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An INSPECTION of the various Styles NOW ON VIEW in their Galleries, Oldham Street, will greatly oblige. Heaps & Harrison, Complete House Furnishers, 10 & 12, Oldham Street, Manchester.

LADIES' LUNCHEON AND TEA ROOMS.

TH

HERE have hitherto been no good Luncheon or Tea Rooms for Ladies in the neighbourhood of Oldham Street or Piccadilly, and the Proprietor of the Clydesdale Restaurant has now met the want by furnishing a shop with every comfort, in connection with the Restaurant.

The Premises are convenient for Ladies passing to and from London Road Station; also for those who come into the city by Tram car from Ardwick, or along Portland Street.

CLYDESDALE

DINING AND TEA ROOMS,

77, PICCADILLY, (Opposite Queen's Hotel) MANCHESTER.

THE GENTLEMEN'S DINING ROOMS ARE THE LARGEST IN MANCHESTER.

PRIVATE DINNER PARTIES AT THE RESTAURANT.
AFTER TWO O'CLOCK, CAN BE ARRANGED FOR.

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For PROSPECTUSES of COLLEGE and FARM, list of Scholar

ships, Diploma, &c., apply to the Principal.

THE PULPIT RECORD.

No. 14. Vol. I.

Notes

CONTENTS.

SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 8, 1888.

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a generation to be unconsciously moulded on the character of Dr. Tait. At Rugby a scholarship is to be founded by Dr. Tait's pupils, in memory of their Head Master.

A motion for judgment was made in Chancery on Saturday in default of pleading in an action by the owners of the Tavistock Chapel against the Rev. Charles Gordon Cumming Dunbar. The plaintiffs obtained from Mr. Justice Chitty an interim injunction to restrain the defend166 ant, although regularly ordained as a clergyman of the 180 Church of England, from officiating in the chapel, as he was not licensed by the Bishop, and therefore not a "regular clergyman of the Church of England" within the terms of the lease under which the chapel was held. No statement of defence had been delivered, and the time for its delivery had expired. The Colonial ex-Archdeacon who desires still to style himself as an Archdeacon, did not appear, but it was mentioned that he had written saying that he would appear and consent to a perpetual injunction, but without costs. Mr. Justice Chitty said that the plaintiffs were entitled, as a matter of course, to the relief claimed. The order would be for a perpetual injunction with costs.

The election of Dr. Benson to the Primacy of all England took place on Monday in Canterbury Cathedral, in accordance with the quaint ceremony which has been observed in electing each succeeding archbishop since the time of Henry VIII. The next step in the filling up of the Primacy will be his " confirmation," which is fixed for Saturday next, at Bow Church, Cheapside. The performance of that ceremony will render vacant the see of Truro, and complete Dr. Benson's election as Primate of All England. It will then only remain for his lordship to be enthroned, which ceremony is fixed to take place in Canterbury Cathedral on March 29th. It is intended to give an official reception to Dr. Benson on the occasion of his arrival in Canterbury for enthronement. He will be received by the municipal authorities at the Town Hall, and the Town Clerk will read an address of welcome. Preaching at Truro the other day, Dr. Benson mentioned that he had that morning received an affectionate, brotherly letter from the Patriarch of the Syrian Christians, condoling with him on the departure of their dear friend and father the late Archbishop, and praying for his

successor.

The form which has at length been selected for the memorial to the late Archbishop of Canterbury (after providing for perhaps too many local memorials), will probably command general assent. The Tait Memorial Fund will be placed in the hands of the Archbishop for the time being, to be used at his discretion for home Mission work in London and elsewhere. This fund is aptly described by Mr. Beresford Hope as a kind of pocket-money of the Church of England for the increasing emergencies that may arise, but cannot be forecast. In presiding over the Mansion House meeting in support of the movement, Prince Leopold spoke of the national idea of an Archbishop of Canterbury as being likely for many

social position of women, Miss Lydia Becker took occaIn a lecture at Manchester last week, on the legal and sion to say that she hoped the bill for legalising marriage with a deceased wife's sister, would never pass into law until women had looked into the matter, and made up their minds whether they would like it or not; and until they had insisted that it should be just and equal between husbands and wives, and between men and women. present it was grossly unequal, and if passed in its present shape would add a new degradation to women.

