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Children, befalleth us also that are greater Boyes; they words after him, he bad an use and faculty to dress them are afraid of those whom they love, and with whom they in better vestments and apparel than they had before ; frequent and disport everie day, if they see them masked so that the author should find his own speech much and disguised. Not from men onely ought we to take amended, and yet the substance of it still retained.” the maske, but from things themselves, and yeeld them their true and naturall appearance. Why shewest thou

Mr. Spedding, in his note hereon, thinks that me swords and fire, and a troupe of grinning hang-men this habit of inaccurate quotation (“of which a about thee? Take away this pompe, under which thou great many instances have been pointed out by Mr. liest hidden, and wherewith thou terrifiest fooles : thou Ellis"), when not attributable to faults of memory, art Death, which of lace my slave or my hand-maiden

was caused by a desire to “present the substance hath contemned."


in a better form, or a form better suited to the St. Austin's, Warrington.

particular occasion.” Hence, as he suggests (vi.

379), we may accept the phrase Pompa mortis May not Bacon, quoting memoriter, have by magis terret quam mors ipsa” as a concise presentamistake written

pompa for dogma ? This tion of the sense of the passage in Seneca's twentygranted, I believe his reference to have been to fourth epistle beginning, “Tolle istam pompam the 'Encheiridion' of Epictetus, chap. v.:

sub qua lates et stultos territas : mors es, quam Ταράσσει τους ανθρώπους ου τα πράγματα, | super servus meus, quam ancilla contempsit.”

F. ADAMS. αλλά τα περί των πραγμάτων δόγματα. Οιον,

80, Saltoun Road, Brixton. ο θάνατος ουδέν δεινόν έπει και Σωκράτει αν εφαίνετο. Αλλά το δόγμα το περί του θανάτου, The Sons of HAROLD (gib S. v. 507).—Harold διότι δεινόν, εκείνο το δεινόν έστιν.

was twice married; but his first wife, whose namo Epictetus employs dóyua in its etymological is not given, died long before he was king. By sense, as derived from dokéw, "to appear.” We her he had three sons—Godwin, Edmund, and see things not as they are in themselves, but Magous. The two eldest, after their father's overthrough the coloured medium of our own idiosyn- throw, fled into Ireland, but came back into Engcrasy. Epictetus speaks of death as does our own land, and fought against King William in the Parnell :

second year of his reign. Ultimately they retired When men my scythe and darts supply,

to Denmark, to King Sweyn, where they died. How great a king of fears am I !

Magous went with his brothers to Ireland, and
They view me like the last of things :

came back with them to England ; but we find
They make, and then they dread, my stings. nothing more of him after this. Harold had a
Fools ! if you less provoked your fears,
No more my spectre-form appears

fourth son, Wolfe, who seems to have been the Death 's but a path that must be trod,

son of Queen Algitha. He was a prisoner at the If man would ever pass to God :

accession of William Rufus, who released him and A port of calms, a state of ease,

knighted him (Guthrie). Gunhilda, a daughter of From the rough rage of swelling seas.

Harold's, and a nun, is mentioned by John CapR. M. SPENCE, M.A. grave in the life of Wolstan, Bishop of WorManse of Arbuthnott, N.B.

cester, who is stated to have restored her eyesight Dr. Abbott, in his edition of Bacon's 'Essays, miraculously. Another daughter of Harold's is 1876, says in a note (vol. ii. p. 114), with reference mentioned by Saxo Grammaticus, in his 'Danish to the passage quoted by your correspondent :

History,' as baving been well received by her king“Freely quoted from Seneca (Ep.,' iii. 3, 14), Tolle married to Waldemar, King of the Russians, and

man King Sweyn, the younger, and afterwards istam pompam sub qua lates et stultos territas : Mors es, quem nuper servus meus, quem ancilla contempsit.' Thé to have had a daughter by him, who was the original is rather more closely, quoted by Montaigne at mother of Waldemar, the first King of Denmark the end of his . Essay on Death.'

of that name, from whom all the Danish kings for F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. many ages afterwards succeeded. The following passage from Seneca bears a strong

CONSTANCE RUSSELL verbal resemblance to what Bacon says:

Swallowfield, Reading. “Quid mihi gladios et ignes ostendis, et turbam carni. Freeman, “Norman Conquest,' vol. iv. p. 142 ficum circa te frequentem? Tolle istam pompam, sub (second edition), says: qua lates, et stultos territas : mors es, quam nuper servus “Harold had left behind him five children, who, as I meus, quam ancilla contemsit.”—Epistolæ,' xxiv. 13.

