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countless myriads in our bays and harbours, from the same specimen of the zoophyto.” and are one of the most usual causes of the If future research should prove that our beautiful phenomenon—the phosphorescence present ideas respecting the classification of the sea.
of these animals is incorrect, we must not The classic reader may perhaps take a hesitate to throw them aside. “Free and greater interest in the naked-eyed Medusa, unprejudiced spirits will neither antiquate if he be told that “ several of them are now truth for the oldness of the notion, nor known to multiply their kind by germina- slight her for looking young, or bearing the tion, little ones springing out almost ready face of novelty."* made from the substance of their parents, The use of the little towing-net deas Minerva budded on the creative brain of scribed at page 47, may, perhaps, enable Jupiter. This mode of propagation by gem- some of my readers to capture naked-eyed mation was long supposed among Radiata Medusæ for examination, in the course of to be an especial privilege and distinction the coming summer. They will then ob. of the true zoophyte; but the march of serve that the eyes of different species are discovery and the revolutions of science of very different colours-purple, orange, do away with such artificial distinctions, and yellow; and with regard to number, though the recognition of them in their Argus, the hundred-eyed, must yield to time gave no small impulse to the onward one at least of " those dark-eyed beauties, progress which was eventually to destroy for it can boast of twice as many. Or if them."
you should desire to witness a tragic scene The development of the young becomes on a small scale, you may become a specpeculiarly interesting when contrasted with tator of the doings of another species, what has been stated of the larger Medusæ; (Steenstrupia rubia), which is only about and curious enough, they spring from dif- the one-eighth of an inch in length. “It ferent parts, such as the ovaries, the sto- is," says Forbes, * “ very active and tenamach, which forms a part of the peduncle cious of life; before dying, assuming all hanging from the lower surface of the um- manner of strange shapes, doubling itself brella, and even from the bulbous base of up, and turning its organs inside out in a each of the tentacula which fringe the mar- terrific manner, giving up the ghost with gin. After describing in detail this latter convulsions as fearful as those of a popular mode, as observed by him in Sarsia proli- actor in the death-scene of a tragedy." Or fera, Professor Forbes remarks:“What should you desire to witness the union of strange and wondrous changes! Fancy an qualities that are rarely combined in the elephant with a number of little elephants same individual, endeavour to secure some sprouting from his shoulders and thighs, specimens of Sarsia tubulosa, a species that bunches of tusked monsters hanging, epau- at times is taken rather abundantly on some lette fashion, from his flanks, in every stage parts of the coast. “Being kept,” says of advancement! Here a young pachy- | Professor E. Forbes, “in a jar of salt water derm, almost amorphous there one more with small crustacéa, they devoured these advanced, but all ears and eyes; on the animals, so much more highly organised right shoulder a youthful Tunny, with head, than themselves, voraciously, apparently trunk, toes, no legs, and a shapeless body; enjoying the destruction of the unfortunate on the left an infant, better grown, strug. members of the upper classes with a truly gling to get away, but his tail not sul. democratic relish. One of them even atficiently organised as yet to permit of tacked and commenced the swallowing of a liberty and free action. The comparison Lizzia octopunctata, quite as good a Medusa seems grotesque and absurd, but it really as itself. An animal which can pout out its expresses what we have been describing as mouth twice the length of its body, and actually occurring among our naked-eyed stretch its stomach to corresponding dimenMedusa."
sions, must indeed be “a triton among Well may we doubt if the line of sepa- the minnows," and a very terrific one too. ration between the Zoophytes and the Me. Yet is this ferocious creature one of the dusæ is a legitimate boundary, and can be most delicate and graceful of the inhabirationally maintained. Sir John Dalyell, tants of the ocean—a very model of tenin his Řare and Remarkable Animals of derness and elegance.” Scotland, mentions that from an hydroid
• Henry More, born 1614, died 1887, one of the earliest zoophyte, “a colony, computed at 130 indi, Fellows of the Royal Society. viduals, of the Medusa ocilia, was produced
"Thaumantias Melanops," Forbes, p. 46. in four or five days; and there are grounds for assuming that suceessive colonies come
I(To be continued.)
