Columbia University Press, 1981 - 181 páginas
This book is a compact, accessible treatment of the main ideas advanced by the positivists, including Schlick, Carnap, Ayer, and the early Wittgenstein. Oswald Hanfling discusses such ideas as the 'verification principle' ('the meaning of this statement is the method of its verification') and the 'elimination of metaphysics, ' an attempt to show that metaphysical statements, for example about God, are unverifiable and therefore meaningless.
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THE VERIFICATION PRINCIPLE
THE CRITERION OF VERIFIABILITY
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able accept according action actually analysis answer appears applied approve Ayer belief called Carnap Circle claim clear compared concepts concerned conclusion connection consider consists criterion definition described desires difficulty discussed doubt empirical Empiricists entail essential ethical example existence experience explain expression fact false feeling follow further give given hand idea important kind knowledge language less Logical maintained matter meaning meaningful meaningless meant ments merely metaphysics method of verification mind moral Neurath normal object observation ordinary ostensive passage Perhaps person Philosophical physical Positivism possible problem proposition protocol question reality reasons reference regarded relation Schlick scientific seems seen sense sentence similar someone sometimes sort speak statements structure taken theory thing thought tion Tractatus true truth understanding verification principle verificationist Wittgenstein writings wrong
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What Is This Thing Called Science? (Third Edition)
Alan F. Chalmers
Sin vista previa disponible - 1999