bave elsewhere hinted, were most likely the offspring of EDWARD H. MARSHALL, M.A. Eadgyth Swannesbale. Of their mother we hear no Hastings.

more after her ead errand to Senlac. But her three

sons, Godwine, Eadmund, and Magnus, of whom GodRawley, in his Life of Bacon' ('Works of wine was a holder

of lands in Somerset, and her daughters F. Bacon,' ed. Spedding, i. 12), remarks :

Gylba and Gunhild, will all call for momentary notice.” “I have often observed, and so have other men of great In a note (M, p. 752) the learned historian adds account, that if he had occasion to repeat another man's much information on the same subject, and says:

“ As to the children of Harold and Ealdgytb, it is "Algith, widow of Gruffith ap Lhowelyo, King of North certain (800 Florence, 1087) that Harold had a son Ulf, Wales, the sister of Edwine and Morcar, Earles of Yorkewho, at the time of William's death, was imprisoned in shire and Chester, and daughter of Algar, sonne of Normandy, and was released by Robert."

Leofricke, son of Leofwine, all Earls of Chester, LeiAnother son named Harold is also mentioned, cester, and Lincolne." and Mr. Freeman says, “Any child of Harold He makes the date of the marriage 1065. After and Ealdgyth must have been born after his father's mentioning Wolf and Gunbild, he says :death, but Ulf and Harold may have been post "Another daughter of King Harold, not named by bomous twins." FRED. C. Frost, F.S.I. any Story-writer of our owne Nation, is mentioned by Teignmouth.

Saxo-Grammaticus, in his Danish history.” “$ 8. The sons of Harold.—This same year, 1068, the She married “Gereslef, called in Latine Iarislaves, three sons of Harold, God wine, Edmund, and Magnus, and of the Danes Waldemar, King of the Ruswho had escaped with their grandmother, Gytha, came sians," and by him “had a daughter, that was back by sea with a force from Ireland, doubtless chiefly the mother of Waldemar, the first of that name Irish Danes

. But they did nothing but plunder. They King of Denmarke, from whom all the Danish were driven off from Bristol, and there fought a battle with the men of Somerset, who were led by Eadnoth, a

kings for many ages after succeeded." man who bad been their father's Staller, or master of Speed says that Algith, after the death of Harold, the horse, but who was now in the service of William. was conveyed by her brothers to Westchester (i.log Eadooth was killed, and Harold's sons sailed, having Chester), " where she remained in meane estate, only made matters worse." — Freeman, 'Short Hist. of and in good quiet......during the rest of her life, Norm, Conq.,' p. 99. A reputed daughter of the Conqueror's former wife, raigne."

which lasted a great part of the Conquerours

ROBERT PIERPOINT. Matilda, was Gundrada de Warenne. Whether thé Conqueror was or was not her father was disputed in

VERNOR, Hood & SHARPE (8th S. vi. 47). — the Sixth and Seventh Series. The last contribu

“Of Mr. William Darton and Mr. Thomas Hood I shall tion, from which the others may be traced back, have to speak hereafter, a connected with the associated was 7th S. vii. 311. Later discovery is in favour booksellers; and, as a man of enterprise, I recollect the of it, from a charter or charters in the National latter fifty-four years ago as librarian to that good Library in Paris.


and venerable character, Mr. Vernor, in Birchin Lane,

Cornhill (subsequently Dutton's library). Vernor was a “Harold is said to have been twice married. By his Sandimanian (sic), so was Hood." — Aldine Magazine, first wife, whose name has not been preserved, he had 1839, p. 311. three sons, Edmund, Godwin, and Magnus...... His second wife, Editha, otherwise called Algitha, the daughter of was never carried out, as the Aldine Magazine

The promise to give further details as to Mr. Hood the Earl of Alfgar, is said to have been the widow of died with the issue (undated) of the number con. Griffith, the Welsh prince, whose head had been sent by his subjects as a peace-offering to Harold. By her taining the above. The extract given is from the Harold is asserted to have had a son and two daughters; last of a very interesting series of papers entitled but as it is admitted that he was only married to her "Annals of Authors, Artists, Books, and Book. some time in 1065 at the earliest, we may doubt if she sellers.' These were written by William West, could already have produced so considerable a family. The son, pamed Wolf, is said to have been knighted by who also published anonymously Fifty Years William Rufus ; Gunilda, the eldest daughter, became Recollections of an old Bookseller,' 1837, a very blind, and passed her life in a nunnery; the second, rambling and incoherent book, but valuable as whose name is unknown, is supposed to have gone to containing many details pot easily obtainable elseDenmark with her half-brothers. Queen Editha sur; where. I believe West died in the Charterhouse at vived her husband many years, during which she is said to have lived in obscurity in Westminster [? Westchester).

