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your authors ?
review; vary its nature as often as you can, and no more; labour steadily and diligently, and your rest your mind by other and lighter studies, but intellects will soon acknowledge your sway. As return to it regularly until it is completed; the to the special periods of the day for reading, I task is invaluable as a strengthener and steadier can say nothing; your own judgment must arof the faculties. I took the hint first, I remem- range the question, the rules of your aunt's ber, from Sir James :tephens's Lectures on His- house as to meals, &c., being your guide; but I tory, and I consider it too excellent to be passed should be inclined to advise you not to engage in by unmentioned.
any very deep researches before breakfast, or in We are sometimes told that it is well only to the afternoon or evening; the forenoon is the read one book at a time; such was the rule in my best for them, when the nervous energies are at young days, but I have seen good cause to abro full liberty to assist the brain in its labours. Regate it in my own practice, Morning, noon, and serve your lighter reading for the times I first night, to have but one book in your hand when mentioned, and be sure never to allow zeal for you feel inclined for reading, has a most cramping study to encroach on your social duties or seasons effect, teaching the mind to trot along in one of exercise; the young often make great mistrack like a mill-horse, and to rear and plunge in takes in this way, and I would have my daughter an undesirable way at any attempt to turn it wisely to avoid all extremes. suddenly into a new path, as is often required in
I have written a long and very sage letter, my real, practical life. Make this rule rather, and dearest girl, and yet I have much still to say; but adhere to it by all means, never to begin a book my time is not, as you know, quite my own; I will, and leave it half read; be sure that it is worth therefore, conclude with one more remark. While reading before you commence it, and when once reading the works of past authors, do not neglect entered into, go through it conscientiously; but the claims of the present race; you have access have half-a-dozen in reading at the same time it to a good public library at C- make full use of you find your mind equal to such versatility; our it. Your aunt is, I believe, fond of reading aloud; hands perform twenty different acts in an houre your evenings, which, by judicious management, why should our brains be less accommodating?
I would have you leave quite free, may be agreeNext comes the question, how are you to select ably devoted to keeping yourself abreast with
This is a point on which the ad current literature-a lack of acquaintance with vice of a judicious friend is invaluable. Writers which will deprive you of much pleasure in somay be plausible and interesting, and yet super- ciety, as well as real, solid advantage, ficial, or even unreliable; a young reader, if he
And now good bye, my dear child; we are all trust to his own discrimination, will inevitably looking forward with so much delight to your make mistakes more or less serious, and lose
return home in the summer. Will you give a much precious time; apply rather to some one
message of fondest love to aunt and uncle from of approved judgment, and you will certainly every one here, and with the same to yourself, spare yourself no little annoyance. Read Reviews | believe me, my darling Gertrude, too ; not with implicit faith, however, for they are
Ever, your foudly-attached mother, often, very often, fallible, still they are of much
Many persons advocate the practice of taking MY DEAR DAUGHTER, notes as you read; for myself I no longer adhere
You have now left school for good, and to such a rule. I had the habit at one time, but yet there remains two years until the time arrive I gradually rerceived that it tended more to the when we, your parents, return to England, and I aecumulation of vast stores of disjointed scraps am anxious to know, darling, how you intend to than to any real profit; one really very seldom pass those two years as regards the education that refers to such memoronda; they lie neglected in ought not to be considered ended with the school drawers, instead of being stored in the proper term. receptacle for all knowledge, the mind. My ad- Your aunt, I know, is well qualified to teach vice to you would be-take few notes by pen, you all that more useful household knowledge many by memory, and accustom yourself so tó | without which a woman's education must ever be arrange them in this latter storehouse as to have incomplete; but still, Annie, there are other powers them at command at a moment's notice; learn to which it would be equally wrong to neglect, and connect one thing with another, to have ready I should not like to find, upon my return, an illiaccess to all, without the labour of searching terate little school girl, instead of an accomplished through heaps of paper for a slight fact, just per- and intellectual woman. Your aunt's bome, I haps needed as a link in conversation. There is know, is situated in a country village, where you one plan, however, which I have practised, and can have few or no advantages; but, however which I should much like you to follow; viz., some scanty may be your other resources, thanks to the time after reading on a subject, draw out a sketch wide spread of literature at the present day, you of its chief points, not elaborately, but intelli- will be able to procure books which, if carefully gibly, and you will soon find, by so doing, whether read, may prove the best and wisest friends. you have really profited by your studies.
