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to have some teaching power. Yes; but there they find their salaries are LECTURE.
very small, and the number of applicants very large. Can they not be lady-helps ? This idea has not performed all that it promised at the
outset, and, indeed, it has proved to be almost impracticable. For those THE WOMEN OF TO-DAY.
classes of girls who are fitted for it, domestio service is open, for good servants are very scarce indeed almost as scarce as diamonds, and
quite as precious. The reason is, that girls who might go to service By Miss MARIANNE FARNINGHAM, delivered at the Association prefer to work in factories, because then they have stated hours to them. Hall, Peter Street, on Monday Evening, 22nd January, 1883. selves at home. I don't know whether that kind of life is to be pre
ferred. Probably they are mistaken. FROM the time when Adam awoke from sleep and found his helpmeet It does seem a pity that when young women turn their attention to such history of the world. Her influence for good or for evil has been, and is driven out of the field by young men. For it would seem that there are
strong young men who prefer to sell skeins of silk and yards of lace to-day, unbounded.
rather than take up some heavier, and what might be considered more The questions respecting her place and work are amongst the foromost masculine, occupation. Perhaps, however, they do undertake the beavier that have to be considered ; and they are questions to wbich it is exceed portion of the work in their respective establishments. I hope it is true ingly difficult to give satisfactory answers. Many answers are given, that young men do the hardest work. and, indeed, it may fairly be said that woman has formed the theme of much of the receut legislation.
Many occupations are now being thrown open to women which had There never was a time when so much was said by, or respecting, her formerly been closed against them. Everyone knows what a hard battle
had to be fought before a woman could write M.D. after her name. as at the present time. It is said we are aggressive ; and it is sometimes binted that we are too numerous—too apt to get into the way of Perhaps in some respects she has not the strong nerves and the clear more important people, and it must be admitted there are a good many brain which is expected in male doctors, but she might surely be a doctor of us ; but, surely, there is room for us all in God's World. Some seem
for diseases of women and children. I romember once, in 1875, speakto take up more room than others, but all that is required is a little good ing to a medical man, when there were at that time three lady doctors in humour and good nature.
England. He said, speaking as medical man, I am very glad there are There have been many words spoken in late gears respecting women's three, but I think three are quite enough. A great advance has been rights—words which sound very disagreeable in some ears. I do not Americans. In that country no one objects to a lady being qualified, az
made since that day. We are not, however, so progressive as the appear before you in the character of a lecturer on “Women's Rights” to they are regarded as specially adapted to attend to women and children. night, but rather as an advocate of those other and better rights of women.
To turn to literature: if since Mrs. Browning's day we have no poets, The right to labour, love, and pray,
we have some who have proved themselves to be no mean versifiera; The right to succour in distress; The right when others curse to bless ;
and certainly one of the greatest novelists of our day, perhaps, was a The rigbt to lead the soul to God
woman, though she wrote under the name of a man-I mean, of course, Along the path the Saviour trod !
