button-hole then pull the wool through the last loop, stitch in lace work. and cut it off.
Now with the wool same colour as velvet, work a row of single crochet, or what is ABOUT LETTER WRITING. termed muffatee stitch, up each side the
It is a great privilege to be able to send maize; not into the loops, but through the double of the stitch; then work another a letter for a penny from one part of the
United Kingdom to another, however great row on this again.
the distance. If at any time you want to To Embroider the Scrolls. Commence the scroll from the bottom, in the 4th row know all about yourself and your doings,
ask your friends how they are, and let them from the bottom; work in cross stitch, taking one stitch of the crochet, which in- you have only to write what you wish, cludes one long loop.
seal it up, fasten a Queen's-head on the Work three long strips of crochet. In em
corner, drop it into the letter box, and broidering, observe that the 1st scroll being corners of the land. It is only in highly
away it goes at railway speed to all the commenced with one colour, the other strips civilised countries where law and order which will come on each side, must be commenced with the reverse shade.
prevails, where confidence exists, that such Cut or rend down the velvet in four strips, could take place. Let any one imagine
speedy and cheap_inter-communication turn the edges down neatly, and tack them; how difficult it must be to send a letter in a · then sew, with same colour silk as velvet, on to the wool side, keeping the wool side country where there are no roads, no bridges,
no mail coaches, no railway trains, and in front. Trim round the cushion with large
worsted being robbed, and he will come to some
where travellers are in continual fear of cord, same colour as velvet, and worsted and idea of the great amount of thought, skill, silk tassels. Four pounds of feathers will fill a hand- exercised before such means of rapid travel
industry, and self-control which must be some cushion,
ling could be realized as are now open to
every one in England. DAISY PATTERN FOR A SOFA TIDY. As was prognosticated, more letters by
Materials. – Messrs. Walter Evans and Co.'s hundreds of thousands are sent now than Boar’s Head Cotton, No. 4,6 reels. 1 reel, No.20. formerly. Indeed it may be said that No.2 Penelope Hook,
Those wrote now who never wrote before, 17 ch unite in a circle ; * 12 ch, work 11 And they who always wrote now write the De down the 12 ch; 2 Dc in 2 ch of circle. Repeat from * till 8 of these spikes are But there are more ways than one of made. Now 5 Dc up the 11 Dc 6 · in next writing a good way and a bad way; and 6 loops. ,(A) 7 L in the one loop at the unfortunately yery many persons never point; 6 L'in next 6 loops ; 5 Dc in next 5; get out of the bad one. "To them lettermiss the 2 next loops; 5 Dc up next spike; writing is a most irksome or almost im1 ch, withdraw the hook from the loop, in- possible task. When seated at the table, sert it in the loop of the last L stitch in they generally spread out their elbows right hand leaf; draw it through. Now 6 and take up the room of three persons, L up the 2nd spike. Repeat from (A). After they bend their head close down to the the last leaf is finished, terminate with the paper, and put out their tongue, as though 5 Dc; draw the cotton through, and fasten all these awkward efforts were a real part off neatly at the back. Sew the first and of the operation of setting their thoughts last leaf together in the same place as the down on paper. We were once at the others are attached,
Bank of England, when a country wheelMake 8 of these daisies, and join them wright came to ask for certain dividends together length ways; then another 8, and which were due to him. He had not rejoin together. Now join these two strips ceived any for five years, so that he had to together, and to fill up the square between sign his name ten times; once for each the joinings—Dc into where the leaves are six months. And what a task it was to joined; make 10 ch 1 L in next joining; 7 | him! After getting the pen between his
fingers, he looked for a minute at the line | people who are or less awkward on which he was to sign, and then sum- writers, we must now say something about moning courage, and screwing up his those who know how to use their pen, muscles as though he was going to knock and can write a letter quickly, but without down a bullock, he began. The first signa- saying what they want to say in a correct ture was the work of about two minutes. style, and very often are not understood. He then laid down the pen, took off his It is ten chances to one if they put a date hat, and wiped from his forehead the pers to the letter, or the name of the place at piration which came out in big drops at the which it was written; so that you don't thought of what he had vet to do. After know if it is a day old or a week old, nor that, two more signatures, when he stopped | can you always tell where it comes from. for another wipe, and exclaimed “'Tis Then in the letter itself that which should harder work than putting on tires ;” and come first is put last, and now and then you altogether he was about twenty minutes find something which is really import int signing his name ten times. Here was mixed up with matters altogether incona striking instance of a difficulty being nected with the subject-hear that farmer made out of what is in itself no difficulty: Tubb “had a sheep stole,” or somebody's If the wheelwright had only accustomed aunt is “bad with rheumatism.” Such . himself to do a little writing occasionally, information is all very well in its proper say once a-week even, he would not have place, but it is not to be brought in any made such a labour of receiving his divi- how. Some people have a habit of filling dends. It is well worth while for every their letters so full of gossip that they forone to take a little pains in learning to get get what they wish to say until the end, a ready use of the pen.