Now Annie, love, I do not wish to lay restricNow for hours of study. Do not weary your tions upon your reading, hoping that your own mind unwisely, but carefully avoid the opposite good judgment may, in a measure, guide you; but danger of giving it the trick-for such it is-of you will, I know, receive a few practical rules from working at one thing for half an hour, and then your mamma in the spirit they are given, and let wearying of it and craving for something else; them direct you in your choice of and perusal of one or two hours, according to circumstances, books. In reading books of deepest thought, that ought to be allotted to each topic; a shorter tax your powers to the utmost, never be in a haste period only permits one to get into its spirit, and to get through them. Read one page, close the
book, recall the thoughts expressed, and try to im- The flowers in the spring after a shower.press them upon your mind. Do not pass from ALINE and E, HILL, one chapter to the other without a clear impres- A good name.-LILY H. sion of what the author intended to express in The incense of a grateful heart.-AGNESE. those pages. By constantly looking back in this May-day in the country. - G. M. F. G. and
ESTBLLE. manner, you will not only indelibly fix the hard facts in your own mind, but your memory will ex- The offering
which Noah sent up after leaving pand and strengthen to a degree that will sur- the ark.-W. Y.S. prise you.
The free kiss of love with which nature greets Do not be discouraged if your mind becomes her lowliest child.-J. C. tired with such hard reading; turn to something The fragrant weed preaching charity, “lest an lighter for a time. By so doing, the mind becomes angel pass our door."-ALEXANDER. rested, and you will be able to return with renewed The all-pervading morning and evening hymn of vigour to the more difficult study. Very great the spirit of beauty.-J.T. advantages may be derived from a change of books, The twinkling o' the fairy feet o' the flowers the mind needs variety. Have always on hand a runnin' on missions o' love.- ELSPIB. thinking book and one of a livelier description, to The last gift of a much-beloved friend.-STE. which you may turn for relief when tired.
PHANIE. I do not denounce novels as a frivolous and The first bouquet of the season.-ROLANDO. useless way of passing reading hours. On the The incense of praise ascending from the altar contrary, the novels of the present day, if used of gratitude-MARY D. and not abused, will serve a great and noble pur- The spice box.-NELLIE. pose, for they will educate the heart, encourage its The voice of friendship.-D. M. R. loftiest and purest feelings, while teaching you Nature on a fine summer morning.-S.S. the heroism of bearing rightly the trials of every- The influence of youthful piety.- NINA G. day life.
SYMMETRY. Amongst one class of novels, however, there are The aim of the sculptor.-LUCINDA B. those which excite feelings anything but happy or The beautiful love-linked developments of a right. Alas! that it should be so; that impurity consistent Christian Jife.-J. S. and coarseness should ever be disseminated, to The rainbow.-E. HILL. mislead the young, and plant seeds of unhap- The rule of simple proportion fully worked out. piness and discontent that years cannot eradicate. | LILY H. From all such books I trust to your own pure
The facsimile of what every mother considers mind and good sense to preserve you. And, if her own baby.-G. M. F. G. ever you open one containing ideas that pain your The spirit of a well-regulated life.-W. Y. S. sense of all that is pure and holy, shrink from it The mark of beauty which God has set on all as you would from poison; a whole life-time will things.-PINK. not eradicate its impressions. Amongst the novel Venus de Medici.-NELLIE and ESTELLE, writers whose books I would never hesitate to Chantrey's sleeping children.-VESPER, place in your hands, are Lytton, Dickens, Yonge, The shield of virtue.-D. M. R. Muloch, Whetherell, Cummins, Gaskill, Bronté God's signature upon his creatures.-S.S. &c. But, Annie, this is not the most profitable A blending of all beauties.-Rosa F. way of passing your time. There are other works
TALISMAN. fitter still to educate both heart and brain. In The philosopher's stone.-ALPHA. reading, it is well to have a note-book, that the For my sake.-LUCINDA B. most striking ideas may be recorded, with the The prayer which sincerely asks, “deliver us thoughts they call up in your own mind. Much from evil."-J. S. is lost through want of this.
Prospero's Ariel.-E. HILL. Annie, darling, I would have you remember What eloquence becomes when at its climax.that there is one book the study of which must | LILY H. never be neglected, it must be before all volumes
The sound of the loved one's voice.-CATIE. of history, poetry, philosophy, or travels, that ever
Wealth to the worldly.- LITTLE GIGGIE. were written. As a study in composition, it is
The spell cast o'er" us by a pretty girl.superior to all other. Every page abounds with G. M. F. G. the most glowing poetry and heavenly wisdom,
The moral philosophy of magic.- ELSPIE. and it contains truths that concern our own An ignus-fatuus on the path to destruction immortal future.