“George Eliot.” In painting, and works of imagination—though
perhaps, one cannot allow that the subjects she chooses are very These are the women's rights which are the greatest and most neces- womanly-Miss Elizabeth Thompson is in the front rank, and, at ang sary; no true woman would relinquish these, whatever compensation rate, her paintings serve to portray the horrors of war. Many other were offered her. But, wbile considering the old prejudices and the new
women, less known than these, are pressing forward into the higher ones, it seems to me the women of to-day bave fallen on good times. It ranks of literature. It is often said that women are the weaker sex. is quite in our favour that the throne of our country is occupied by a If this is quite allowed to be so, it is a very strange thing that oftentime woman; and I would venture to ask what monarch, although a man, we find them engaged in the heaviest man's work. If you have ever does the work more conscientiously than Victoria, Queen of Great seen the women working in many places you must have been convinced Britain. Long live the Queen, the mother of her people, the beloved and of this. Down in the Cornish mines, in the agricultural districts, and honoured of all hearts, to show, as she certainly does show, how life in many parts of poor London, women are to be seen doing very anhigh places may be lived purely and nobly. How general through all womanly work. In one part of Scotland, when the fishers come home ranks it is coming to be considered that dulness, frivolity, and selfish in with their fish, it is quite customary for the women to advance through difference are unworthy of a woman, and diligence and usefulness are the surf and to carry the fish asbore, while the men stand idle. Now, qualities wbich are sought after and practised. Ladies with time and whether it is that they are careful of their husbands, or that their means are beginning to see that they have responsibilities also. Many husbands are careful of themselves, it is no uncommon thing to see the will not submit to the life of ease and gaiety still seen in some circles, husband mounted on his wife's back and carried ashore after the fish. the round of balls, parties, and dinners. Many ladies have had the
It cannot be doubted, however, that there are many kinds of work courage to break away from trammels in these respects, and to live for
Modern women do not laek a higher purpose. There are a good many women doing the best of done by men that women could do. work to-day, women who must, in their youth, have learned those courage ; they seem to have adopted as their watcbword, “Nothing words :
venture, nothing win." Women of to-day are terribly afraid of being
slaves, and quite right, too. Only let us be careful in our eagerness to Be good, sweet maid, and let who will be clever ;
avoid one extreme we do not go too far the other way. Let us be careful Do noble deeds, not dream them all day long;
not to think of submission and obedience as a wrong. There is a class And so make life, death, and the vast for ever
of modern girls which might come ander the name of “gentlemanly One long, sweet song.
young ladies.” They appear to have borrowed their brothers' bats and But even when all this has been considered, the great question of women's their brothers' collars; they seem to be trying to learn to whistle ; and work has not been considered.
they adopt a kind of slang. I have heard that some of them go so far as The feeling which affects thousands of women who have no means to smoke cigarettes, but I hope that is not true. On the other hand, who, unless they work, are dependent on their fathers and brothers—is some gentlemen try to be as effeminate as women, and they make most the feeling of independence; and that feeling, which urges them to lady-like gentlemen. How much better for each sex to maintain its own endeavour to keep themselves, is a noble one, and it has created much of manner. But perhaps the modern spirit has something in it after all. the noise that has been heard lately in regard to the lawful and unlawful Girls are no longer as helpless and as insipid as they ased to be. It is businesses for women. Certainly, women who have their own way to no longer thought interesting to be delicate. Fewer girls than formerly make, and who, possibly, have orphan brothers and sisters to keep, think rise late and sit before the fire reading trasby novels. If there be ang it a little hard when they find some of the most lucrative occupations girls present who require a little advice, I will just give it them in s closed against thom. Can they not be governesses ? For they are allowed / homely rhyme :
“ Plenty of water, abundant fresh air,
strive, by all the means in her power, to induce her to accept higher Food, light, and wholesome freedom from care,
comfort than anytbing she could give. For a long time her efforts were A heart full of love, a desire to be wise,
in vain. She could not get this poor woman to say she was willing to Will make your cheeks rosy and give you bright eyes."
die, and the reason was, because of her little boy. She could not bear The is a very significant name assumed by some of our sex, who call the thought of leaving bim in this cold world without friends.
One day themselves "women with a mission.” Sometimes the phrase means : she said to the lady, “You have been so kind perhaps you will blame women who think themselves not at all called upon to do ordinary things, me, but I cannot bear the idea of dying, and leaving my little boy to go but extraordinary things. Some of them think, “I would like to be a to the workbouse. Do you think you could get him into one of the missionary." There is nothing to say against that if the woman is orphanages when I am gone? Certainly. I will try, and try, until I quite sure that that is her most useful line of life. But it is quite succeed. I will write to Bristol, to the orphanage there, and I will do possible to be as useful if engaged in the performance of some lowly what you wish.” The young mother said, “I am now at peace, but I occupation-engaged in doing something to lessen the misery of the cannot bear to part with my boy while I am alive. What is to become world. What we ought to do, primarily, is to do the first thing that of him in the interval of time that passes between my death and when he comes to our hands. Passing from things within to things without, is to go into the orphanage? Must he go into the workhouse ?” there are many things that women can do. She may, perhaps, be a said the lady, “he shall not; I will take care of him myself.” The poor member of the School Board ; and, at any rate, she can always be a Sunday woman said that the thorn had been taken out of her dying pillow, and school teacher. Was it not women who first brought children over the in a short time she peacefully passed away, trusting in Jesus.