and then squeeze it into a postscript. How easy to many people seems the Others think it good fun to sprinkle their writing of a letter; all that they want to letters with jokes; but unless a joke is say is in their head, and there appears no very good it should never be spoken, much reason why they should not bring it out less committed to writing. The faults here comfortably. So down they sit and begin indicated are not confined to the uneduby writing the words “My dear friend, cated classes ; for, as we know by exand there they stop. They sit and look perience, there are number of persons in at these few words for half an hour what are called the respectable ranks, who wondering so hard what they shall say cannot write a letter as a letter ought to be next; very often they can't think of any- written. thing else, although it seems to be in their Men and women, it is often said, are head ready to come forth, and they give but children of a larger growth, there beup the task in despair. Those persons ing more similarity between the old and who find it so very difficult to express the young than is commonly supposed. their thoughts in writing would do well to Suchbeing the case we shall make use of a copy passages from Dr. Franklin's works, boy's letter for the purpose of giving a and Robinson Crusoe, as the style of these lesson in the art of letter-writing. is clear and sound. After a little time The boy in question was on a visit to spent in copying, an attempt might be some of his relatives at a little distance made to write down passages from memory, from home and wrote one day to his mother and thus by degrees the power would be as follows :gained of expressing thought in written words.
" Dear Mother, Here we must make a remark about “I hope you are quite well. Uncle's thinking. Most people fancy that they going to have a new pig-stye built, and we think, because hour after hour a number went to the Baptist Chapel last Sunday. of ideas pass through their mind; but | Oh, Mother, there's such a nice little these ideas are in the main a loose jumble, donkey to be sold, and so cheap, mother, no more like real thought than a heap of and aunt says she thinks of coming to see bricks is like a finished house. Sand can- you very soon. 'Tis only half-a-crown, not be spun into ropes, neither can loose mother, so do let me have the donkey. ideas be easily shaped into a letter. So if There was such a thunder-storm here last people want to write they must first find week. We could keep him in the washthoughts, and then express those thoughts house mother, he isn't a big one, so do let clearly and connectedly. Whatever is me have the donkey. He'd be so useful worth doing at all is worth doing well. mother, I hope father is quite well, and
Thus far what we have said applies to John and Charles could ride upon him as
well as me, so I hope you will let me have no need to repeat the word mother quite the donkey
so often, neither after stating that the 6. Your dutiful son,
donkey was a nice little one was there any "WILLIAM GAPE. necessity to add that it was not a big "P.S.-Don't forget the donkey.” one; and as the last words were about the
donkey there was no good cause for the In beginning to write a letter, unless postscript. Some painters, it is said, never there are special reasons to the contrary, know when their pictures are finished, and you should first set down the names of the some letter writers never knew when they place at which you write, also the day of have said enough. the month, and, whenever necessary, the From all of which it appears, that having name of the street and number of the first thought of what to say, we must then house in which you live. For want of consider how we shall say it. If there one or other of these particulars, it often be a difficulty it is a good plan to write happens that the person who receives the the letter first on a piece of waste paper, letter cannot answer it from not knowing read it over, correct the faults and then the address of the writer. If writing to copy out fairly, paying due attention to strangers, it is usual to say Sir or Madam, all the above-mentioned particulars. The and if to acquaintance, Dear Sir or Dear writing, too, should be plain and legible : Madam, according to the degree of in- it is not fair to put people to the trouble of timacy between the parties. Among rela- making out a wild scrawl. Write the tives and intimate friends the name is used address plainly, and let the name of the with Dear or My Dear before it.
place or town to which the letter is to be Now let us examine William Gape's sent be written large; it saves trouble at letter and see what can be made of it; the post office in the hurry of sorting. we shall add nothing, but only correct thé The sorter looks only at the name of the errors, and substiiute order for disorder. town; it is the postman who delivers The first omission is the date and ad- that concerns himself with the other part dress :
of the direction. Also, the word paid
should be written on the right hand corner “16, Church Street, Basingstoke, of the letter, after it is folded, at top, or
July 17th, 1859. if a stamp is put on this is the place for “ Dear Mother,
-always the right hand corner at top. “ I hope you and father are quite well. Attention to these few particulars will save We went to the Baptist Chapel last Sun- trouble to all parties, and greatly enlarge day; uncle is going to have a new pig- the pleasure and benefits of letter writing. stye built, and aunt says she thinks of going to see you very soon.
There was such a thunder-storm here last week. Oh,
ON MAKING A COLLECTION OF mother, there's such a nice little donkey to
INSECTS. be sold, and so cheap mother; only half- The advantage of an acquaintance with a-crown, so do let me have' him. We any of the natural sciences, the additional could keep him in the wash-house, mother, interest it lends to a country ramble, and so do let me have the donkey. He'd be the resource it furnishes against the “ hour so useful, and John and Charles could too many," will hardly be disputed by any ride upon him as well as I, so I hope you who have witnessed the enjoyment it furwill let me have the donkey.
nishes to the cultivator. Among the various &c., &c."
sciences that come under the term natural,
entomology certainly has its advantages. It With this alteration it is still a boy's is not, like sea-weed collecting, confined to a letter, but there is no confusion. The certain class of localities; nor is the result inquiry concerning the parents' health of the best day's sport burdensome to the comes first where we should naturally look collector, who trudges home lightly laden, for it. Then follow the items of news, while his friend the geologist is sighing not very connected it is true. But kept over an ammonite too buiky to carry, and from straggling. Then the most impor- too good to be left behind. tant topic of the letter comes where it will For preservation, few subjects of natural make the most impression, and all the an- history are more easy—the insect cabinet ticipated advantages are strengthened by exhibiting its treasures in the form and being kept close together, and some un- attitude of life, while the botanist must be necessary words are omitted. There was I content with flattened effigies of the once