ALEXANDER. On my return to England, that I may find my The memory o’love directing an' subjectin' the Annie's mind enlarged by her acquaintance with
darkest thocht o' the heart tae hersel'.- ELSPIS. the written lore of ages, ennobled by the purest
Part of a wizard's stock in trade.- NUMBER teaching books can give, and enlightened by the One. Divine teaching of the Holy Volume, is the fer
A cheerful disposition.-MARIE and ELSIK. vent prayer of
A good wife.-ROLANDO.
A disposition in which intelligence and kind
ness are combined.-MARY D.
The will that smoothes the way.-NELLIE.
The first blush of love.-S.S.
The wife's sunny glances dispelling the gloom
A constant heart.-NARCISSA. The maiden's first billet-douz.-LUCINDA B. Virtuous love.-NINA G.
WORDS FOR DEFINITION.
130. FURIOUS I OPPOSITION | S.XPLETON.
My second with the sun was gone,
And darkness reigned, and all was night,
Unveiling round her peerless light;
My whole relieved the dark till morn
Upon the earth commenced to dawn.
My first has often been a curse,
By thinning many a poor man's purse;
My second, a preposition, bear in mind;
And then for my third an insect find;
My fourth a pronoun known to you;
My first is swift and dangerous too, 124.
My next in earth is hid from view,
My whole is often used to feed
The aged and the invalid.
Sir William Armstrong's rifle.
My first is a preposition; my second, a covering
for the head; my third, an article; my fourth, a And should they do my first, then woe
vast collection of houses; and my whole I leave To those who dare invade us !
you to guess.
EMMA S. P. We'll take poor Louis prisoner,
134. And, in the Tower of London,
My first, the source of vital motion; my second, I think he'll find my second is
undisturbed tranquillity; and my whole, the name Not easy to be undone!
of a plant.
EMMAS, P. Then for his mighty armaments
135. We do not care a fraction;
The danseuse executes my first, and if she keeps My whole would do its work right well good my second with the accompanying music, Upon the field of action.
the whole, thus presented you, will please you H. H. exceedingly.
136. My first when ripe is in my second ; a. A dangerous rock, which all seamen avoid; My whole a dainty bird is reckoned.
b. The man whose attendance in stables is hir'd; G. GUYON. c. The composer of fame, whose works have en126.
The praise of all nations, and still are adMy first is a part of an edible root,
mir'd; My second a passport which none can dispute.
d. The nurse with whom Jupiter lovingly toy'd; My total a bird which Americans shoot.
And the man who took Tyre, after years had PAULINE E. S.
not tir'd 127.
Him of sieging the town that he ruthlessly My first lovers make,
fir'd. My second lovers take,
f. The hero of one of great Shakspeare's plays; My whole often kills,
A noxious drug of its tail bereft;
h. An organ illum'd by light and its rays;
When man is my last he has little sense left. My first is a weapon (anciently used in war); If on the initials and finals you gaze, my second no plant can do without; my whole, a
You will see those who dwelt in the green nutritious food.
wooded maze, 129.
The two jovialest fellows that e'er thriy'd upon theft.
ROLANDO. My first is found o'er all the earth, Is with my second from his birth,
137.-TRANSPOSITIONS.-NAMES OF LIVING 'Twas for a parent's sin;
CELEBRITIES. Yet, when oppressed by cares and trials,
a. AOMGRBHU.-6. TTNLYO.-C. YHTSL! My whole his heart doth win with smiles, RNU.-d. CHKYAEATR.-e. AAIABNNHS.When nothing else could win.
f. OONNPAEL.-9. NKCSIDE. RUTHENPHARL.
J. CHRISTIE D.
a. Aurora, b. Ulysses. c. Gannymede. d, I have no wings and yet delight
Urania. e. Styx. f. Thalia - August.
Prince Prussia, England's Ensign, Rose, Eden, 139, My first has a merry heart,
83.-Words-worth. And many a saying droll;
81.-a. Horace. b. Oxenstiern. My next of a fish forms a part,
d. Bruce. And a bird complete is my whole.
e. Erasmus. f. Inglis. g. Newton. W. H. H.
- Humility. 86. - Pronunciation.