At

A Civil List pension of £50 has been granted to Mrs. Haas, the widow of Dr. Ernest Max Haas, of the Printed Book Department of the British Museum. It has likewise been decided to charge upon the Civil List the pension (200) awarded to the widow of Professor Palmer.

On Monday, at the meeting of the Royal Geographical Society, Sir Henry Rawlinson in the chair, a paper was read by Lieut.-Colonel Beresford Lovett, on "Route Surveys in the Elburz Mountains of North Persia ;" and the chairman announced that Mr. Leigh Smith had presented £1,000 to the society, in recognition of the interest taken in his Polar Expedition, his experiences in which he had promised to recount at the next meeting.

The well-known Welsh musical composer and instructor, Mr. John Owen, "Owain Alaw," died at Chester last Tuesday.

OLDHAM STREET WESLEYAN CHAPEL, MANCHESTER.

FINAL SERVICES.

SERMON.

agency for good brought into activity, which, if rightly cherished, ought to inspire fresh courage and new hopes? And Jerusalem remembered! What a splendid past her people had to remember, a past full of goodness and mercy, a past in which the befriending hand of God could be distinctly traced. Even so far back as

By the Rev. EDWIN H. TINDALL, Sunday evening, January the days of Moses they were commanded to "ask of the days 28th, 1883.

"Thus saith the Lord; again there shall be heard in this place, which ye say shall be desolate without man and without beast, even in the

cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, that are desolate, without

the voice

man, and without inhabitant, and without beast, the voice of joy, and gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the voice of them that shall say, 'Praise the Lord of Hosts: for the Lord is ood; for His mercy endureth for ever:' and of them that shall bring le sacrifice of praise into the House of the Lord."-Jeremiah xxxiii., 10, 1.

WO pictures are here skilfully sketched by the inspired prophet. The first is a picture of desolation, of cities deserted, of Jerusalem itself without inhabitant, and consequently of streets in which neither worshipping hosts, nor sacrificial offering, nor songs of Zion were known. The second picture is a perfect contrast to the first. It describes these same cities once more restored to their earlier glory, civil and religious rites again in full operation, voices of joy and gladness rending the air, and the house of God as formerly, when eager worshippers offered there; the sacrifice of praise.

that were past, which were before them, since the day that God had created man upon earth, and to ask from the one side of heaven unto the other, whether there had been any such thing as that great thing which God had done for them" in making them his people! Many chapters had been added to their book of mercies since the death of Moses on lonely Nebo. Wealth, and honor, and influence, and national greatness had come to them as blessings direct from heaven. God, too, had made Himself a name and a habitation in their midst. Whatever else might be forgotten Jerusalem would remember her pleasant things connected with Mount Zion. It was beautiful for situation,-the joy of the whole Earth,— the city of the great King,-the mountain of His holiness,God was known in her palaces for a refuge. Kings had assembled against her,--had passed by, they saw-they marvelled-they were troubled-they hastened away!-And before these pleasant things could be forgotten, memory her self must be dethroned.

national calamities had much to do with the national despondency. But judgment was tempered with mercy. A bow of promise appeared in the cloud. "Behold," said the Lord, "I will gather them out of all countries whither I have driven them in Mine anger, and in My fury, and in My great wrath, and I will bring them again to this place, and I will cause them to dwell in safety; and they shall be My people and I will be their God.”