Place the Hyacinth glass on the cardORNAMENT FOR HYACINTH GLASS; board, and with a pencil, draw a circle outWILD ROSE PATTERN.
side the bottom of the glass; just outside
this pencil mark cut the circle. Now meaMaterials.- Messrs. Walter Evans and Co.'s. sure the strip of stiff paper outside the edge Bjar's Head Cotton, No. 20. sized crystal beads; i oz. of chalk white and ařso of card-board, and have an inch over the of cut garnet or other beads of same size and length; cut a strip of coloured lining or colour ; 2 nails of dark green patent velvet (or paper the same length, but not so wide; lay
ORNAMENT FOR HYACINTI GLASS; WILD ROSE PATTERN. BY MRS. WARREN. that which has a silk face and cotton back); a the strip of stiff paper on the wrong side or strip of stiff paper; a strip of dark glazed lining, the velvet, so that the edges of the latter a circle of stiti card-board, a fine darning ncedlé can turn over; gum the edges of velvet, that will carry the cotton and some strong gum also the edges of stiff paper, and with the water.
fingers and a cloth, fold the edges of the
of these flowers; these are to be tacked on chs at corner ; 6 ch 1 L u same. Repeat. the velvet, at equal distances from each. After Anishing the last corner, make then the beads are sewed on só as to cover 1 ch. the calico.
8th Row.*6 Dc u 5 ch; 16 Dc on L; Fasten in the needle and thread at the 6 Dcu 5 ch; 4 Dc 1 ch; 4 more De u 5 ch bottom of one of the divisions of flower, at corner. Repeat from *, At the end thread 4 chalk beads, place the needle op fasten off, Make as many of these equares the top of one of the divisions, and bring it as are required, and sew them together with out at the bottom; mark all the divisions the same cotton, taking care that the patfirst with the chalk beads in the same man- tern matches exactly. ner; then thread about 7 crystal beads, For the Border.Make a Dc stitch in the more or less, as may be required, and take 1 ch at the corner; * 9 ch Dc on the 1st of the centre of each leaf of flower in the same the 15 L; 9 ch Dc on 8th L, 9 ch Do on way; then fill up the sides of each leaf of last of the L; 9 ch De on the join. Repeat flower, taking care that the lines of beads from lie very straight and do not cross each other. 2nd Row.-13 Do u each 9 ch; making The centres of the flower are filled with 1 ch between each 18 Dc at the corner garnet beads, threaded in the same manner, only. across the centre.
3rd Row.--Dc in the 1 ch at the corner ; To fill up between the flowers is a matter 3 ch 1 L 1 ch for 10 times in the 7th loop of that may be left to taste, or reference to the the 13 Dc; 3 ch Dc on the Dc stitch on the engraving; taking care that each spike of 1st L of the 15; 8 ch * 10 L with 1 ch becrystal beads is pointed with two or three tween each in the centre loop of the next chalk beads, and that between each flower, 15 Dc; 3 ch Do in centre loop of next 13 two, garnet spikes, pointed with a chalk Dc 3 ch. Repeat from *, till the two groups bead, is introduced
of the 16 DC before the corner; there make the L stitches on the centre of each 16 Dc, and work at the corner as before.
4th Row.Dc on the Dc stitch at the PATTERN FOR A SOFA PILLOW, OR corner; * 2 ch 1 double L 2ch u each 1 ch A BABY'S COT QUILT.
and under the last 3ch; 2 ch Do on Do
stitch. Repeat from * The double L is Materials.-No. 6 Messrs. Walter Evans and made by twisting the cotton twice over the Co.'s Boar's Head Cotton. No. 2 Penelope book instead of once. Hook.
5th and 6th Rows are exactly the same as 1st Row.ch unite in a circle; u (or the last. under) this circle work 3 Dc, 1 ch 3 Dc; 1 ch 3 Dc; 1 ch 3 Do; 1 ch Do on 1st of the
SOLOMON AND THE QUEEN OF 3 Dé.
SHEBA. 2nd Row.—5 ch Dc in next 1 ch; 5 ch Dc in same loop; 5 ch Dc in next 1 ch; 5 Ir is known that in Solomon's time (B.C. ch Dc in same loop. Repeat again. Then 1000,) intercourse existed with places more 5 ch Dc on last of the Dc stitches; 5 ch remote than India; for in Egyptian tombs Dc in same loop.
of earlier date there have been found un3rd Row,-* 5 ch Dc next 5; 5 ch Dc doubted articles of Chinese manufacture. u 5 ch at corner; 5 ch Dc u same. Repeat Solomon maintained intercourse also, of a from * all round. End with 5 ch Dc u 5 ch very interesting kind, with the kingdom of at corner; 5 ch Dc u same.
Sheba, whose queen came all the way to 4th Row.—5 ch Dc u each 5 ch, making Jerusalem, to verify the wondeful reports of 5 ch Dc u same 5 ch at each corner; that is, his wisdom. “She came with a very great the same as the last row. End with 5 ch train, with camels that bare spices, and Dc same 5 ch at corner.
very much gold, and precious stones.' All 5th Row.- * 3 ch 7 L u Ist 5 ch; Dc u accounts describe this lady as Queen of the next; 7 L u next; 3 ch 1L u 5 ch at cor- Sabæan kingdom of Yemen, or the “south,” ner; 3 ch 1 L u same. Repeat from *. End the most southern part of Arabia, within after finishing the last corner.
whose limits the British port Aden now lies. 6th Row.-4 ch 15 L; that is, 1 L on each As the British steamers that ply between L, and Dc stitch 4 ch 1 L u3 ch at corner; Egypt and India, usually touch at that port, 4 ch 1 L n same. Repeat. End after the so probably did the ships of Solomon, nearly last corner.
