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No. 14.-Vol. I.



a generation to be unconsciously moulded on the character CONTENTS.

Page of Dr. Tait. At Rugby a scholarship is to be founded Notes ......

161 by Dr. Tait's pupils, in memory of their Head Master. Sermon by the Rev. Edwin H. TINDALL, at the Oldbam Street

Chapel, Manchester (Final Sunday Service) Sunday Evening, A motion for judgment was made in Chancery on January 28th, 1883...


Saturday in default of pleading in an action by the owners Parliamentary Orators. No. XIII–The Late Lord Derby


of the Tavistock Chapel against the Rev. Charles Gordon Leader-Literature .......


Cumming Dunbar. The plaintiffs obtained from Mr. Sermon by the Rev. CHARLES GARRETT, Presidert of the Wesleyan Conference, at the Oldbam Street Chapel, Manchester (Final

Justice Chitty an interim ir.junction to restrain the defendService), Thursday Evening, February 18t, 1883 ........ 166 ant, although regularly ordained as a clergyman of the Lecture—by Councillor James Little— Ralph Waldo Emerson 180 Church of England, from officiating in the chapel, as he

was not licensed by the Bishop, and therefore not a

“regular clergyman of the Church of England” within NOTES.

the terms of the lease under which the chapel was held.

No statement of defence had been delivered, and the time The election of Dr. Benson to the Primacy of all for its delivery had expired. The Colonial ex-Archdeacon England took place on Monday in Canterbury Cathedral, who desires still to style himselt as an Archdeacon, did in accordance with the quaint ceremony which has been not appear, but it was mentioned that he had written observed in electing each succeeding archbishop since the saying that he would appear and consent to a perpetual time of Henry VIII. The next step in the filling up of injunction, but without costs. Mr. Justice Chitty said the Primacy will be his “ confirmation,” which is fixed that the plaintiffs were entitled, as a matter of course, to for Saturday next, at Bow Church, Cheapside.

The the relief claimed. The order would be for a perpetual performance of that ceremony will render vacant the see injunction with costs. of Truro, and complete Dr. Benson's electiún as Primate of All England. It will then only remain for his lordship social position of women, Miss Lydia Becker took occa

In a lecture at Manchester last week, on the legal and to be enthroned, which ceremony is fixed to take place in Canterbury Cathedral on March 29th. It is intended to sion to say that she hoped the bill for legalising marriage give an official reception to Dr. Benson on the occasion with a deceased wife's sister, would never pass into law of his arrival in Canterbury for enthronement. He will until women had looked into the matter, and made up be received by the municipal authorities at the Town their minds whether they would like it or not; and until Hall, and the Town Clerk will read an address of welcome. they had insisted that it should be just and equal between

At Preaching at Truro the other day, Dr. Benson mentioned husbands and wives, and between men and women. that he had that morning received an affectionate, present it was grossly unequal, and if passed in its present brotherly letter from the Patriarch of the Syrian Christ" shape would add a new degradation to women. ians, condoling with hin on the departure of their dear friend and father the late Archbishop, and praying for his Haas, the widow of Dr. Ernest Max Haas, of the Printed

A Civil List pension of £50 has been granted to Mrs.

Book Department of the British Museum. It has likeThe form which has at length been selected for the wise been decided to charge upon the Civil List the memorial to the late Archbishop of Canterbury (after pension (£200) awarded to the widow of Professor Palmer. providing for perhaps too many local memorials), will

On Monday, at the meeting of the Royal Geographical probably command general assent. The Tait Memorial Society, Sir Henry Rawlinson in the chair, a paper was Fund will be placed in the hands of the Archbishop for read by Lieut.-Colonel Beresford Lovett, on “ Route Surthe time being, to be used at his discretion for home veys in the Elburz Mountains of North Persia ;" and the Mission work in London and elsewhere. This fund is chairman announced that Mr. Leigh Smith had presented aptly described by Mr. Beresford Hope as a kind of £1,000 to the society, in recognition of the interest taken pocket-money of the Church of England for the increasing in his Polar Expedition, his experiences in which he had emergencies that may arise, but cannot be forecast. In promised to recount at the next meeting. presiding over the Mansion House meeting in support of The well-known Welsh musical composer and instructor, the movement, Prince Leopold spoke of the national idea Mr. John Owen, “Owain Alaw," died at Chester last of an Archbishop of Canterbury as being likely for many Tuesday.


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agency for good brought into activity, which, if rightly FINAL SERVICES.

cherished, ought to inspire fresh courage and new hopes ?