The prophetic picture brings into view one discouraging feature of the situation. Among the people were some who were incredulous as to the future. They said " This place The prophetic eye looked upon these scenes through no shall be desolate." The circumstances appeared to admit of long era of time. At the very period when Jeremiah spoke no remedy. The glory was departed, and, as they believed, from his prison, prefacing his announcement with the author-departed for ever. The cause which had brought about the itative, "Thus saith the Lord," Jerusalem was being besieged, a hostile army was at her gates, and famine, captivity, or death, like grim spectres, confronted] the people. In a few short months at most, the end, would come, when the "gold would become dim, the most fine gold would be changed, and the stones of the sanctuary would be poured out in the top of every street." When the march of events verified the prophetic forecast, and the bulwarks of the hitherto impregnable city were broken through,-Jerusalem taken, and the remnant carried captive into a strange land, truly the desolation was complete. Well might Jeremiah utter his affecting lamentation! "How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people? How is she become as a widow? She that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary ?" "The ways of Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn feast, all her gates are desolate, her priests sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she is in bitterness."

It is significant, both of the uses of adversity, and of the compensations often accompanying trouble, that "Jerusalem remembered in the days of her affliction, and of her miseries all her pleasant things that she had in the days of old."

Recollections of past mercies certainly do tend to relieve the gloom into which the people of God may be plunged. They are our songs in the night. As memory carries us back to the brightness of bygone years, helping us in thought both to experience over again our vanished joys and bless ings, and to surround ourselves once more with all the pleasant things we had in the days of old,—is not a mighty

Thus it was to be and thus it came to pass. Many of those who went into captivity lived to take part in the restoration of Jerusalem and the rebuilding of the Temple. They had become "chief of the fathers "-and were ancient men that had seen the first house, and "when the foundation of the second house was laid before their eyes, they wept with a loud voice, and many shouted aloud for joy, so that the people could not discern the noise of the shout of joy from the noise of the weeping of the people, for the people shouted with a loud shout, and the noise was heard afar off.' Who can wonder at this mingling of tears and praise? Contrast could hardly be greater than that existing between the two houses. The first was built in splendour,-when the political horizon was cloudless, and the national wealth without limit. As a structure it was the pride of every Jew, and the envy of surrounding nations. Adorned with sur passing magnificence,-built of the costliest materials,—and furnished with vessels of priceless value, perhaps it was impossible for imagination in its highest flights to conceive anything that could surpass the actual grandeur of that house. But the second house was built under conditions vastly dif

ferent. The people were poor,-the materials of the simplest, art not sick; this is nothing else but sorrow of heart." With --excessive embellishment was impossible, no neighbouring meekness and fear Nehemiah replies "Why should not my nations brought their tribute,-and no world-wide enthusiasm countenance be sad when the city, the place of my fathers' was excited on its behalf. The work was carried on under sepulchres lieth waste!" Apart from a natural love of constraint and fear. Still the people were not without en- home and country, the sacred associations of the place, and couragements. GOD bids them go on. He speaks to their its desolation, made Nehemiah yearn to return unto the city leaders and commands them to be strong. "And be strong of his fathers' sepulchres, that he might rebuild it. Similar all ye people of the land and work, for I am with you, said feelings to those which moved Nehemiah, stir our hearts the Lord of Hosts, and I will fill this house with glory. to-day. The desolation which has befallen this house we The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine, saith the Lord of mournfully admit. The sacred associations centering here Hosts, the glory of this latter house shall be greater than we reverently cherish, and if a hand is put forth to touch of the former, saith the Lord of Hosts, and in this place this hallowed place, it is not intended to destroy but rather will I give peace, saith the Lord of Hosts." to restore. For we "take pleasure in her stones and favor the dust thereof." It may be comforting, at least if we like Jerusalem in her sorrow, try to remember all the pleasant things we had in the days of old. More than a century has passed since John Wesley opened Oldham Street Chapel. But perhaps we may be permitted to go back still further in our present review, in order that we may briefly narrate some of the facts and incidents connected with the rise and progress of Methodism in Manchester.

