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width. This splendid structure was raised plan was superseded by a bridge of ropes, in the year 1808. The elevation of the which was used some years after, though summit of the rock on which it is erected is always considered unsafe, on account of the 140 feet above the level of the sea at high- constant wear of the ropes. In 1827, 2 water mark; the height of the tower, from modern suspension chain-bridge was thrown the base to the gallery, is sixty feet; and over the sound, the span of which is 110 the lantern is twelve feet high from the feet, the chains being firmly bolted in the gallery; making the total elevation of the rock on each side, and carried over two maslight 212 feet above high-water mark. The sive stone pillars erected for the purpose. light is produced by twenty-one brilliant The chain supports a platform of timber lamps, with powerful reflectors, placed on a five feet wide, and seventy feet above highrevolving triangular frame, displaying a water mark. The bridge is attained by defull-faced light every two minutes, which, scending the Holyhead mountain in a zigin clear weather, is distinctly visible at a zag direction by a flight of 380 steps. distance of ten leagues. Latterly there has been an addition of three red lights placed NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN WAR DESPATCH. at the rock, which are more distinctly visible The following is a fac simile of a gazette in foggy weather than the light-house of a tribe of North American Indians, who lights. The rough sea, caused by the strong assisted the French forces in Canada during tides about the head, rendered the com- the war between France and England :munication by boat very precarious. In Explanation of the Gazette, giving an order to obviate the danger, a passage was account of one of their expeditions. The contrived by means of two ropes thrown following divisions explain those on the across the gulf, along which the individual plate, as referred to by the numbers :was drawn in a box or cradle, by the assist- 1. Each of these figures represents the ance of pulleys affixed at each end. This number ten. They all signify, that 18 times

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NORTH AMERICAN INDIAN WAR DESPATCH, 10, or 180 American Indians, took up the 6. After which, they surprised their enehatchet, or declared war, in favour of the mies, in number 12 times 10, or 120. The French, which is represented by the hatchet man' asleep shows how they surprised placed over the arms of France.

them, and the hole in the top of the 2. They departed from Montreal—repre- building is supposed to signify that they sented by the bird just taking wing from broke into some of their habitations in the top of a mountain. The moon and the that manner. buck show the time to have been in the first 7. They killed with the club eleven of quarter of the buck-moon, answering to their enemies, and took five prisoners. The July.

former represented by the club and the 3. They went by water-signified by the eleven heads, the latter by the figures on canoe. The number of huts, such as they the little pedestals. raise to pass the night in, shows they were 8. They lost nine of their own men in the 21 days on their passage.

action-represented by the nine heads within 4. Then they came on shore, and travelled the bow, which is the emblem of honour seven days by land-represented by the foot among the Americans, but had none taken and the seven huts.

prisoners — a circumstance they lay great 5. When they arrived near the habita- weight on, shown by all the pedestals being tions of their enemies, at sun-rise, shown empty: by the sun being to the eastward of them, 9. The heads of the arrows, pointing opbeginning, as they think, its daily course, posite ways, represent the battle. there they lay in wait three days—repre- 10. The heads of the arrows all pointing sented by the hand pointing, and the three the same way, signify the flight of the huts.




ness. Doubtless we ourselves are conscious ASSOCIATION.

of having witnessed many stirring incidents of which the mind retains but a very slight

recollection because unlinked to the chain JOHN. Well, Annie, reading again! of association. This thought is beautifully May I ask the title of the work over which expressed by an eminent writer, who says, you are poring so intently?

“ How advantageous it is to connect, if we ANNIE. Abercrombie on the intellectual could, some striking association with every powers; subject, The Association of Ideas. idea or scene we wish to remember with I have been reading to Mary, and both of permanent interest! this is like framing us have been interrupting our author with and glazing the mental picture, and will remarks of our own.

preserve it an indefinite length of time.” John. That is a capital way of dealing Mary. Certainly that is a very beauwith any book; for, by such a method, we tiful idea, providing the picture is a pleasing are more likely to make the instruction it one; but alas! we know that, with many, unfolds subservient to our own mental use, the power of reproducing past scenes and which is, or should be, the object of all our acts is a curse from which they would gladly reading. But I suppose you agree with

escape. your author:

John. Yes; but you must allow that MARY. O yes; but we have been trying conscience has a great deal to do in that part of the time to find out how far our own case; for instance, I have heard of criminals mental experience verified his observations. who had for a time eluded detection voDoubtless you are aware that he speaks of luntarily giving themselves up to justice, three different kinds of association: 1st, preferring death to the ceaseless torment of natural or philosophical; 2nd, local or in- an accusing conscience. cidental; 3rd, arbitrary or fictitious ? We ANNIE. But in cases irrespective of anyowned at once to a familiar acquaintance thing criminal, or even blameworthy, the with the two last, as I suppose every one associations often partake of a melancholy must, more or less; indeed, it appears to and painful character. me, that association of the two latter kinds MARY. Truly, nor can we expect it to is a habit into which the mind naturally be otherwise in a world so thorny, and falls without the slightest effort; and by where none find happiness complete," but this power it is enabled to imbue scenes to the Christian, the most painful and adand places with its own sentiments and verse circumstances are made subservient feelings, and all the different objects of to good, and the consolation that the mind our senses may become, in this way, sacred receives becomes a link in the chain of to the memory of past joys and sorrows, association, and is thus perpetuated to sooth hopes and fears.

the mind afresh. ANNIE. Yes; and when we consider each ANNIE. Well, really you make me think individual mind as subject to the same pro- that if this faculty were constantly exercess, we must allow the very universe to be cised, it would serve instead of a diary; alive with sentiment.

but we are overlooking the dignified departJOHN. Well, I quite believe that the ment of it, namely - the philosophical. universe is alive with sentiment, but I Come, John, give us the benefit of your question the universality of the ability to thoughts on the subject. read it; and though the power of asso- JOHN. Willingly; but they will be tame ciation is a natural endowment, yet all are after what you have read in Abercrombie. not alike qualified to paint a mental picture First, then, I would observe that its aspect, with colouring deep enough to be perma- though dignified, as you say, has nothing nent. A person accustomed to observation, repulsive about it, and, though termed phiand possessing a taste for the beauties and losophical, after a little acquaintance besublimities of natural scenery and pheno- comes easy and natural; indeed it is so mena, will have a more extended field of essential a guide in the progressive work of association than another whose range of increasing our mental treasures, that we speculation is limited by a dull perception cannot fail to see in it the wise and beneand defective education, yet it cannot but ficent appointment of Him who gave it be a matter of regret that the associated and designed its adaptation. By the aid of treasures of a mind, even the most nobly this faculty, what is known becomes instrugifted, and highly cultivated, are but few in mental in pushing our conquests into the comparison with the numbers that have region of the unknown, and acquirements been swept away by the stream of forgetful- gained in this way, and united in the bonds


of mental relationship, are less likely to be

YOUTH. lost, and more apt to render effective service to the mind than if unconnected, for union PEOPLE speak strangely of a calm and is strength in this case as in every other. happy youth. Happy indeed it may be, but

Mary. And I suppose the cultivation of it has an eager, impulsive happiness, which this habit is a strengthening process ? is anything but calm. Youth is our most

JOHN. Yes, and a means of sharpening unquiet season. There is no rest for heart, the mental eyesight, and a cure for that or mind, or soul. We plunge eagerly into common complaint, a bad memory; in short, the active scenes of life, and even in our it is the art of keeping all the faculties hours of solitude and bodily repose, Fancy alive and in action. The mind, under the is still busily at work, painting scenes of influence of this power, may be said to keep future exertion. Our passions have all the a note-book for queries requiring solution. charms of novelty; none of them have been For instance, we meet with an allusion to sated, many but just discovered by us. some fact or circumstance with which we Youth is the time for dreams-strange, are unacquainted; well, instead of carelessly contradictory, but most beautiful dreams, passing over the difficulty, and allowing the which, as we advance in life, we are doomed remembrance of it to escape us, it is noted to see depart for ever. down, and, by and by, when pursuing per