a great age. His matter was largely used in CurThis lady, according to the Scottish historians, was the wen's ' History of Booksellers.' mother, by her first husband, of a daughter, who married

WM. H. PEET. Fleance, che son of Banquo, thane of Lochaber, whose 39, Paternoster Row, E.C. Bon Walter, marrying a daughter of Alan the Red, Earl of Brittany, became the progenitor of the Stewarts. This firm appears to have originated as Vernor (On this story see Appendix No. 2. to the first volume & Chater in 1772; it became Vernor & Hood of Hailes's "Annals of Scotland.')"Charles Knight's in 1798; and Vernor, Hood & Sharpe in 1806. • English Cyclopædia,' 1856, under" Harold."

These dates are approximate. The senior partner Betham, in bis ‘Genealogical Tables' (Table 602), had no male issue, and bis family is now repregives Goodwin, Edmond, and Magnus as the issue sented in the eminent firm of Grosvenor, Chater of Harald's marriage with his first wife (name & Co., wholesale stationers and paper-makers, with unknown). He calls the second wife Agatha, very numerous family connexions. Thomas Hood, daughter of Algar, Earl of Mercia, and gives as a native of Scotland, married a Miss Sands ; his issue Wolf and Gunhild.

son, the poet (“Song of a Shirt,' &c.), was born in Speed, in his ' History of Great Britaine,' at the 1799, and in 1825 he married Jane Reynolds, end of the eighth book, speaks of the first wife as dying in 1845. Thomas Hood, jud. (editor of not named by any writer; of the second as Fun, &c.), born in 1835, died in 1874 ; his sister,


Mrs. Broderip, I believe still survives. The BURNING THE CLAVIE (8th S. v. 484). — There is Bowdler Sharpe, of the Zoological Department, ences to other authorities, in Mitchell's 'Past in British Museum, settled finally in Dublin as a the Present,' 1880, pp. 145, 256–263. I may add : literary auctioneer.

LYSART. F. Buckland, Notes and Jottings,' 1886, pp. 183, The humourist's son gives the following account

184; 'N & Q.,' 2nd S. ix. 38; 'Brand,' ed. Bohn, of Hood, the bookseller, in the Memorials of "De Invent. Reb., 1604, pp. 386, 387, who says

i. 310. It is briefly mentioned by Polydore Vergil, Thomas Hood' (London, 1873) :

it comes down from Roman pre-Cbristian times. “My father's own joking account of his birth was, In August, 1868, there was found at Banavie, descended from two notorious thieves, i.e., Robin Hood three feet below the solid peat, a bag made of a and Johnnie Armstrong. I have found his father's name call's skin and filled with Archangel tar. A similar mentioned in Illustrations of the Literary History of bag was found four years before on the opposite the Eighteenth Century,' by J. B. Nichols, F.S.A.: side of the river Lochy.

W. C. B. * August 20th. At Islington, of a malignant fever, ori. ginariig from the effects of the night air in travelling, Mr. Thomas Hood, bookseller, of the Poultry. Mr. Hood

CAREW OF GARRIVOE (4th S. x. 296, 397; 76 S. was a native of Scotland, and came to London to seek viii. 389). --Some time ago I made an inquiry bis fortune, where he was in a humble position for four respecting the parentage of a William Carew, killed or five years..... His partner, Mr. Vernor, died soon in the earthquake at Lisbon in 1775. For reasons afterwards. Mr. Thomas Hood married a sister of Mr. which have appeared in the Miscellanea Geneaa truly domestic man and a real man of business. Mr. logica (Second Series, vol. iv. p. 231; and New Hood was one of the “ Associated Booksellers," who Series, vol. i. p. 28), I believe that be is the perselected valuable old books for reprinting, with great son stated to have been killed in the earthquake

Messrs. Vernor & Hood afterwards moved into at Lisbon in an article on the Carews in the Colthe Poultry, and took into partnership Mr. C. Sharpe (sic). lectanea Topographica et Genealogica, vol. v. p. 98, The firm of Messrs. Vernor & Hood published.

