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dropping a little in with a spoon. When it is inches; and all that is meant by it, when applied brittle it is enough

to a new suit of clothes, is, that it has been just N.B.—The barley-sugar is to be poured upon measured from the piece by the nail and span. a marble slab, and when cool, cut it with scissors

64. L. S. A. - MUSCULAR EXERCISE. -- Mach and twist it.-C. S.

care should be taken in setting down the feet 61. INVALID.-MEASURES. – The medicine mea

Let the outer edge of the heel first touch the sure you refer to has been recently introduced; it ground, and the sole of the foot bear and project is made of porcelain, and will be found useful for the weight of the body. The length of step is domestic purposes. A glance at the accompanying to be determined by the length of limb. Efforts

at taking long steps, out of proportion to the power of motion, are always ungraceful. Reck. oning from heel to heel, or toe to toe, the length of a military step, at drill march, is thirty inches


which is considerably more than the length of ordinary steps in walking. The length of step at a. moderate pace, of a man five feet nine inches high, is usually twenty-four inches; and this will be found a convenient length to acquire the habit of using. The motion of the arms to and fro, in cadence with the movements of the legs, greatly helps the locomotion, and is advantageous in exercising the muscles of the shoulders, and es. panding the chest. The motions of the arms, however, should be on a moderate scale, the hands not swinging through a greater space than eight or nine inches before and behind the leg. The practice of working forward the shoulders and swinging the arms at a great rate is most odious. It may be added, that the art of comporting the hands, keeping them down, or from meddling with the person, is one very necessary in polite

behaviour, and should be acquired by all young diagram will explain its nature; it is a kind of persons, before bad habits are confirmed. double cup, which may be used either side upwards, 65. MARIA.-LACE.The first lace made in as required.

this country was of the sort called Brussels point, 62. H. JACKSON.-SEDAN CHAIRS.—They were

the network being formed by bone bobbins on the first introduced in London in 1634, when Sir San- pillow, and the pattern and sprigs worked with ders Duncomb obtained the sole privilege to let, the needle. Such appears to have been the kind use, and hire a number of them for fourteen

worn by the higher ranks, as is evident from the years. The first one was seen in England (says portraits of Vandyke in the reign of Charles I.

, Hume) in the reign of James I., and was used by and of those painted by Lely and Kneller, in the the Duke of Buckingham, to the great indigna succeeding reigns of Charles II., Queen Anne, and tion of the people, who exclaimed, that he em George I. ployed his fellow-creatures to do the service of 66. A. Z.-PHOTOGENIC DRAWING.-This term brutes. In 1694 they were taxed. Gay says :- has usually been applied to representations of “Let not the chairman with assuming stride,

various objects upon paper imbued with some of Press near the wall and rudely thrust thy side;

the salts of silver. If a piece of paper be dipped The laws have set him bounds; his servile feet

into a weak eolution of nitrate of silver, carefully Should ne'er encroach where posts defend the dried, and preserved out of the contact of light, street."

it remains white; but if exposed to light, it gra.

dually becomes discoloured, acquiring a brownish An Irishman once got into one of these vehicles or grey tint, and ultimately blackens, the depth of to go to a wedding, and finding the bottom out, colour depending upon the intensity of the light, was hurried through the mud and dirt. When and duration of exposure. set down, and asked how he liked it, he said,

67. M. H. S.-VARNISH TO Colour BASKETS.Why faith, I might as well have walked but Take either red, black, or white sealing-wax, which: for the name of the thing."

ever colour you wish to make. To every two ounces 63. HENGIST. — ORIGIN OF THE. PARASE of sealing-wax, add one ounce of spirits of wine; "SPICK AND SPAN NEW."-Butler, in his “Hudi- pound the wax fine; then sift it through a fine bras," says, “Mr. Ray observes, that this pro- lawn sieve until you have made it extremely fine; verbial phrase, according to Mr. Howel, comes put it into a large phial with the spirits of wine, from spica, an ear of corn; but rather. says he, as shake it, and let it stand near the fire forty-eight I am informed from a better author, spike is a hours, shaking it often; then, with a little brush, sort of nail, and spawn the chip of a boat; so that brush the baskets all over with it; let them dry, It is all one as to say, every chip and nail is new. and do them over a second time. But I am humbly of opinion, that it rather comes 68. QUERY.-STATIONERY.-This term given to from spike, which signifies a nail; and a nail

in all

the materials employed in the art of writing, is measure is the sixteenth part of a yard; and span, derived from the business of booksellers having which is in measure a quarter of a yard, or nine I been anciently carried on in stalls or stations.