Dumb, Art, On-Dumbarton. There is a certain number which, being divided by the sum of its digits, gives for the quotient the
83.-TRANSPOSITIONS. first digit; but, on the digits being inversed, and
Progenitors, Patriarchs. the number thus formed divided by the sum of the digits, the quotient is 7. Required the number. 89.— Richmond, Ourang Outang, Bagatelle,
W. R. F.
Elizabeth, Ring, Tongue, Beauty, Undine, Rhine,
90.-Cod, Ling - Codling. 91, - - Organ. 92. Complete, I'm the principal cause
Spend-thrift. 93.-1-sin-glass. of disgrace, degredation, and crime, For I disregard England's laws,
94.-CONUNDRUMS. Having ruined a few in my time. Beheudel, I sport in the field,
a. Because it's in sane (insane). And gambol about on the plain,
b. Because though the latter is a gross chaUntil I'm required to yield
racter, the former is a grocer (grosser). Up my life for the purpose of gain.
c. Because it's a catar (rh) act. Beheud me once more, and you'll find
95.-Toby. 96.-War-ring-ton. 97. Starch. A verb, which divided will give
98,-Par-rot. An article used by mankind
99.--ENIGMATICAL LIST OF TOWNS IN ENGLAND. And a thousand, as sure as you live.
a. Bath. 6. Amble-side. c. Chest-er(r). d. 01. G, M, F. G. ford. e. New-castle.-Bacon. 142.
100.- Turtle-dove. 11.-Drum; the musical
instrument and drum of the ear. 102.- Pert-inMy 4, 5, 11, 6, 8, 2, a young woman; my 6,5, 4, 8 a-city. 103. Bread, Beard, Bear, Ear. 104. Rookher relative; my 13, 12, 10, 8, a part of your
worm, face; my 8, 5, 9, corn ; my 1, 6, 5, 4, our parent; my 7, 8, 13, 3, 10, 12, 2, a favourite dish. My whole, 105.-AN ORNITHOLOGICAL ENIGMA. though often indulged in, is seldom much approved.
d. Trampe e. Peacock. f. Tumbler. 9. Booby. h. Nightingale. i. Mocking-bird. j. Sparrow. k.
Dove. 1. Eagle. m. Phænix. n. Ostrich. ANSWERS TO THE ENIGMAS, &c.
106.-Logic, OdessA, RUM, DaB, Pindar, (On pp. 245, 248.)
Aneskoul, Laud, Morning, EvE, Retouch, Sligo,
ThoU, Oxus, Neptun E-Lord Palmerston, CamRHYTHMICAL RECREATIONS.
bridge House. TO A CHILD.
107.-a. Bell. 6. To the Sandwich Islands.
c. Onion. (Poetically arranged).
108.-Listen, Silent. 109.--Stripe, Sprite. Sweet child there's naught so fair as thee 110.-Cab-i-net. 111.-Pot-ash, 112,-HemiUpon this sinful earth;
sphere. 113. — Cup-board. 114. — The Family For oh! I ever love to see
Council. 115.—Liver-pool. 116.-Quick-silver. Thy pure and spotless mirth.
117.-Soldier. 118.-Stone, Tone, One. I love to watch your joy-lit eye,
119,-a. Don-caster. b, Gravesend,
c. SwanAs in the fields you play;
sea. d. Darling-ton. e. Camp-ble-ton, f. Shrews. The little birds that soar on high
bury. Are not more blithe and gay,
120.--My whole, a waggoner, received orders to
harness a nag into a waggon which was new; he The stream that in the valley flows
had on a rare green rag of a gown, and when he Is very bright and clear,
came near the grange he ran to the nag and cried But the sweet music of thy voice
Woo, Gee, Wo. To me is far more dear.
121.-Sack-but. 122.-Smart, Mart, Art. The flower, in every hue arrayed,
123.-TOWNS IN SCOTLAND ENIGMATICALLY Is very fair to see, But our Creator never made
EXPRESSED. Aught else so bright as thee,
a. Stir-ling; b. El (1) gin. c. For-far. d. KinW. H. H, car-dine. e. Laud-er. f. Gir (a hoop) van.
THE EDITOR TO HIS FRIENDS.
them on a warin fine day, and let nothing induce you to put them between blotting-paper.
Do ADDRESS: 122, FLEKT STREET, E.C., LONDON. not put a very heavy weight on tender plants WHEN next we come before you, you will find
the first day, and you will be successful. [A tried the smile of CHRISTMAS beaming through our
recipe]. -LEILA S. pages. We are already at work preparing a fitting
Or, -Take two of every kind you wish to keep, banquet for the world's ever-welcome visitor- lay them inside a sheet of blotting-paper, place will you contribute to our feast?