Every word of this gracious promise was intended to drive away despondency and to encourage the loftiest hopes. There was something worthier than pride in a decorated palace. Material splendour was to give way to a glory that should excel. A sensuous service was to be superseded by a spiritual. This second house was to witness the manifestation of a glory to be derived from the presence of One who was greater than Solomon. There Christ was to appear, its courts would be trodden by the feet of the Son of God. There the hallowing influences of His life were to be felt, and the surpassing wisdom of His words acknowledged, and the tenderness of His love brought home. "In this house I will give peace," saith the Lord of Hosts. And following peace there would be the voice of joy and the voice of gladness- worshipers would return-praise once more would fill the houseand the burden of praise would be, "For the Lord is goodfor His mercy endureth for ever."

Wesley's teaching was known in Manchester before he himself visited the town. The Rev. John Clayton, Chaplain, and afterwards Fellow of the Old Collegiate Church of this city, was one of the group of young men who at Oxford earned the name of " Methodist," from their regular and orderly mode of life. The first preaching place in Manchester was a small upper room of a house near the Blackfriars Bridge, on the bank of the Irwell, and it was first used about the year 1740. On the room becoming too small the Society went to a chapel in Withy Grove, belonging to the Anabaptists, but not staying there very long went in 1750 to a meeting house they had erected for themselves in Birchin Lane. In 1752 the Manchester "Round" or "Circuit" included the counties of Lancaster, Derby, Chester, Stafford, with part of Yorkshire. The names of the societies, stewards and the amount of money brought in from each place, are entered in the Society's book of that date by John Wesley himself.

And now we turn from the predictions of Jeremiah to look upon another scene of desolation, a scene presenting some points of similarity and happily some points of contrast with the one we have considered. The circumstances under which we gather to-night naturally suggest that scene. This venerable sanctuary is about to be dismantled, its walls thrown down, and its history closed. Like other central city chapels and churches which have felt the influence of time and commercial growth, its former uses have almost gone. The congregation worshiping here has gradually become It was by no means uninteresting to pass through the reduced in number, until but a remnant remains. It has items of expenditure which were entered in the Society's once and again been predicted that a few years would book. Some indeed would positively provoke a smile. certainly suffice for its extinction. And yet how reluctant Thus "for the preachers at the Quarterly Meeting, 5s." many have been, and perhaps still are, to part with a building" Mr. Fisher's pocket money, 6s. 44d." Fisher was the around which so many sacred memories gather! Here the preacher at that time. "Cristopher Hopper's wife, 4s. 6d. voices of many of Methodism's noblest sons have been heard His inkhorn 3d." These apostolic men went forth without preaching the everlasting gospel. Here connexional move- purse or scrip. They cast themselves upon Divine providence, ments, which have exerted a powerful influence on our were ready to go anywhere trusting in the Lord-being church, may be said to have had their origin. Here untold ready even to lay down their lives for Christ. With agents multitudes have found the pearl of great price, or have united possessed of such a spirit, with the glad tidings of a present in the worship of the Great King. Many remember sainted salvation as their message, and with unfaltering faith in the parents or friends departed, whose spiritual history centres Holy Spirit's operations, could we feel surprise at the in this time honoured house. Can we really wonder at the successes which accompanied their labours? As men of strength of a sentiment which has caused many to hesitate God they were men of power, and blessing followed the before assenting to its removal, even though that removal preaching of the word. involves a complete and beneficial reconstruction? Love for the place where our fathers worshiped ought not to be lightly esteemed. When good Nehemiah waited upon his royal master in a strange land his countenance grew sad. "Why is thy countenance sad," asked the King, "seeing thou

For three years after the opening of Birchin Lane Chapel, the mob was troublesome, but, upon the punishment of their ringleaders, for various crimes, the congregation was permitted to worship in peace. Little could be looked for from the magistrates of that day, whose conduct as a class

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