The lady hills of Judea to our Saviour to be blessed by Him, and are not the was as good as her word. She wrapped the little boy in & warm shawl, women most successful in winning the young hearts of the boys and and took him to her own house, and then wrote a letter to Bristol. She girls for Christ. She may go to some wretched home and make it pret- got a reply saying that they could take him, but that it would be necestier and brighter with her influence. The flower mission has always sary for the lady to keep him for a few weeks. This she did, looking been managed by ladies. Many ladies are, and have been, engaged in after him like a mother. In about six weeks a letter came announcing the cause of temperance, and, surely, as they know how homes are that an opening bad occurred. The lady read the letter with dismay. wrecked by intemperance, they should set their faces stronger against the “Dear me," she thought, "I had forgotten all about it. I don't know habit of drinking.
how I can endure the house without the boy, bless him; I shall miss We must be glad to see these noble bands of Christian workers wbich him when he is gone.” After a little more thought sbe made a good rehave done and are doing so much in so many ways to help the poor and solution, “Why should I part with the child ? I will make an orpbanage the helpless. Let us remember there is something for us all to do, and for him here." And she did do so, and the home has been very much let us be sure that what we give shall be returned to us. A child's kiss better for the presence of that boy in it, and she lives in hope that he on thy lips shall make thee glad ; the poor man helped by thee shall will be one of the kind and noble men of the present generation.
It is always those wbo patiently and perseveringly perform the common Take some one to your arms whom you can help. It is a good thing for acts of life that the bighest rewards are given. God has one rule: "He our world that there are a great many people who are not lonely. Some that is faithful in that which is least, is faithful in that which is much.” are strong, strong-minded. There is plenty of room for strong women. It is possible to have a mission, and to do its work quietly; but there is It is a great misfortune when in a house the wife and mother is an in. a class of workers known as baby-bodies, occupied from morning till valid, though I know that this often changes home into a very sacred night with everybody's business, except, possibly, their own. They are spot, and induces the gentleness of the father and the sons, and the clever at saying hard things, they belong to a body of volunteer detect- bush of the home, as they do their atmost to retain amongst them the ives, they hear things and form hasty conclusions, they are apt to think mother whom they love. It is the duty of women to make and keep no one right but themselves. But these busy-bodies here, and there, and themselves strong, if possible ; but some strong women need to be very everywhere, are doing less good than those women who quietly and in careful, or else their bealth and strength becomes harsh.
Sometimes dastriously fill up their own places. My advice to young ladies seeking you will hear a poor lady complain of her nerves, and the strong woman a mission is, work ; but do not make a fuss of it. Set other people right listening to her has a very great disbelief in the existence of nerves. It if you like, for that is always a very enjoyable occupation, but let it be is not at all uncommon for ber to say some such thing as this, " Oh, I quite certain that you have set yourself right. Some women seem to
am thankful I was born before nerves were thought of."
If the thing know their mission; they think their mission is to be miserable. They complained of is a pain in the side, the strong woman is apt to reply, say they are lonely women, and, alas, it is true that this life makes us “Oh, my dear, you should work harder and you wouldn't have a pain in all feel more or less as we travel onward, that we are becoming solitary, your side." If a cold is complained of, the reply is a recommendation to but when that trouble comes, as come it will to all, we may be made the take a cold water bath every morning as & sure means of keeping off better and the more purer by it.