them under a considerable pressure, and let them A merry game--a Christmas story—an acting remain during the night. Open them the next charade - laughable conundrums - wonderful morning, remove them to a dry part of the paper, tricks-puzzling conundrums - you know are and press them again for the same space of time. amongst the things that Father Christmas de- They may then be placed in the book intended for mands at our hands, and for any of them we shall their reception, and fastened down with a little be grateful. Dear friends! we call upon each and gum; or, if large, tacked carefully on the page all of you to co-operate with us in imparting to with some very fine thread, with the alternate our next number-our CHRISTMAS NUMBER-a sides turned out, and the name written, with such spirit that shall make our great family merry and
other observations as the collector may think wise,
advisable.-[This is the manner in which I have
preserved many beautiful floral specimens, and in ***KA FIRST CLASS.
no case have I had cause to regret my method of Alpha.-T. B. Dover.- Emmeline (you did your doing so.]-G. M. F. G. duty, and we have no fear of the result). --Golconda 58. MAYFLOWER. - TO MAKE ROSE LOZENGES. (we are bound to thank you; we beg you will not -To a pound of finely-sifted loaf sugar, put an be discouraged, though no success attended your ounce of powdered gum arabic; mix it into a efforts).-Lucinda B.-E. Hill (we are glad to stiff paste with rose-water, and grind up with the think that we come up to your standard in our paste a little of the conserve of roses, which gives Pastime; we shall endeavour to make our Christ- both flavour and colour: punch the mass into mas Number worthy the joyous occasion).-Catie. round or oval lozenges, each containing about -Agnese. --Little Giggie (we like your pictorial fifteen grains, and dry them in a stove.efforts; they show an engaged mind).-J. Matthew- Emma S. P. son (the poem, though pretty, is of too private Or,-To a pound of finely-sifted loaf sugar, put and personal an interest for publication; we
an ounce of powdered gum arabic, or tragacanth; thank you).-Marie and Elise. ---Rolando (we have mix it into a stiff paste with rose-water, and to mislaid your name and address; furnish us again). which may be added a drop or two of the otto of -William Garbutt. Kate Leslie. — Nellie.- roses; or, still better, grind up with the paste Lizzie E. R.--D, M. R.-Narcissa.-Boanerges a little of the conserve of roses. Punch into (we mark progress, and are pleased to state it).- round lozenges, about fifteen grains each, and Caledonia (here also).-Abelard.—Oyster Catcher. dry in a stove.-J. S. -Nil Desperandum. -Avalanche.-Cut-and-Come
59. New SUBSCRIBER. - TO MAKE PAPER again.
FIREPROOF.-To do this, it is only necessary to SECOND CLASS
dip the paper in a strong solution of alum-water,
and when thoroughly dry, it will resist the action Aline.-Eliza.--Arthur.-E. L. Ady (we are of flame. Some paper requires to imbibe more always glad to hear from you, for it always brings of the solution than it will take up at a single information for our“ Please Intorm Me?”Mary immersion, and when this is the case, the process Anne.-- Jane R. (we thought you would find it so; must be repeated until it becomes thoroughly you are over grateful). -Violette.---Anna Grey saturated.-G. M. F. G. (our number to print is so great that we cannot afford more time for the answers; we regret your --Take a sufficient quantity of clarified sugar in
60. MAY FLOWER.-- TO MAKE BARLEY SUGAR, continued indisposition): --- Vesper.--Roberta (we that state that on dipping the finger into the pan had considerable difficulty in deciphering your the sugar which adheres to it will break with a note; pray think of our engagements, and spare slight noise; this us future complaint). – Edward. - Gipsy King When the sugar is near this point, put in two or
technically called “crack.” (anything for Christmas parties will be particu- three drops of lemon-juice, or, if you do not larly welcome, and we hope you will not forget our happen to have a lemon in the house, a little Tim. ---Fannyboy (you have lost your place, but it vinegar will answer the purpose, which is to preis not easy to maintain).-Juvenile (by no means). vent its graining. When it is come to the crack, -S.R.-Poor Richard.--Caleb,
as it is termed, take it off instantly and dip the pan into cold water to prevent its burning. Let
it stand a short time, and then pour it on a marble QUESTIONS ANSWERED. slab, which must be previously rubbed with oil.
Cut the sugar into small pieces, when it will be 57. B.C. H.-PRESSING FLOWERS.-Flowers can ready for use. Some persons like the flavour of be well pressed by being put between blotting or citron, and where they do, a single drop will sufbibulous paper, on which a weight must be placed. fice for a considerable quantity.-G. M. F. G. We have generally used the former, but either
Or,- Take three pounds of loaf sugar, dissolve will do.-VESPER.
it in one pint of water, boil it over the fire until it Or,
;-Place them between new writing-paper, becomes clear. Take off the scum. When half which must be changed every two days until the boiled, add one tablespoonful of vinegar to each plants are quite dry. Be very careful to gather 1 pound of sugar. Fry it with water in a bason, by