3,000 years ago, on their way to Ophir, 7th Row,-5 ch 15 L on L; 5 ch 1 L u leaving such accounts of their royal master
as induced the
CLERICAL ODDITIES. the journey to Jerusalem. Besides the temple at Jerusalem, many other great buildings and DR. JOHN BLAIR SMITH, President of undertakings owed their origin to Solomon. Union College, was an eloquent extemporaAmong the most celebrated of the cities which neous preacher. His custom was to hold a he built, was “Tadmor in the Wilderness,' small Bible in his hand, in which was fitted known since the time of the Romans, by a bit of paper, which he would bring to his the name of Palmyra, and now the site of eye at each new turn of his discourse. One ruins so extensive and magnificent as to fill day, in an animated burst of feeling, his every traveller with astonishment. Pal- humb, which held down the paper to its myra was situated in a palm-studded oasis place, let go its charge, and the fugitive of the Great Eastern or Syrian Desert, ren- *notes” sailed away on the breeze into the dered fertile by the abundance of water, broad aisle. The doctor very quietly tore and lay about 140 miles north-east from off a small piece of newspaper which he Damascus, It seems to have been built as had in his pocket, put it under his thumb an emporium of commerce-where the great aforesaid, and then went on as usual with merchants from Syria and the Euphrates on his sermon, lifting his “notes” to his eye as the north, might exchange their wares with before, to help his mental emotions, much those from Egypt on the south. In the time to the amusement of some of the spectaof the Romans, the produce of India was tors.--Dr. James Muir, of the district of carried through Palmyra to Rome. In the Columbia, wrote all his sermons, and recited third century after Christ, the title of king them memoriter. But unless the manuscript was given by the Roman emperor Gallienus was in his pocket he could not go on at all, to a citizen of Palmyra, who had been of though he never used it. One day, having great service in a war with the Parthians; left it at home, he was obliged to send for and after his death, his widow Zenobia, it before he could begin the recitation. He assumed the crown, and styling herself was buried, at his own request, in a grave Queen of the East, asserted her sovereignty thirteen feet deep, under his pulpit. In over Mesopotamia and Syria. After a vigo- writing sermons, Dr. Muir was in the habit rous resistance, she was at last defeated, and of folding the requisite amount of paper, her Prime Minister, Longinus, author of a and then scattering catch-words along the celebrated treatise on the Sublime, was put pages; after which he would proceed to fill to death. The ruins of Palmyra extend up the intervals with the thoughts which nearly a mile and a half in length; but he had already carefully studied in his own the only inhabitants are a tribe of Bedouin mind.—Dr. David Porter was a great oddity. Arabs. Another city of Solomon's still A Napoleon head, joined by a short neck celebrated for its noble ruins, was Baalath, upon a very portly body, which stood upon
Baalbec, near Lebanon. Its temple of a pair of remarkably spindle legs, cased the Sun, like that of Palmyra, must have in small clothes and silk hose, was the been amongst the finest edifices in Syria. striking figure of as uncommon a mind. Besides Tadmor and Baalath, he built many When fairly under weigh in the pulpit, his other great cities, both within the ancient short, terse sentences, jerked out with a territory of Palestine, and in the more ex- nod of the head and a stamp of the foot, or tended empire which he now ruled. The the rap of his cane, which he sometimes did whole district of Lebanon on the north, the not lay aside even in preaching, told like whole country reaching to the Euphrates on the hitting of bullets. In the lecture-room the east, and on the south to the
borders of he would not only traverse the platform, Egypt, formed part of his magnificent do- but at times descend to the floor, step over
a bench to some open space, walk there awhile, step, over another bench, and get
back to the desk from the opposite side, and CABERFULNESS.- A woman may be of great out a break. Dr. Porter was very absent
all the while carrying on his address withassistance to her husband in business, by wearing minded. Praying with his eyes open, as a cheerful smile continually on her countenance. A man's perplexities and gloominess are increased was his habit, at a "neighbouring meeta hundred-told when his better-half moves about ing," he chanced to see a friend just arrived with a continual scowl upon her brow. A plea- in the company, when, to the surprise of sant cheerful wife is a rainbow set in the sky, everybody, he crossed the room and exwhen her husband's mind is tossed with storms tended his hand, exclaiming, with a voice in the hour of trouble, is like one
of those fiends of pleasure, “O! how d’do "not seemwho are appointed to torture lost spirits.
ing aware at all of the eccentric movement.