colds. Strong women think there is a good deal of sense in such reBut there are women who always speak in mournful language about marks as these, but they should be tempered. A strong woman, who their own lives. They are for ever telling their troubles, their failings, hardly knows what it is to have a headache, or a pain, talking this way and their losses. Perbaps the worst thing that can happen to a woman to a poor woman who is full of pain and weakness, seems to be so cruel is to bave nothing to love. We must have something to love, if it is only as to be altogether unwomanly. Strength and gentleness should always a cat; but I often think it is a great waste of affection on the cat. I go together in woman. I wish they always went together in man. never see one of my sex kiss & cat, but I think what a waste of good Strong-minded women are understood to be disagreeable, but surely it things it is, because you know there are many miserable little children behoves us to have strong rather than weak minds—strong enough to who would be only too thankful to bave some of the love bestowed on the have wills of one's own, though never too strong to submit to judgment cat. Is there not some cbild's heart that would have been made merrier, wiser than our own. Let us be brave enough to frown at wrong, no some aged face that would grow brighter for that caress? Surely, some matter how others may smile at it-brave enough not to follow women make themselves lonely. I remember one young lady complain a silly or iojurious fasbion, brave to speak against cruelty, frivolity, ing to me, she said, “I am so lonely, all my friends are away;" and yet vice, and oppression, whenever we can. Let us be gentle, if possible. I she was living at home with her father and mother and eight brothers am not sure that you will agree with me that this is one of our difficuland sisters, but I suppose to her "all the world was gone."
ties; but there are times when we should break that silence which is so The maternal instinct has been put into the heart of every woman. natural to us. We should sometimes speak our minds.
The home-life of woman is that which is the dearest to her heart. How many orphans are there in this country in orphanages over which kind-hearted women are placed to act as “mothers "? But when she has God forgive the woman who, having a home, by negligence, discontent, the care of fifty children, it is only a very small share offmotherly feeling and ill-temper, disturbs the peace which she ought to make secure. that one poor child gets after all. I know a lady who was in the babit of Every true woman must value that little sanctuary which God has given doing what she could to assist, in a crowded district of a large city, and her—where she can work, and pray, and smile, and weep, without a she went to visit a poor widow-woman who was dying and leaving a lit- stranger to make her afraid. tle boy a few months old. The lady used to go and pray for her, and No spot is so happy, or so familiar to her as that best beloved spot where they dwell whom she loves. It may only be a little spot, but to We require heroism, and heroines are made by a faithful performher it is the Gate of Heaven. It is the Eden where God speaks to her ance of in the cool of the day. She rises in the morning with quiet in her
“The daily round, the oommon task," heart and full of love. I don't know which woman will appreciate her By these we learn to be heroes on great occasions. To mention Queen home most, she who bas to leave her home and turn out in the morning, Eleanor, is to think of her devotion to her husband. To mention Queen or she who stays in it all day; but a good woman would rather die than Philippa is to think of her merciful pleading for the citizens of Calais.
Pleading is every woman's privilege. Jane Askew suffered for conbring sorrow into her home, and the home life is the one that makes the science sake. Lady Rachel Russell was the support of her husband greatest demands upon the strength of women. Wives and daughters during his great trial. The heroism of Grace Darling is well-known, Beem as though they must be running about from morning to night to and the story often repeated. Florence Nightingale, too, whom we are keep pace with their duty. Home is the proper scope for a woman's all sorry to see bas suffered in health ever since her devotion to the sick powers. There she shines-there she is seen. Let her dedicate herself Sister Dora, all these are great names, but there is much heroism passes
soldiers in the Crimea, is an honored name in England. Miss Havergal, to that life of safe shelter and quiet peace. The best that she can be, let annoticed. It is heroic when a poor mother, little thinking of ber own it be at home. If she has a sweet voice, let her delight them with it at pains, and, cares, and wants, sits up all night long to asenage the home. If she can paint pictures, let her bang up signs of her art on ber sufferings of her little boy. Such women are very plentiful in England, own walls. If she is brilliant in conversation, let her bring out her and they show that they have nobly learned their daty. smartest sayings to her husband and children, who will certainly appre sacrificing, doing
our daty while we have strength, and at last we shall
We have but a short time before ur. Let us be patient and sellciate them the best.
hear the Master say." Well done, good and faithful servant, enter thou Here I would like to say a word to the daughters. I am afraid that into the joy of thy Lord.” there is with the working-girl of to-day, less of the home-life and love than there used to be. Girls who earn their own living too often seem to think that they have no longer the responsibility of daughters. Many
OLD GREEK EVENING HYMN. girls whose homes are not quite what they like, leave them and go into lodgings, instead of staying and trying to make their bomes comfortable.