And Jerusalem remembered ! What a splendid past SERMON.

her people had to remember,-a past full of goodness and mercy,--a past in which the befriending hand of

God could be distinctly traced. Even so far back as By the Rev. Edwin H. TINDALL, Sunday evening, January the days of Moses they were commanded to “ask of the days 28th, 1883.

that were past, which were before them, since the day that

God had created man upon earth, and to ask from the one “ Thus saith the Lord ; again there shall be heurd in tbis place, which side of heaven unto the other, whether there had been any yo say shall be desolate without men and without beast, even in the such thing as that great thing which God had done for them" cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, that are desolate, without man, and without inhabitant, and without beast, the voice of joy, and in making them his people ! Many chapters had been the voice gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the added to their book of mercies since the death of Moses on bride, the voice of tbenı tbat shall say, “Praise the Lord of Hosts : for lonely Nebo. Wealth, and honor, and influence, and national the Lord is ood; for His mercy endureth for ever :' and of them that greatness had come to them as blessings direct from heaven. shall bring ne sacrifice of praise into the House of the Lord.”—Jeremiah God, too, bad made Himself a name and a habitation in their xxxiii., 10, 1.

midst. Whatever else might be forgotten Jerusalem would WO pictures are here skilfully sketched by the inspired remember her pleasant things connected with Mount Zion.

prophet. The first is a picture of desolation, of cities It was beautiful for situation,-the joy of the whole Earth deserted, of Jerusalem itself without inhabitant, and conse- the city of the great King,—the mountain of His holiness, quently of streets in which neither worshipping hosts, nor God was known in her palaces for a refuge. Kings had sacrificial offering, nor songs of Zion were known. The assembled against her,--had passed by,—they saw-they second picture is a perfect contrast to the first. It describes marvelled—they were troubled--they hastened away !-And these same cities once more restored to their earlier glory, before these pleasant things could be forgotten, memory ler civil and religious rites again in full operation, voices of self must be dethroned. joy and gladness rending the air, and the house of God as The prophetic picture brings into view one discouraging formerly, when eager worshippers offered there; the sacrifice feature of the situation. Among the people were some who of praise.

were incredulous as to the future. They said " This place The prophetic eye looked upon these scenes through no shall be desolate.” The circumstances appeared to admit of long era of time. At the very period when Jeremiah spoke no remedy. The glory was departed, and, as they believed. from his prison, prefacing his announcement with the author- departed for ever. The cause which had brought about the itative, “ Thus saith the Lord,” Jerusalem was being be- national calamities had much to do with the national de sieged, a hostile army was at her gates, and famine, captivity, spondency. But judgment was tempered with mercy. A or death, like grim spectres, confronted the people. In a bow of promise appeared in the cloud. "Behold," said the few short months at most, the end wonld come, when the Lord, “I will gather them out of all countries whither I have "gold would become dim, the most fine gold would be driven them in Mine anger, and in My fury, and in My great changed, and the stones of the sanctuary would be poured wrath, and I will bring them again to this place, and I will out in the top of every street.” When the march of events cause them to dwell in safety; and they shall be My people verified the prophetic forecast, and the bulwarks of the and I will be their God." hitherto impregnable city were broken through,--Jerusalem Thus it was to be and thus it came to pass. Many of those taken,—and the remnant carried captive into a strange land, who went into captivity lived to take part in the restoration truly the desolation was complete. Well might Jeremiah of Jerusalem and the rebuilding of the Temple. They had utter his affecting lamentation ! “ How doth the city sit become “chief of the fathers ”—and were ancient men that solitary, that was full of people ? How is she become as a had seen the first house, and “when the foundation of the widow ? She that was great among the nations, and princess second house was laid before their eyes, they wept with a among the provinces, how is she become tributary?" “ The loud voice, and many shouted aloud for joy, so that the ways of Zion do mourn, because none come to the solemn people could not discern the noise of the shout of joy from feast, all her gates are desolate, her priests sigh, her vir- the noise of the weeping of the people, for the people gins are afflicted, and she is in bitterness.”

shouted with a loud shout, and the noise was heard afar off.' It is significant, both of the uses of adversity, and of the Who can wonder at this mingling of tears and praise : compensations often accompanying trouble, that “ Jerusalem Contrast could hardly be greater than that existing between remembered in the days of her affliction, and of her miseries the two houses. The first was built in splendour,—when all her pleasant things that she had in the days of old.” the political horizon was cloudless, and the national wealth

Recollections of past mercies certainly do tend to relieve without limit. As a structure it was the pride of every Jew, the gloom into which the people of God may be plunged. and the envy of surrounding nations. Adorned with sur

. They are our songs in the night. As memory carries us passing magnificence,--built of the costliest materials, and back to the brightness of bygone years, helping us in thought furnished with vessels of priceless value, perhaps it was imboth to experience over again our vanished joys and bless possible for imagination in its highest flights to conceive ans. ings, and to surround ourselves once more with all the thing that could surpass the actual grandeur of that Lonse. pleasant things we had in the days of old, is not a mighty But the second house was built under conditions vastly different. The people were poor,—the materials of the simplest, art not sick ; this is nothing else but sorrow of heart." With -excessive embellishment was impossible,-no neighbouring meekness and fear Nehemiah replies—“Why should not my nations brought their tribute,--and no world-wide enthusiasm countenance be sad when the city, the place of my fathers' was excited on its behalf. The work was carried on under sepulchres lieth waste !” Apart from a natural love of constraint and fear. Still the people were not without en- home and country, the sacred associations of the place, and couragements. God bids them go on. He speaks to their its desolation, made Nehemiah yearn to return unto the city leaders and commands them to be strong. “And be strong of his fathers' sepulchres, that he might rebuild it. Similar all ye people of the land and work, for I am with you, said feelings to those which moved Nehemiah, stir our hearts the Lord of Hosts, and I will fill this house with glory. to-day. The desolation which has befallen this house we The silver is Mine, and the gold is Mine, saith the Lord of mournfully admit. The sacred associations centering here Hosts, the glory of this latter house shall be greater than we reverently cherish, and if a hand is put forth to touch of the former, saith the Lord of Hosts, and in this place this hallowed place, it is not intended to destroy but rather will I give peace, saith the Lord of Hosts."