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silk and crape, stepped lightly from the

carriage and entered the shop. Her OR,

deep-toned musical voice inquired of the THOLD TOLL-HOUSE.

busy little man, in the dirty, greasy

jacket, who was carving the brisket at the CHAPTER VI.

counter, whether she could speak with 11.1 kshop one day, when the Bessy Lee ?

s gutside was brightened and He had no time to talk, and called for Pwy Trilliant snow, lying an inch “ Missus,” who did not come at once. on the pavement, that yesterday While Miss Randal waited for her, he black with London mud, a small went on with great energy cutting and a fage drew up, creating quite a arranging gossamer slices of meat skil

among the eager diners on half- fully, so as to cover as much ground as pork, or hard red boiled beef, possible, on willow-pattern plates that etceteras to match, and deserts of appeared to have seen hard service. pies. Over the partition tops and Missus

came. A short fussy little the corners of the narrow tables woman, as dirty as everything else about

the curious faces of working deni- the place, but smart withal. of

neighbourhood, while from a “Lady wants Bessy Lee,” said her t, where he feasted alone in active partner, hardly able to spare time

stared the sweeper of a lucra- to get the words out, pointing with his ossing, when the elegant figure of carving knife dramatically to the dark a Randal, robed in the richest black staircase outside.

“This way, mem, upstairs; it's our mon likeness. Ah, he was clever, al busy time. I'm half-fagged to death with had a good edication, for he was brous: the cooking. I can't trust any girl with up a gentleman, though a great scamr." it; I'm a regular galley slave to the The short, fussy figure bustled int a roasting and the biling, let alone all the little parlour pervaded, with a strong penny pies. This way, mem. Stop ! odour of boiled greens, and Isabella te Hark! the men are up there It lowing, saw hung on the wall, encara gave me quite a turn when they brought in a penny black frame, a pencil sketch that nasty-looking workus coffin through of Bessy taken in one of her few haps the shop. It's the first time any of my moments. She was much changed see

, lodgers was buried by the parish. I don't as her landlady observed. Under te at all like it. It's unpleasant to my cus- portrait was written, in Mickle's halo tomers' feeling."

some flourished style, GOOD AS Gou!! “ Who is it that is dead ? "

The words had evidently been dased "Old Mrs. Lee. I thought you might off with unction, and were not without bave known her, for they say she has power over the heart, considering the been respectable in her younger days. mysterious fate of the writer, and the She was not of the common sort, anybody sorrows of the original of the sketch could see; but, lor, it's a curious world; The landlady proceeded to the stairs up to-day, down to-morrow.”

talking rapidly of her own charitable “I am a stranger; but Bessy has been deeds to her lodgers, and to the Las recommended to me as a good girl, much especially, but adding—“Flesh and blood distressed, and needing my assistance.” couldn't bear it no longer. Out they

“Yes, she's only one of a many as must have gone, on account of the rent sinks to the grave afore their time, and dinners they owed me, if Mickle ha! through over-work and under-pay. As not sent a sovereign to them when he to her goodness, lawk, I don't know as went away. But Mickle ought to bara she 's any better than scores beside.” sent it to me; he owed enough. Where

“But you think her thoroughly de. he got the money I can't say, for I know serving, do you not?”

he had none at all the day before be lef “Well, she's got the character of being here." 'good as gold. That was a name given “Who brought the sovereign?" it. her by one Mickle, a good-for-nothing quired Isabella. lodger of mine, you may have heard of Why, the Secretary, Mr. Fielding: him ?