Holy Lord of heaven, we bless Thee; Some girls, because they go out to business, think they have no home
Holy Word, to Thee we bow;
Light of endless Light confess Thee, - duties to perform. But if they are earning money, why should not they
Uncreated Light art Thou : contribute something towards the family excheqaer, and help to relieve
Thou the boundless source eternal their parents, and let their fathers and mothers reap a little of the
Art of uncreated Might, benefit? Girls should learn at home every housekeeping duty; for most
Holy Spirit, One supernal girls intend to be housekeepers at some time or other. They should
Lord and Fount of Life and Light. learn such little things, for instance, as making pie-crust, so that people
Thou didst bid the darkness vanish, have no difficulty in distinguishing it from leather.
Thou didst cause the light to shine, I advise you to be all that you can be at home, and you will be thank.
And in ligbt thou didst establish ful for it all your life afterwards. There are young ladies who are
All these wondrous worlds of Thine. accomplished and clever, but wbo keep their accomplisbments for
And at eventide Thou lightest company. I think there is nothing in the world which is so bright and
Tbe vast temple of the sky
With the countless lamps that nightly beautiful as a fresh young Englisb girl. It has been observed that when
Show Thine awful presence nigh. young men come to seo them at home, who are not their brothers,
And our souls Thou hast enlightened they put on their prettiest smile and most winning ways, and quite right
With Thy wisdom from above ; too, but cannot they always be what they are then? Every daughter
One bright path from earth to heaven may do something to help the father of the family. Perhaps only a
Is the sunshine of Thy love. father kows what is the love of a daaghter. I believe the Christian girls
Day to night and night to morning of England are making the very sunsbine of their homes. God bless
Silently and gently yield ; the girls !
Thus the law of loving-kindness Every sister is, to some extent, her brother's keeper. They often
Tbou in heaven to us hast sealed. bave more influence than their brothers know. Boys incline to be
With the night our toil Thou endest, tiresome, once a year or so. If we are only inclined to be good
Pitying our infirmity; humoured and obliging, how much we gain their love. I see there are a
When the morn to toil awakeneth
All be done as onto Tbee! few young gentlemen here, and I will just give them a bint for nothing,
-The Guardian. with a great deal of pleasure. If you see a girl who cannot go out without a cloud seeming to settle on the house, and for whom the house waits in anxious expectation until she returns, who never seems as if
M. GAMBETTA. she could be willingly spared to go anywhere—that is the girl who would make a true wife, and I think she would be worth a little trouble in the TO THE EDITOR OF THE “ PULPIT RECORD," winding.
Dear Sir,-As a subscriber to your journal since the date of its In regard to wives and their duties, it must be confessed that here I commencement, allow me to correct a statement made in the " Palpit have not had a very large experience, though of course I have had some Record," No. 5, page 58, re the partial blindness of the late M. Gambetta. “ looking on.” My impression is that married women would do well to it was purely the result of an accident. While young Gambetta was
Far from being caused through bis own intentional determination, be sweethearts a little longer than they are. They should take some watobing a workman drilling a bole into a knife handle, it broke, and his trouble to be patient. When jaded, tired, and often very cross, the eye was struck by a flying fragment. husband comes home from his office, they should not tease him more
There are several versions about, but I believe the above to be the than can be beped on the topics of servants, children, &c. It is no true cause of the partial, and ultimately the entire loss of the sight of
one of his eyes.-Yours truly,
“ HUGUENOT." help to a man when bis wife begins, as soon as he gets in—" Fred, what
Manchester, 22nd January, 1883. do you think? Mary's broken another china toa-cup.” It seems to me as though life were a story, in two chapters. Chapter I.—The Courtship, ending with the Wedding. Chapter II.—The life afterwards. The first chapter is bright and happy enough. The second is sometimes sad with
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