The and described as “ Peter”

Carew in a pedigree given Beauties of England and Wales,” “The Mirror,” field's Poems," and those of Henry Kirke White. Mr. in Cussans's ' History of Hertfordshire' ("Hundred Hood was the father of Thomas Hood, the celebrated of Cashio,” p. 187), and that his parents were comic poet.' The above account is tolerably correct, Thomas Carew, of the Garrivoe family, and except that Mr. Hood married a Miss Sands, sister to Susanna Frankland, of the family seated at Ashthe engraver of that name, to whom his son was afterwards articled. Mr. Hood's family consisted of many

grove. I shall be glad, however, to have the children, of whom two sons, James and Thomas, and matter further elucidated. G. D. LUMB. four daughters, Elizabeth, Anne, Jesse, and Catherine, alone survived to riper age. At his house in the Poultry, "TAKE TWO Cows, Taffy" (8th S. v. 488).—Mr. on May 23, as far as we trace, in the year 1799, was born Bellenden Ker, in his ‘Archæology of Popular his secoud son, Thomas, the subject of this memoir.”

Phrases and Nursery Rhymes' (Longmans & Co., C. C. B.

1835), No. 36, page 283, gives two more lines, Some particulars of this firm and the books pub- thus : lished by them will be found in Timperley's 'Dic Taffy was a Welsbman, Taffy was a thief, tionary of Printers and Printing,' pp. 817, 833. Taffy came to my house, and stole a leg of beef; EVERARD HOME COLEMAN.

I went to Taffy's house, Taffy was not at home; 71, Brecknock Road.

Taffy came to my house, and stole a marrowbone,

Mr. Ker's curious theory as to this and thirty-five HARTFIELD CHURCH, Sussex (8th S. v. 246). — other nursery rhymes is that they are lampoons in The Rev. Richard Randes, of co. York, matriculated Low Dutch on the priests of many centuries ago as pleb. fil. from Trinity College, Oxford, in 1604 for their greed and selfishness. I only give (matriculation register entry under date Dec. 14, specimens of two first lines : 1604), then aged fourteen, graduating B. A. on Tayf je was er wee helsch m'aen, Tayf je was er dief; June 2, 1608, and proceeding M.A. April 29, Tayf je gee em t’oom bye huys: aen stoel er leeck af 1612, and B.D. July 1, 1619, in which latter beeté, degree be was incorporated at Cambridge in 1621. and so on; and his explanation or translation of the He received a licence to preach on July 2, 1622 four lines as quoted above is this :(Foster's ‘Alumni Oxonienses,' 1500–1714, iii.

* Tuyf (the priest) by his calling, has ever proved a 1233).


hell-contrived grievance to us all. Tuyf has ever been

a diminisher of our property. Tuyf will hardly ever let Stocks (8th S. v. 387).-—“This yere was or, my cousin Farmer leave his bouse, while up in the deyned in every warde a peyr stockis” (Richard pulpit he shudders at the very name of the profane lay. Arnold's 'Chronicle of London, A.D. 1503, p. xxxvi). man. The farmer places his house and its contents at I think there is an earlier instance in ‘Piers Plough: the disposal of Tuyf; and Tuyf, for the sake of what he

can take out of it, is very condescending and officious to man,' but I have not chapter and verse.

the master of it. Tuyf will hardly ever let my cousin C. E. GILDERSOME-DICKINSON. Farmer leave his house, while up in his pulpit he turns

the austere and unsympathising denouncer of affliction ADDRESS ON ECONOMY AND FRUGALITY' upon the whole class."

(866 8. v. 469).—The Preliminary Address to the Then follows a sort of explanatory dictionary thus : Pennsylvania almanac, entitled "Poor Richard's

Tuyf was the term for the high cylindrical rimless Almanac, for the Year 1758,' signed Richard black professional cap, worn by the priest in all outdoor Saunders, was written by Benjamin Franklin. functions, such as burial, host carrying, &c."