so Mrs. Lee told me." “Indeed I have; my name is Randal.” The stairs were dark, for the staircas

Oh! I ask your pardon. Of course window was veiled with yellow dirt ani you must know enough of that worthless layer on layer of cobwebs, pendant from fellow. Between you and me, mem, he's the relics of a fog-coloured blind, om broke that girl's heart. He made a great white calico. deal of her, but the scamp was a deceiv- On the first landing a little child i ing of her all along. I saw through it. huddled up in a hopeless sort of wayi. I warned her. Yet, even now, she won't a corner, its eyes red with crying, its fac hear a word agin him, but goes off in a grimy and bruised. Isabella stopped. dead faint if she hears his name spoke Why do you cry?" amiss. Mind, I don't say there was ever “ Mother's out; there ain't no fire, ani anything wrong in Bessy. Not a bit of it. no bread, there ain't.” A modester, meeker cretur never come in “ His mother makes artificial flowers a house. If you'll just step into my parlour for the shops—starvation work to keep an instant, mem, I'll show you her pictur, a lot of children on," observed the land which Mr. Mickle drew one afternoon in lady, adding, with her usual philosophy, our shop, when the bustle of the dinner “ But she's no worse off than her neigi was over, and there was only him and bours. Get up Dick, and don't be making

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We all think it an uncom- a noise there!"

her with us.

“He is shivering,” said Isabella. “Will shine or out of it. Isabella at once felt you kindly take him down, give him a that words of apology for her intrusion good dinner, and warm him up.”

under such circumstances would be idle, The young lady had slipped a shilling especially as the room was already intruded n the child's hand.

on by anybody and everybody who chose “In course, as you are pleased to pay. to indulge their curiosity in surveying the Come along, Dick; I shall have all the dead, or wished to tender their services children in the house to feed next. But to the desolate survivor. The house was let everybody have what they pays for! full of lodgers, and almost every room You can go up, mem-second floor back.” had contributed its looker-on-boy, girl,

Not sorry to be rid of this woman, or woman and the first thing Isabella Isabella reached Bessy's door, and met the Randal did was, by a few well-directed bearers of the workhouse coffin coming words to clear the room, and turn the out. They made their obeisances to the key in the door; and the second thing well-dressed lady, with the abject ser- was, to close that black-painted lid, and vility of model paupers, in whom the in- draw Bessy away to another part of the dependent life had been ground to dust room, where she took a chair beside her, between the bard millstones of want and and, holding both her hands, said, “ You ignorance.

know Mr. Fielding ?” The scene in the room was very sad. “O yes,” faintly answered those white,

Eighty-five years of mortal existence, quivering lips. virtuous, intelligent, patient, industrious “He has sent me to you. But what existence—were closed at last in that can I do for you ?bare coffin, in which pauper hands had “Nothing." laid Bessy's long-enduring grandmother. The tone of that word was utterly The weary warfare of a life of direst hopeless. poverty was over at last. Lay the van- “Do not say so. My name is Randal.” quished in the dust! But fold over de- Bessy started: the waxy whiteness of parted heroism the banner of the Cross. her cheek changed to deep crimson. She As yet the lid was open, and Isabella strained her eyes on vacancy.

the face of the dead, looking “Why does my name distress you ?” neither much wrinkled, nor defaced by O Miss Randal, you have been time, but serene and beautiful.

wronged.” Leaning over it was an attenuated “But not by you.” youthful figure, and a tender, winning

