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ER E then we rest : « The Universal Cause

“ Acts to one end, but acts by various laws.” In all the madness of superfluous health, The trim of pride, the impudence of wealth,


Ver. 1. in several Edit. in 4to.

Learn, Dulness, learn! “ The Universal Cause, &c.

WE are now come to the third epistle of the Effay on Man. It having been shewn, in explaining the origin, use, and end of the Passions, in the second epistle, that Man hath social as well as selfish passions, that doctrine naturally introduceth the third, which treats of Man as a SOCIAL animal ; and connects it with the second, which considered him as an INDIVIDUAL. And as the conclufion from the subject of the firft epistle made the introduction to the second, so here again, the conclusion of the second

(Ev'n mean Self-love becomes, by force divine,

The scale to measure athers wants by thine.) maketh the introduction to the third.


Ver. 3. - superfluous pairers of health : Those, health,] Immoderate labour whose station sets them and study are the great im- above both, mußt needs


Let this great truth be present night and day; 5 But most be present, if we preach or pray.

Look round our World; behold the chain of Love Combining all below and all above. See plastic Nature working to this end, The single atoms each to other tend,

IO Attract, attracted to, the next in place Form’d and impell’d its neighbour to embrace. See Matter next, with various life endu'd, Press to one centre still, the gen’ral Good. See dying vegetables life sustain,

15 See life dissolving vegetate again : All forms that perish other forms supply, (By turns we catch the vital breath, and die)

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have an affluence of health, ter so cohere as to fit it for which not being used, but the uses intended by its abused and ruined by Luxu- Creator, a proper configury, the poet properly calls ration of its insensible parts a superfluity.

is as necessary as that quaVer. 4, -- impudence of lity so equally and univerwealth,] Because wealih sally conferred upon it, pretends to be wisdom, wit, called Attraction. To ex. learning, honesty, and, in press the first part of this short, all the virtues in their thought, our Author says,

form’d'; and to express the Ver. 12. Form'd and im- latter, impellid. pellid, &c.] To make Mat



Like bubbles on the sea of Matter born,
They rife, they break, and to that sea return.
Nothing is foreign : Parts relate to whole;
One all-extending, all-preserving Soul
Connects each being, greatest with the least;
Made Beast in aid of Man, and Man of Beast
All serv’d, all serving: nothing stands alone; 25
The chain holds on, and where it ends, unknown.

Has God, thou fool! work'd solely for thy good,
Thy joy, thy pastime, thy attire, thy food ?
Who for thy table feeds the wanton fawn,
For him as kindly spread the flow'ry lawn: 30
Is it for thee the lark ascends and fings?
Joy tunes his voice, joy elevates his wings.
Is it for thee the linnet pours his throat ?
Loves of his own and raptures swell the note.


VER. 22. One all-ex- Ver. 23. Greatest with tending, all preserving Soul] the least ;] As acting more Which, in the language of strongly and immediately Sir Isaac Newton, is, Deus in beasts, whose instinct is omnipræfens est, non per vir- plainly an external reason ; tutem folam, fed etiam per which made an old schoolfubftantiam : nam virtus fine man say, with great elesubftantia fubfiflere non po- gance, Deus eft anima bruteft. Newt. Princ schol. gen. torum : fub fin.

In this 'tis God direits

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