In 1732, Franklin began to publish Poor Richard's And in a preface to a second edition of the book Almanack. This was remarkable for the numerous and Mr. Ker speaks plainly with regard to adverse valuable concise maxims which it contained,

all tending criticisms in the Times and Athenceum. The other to exhort to industry and frugality. It was continued for thirty-five nursery rhymes are all treated in the many years. In the almanack for the last year, all the

maxims were collected in an address to the reader, same way-converted into Low Dutch and trans- entitled The Way to Wealth. This has been translated lated, as is this one of Taffy; and curious they are. into various languages, and inserted in different publica

In the Midland Counties there used to be two tions. It has also been printed in a large sheet, and may extra lines added

to this rhyme about Taffy; but be seen framed in many houses in the city. This address inasmuch as Mr. Ker does not quote them, I need that ever has appeared...... The demand for this almanack not.


was so great that ten thousand have been sold in one Hertford.

year," &c.-Dr. Stuber's 'Life of Franklin.' I thought it was a well-recognized fact that

A, WAEELER Taffy is simply a base form of David, the patron Richard Saunders is the name assumed by Bensaint of Wales. The Welsh habitually sound d as jamin Franklin in the series of Pennsylvania t, just as Highlanders say "Topal” for Donald.

almanacs which he issued under the title 'Poor

JAMES HOOPER, Richard' from 1732 to 1758. The last almanac Norwich.

was prefaced by an “Address to the Reader," AD LIBRAM's memory plays him false. The entitled 'The Way to Wealth,' and signed theft of the marrowbone was Taffy's second pre. “Richard Saunders." This piece contained nearly datory exploit, not that of the supposed English- all the maxims collected from the previous issues of man, by whom it was speedily avenged, using the the almanac, as I have already informed MR. stolen bone as his weapon.

The second and third WALLACE in my reply to another of his queries stanzas of the nursery rhyme surely run thus : (860 S. v. 496). The date 1577 is, of course, a misI went to Taffy's house,

print : 1732+25=1757, the correct date. On Taffy wasn't at home ;

July 7 of that year, however, Franklin was on his Taffy came to my bouse

way to England. The lines quoted by your correAnd stole a marrowbone,

spondent are not in The Way to Wealth:—which I went to Taffy's house,

is presumably what he describes as “an address Taffy was in bed;

'On Economy and Frugality!" -as printed in I took the marrowbone And broke Taffy's head.

the edition of Franklin's' Complete Works' which EDMUND VENABLES.

I have consulted, and which I cite in my other note.

F. ADAMS. REGENT STREET (85 S. vi. 68).—This song was 80, Saltoun Road, Brixton, S.W. published in 'Duncombe's Social Songster.' I remember the song many years ago. One of the which I have, the Address on Frugality and Eco

In both the copies of the ‘Pleasing Instructor' verses ran thus :Old gentlemen who still are gay

nomy' has the date of July 7, 1757, and is stated Go toddling thither every day;

to form the preface to the Pennsylvanian almanac Invigorated by the air

for 1758, with the signature of Richard Saunders. They plume their crests and quiz the fair. The authorship is settled by its being among Ah, ah, my charmer, is that you ?"

Franklin's 'Essays, as at p. 100, London, 1850. "O, go along, you old fool, do !"

Poor Richard's Almanac' was another name for “Not old, my dear; be more discreet, I'm always young in Regent Street !"

the Pennsylvanian almanac.

EDWARD MARSHALL. Duncombe kept a book-shop in Middle Row, Holborn (now palled down). Every evening he

FOLK-LORE : BANAGAER SAND (8th S. v. 486). held a sale by auction of books. At the door -I extract the following from my portly volume stood a poor half-witted man, with a most miser- of folk-lore and words and sayings of Ulster, desable countenance and voice, inviting the people in tined, I trust, to be one day printed :to buy, crying “Step in ; sale about to com “ There is another place of cure at the basin of a mence."

The house and the master and man are pretty waterfall on a tributary of the Owenrigh river, in all gone, and nothing left to recall the past-per- is called Lig na Peasta ' (the stone or burial-place of the

the Banagher Gleng, about four miles from Dungiven. It haps nothing worth remembering.

beast) from the following legend : A dragon or serpent WILLIAM TEGG.

was devastating the country round. St. O'Heany 13, Doughty Street, W.C.