There is the dream of Love—the most haps inquiries on some other subject, we bewildering of all youth's dreams. Love find what we are not looking for, namely, —wŁen the heart is fresh and young, and light on the dark point that perplexed strong-before we have loved unworthily, us. This, then, is the process by which, or perchance grown weary of loving-or link after link, the chain of association is become cold and hard, so that we cannot forged.

love-earnest, true, undoubting love this ANNIE. I think I can illustrate what is youth's first dream. you have been saying by an instance that There is the dream of Ambition—when we occurred to myself, though perhaps you could compass a universe-when nothing will think it a very simple one.

seems too arduous for us to accomplish. Oh! JOHN. Let us have it, never mind if it we can reach the dizziest heights of power

—we will “lord it” over a world. But ANNIE. As I was reading, some time ago, when we live a little longer, we see this one of Foster's letters, I met with this ex- proud dream crumble-il faut céder-we pression—"I see you have got Rebecca at are but mortal. your gates." Wels, I read it over and over There is the dream of Philanthropyagain, quite in the dark as to what it re- when we would renovate all mankind ferred; but, as you say, I made a mental would willingly sacrifice life and health for note of it. Sometime after, while cursorily the good of others. We have the best poslooking over Milner's History of England, sible opinion of every one; we are unsusit was recalled to my remembrance together picious and benevolent; all women seem with a full explanation. I found the re- angels, all men heroes. But we discover ference pointed to an insurrectionary move- that all are not faultless-we are deceived ment in the rural districts of Wales, styled where we had trusted--we see, perhaps, “Rebecca and her daughters.” It appears kindness repaid with ingratitude; and often the turnpike tolls had long been extrava- our disappointment brings us to the opposite gantly high, and the farmers and peasantry extreme, and we become misanthropic for a sought redress by destroying the toll-bars season at least, through a wide extent of country; the And there is the Religion of youth, which leaders were disguised as women, and took is not a dream, but a beautiful reality ; the their distinguishing title from the promise only thing which increases in strength and respecting the children of Rebecca, that earnestness as we advance in years, without they should possess the gates of their ad- losing any of its primitive loveliness ; the versaries.

only feeling, be it passion or emotion, with JOHN. Well done, Annie! I'll be bound which the heart is never sated. Religion, to say you will not forget Rebecca and her the soother of youth, the life-giver of age daughters. But I must say farewell! Happy are they who obtain this precious

ELIZABETH H. boon to teach them in youth that life should

not be idolatrous, or ambition reckless; and NEVER retire at night without being wiser than in age that moderation should not become when you rose in the morning, by having learned coldness, or happiness or content degenerate something useful during the day.

to apathy.

is simple.

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tribution to the Cottage Gardener) at the trifling cost of six pounds. It is true it could not be built for twice this



you had to pay a professional man to put it together; but, provided you are ingenious enough to do the work yourself, it will not exceed the above amount, as the following outlay for materials will prove, and they are to be had at something like the prices stated, if, indeed, you go to the cheapest market, and I presume you will do so for your own interest sake: 600 sound old bricks, at 3s. £ s. d. 6d. per hundred

1 1 0 Lime, sand, mortar, plastering, &c.

0 100 117 feet of deal, 3in. by lžin., at 1d. per foot

099 261 feet of laths, rabbits included, lžin. by 4in., at d. per foot

0 16 6 Fig. 4.

3 half-inch deals for door, sili
of door, linings, &c.

0 6 0 150 feet of square glass, at

14d. per square foot 018 6 Putty 3s., paint 10s., nails

28., lock 1s. 6d., hinges ls.,
screws 6d.

0 180
Second-hand stove for heating

0 10 0
3 yards of canvas, two yards
wide, at 9d. per yard, for

0 2 3
Roller and fittings for do. 0 3 0
Fig. 2.
Carriage of materials

0 5 0 As flowers form the chief recreation of

£6 0 0 the cottager, a place for their protection is Having dug out the foundation, which the one thing needful, and economy is the should be 11 feet by 74 feet outside, you order of the day, perhaps it will not be out may proceed with the building as follows: of place to give a brief outline for the con- Let the brickwork be, for the back, 7 feet struction of a small greenhouse which I high and 9 inches thick; for the front uave seen erected (after the plan of a con- and sides, 2 feet 4 inches high. The piers

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