“No-but by-by-" face, but now of a white waxy hue. The “One you love too well; is it not so ? hands were clasped tightly against the I speak plainly, that you may confide breast, and the hollow eyes were full of your whole heart to me, for I come to do woe, such as no painter's art could imi- you good. Bessy, I know all your history,

and you see in me a sister mourner, one Those tender, woful eyes were turned nearly as desolate as yourself. I too have on Isabella, scarcely with surprise or recently lost one who was my chief support. interest of any sort. The world, and all I too am left alone. Come, then,accept my belonging to it, was dead to Bessy Lee. sympathy, as freely as it is offered to you. She had toiled her utmost, endured her Let me take the charge of your future utmost, supported by the stronger nature lot. If I can be the happy means of of her grandmother; but that support restoring your health, and placing you being withdrawn, Bessy was like a in a position of more comfort, it will not wounded dove in the air, which must of be you alone that will be benefited by the necessity flutter downwards—downwards, change, for I am striving anxiously to -to the earth, whence it will arise no find opportunities for usefully employmore to sport in the golden light of ing the ample means I possess. Besides,

orn-though, by the way, little enough Bessy, you must consider that the tempter had Bessy ever known of sporting, in sun. T of your friend Mickle, for whom, as



well as for your grandmother, you grieve, and kindness, and generous nourishment, was my late mother's relative,--and for would conquer decline and melanthat reason I really feel it incumbent on choly. me to do something for you."

“And then, Bessy, I shall want you Bessy drooped her head on the shoulder to employ your needle diligently and eleof her new-found friend, and clinging to verly for me, and for certain poor children her, wept the first tears she had been in whom I take an interest. You shall able to shed since her grandmother's have a snug little room, looking on ity last solemn farewell. Mrs. Lee, faint towers and green woods, all to yourself

, for want of better food and air-racked and lead there no idle life, I promise with deadly anxiety on account of you.” Bessy's rapidly declining health and Isabella well understood the simple

, deep melancholy, had the day before tender, elevated character of Bessy—all. given Bessy her parting counsel, ere she feeling and romance-and one of the stretched herself on her bed to die. young lady's determinations regarding “Child,” she said firmly, “I have tried her were, to try, when Bessy recovered

, to live for your sake, būú my strength is some strengthening educational processes gone, and I can do po more for you, but on her too pliant mind. ommend you to Heaven. You have been But it happened, unfortunately a good girl to me, and have well resisted Bessy, that a trace was found of Mickle temptations that you have had, to escape in a spot where no

one would hare out of this wretched life of toil and want dreamed of looking for one. by crooked paths, that would lead you in Bessy had learned from her landlady the end to a worse lot than the worst we that Mickle was supposed to have been have had to bear. It hard for me to murdered, and had been last beard of have to leave you alone-your strug. alive in the neighbourhood of Sandown, gle will be harder. But I rest in hope where the ferryman of the Holm Moss that Infinite love does exist to bless you, stream remembered his crossing in the though you, perhaps, cannot see it for the ferry-boat in the company of Mr. Ferris dark clouds that interpose.” She then And when she found herself in the vici bade Bessy farewell, as calmly as if going nity of this ferry she fancied herself nearer only on some temporary journey, and, to the object of her tender attachment

. turning her face to the wall, fell into In this instance did fancy deceive?. convulsions, and expired at midnight, in Some rustics one day followed the the presence of the parish doctor and a windings of the stream, far ар group of poor women of the house, whose its rocky, stony banks, to where it issued busy tongues and active movements had from the uplands through dense woods, to be silenced more than once by the and, as they sat on the brink of a noek doctor; while the young slave of the eating their bread and cheese, and watch: needle sat by the death-bed of her only ing the hurried water rushing along, relative like a marble image, voiceless and

Over granite and green," still.

one of them let his pocket-knife fall over Thus do the poor die.

the edge of the stone. It dropped down Mrs. Lee, after all, did not have a pau- about two 'yards, and fell on the edge of per funeral, which had been for years her another great stone that was half under anticipation and dread.

and half out of the water, covered thick Isabella Randal saw her decently in- with rank verdure. terred, as became her education and The rustic who had dropped the knife worth, as well as her former respectable was determined to regain it, and, after circumstances.

trying many methods, searched out a way Bessy was no longer left to struggle to reach the spot by wading through the with want. She was removed by her new stones in slippery and dangerous placer friend to Sandown, where Isabella trusted After some time, and with a courage and that change of air and scene, with rest perseverance worthy a better cause

, be!


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