(twelfth century) who was the builder of the old church

of Banagher (co. Derry), and whose tomb is still standing Queen's College ; Ugger to the Union Society ; in that churchyard, cast the dragon into Lig na Peasta, Wagger to a literary club in Magdalen named after and gave him the third of the fish that swim in the that eminent man Waypflete; and I have heard river for his food, and laid upon him a third of the diseases of all that should bathe in the waters. A bush the phrase "deceased wife's sister" abbreviated near the fall is often decorated with rags, proving that into Deaser. Doubtless the usage is slovenly, and some still believe in its efficacy. Near the bottom of it is certainly not graceful. But why Mr. OWEN the saint's tomb the celebrated Banagher sand is got. should call it “ intolerably mean" is more than I, It must be lifted by an O'Heaney, one of the line in common with most Oxford undergraduates, can descended from St. Murrough O'Heaney. A grain thrown over a horse in a race will make him win; or


D. L, carried and sprinkled by a young lover will incline the fair one favourably. So also sprinkled on an adversary GERMAN BANDS (8th S. vi. 28).- In all parts of It is also carried in a small bag by seafaring folk, and stances of the belief that rain will quickly follow in a law suit, it will spoil his evidence and gain a verdict. the West Riding of Yorkshire I have found insaves them from drowning. A man made a ring of Banagher sand, and placed inside it one of those accussed after a German band has been in the district. In insects, a diaoul (alias noncrook, devil's coach-horse, some places rain is looked for the same day. dardeil), it travelled seven times round the inside of the I should like to suggest to older contributors ring and then died."

that, instead of merely giving references to early Most of the above was obtained from my friend numbers of 'N. & Q.,' they should, in the interests the late Canon Ross, of Dungiven.

of younger subscribers and students, give brief H. CHICHESTER HART. answers to the questions asked.


students have the opportunity of referring to a S. v. 366).--MR. WALLER writes :

complete set of N. & Q ,' and it is simply giving “The employment of an ourang-outang in the com

a stone in place of bread to state where informamittal of these murders has always seemed to me one

tion may be found when it is impossible to refer of the most original ideas in fiction with which I am

to the source indicated. Even in this city, with acquainted,"

its admirable free reference library, I have exDoes not Sir W. Scott, in 'Count Robert of perienced occasional difficulty when I wanted to Paris,' introduce a baboon in a prison at Con look through early volumes of N. & Q.' I have stantinople to do something of the sort ? I have noticed a greater tendency than usual, during the not the book by me to give reference to the last few months, to give references instead of chapter where it occurs.


Leeds. [Yes.]

The superstition that the advent of a German TSAR (8th S. v. 85, 232). — Evelyn spells this band is a forerunner of rain evidently extends to word Zarr :

North-West Essex, as an old servant of ours, a Aug. 28, 1667.-Ho [i. e., the Russian Envoy] de

native of that part of the county, on one occasion, liver’d his speech in the Rugee language aloud, but when I was particularly anxious that the day without the least action or motion of bis body...... Half of should be fine, told me she was sure it would rain it consisted in repetition of the Zarr's titles, wbich were as she had heard a German band. The rain came, very haughty and oriental

, the substance of the rest was but I do not imagine the band was responsible. that he was only sent to see the King and Quoene, and

MATILDA POLLARD. how they did, with much compliment and frothy lan Belle Vue, Bengeo. guage.”


EASTER SEPULCHRES (8th S. vi. 27).-In Stanton FRESHER=FRESHMAN (gib S. v. 447).— I have Harcourt Church, in the chancel on the north side of always thought that fresher was due to Harrow in the altar, is a small monument, about four feet long fluence at the universities. The school slang is by two wide, with the emblems of the Crucifixion, rich in words ending in -er, and the boys rather as well as family coats of arms, with a tall and rich pride themselves on the fact. Footer is football, Decorated canopy over it, which is supposed to noter a note-book, şicker a sick-room, ducker the bave been used for the Éxster sepulchre. It is bathing-place, speecher the speech-room and the stated in the Gentleman's Magazine (1841) that public prize - giving which is accompanied by there are other examples in Germany of the same recitations.

Sr. SWITHIN. form (J. H. Parker's Deanery Guide'). I am MR. Owen asks for some of the words to which bot able to say whether the canopy is of wood or the termination -er is applied by undergraduates at

of stone.

ED. MARSHALL. Oxford. They are innumerable. Any word can The movable Euster sepulchre formerly belongbe thus mutilated. Soccer stands for Association ing to the church at Kilsby, Northamptonshire, is football ; rugger for the Rugby game ; togger for fully described in ‘The Principles of Gothic Eccletho torpid boat-races ; footer for the game of foot- siastical Architecture,' by Matthew Holbeche ball in general ; Quagger I have heard applied to Bloxam (ii. 116–119, eleventh edition, 1882), a

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