to restore. For we“ take pleasure in her stones and favor Every word of this gracious promise was intended to drive the dust thereof." It may be comforting, at least if we like away despondency and to encourage the loftiest hopes. There Jerusalem in her sorrow, try to remember all the pleasant was something worthier than pride in a decorated palace. things we had in the days of old. More than a century has Material splendour was to give way to a glory that should passed since John Wesley opened Oldham Street Chapel. excel. A sensuous service was to be superseded by a spiritual. But perhaps we may be permitted to go back still further in This second house was to witness the manifestation of a our present review, in order that we may briefly narrate glory to be derived from the presence of One who was greater some of the facts and incidents connected with the rise and than Solomon. There Christ was to appear,—its courts progress of Methodism in Manchester. would be trodden by the feet of the Son of God. There the Wesley's teaching was known in Manchester before hallowing influences of His life were to be felt, and the sur- he himself visited the town. The Rev. John Clayton, passing wisdom of His words acknowledged, and the tender- Chaplain, and afterwards Fellow of the Old Collegiate Church ness of His love brought home. “In this house I will give of this city, was one of the group of young men who at peace,” saith the Lord of Hosts. And following peace there Oxford earned the name of “Methodist," from their regular would be the voice of joy and the voice of gladness, worship and orderly mode of life. The first preaching place in Maners would return-praise once more would fill the house-- chester was a small upper room of a house near the Blackand the burden of praise would be, “For the Lord is good friars Bridge, on the bank of the Irwell, and it was first used for His mercy endureth for ever."

about the year 1740. On the room becoming too small the And now we turn from the predictions of Jeremiah to look Society went to a chapel in Withy Grove, belonging to the upon another scene of desolation, a scene presenting some Anabaptists, but not staying there very long went in 1750 to points of similarity and happily some points of contrast with a meeting house they had erected for themselves in Birchin

we have considered. The circumstances under Lane. In 1752 the Manchester “Round” or “Circuit” included which we gather to-night naturally suggest that scene. the counties of Lancaster, Derby, Chester, Stafford, with This venerable sanctuary is about to be dismantled, its walls part of Yorkshire. The names of the societies, stewards thrown down, and its history closed. Like other central city and the amount of money brought in from each place, are chapels and churches which have felt the influence of time entered in the Society's book of that date by John Wesley and commercial growth, its former uses have almost gone. himself. The congregation worshiping here has gradually become It was by no means uninteresting to pass through the reduced in number, until but a remnant remains. It has items of expenditure which were entered in the Society's once and again been predicted that a few years would book. Some indeed would positively provoke a smile. certainly suffice for its extinction. And yet how reluctant Thus “for the preachers at the Quarterly Meeting, 5s." many have been, and perhaps still are, to part with a building Mr. Fisher's pocket money, 6s. 4.d." Fisher was the around which so many sacred memories gather! Here the preacher at that time. “Cristopher Hopper's wife, 4s. 6d. voices of many of Methodism's noblest sons have been heard His inkhorn 3d." These apostolic men went forth without preaching the everlasting gospel. Here connexional move. purse or scrip. They cast themselves upon Divine providence, ments, which have exerted a powerful influence on our were ready to go anywhere trusting in the Lord—being

— church, may be said to have had their origin. Here untold ready even to lay down their lives for Christ.

With agents multitudes have found the pearl of great price, or have united possessed of such a spirit, with the glad tidings of a present in the worship of the Great King. Many remember sainted salvation as their message, and with unfaltering faith in the parents or friends departed, whose spiritual history centres Holy Spirit's operations, could we feel surprise at the in this time honoured house. Can we really wonder at the successes which accompanied their labours ? As men of strength of a sentiment which has caused many to hesitate God they were men of power, and blessing followed the before assenting to its removal, even though that removal preaching of the word. involves a complete and beneficial reconstruction ? Love for For three years after the opening of Birchin Lane Chapel, the place where our fathers worshiped ought not to be the mob was troublesome, but, upon the punishment of their lightly esteemed. When good Nehemiah waited upon his ringleaders, for various crimes, the congregation was perroyal master in a strange land his countenance grew sad. mitted to worship in peace. Little could be looked for “Why is thy countenance sad," asked the King, “ seeing thou from the magistrates of that day, whose conduct as a class

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